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Family Background & the Beginning of Awareness

This is my piece of the puzzle.  This information was received by me in an intuitive, co-creative process with the Universe because I really wanted to know the truth of who built the megaliths, and it led to all the information I shared in my video and much more.  It is clear to me that this information was given to me to bring it to light.  Please watch the foundational video on this blog of “Physical Evidence for the Layout of a Planetary Grid System…and a Suppressed Global Civilization.

 

There is no place on the planet that this civilization is not.  Like I said in the video, the evidence is all around us, and below us, and hidden in plain sight.  Literally just outside our front doors, in our back yards, in our neighborhoods, in our parks, and road system.

The purpose of this blog is to show you exactly why I believe this, and provide much, much more evidence to support my belief, and information on other related topics.  Not knowing this information allows all the many crimes against Humanity, the Planet, and the Creator/Creation to continue unabated because no one knows about it.  It has been well-hidden for a reason by those who wish to harm us all for power, control, and energy.  Everything is changing, and this information needs to come back out into collective awareness as soon as possible.

I also believe, that up until 500 or so years ago, Humanity was on a positive evolutionary path and in Unity Consciousness, and that around 1492 was the beginning of the hijack of this timeline by dark forces, and the replacement of it with one called Rome.  Can’t tell you how this was done, just that it looks like that is what happened because the Ancient Global Civilization built everything on the planet.  The same styles/designs cross oceans and continents, from ancient to modern!!!

I am going to start at the beginning of my life, because this is a lifelong pathway that ultimately connected me to the Truth.  I wasn’t consciously aware of my spiritual path, and its direct connections to this information, for most of my life.  But I was connected to it from the very beginning of my life.  I am almost 55-years-old.  It has taken me most of that time to put all these puzzle pieces   together.  Starting this process by telling you about specific moments of awareness in my life journey is ultimately the best way to organize an overwhelming amount of information.

I am from a White, Anglo-Saxon, Protestant (AKA WASP), solidly middle-class family, primarily with roots in the Deep South.

All my known ancestry goes back to the very beginning of what has come to be known as the United States, starting with the Mayflower’s arrival to the so-called Plymouth Bay Colony (I am a direct descendant of William Brewster, a moving force behind the Pilgrims, and the lay religious leader of the Plymouth Colony until the arrival of its ordained minister several years later) to the 1750’s with the influx of the Scots-Irish, my lineage through my maternal grandmother.  This is in accordance with the history we have been taught.

It is important to note, that on my Dad’s side of the family, the family history was repeated to my generation as that of the Huguenots.  That was all they knew.  No elaboration.  Just that they were French Huguenots.

Up until recently, the Huguenots were recorded in available historical references as Reformed Calvinists.  So the available information not long ago was that for some reason a Protestant Christian sect in France, the Huguenots, were persecuted, and even massacred, for almost 100 years.   Come to find out in the Internet Age, the Huguenots were Cathars and Moors.

I grew up in Montgomery County Maryland, outside of Washington, D.C.  My first home as a small child was in Rockville.   When I was two, my parents moved to Gaithersburg, which is where my earliest conscious memories are.  Not any big hits there until much, much later.

The family church I grew up in was Twinbrook Baptist in Rockville. When I started researching a couple of years ago, I found out that the Twinbrook area is adjacent to Rock Creek.

The softball team, of which my dad, an elementary school teacher and administrator, was a member, practiced at the Meadow Hall Elementary School field, which was right beside the church, just slightly downhill, and was the next street address over on Twinbrook Parkway.

When dad was practicing, and I was young, I, instead of watching the games,  I was always down off into the woods, right off the ball field, exploring.  It was a really cool place, in more ways than one.  What I remember is going down, down into the woods, and eventually finding really big stones to play in.  They were really fun for a 6-, 7-, 8-, or whatever-year-old, to play in and around.

This location was close to Lake Needwood and Lake Frank, and both are man-made lakes.  I will dedicate a future blog exclusively on the role man-made lakes play related to this subject and the cover-up of it.

In 1974, right after the birth of my youngest brother, we moved to a larger home in Rockville.  I always tell people we moved as close to Potomac, Maryland, as my parents could afford.  I lived here until 1982, when, after 1 year of junior college, I joined the Army for the Veterans’ Educational Assistance Program.  So this is where I grew up.

The house was brand new when we moved in – no trees, and the funny, almost comet-green color of sprayed grass seed.

The reason I bring this up is because the street we lived on – Lindley Terrace – on one end, some of the houses had a steep gradient on the backside – I mean really steep!!!  However, the houses were built on a predominantly flat surface.  The house my parents bought was on one of the flattest lots on the street.  This relates to what I now believe was actually underneath us.  Like, a flat-topped pyramid, perhaps?  I mean, when I was a kid, for some reason, I really made a mental note of the unusual features of my neighborhood street.

We were literally right next to the boundary fence of the Lakewood Country Club, with a golf tee area right next to the fence.  I will be dedicating a specific blog on how golf courses relate to the subject of the cover-up of mounds.

As a family we would go occasionally to Thurmont, Maryland, in Western Maryland, to Cunningham Falls State Park.  There was a picnic/swimming area at a lake, and then there were the falls themselves.  So I have memories of climbing up the big rocks of the falls.   I, like everyone else, had no concept in my awareness, that waterfalls could be anything other than natural.  But massive and block-shaped stonework is a recurring feature of waterfalls like what is pictured here.  Take a close look at the shape of the rocks in this photo.

Cunningham Falls

Before moving on from Cunningham Falls, it is important to note that Camp David is located in the vicinity.  As I learned more about earth grids, I found out that Camp David is situated on a nodal point.  It is the norm for centers of power to be on the earth’s power points.  There is a reason for this.

My house was relatively close to Great Falls, Maryland.  Access to the falls themselves, at least when I was young, was cut off after Hurricane Agnes went through in 1972.  There was access to an area with big stones that was fun to hike and climb, as well as the C & O Canal.   So, it was a place I went to many times with family or friends.

When I started to piece together that waterfalls, and canals as well, were part of the Ancient Civilization, I looked up Great Falls.  This is an aerial image of Mather Gorge there.  Now, I think the spin is how this could be natural, but look at how straight it is.

Mather Gorge 1

And here is how it looks closer to earth….

Mather Gorge 2

And then when you realize that part of the ancient civilization involved canal-building (another blog unto itself), then it becomes logical to see this as a canal rather than natural.

This is a picture of the C & O Canal at Harper’s Ferry.  They want us to believe that this was built in the early 1800’s.  So, what is wrong with that date of construction?  This is a sophisticated engineering project.

Harper's Ferry Canal

As a matter of fact, the C & O Canal parallels the Potomac River through this area for a long distance.  What technology existed in America in the late 1700s/early 1800s could have built a sophisticated project like this?  I am not aware of any technology that existed at that time that could have built something like this.  According to our history books, the second Industrial Revolution didn’t begin in the U.S. until the mid-1800s.

Harper's Ferry 2

My conclusion is that the C & O Canal, as well as the Erie Canal, and the St. Lawrence Seaway, and a canal system that covered the continent, was built by the advanced ancient civilization that was long-established here when the Europeans first arrived.  Again, when I say ancient, I mean a very old civilization that was living and flourishing in North America (and South America) when the Europeans first arrived.  And I have much more to say about the use of the word European to describe white people in a later blog based on my findings.  This ancient civilization was global!

 

Circle Alignments on the Planet Washington, DC – Part 18 Cachimbo, Brazil to Pucallpa, Peru

In the last post, I tracked the alignment from Ico, in the central part of the Ceara State in Brazil; through Crato, in southern Ceara State, on the northeastern edge of the Chapada , or Plateau, do Araripe on what is known as the Crato Formation; to Palmas, the capital of the Tocantins State of Brazil.

Next on the alignment, there is a place marked Cachimbo.

I can’t find much information about it except that there are Brazilian military bases…

…and a military airport here.

However, Cachimbo is surrounded by the Serra do Cachimbo, described as a continuous mass of mountains with a southwest alignment, partly plateau with flat-bottomed valleys, in the southern part of the State of Para.

The Nascentes da Serra do Cachimbo Biological Reserve is supposed to protect an area of transition between the Cerrado and the Amazon Biomes.

The Cerrado is a vast tropical savanna region of Brazil, with core areas in the plateaus of central Brazil, and has been named by the World Wide Fund for Nature as the biologically richest savanna in the world, with 10,000 plant species, and 10,000 endemic, meaning found no where else, bird species.

The Nascentes da Serra do Cachimbo Biological Reserve is among the federal conservation units in the Amazon Legal that has suffered the most from deforestation. Its area was cut by half in 2017, and was opened up to agriculture and logging.

This is a sequence of waterfalls on the Rio Curua in the Serra do Cachimbo region.

It is also interesting to note that the Brazilian Army conducted nuclear testing at a base near Cachimbo from the 1970s to the 1990s.

This is not the first time I have encountered a nuclear test location on a planetary alignment.

Other places include:

Novaya Zemlya, a boomerang shaped island off of the northern coast of Russia. The most powerful nuclear weapon ever, Tsar Bomba, was detonated at Novaya Zemlya in 1961.

There is a history here of nuclear testing by the Russians, including over 224 nuclear detonations at Novaya Zemlya between 1955 and 1990. 

Lop Nur, an ancient salt lake in the Takla Maklan Desert in the Southeastern portion of the Uighur Autonomous Region of Xinjiang in China.

The Chinese Nuclear Weapons Test Base had four nuclear testing zones at Lop Nur, starting in 1959 – with H-Bomb detonation in 1967 – until 1996, with 45 nuclear tests conducted.

Reggane, Algeria. France began its nuclear testing program in Reggane in 1960 – 1961, before Algeria’s independence.

They conducted four atmospheric nuclear tests, which contaminated the Sahara Desert with plutonium, negatively impacting those who live here to this day – not only Reggane, but far beyond.

Between 1960 and 1966, a total of 17 nuclear tests were conducted in the Reggane District of Algeria. It is called Africa’s Hiroshima.

The Christmas and Malden Islands in the Kiribati Islands, where Operation Grapple was conducted. This was the name of four series of British nuclear weapons tests of early atomic bombs and hydrogen bombs carried out in 1957 and 1958.

What is it they say?

Once is chance, twice is coincidence, and the third time is a pattern.

I have provided five examples that I know of regarding nuclear testing on planetary gridlines.

What does this suggest?

Porto Velho is the next place on the alignment, the capital of the Brazilian State of Rondonia, with a population of over 500,000…

…on the Madeira River in the Upper Amazon Basin.

This is the Federal University of Rondonia…

…compared with this building in Jerome, Arizona. Not an exact match, but both have similar design features.

This is the Real Forte Principe da Beira, southwest of Porto Velho, on the Guapore River in Rondonia State.

It was said to have been built between 1776 and 1783 by the Portuguese…

…in the middle of nowhere…

…in the Amazon rainforest.

Hmmmm. Sounds fishy to me….

The alignment goes through the Serra do Divisor National Park in Brazil’s Acre State, on the country’s border with Peru.

It is known for its cone-shaped mountains…

…for its waterfalls, that look like massive walls…

…and look at all the snaky, s-shaped curves in that river in the Serra do Divisor, or Watershed Mountains.

The next place on the alignment is Pucallpa, Peru, and the capital of the Ucayali Region, the Colonel Portillo Province, and the Calleria District.

It is situated on the Ucayali River in the Amazon rainforest of eastern Peru, its main transportation artery.

It is the second most important port on the Amazon, after Iquitos in Peru.

This is the Immaculate Conception Cathedral in the Plaza de Armas, with its arches within arches design.

This is what it looks like on the inside, with its beautiful stained glass, and apparent lack of internal pillar supports for the structure.

The Clocktower in the Plaza del Reloj is also decorated with stained glass. These are said to portray images of mythical creatures.

Before ending this post, I want to bring to your attention a national park that is northwest of Pucallpa, and north on the alignment. It is called the Parque Nacional Cordillera Azul.

The second largest park in Peru, it is part of the high jungle, in the transition area between the Andes and the Amazon in Peru.

It has similar features to what is found in the previously shown Serra do Divisor National Park in Brazil’s Acre State, like this land feature.

Here’s a whole slew of pointed-peaks in the Cordillera Azul.

There are waterfalls here as well, that also look like massive walls.

I will end this post here, and pick up the alignment in Trujillo, Peru.

Circle Alignments on the Planet Washington, DC – Part 17 Ico, Brazil to Palmas, Brazil

In the last post, I tracked the alignment from the Gulf of Guinea, exploring different locations and significant points in the Gulf, across the Equatorial Counter Current and just into the South Equatorial Current of the South Atlantic Ocean, across Fernando de Noronha just off the coast of Brazil, and entering South America at the Brazilian city of Natal.

I am picking up the alignment in this post in Ico, a town located in the central part of the Ceara State of Brazil.

It is situated on the Rio Salgado, on a flat plain, not far from its confluence with the Rio Jaguaribe.

S-shaped, snaky rivers are a signature of the Advanced Ancient Civilization worldwide. For comparison of similarity of appearance, the Rio Salgado in Brazil is on the left, and the River Thames in England on the right.

There are some interesting geometries going on in the landscape of Ico, with places with a lot of squares, rectangles, curves and angles showing up with nothing much going on in them.

This is a close-up of the top middle section shown previously. It looks like a section of earth that has a grid pattern, and to me it has a much older look, like not something done recently. I took a street-view shot of where the red arrow is pointing…

…and this is what it looks like.

We don’t think of infrastructure from an advanced civilization because it is not supposed to exist, so how could it possibly be? If there was, we would know about it, wouldn’t we?

For another example, I had noticed an earthwork embankment on I-40 near the Geronimo Travel Center in northern Arizona as I travelled east. So I stopped on the way back to see what I could see. This was as close as I could get to it.

In my research, I have learned what to look for as signatures of the Advanced Ancient Civilization, and just like snaky, S-shaped rivers, geometric earthworks are key. There also appears to be a salt lake here, which has an energy generative function on the grid, as well as the geometric shapes on the lake shore.

The geometric shapes of the lake in Arizona look like those of Lake Chapala in Mexico near Guadalajara.

I am sure there is no coincidence that there is a power plant directly across from this location in Arizona. One example of many of how ancient energy technology is harvested by the modern energy industry without public awareness.

These are geometric shapes that appeared where the Amazon Rainforest was after deforestation.

This is the Igreja Senhor do Bonfim in Ico, Brazil…

…compared with this building in Xalapa in Mexico…

…and the Chapel de Les Alegries in Lloret de Mar, on the Mediterranean coast near Barcelona, Spain.

I find the recurring spiral patterns displayed on these three buildings in different countries to be of interest. Why were they incorporated in the architecture of the buildings?

Spirals can represent the expansion of consciousness, pathways between the worlds, and sound and frequency.

This is the Igreja Matriz da Expectacao in Ico…

…and the beautiful geometry in the plaza in front of it.

Compare the geometric design in the square with the look of the University of Birmingham in England.

This is a view of the front of the Igreja de Sao Jose from the front from the square in front of the Igreja Matriz da Expectacao that was just shown.

This is what the very large Igreja de Sao Jose looks like from above on Google Earth…

…and what the positioning of the two plazas looks like from above. There’s an interesting city lay-out going on here, with the Igreja de Sao Jose literally built in the middle of the street, perpendicular to the buildings beside it.

This is an historic photo of the Theater Ribeira dos Icos, circa 1900.

This is the same theater today.

Compare the design features of this theater in Brazil with the Temple of Portunus in Rome, noting in particular the use of columns, and the gabled roofing. This classical style of architecture is found worldwide. Was it built in emulation of? Or was the theater built by exactly the same civilization that built the Roman Temple? My belief is that it was the latter, the advanced ancient civilization that is missing from our collective memory.

The next city I am going to look at on the alignment is Crato, in the southern part of the Ceara State of Brazil.

Crato sits on the northeastern edge of the Chapada, or Plateau, do Araripe, on what is called the Crato Formation.

The Crato Formation is particularly known for its limestones containing fossils of plants, vertebrates, and invertebrates.

This is a cement quarry in the Crato Formation region at Caldas.

Here are some photos taken of places at the Chapada do Araripe in Brazil…

…compared with Sedona, Arizona…

…Red Rock Canyon in Hinton, Oklahoma, outside of Oklahoma City…

…and Petra in Jordan.

The Araripa Geopark has one of the most important fossil deposits in Brazil. Declared a UNESCO Global Geopark in 2006, it has nine geological sites in six municipalities of the state of Ceara, including Crato.

Here are some sights in the Araripa Geopark:

The alignment goes directly across the Floresta Nacional Do Araripe-Apodi, a National Forest with its status designated in 1946.

The alignment crosses through Taquarussu, a village in the Tocantins famous for its many waterfalls, natural environment, and as an ecotourism destination, right before you get to Palmas.

Palmas is the capital city and geographic center of the State of Tocantins and the geodesic center of Central Brazil.

It is bordered on the east by the Serra do Lejeado, where we find this in the Parque Estadual do Lajeado, or Lajeado State Park…

…compared to Pilot Mountain in North Carolina.

Palmas is bordered on the west by the Tocantins River, the central river in Brazil, running from south to north for 1,522 miles, or 2,450 kilometers.

The Parque Nacional do Araguaia, on the Araguaia River, is just a short distance southwest of the city of Palmas, largely on Bananal Island, believed to be the largest inland river island in the world.

I am going to end this post here, and pick up the alignment in the next post in Cachimbo, Brazil.

Circle Alignments on the Planet Washington, DC – Part 16 Gulf of Guinea to Natal, Brazil

In the last post, I tracked the circle alignment emanating from Washington, DC, through the Sahara Desert, starting at the ruins of Djado at the southern end of the Djado Plateau in Niger; across the Tenere Desert, the eastern-half of the Air and Tenere National Nature Reserve in Niger; through Bilma, still a modern-day stop in Niger for salt on the Trans-Saharan Caravan route of the Tuareg; across the Great Erg, or Sand Sea, of Bilma; through the towns of N’Guigmi and Diffa in Niger; and into Nigeria the cities through the cities of Abuja, Abeokuta, and ending at Lagos, a major port city of Africa on the coast of Nigeria.

I am picking up the alignment where it enters the Gulf of Guinea, the most northeastern part of the tropical Atlantic Ocean between Cape Lopez in Gabon, north and west to Cape Palmas in Liberia.

The intersection of the Equator and Prime Meridian is in the Gulf of Guinea, otherwise known as 0-degrees longitude and 0-degrees latitude. Eyeballing on this map, after leaving the mainland at Lagos, Nigeria, the circle alignment tracks over this location on its way to Brazil across the Atlantic Ocean.

The alignment enters the Gulf of Guinea through what is called the Bight of Benin, which extends eastward for 400 miles, or 640 kilometers, from Cape St. Paul, to the Nun Outlet of the Niger River.

The Bight of Benin and the Republic of Benin were named after the…

…Kingdom of Benin, which was a pre-colonial Kingdom in southern Nigeria. It was old and highly developed.

The Edo people were the original people of the Kingdom of Benin, which was founded in 1300.

It was one of the major powers in West Africa until the late 19th-century, when it was annexed by the British Empire in 1897.

Compare the headgear of the Edo man, with a traditional Mongolian hat. My take on this similarity is that there was a unified worldwide spiritual practice involving the re-connection of each human individual with Source through the crown chakra.

The Republic of Benin was previously the Kingdom of Dahomey, which existed from about 1600, until it was annexed by the French Colonial Empire in 1894.

This is in Ouidah, or Ajuda in Portuguese, on the coast of what was Dahomey. It was said to have been built by the Portuguese in the 1720s.

Infrastructure like this is falsely attributed all over the world, instead of giving credit to the actual builders. Like, you know, the indigenous people who lived there instead of the colonizers.

The Niger River, the principal river of West Africa, is that main river that empties into the Gulf of Guinea.

The Niger River Delta, extending over 27,000 square miles, or 70,000 kilometers squared, separates the Bight of Benin…

…from the Bight of Biafra, which in the present day is known as the Bight of Bonny. It runs from the Niger Delta to Cape Lopez in Gabon.

Biafra became a part of Nigeria after the Nigerian Civil War of 1967 to 1970.

What is now called the Bight of Bonny hosts the Cameroon Line of Volcanoes, which includes the island Republic of Sao Tome and Principe, a former Portuguese colony.

The capital and largest city is Sao Tome, where Sao Sebastiao Fort is located.

Here is a shot from Google Earth confirming that Sao Sebastiao Fort is in fact a star fort. It was said to have been built by the Portuguese in 1566.

Here are some other things to see on these islands, like what looks like ancient stonework…

…and incredible rock formations, like the Pico Cao Grande, or Great Dog Peak.

Also in the Cameroon Line of Volcanoes, and administered by the country of Equatorial Guinea, are the islands of Bioko…

…Corisco…

…Elobey Grand and Elobey Chico…

…and Annobon.

Leaving the Gulf of Guinea, the alignment crosses over the Equatorial Counter Current and and just into the South Equatorial Current of the South Atlantic Ocean..


The alignment crosses over Fernando de Noronha, the name of the main island and its archipelago. It is a UNESCO World Heritage Site and on at least one other alignment that I know of. The main island has an area of 7.1 square miles, or 18.4 kilometers-squared, and the archipelago’s total area is 10 square miles, or 26 kilometers-squared.

So what I just found out that is really interesting about this place is that in its relatively small area, there were ten, possibly star, forts here.

The largest and best-preserved is the Forteleza Nossa Senhora dos Remedios.

The Forte de Sao Jose do Morro was only fort built on a secondary island.  It still has imposing ruins.

Forte de Santo Antonio construction was an irregular, four-side polygon.

You can see the Morro do Pico framed nicely through this archway at the Forte de Santo Antonio.

The Forte de Sant’ana was situated over the old harbor in the  Vila dos Remedios.

Ruins of the Forte de Nossa Senhora da Conceicao are visible in the vegetation.

The Forte de Santa Cruz do Pico was a small redoubt.

This is an old map of the Forte de Sao Pedro do Boldro.

People come to the Fort Boldro look-out for sunsets. There is a good view from here of the Two Brothers Rock, which appears to be alignment with the sun.

Then there was the Forte de Sao Bautista dos dois Irmaios…

…the Forte de San Juaquim do Sueste…

…and lastly the Forte do Bom Jesus do Leao.

This circle alignment enters the South American continent at Natal, the capital and largest city of the Brazilian State of Rio Grande do Norte, and said to have been founded on December 25th, 1599.

The Portuguese are said to have built the Forte Dos Reis Magos, or the Fort of the Three Wise Men, as the first milestone of the city of Natal

Here is a view of the Forte dos Reis Magos from the ground, with its exquisitely engineered stone entranceway between the channel on the right, and the Potengi, or Potenji, River on the left.

Star forts like all of these shown here present a mystery because the same design and construction style is found around the world. This is Fort Chambly in Quebec…

…the Fagaras Citadel outside of Bucharest, Romania…

…and the Kronborg Castle in Helsingor, Denmark.

How did all of these places end up with the same design features?

So with the example of the Forte dos Reis Magos in Natal, said to have been built in the 1598, it would have been during times we are told there was low technology, no mass communication or easy transportation.

This was a Caravel ship in which the Portuguese would have sailed during that time period.

And is this what we are talking about for ground transportation?

I mean, what else are we taught that was available to them? I can’t think of anything except for maybe a horse-drawn wagon or carriage.

There is nothing in the historical record that we are taught that comes even close to explaining how this advanced masonry, of similar design, came into being around the world.

What if these so-called forts served a very different purpose for the Advanced Ancient Civilization, like as energy generators, and not only re-purposed for military use by the colonizers, but actually sought out by them for capture?

The Palmanova star fort in Italy is on the left, compared with CERN on the right, for comparison of their similar look.

The Natal Dunes State Park is the second largest urban park in Brazil, and is located in the heart of Natal.

The Ponta Negra Beach is included in the Natal Dunes Park…

This is the Morro de Careca, a landmark icon of Natal, which translates from Portuguese as “Bald Man’s Hill.”

I can’t help but wonder about the origin of the word “Morro”….

On a different note, another unique place of interest near Natal in the Rio Grande do Norte is the Cashew of Pirangi, the world’s largest cashew tree, having the size of 70 normally-sized cashew trees.

I have heard other researchers talk about the role of the planetary grid-lines, or the earth’s leylines, in enhancing agricultural output. In the case of the Cashew of Pirangi, literal food for thought :).

I will be picking up the alignment in the next post in Ico, Brazil.

Circle Alignments on the Planet Washington, DC – Part 15 Djado, Niger to Lagos, Nigeria

In the last post, I took at close look at the ancient cities of Alicante and Elche on the Costa Blanca coast of Spain on the Mediterranean Sea; through ancient city of the Deys in Algiers and its famous Casbah; across the mountains of the Tell Atlas; the deserts of the Great Eastern Erg of Algeria; and on through to Djanet in Algeria.

Now, I am looking at the ruined city of Djado, which lies on the southern end of the Djado Plateau in Niger.

In the present day it is largely uninhabited, with abandoned towns still visible.

Historically it was the land of the Kanuri people, who are no longer living in Djado today.

The Kanuri people were described as a powerful African people that founded the pre-colonial Kanem-Borno Empire.

The Kanem Empire existed from 730 AD to 1380 AD…

…and then continued as the Bornu Empire until 1900.

This is Kanuri politician Sir Kashim Ibrahim arriving in London for a short tour in 1910. It sounds like he was a person of importance back in his day!

Now Toubou nomads are in Djabo to tend…

…the date palms of the region.

So, apparently the Bornu Empire lasted right up until the 20th-century. What happened to it?

At one time, not only did the Sahara have a fertile, savannah-type ecosystem, supporting a wide-and-varied wildlife population, like these life-sized giraffes carved in rock in Djado…

…the region now called the Sahara desert had great forests, including but not limited to, oak, elm, alder, juniper, and pine. As you can see in this picture, we are taught the desertification of this region started happening a long time ago. Maybe. Maybe not. There is so much that we have not been told about.

The silence about the history of this area in the present-day is deafening.

This is a traditional home in Niger on the left, and the designs on it reminds me of traditional Tibetan design elements on the right.

Next the alignment crosses near the Tenere Desert, which is the name for the eastern-half of the Air and Tenere National Nature Reserve.

There is no indication in on-line information that there are the remains of an ancient megalithic civilization here.

But it certainly looks like there was….

Next on the alignment is Bilma in Niger.

Bilma is an oasis town, and has long been a stop on the Trans-Saharan caravan routes. 

It is protected from sand from the desert dunes by the Kaouar escarpment.  Escarpment is another key code word that covers-up ancient infrastructure.

Bilma is the destination of one of the last of the ancient Saharan Caravan routes…

…where Tuaregs cross the Tenere Desert to…

…get salt produced here in salt pans, and barter millet for date fruit.

This is an aerial view of Bilma, where salt slabs are also used as a building construction material.

Next the alignment passes through the Great Erg of Bilma…

…another region of the Sahara described as a sand-dune sea.

Small scale trade through the Erg of Bilma continues from the Lake Chad region and the Termit Massif, a mountainous region in southeastern Niger.

So, what does the image in the foreground look like to you?

Next on the alignment is N’Guigmi, a city and commune of approximately 15,000, in the easternmost part of Niger, near Lake Chad.

N’Guigmi is a center for the salt trade from Bilma, and the last stop on the road to Chad.

This rock field is in the vicinity of N’Guigmi in the Tenere Desert.

N’Guigmi is also home to a large settlement of Kanuri people, and lies as the mouth of the Dilia Bosso, an ancient river valley that runs from the Termit Massif to the shore of Lake Chad, as recently as the mid-20th-century. This is a depiction of the Lake Chad Basin.

Next on the alignment is Diffa, in the extreme southeast of Niger on the border with Nigeria.

Diffa marks the end of the paved section of the National Route 1, the main east-west highway through Niger.

Diffa is compared on the top left with the Labna ruins in the Yucatan Peninsula in Mexico on the top right; the Dananombe Ruins in Bulaway, Zimbabwe; and lastly the Astana Tombs in Turban, in the Uighur Autonomous Region of China.

Next on the alignment is Abuja, the capital city, and located in the center of, Nigeria. It replaced Lagos as the capital of Nigeria in 1991.

In this picture, Zuma Rock in Abuja, Nigeria, is on the top, and it is reminiscent of Cathedral Rock in Sedona, Arizona, on the bottom. I can show you many more examples. Hopefully this will suffice as one of many examples of the same look and coloration.

Zuma Rock is known for having the shape of a human face on it.

The Gurara Waterfalls, with a height of 98-feet, or 30- meters, are found on the Gurara River about an hour or so from Abuja in Niger State, the largest state of Nigeria. I find waterfalls all along the planetary alignments.

The ancient city of Abeokuta is just north of Lagos, close to the alignment…

…and is the location of Olumo Rock, one of the oldest and most popular tourist attractions in Nigeria.

It has been used as a fortress historically by the Egba, Yoruba people of Ogun State, in which it is located.

As well as the patron spirit of Olumo Rock being venerated in the Yoruba spiritual tradition as an Orisha, which serves a guide for Creation and Humanity.

This is the Palace of Oba Sir Ladapo Ademola II, the Alake of Abeokuta, circa 1951, with its nice masonry and archways.

The Alake of Abeokuta is the traditional ruler of the Egba Clan of Yoruba.

This the current Alake of Abeokuta, Adedotun Aremu Gbadebo III, since 2005.

Sungbo’s Eredo is said to be a system of defensive walls and ditches southwest of the Yoruba town of Ijebu Ode in Ogun State. The total length of the fortification is 99-miles, or 160-kilometers, enclosing an area of 25-miles, or 40-kilometers.

It was said to have been built as a memorial for the childless widow, Bilikisu Sungbo, who has been connected by some to the legendary Queen of Sheba.

The appearance of Sungbo’s Eredo on the top, reminded me of Red Rock Canyon in Hinton, Oklahoma, near Oklahoma City on the bottom.

The next place on the alignment is Lagos, a major financial center of Africa, and has one of the busiest seaports in Africa.

There are two active ports in Lagos. The main Port of Lagos is in Apapa, and then the other is the Tin Can Port.

As you can see in this photo of Tin Can Island Port, you see that it is clearly artificially made…

…just like Bergen Point on the north side of the Kill van Kull at Newark Bay at Bayonne, New Jersey…

… and like Ellis Island in Upper New York Harbor.

You see the same kind of thing at the main port of Lagos at nearby Apapa.

Also at Apapa on the top left, you find the same signature, snaky, s-shaped river bend that is found all over the world, like the Nile River at Juba in South Sudan on the top right, and the Brisbane River at the city of Brisbane in Australia on the bottom.

I am going to end this post here, and pick up the alignment next as it crosses over the Gulf of Guinea.

Circle Alignments on the Planet Washington, DC – Part 14 Alicante, Spain to Djanet, Algeria

In the last post, I tracked the alignment from Madrid, the capital of Spain and its largest city, through the historic region of New Castile, to the city of Albacete, the capital of the Province of Albacete.

Next on the alignment is Alicante, an historic Mediterranean port city and the capital of the province of Alicante, on Spain’s Costa Blanca.

The Castle of Santa Barbara is a major attraction in Alicante. Its origin is said to date back to the 9th-century, at the time of Muslim control of the Iberian Peninsula from 711 to 1296, the year when the castle was said to be captured by the forces of King James II of Aragon.

Looks like it could possibly be a type of star fort.

This is a detail of the Castle of Santa Barbara on the left, compared with a detail of Fort Chambly near Montreal on the top right, and the Yenikale Fortress at the city of Kerch on the Crimean Peninsula on the bottom right.

The Castle of Santa Barbara is at the top of Mount Benacantil, said to be derived from the name of Banu-IQatil, given to it by the Arab Medieval geographer, Al-Idrisi, who lived from 1100 to 1165 AD.

This is the port of Alicante on the top left, compared for similarity in appearance with the port of Olafsvik, Iceland on the top right; the port at Chichi-Jima in the Bonin Islands of Japan on the bottom left; and the port at Funchal on the island of Madeira on the bottom right.

I always look at parks because the ancient civilization is preserved intact in parks of all kinds around the world. Otherwise, in unprotected places, the ancient civilization is destroyed, neglected, or incorporated into existing infrastructure.

This is El Palmeral Park in Alicante, with arrows pointing to ancient stone masonry. Stones with edges and angles that looked carved and shaped in appearance.

For another example, these stones are in Martin Nature Park in Oklahoma City, Oklahoma.

These are not isolated examples by any stretch of the imagination.

Once you tune into seeing them in your environment, you will notice them everywhere. It doesn’t matter where on the planet you live. We don’t see them because they aren’t supposed to be there based on what we have been taught about our history. This picture was taken in Greenland.

The Metropolitan area of Alicante includes Elche, a town located in the comarca of Baie Vinalopo.

The River Vinalopo, said to be more accurately called a creek or stream, divides Elche into two parts. It looks like a canal to me, and not like a natural land feature.

This is the Pantano de Elche, which is 3 miles, or 5 kilometers, north of Elche. The area is described as a wonderful nature reserve and swampland.

The wall was said to have been built in the 17th-century, and was the first arch-type dam wall to be built in Europe since Roman times.

The Palmeral of Elche is a UNESCO World Heritage site.

The Palmeral, or Palm Grove of Elche, is a generic name to designate a system of date palm orchards here.

Said to have originally been planted by the Carthaginians, this sprawling palm grove is one of the largest in the world.

Elche is perhaps best known outside of Spain for the Lady of Elche, a limestone bust that was discovered in 1897 at L’Alcudia, just a short distance outside of Elche.

A shout-out here to Baltimore Fats for his discovery of a similar-looking bust on the B & O Railroad Building in Baltimore, Maryland. Baltimore is also found on this same alignment.

Baltimore Fats is researching these connections on his YouTube Channel of the same name. Interesting stuff!

In modern popular culture, why does Princess Leia from the Star Wars series, sport the same unusual hairdo as Major Iceborg from the movie “The Fifth Element?”

Where did the idea for this hairstyle come from?

It also resembles a traditional hairstyle for Hopi women.

I don’t know the answers. Just asking questions.

There are mysteries here that do not add up for me when it comes to understanding exactly what has taken place on earth. I believe Humanity was experiencing a timeline of higher consciousness timeline that somehow was removed from the collective awareness, and replaced with a degraded and lower timeline of Human misery and suffering. The world was very different from what we see playing out today.

Following the alignment from the Spanish coast from the Alicante area across the Mediterranean Sea towards Algeria, we come to Tabarca Island.

It is the smallest permanently inhabited islet in Spain.

It certainly looks like an artificial island, and maybe even a star fort as well.

The alignment tracks across the Mediterranean Sea from Alicante in Spain, to Algiers in Algeria.

The Mediterranean Sea is connected to the Atlantic Ocean, surrounded by the Mediterranean Basin, and almost completely enclosed by land.

Algiers is the capital, and largest city of the Northern African country of Algeria, and is situated on the west side of a bay of the Mediterranean Sea.

The old part of Algiers is located on a steep hill, topped by a citadel called the Casbah, and is known as the Ancient City of the Deys. 

The 5 noble titles of the Moors are:  El, Bey, Dey, Al, and Ali.  Ancient means something belonging to the very distant past. 

Yet we are told that the title of Dey in Algiers (as well as the Deys of Tunis and Tripoli) was given to these rules under the Ottoman Empire, Starting in 1671.   

Yet the Casbah is known as the Ancient City of the Deys?

Here is a street lay-out found in the Casbah of Algiers on the left compared with the same construct in Cusco, Peru, on the right.

This photo was taken of a building at the Casbah in Algeria.

Here is a closer look at the windows of this building in the Casbah of Algiers compared with a detail of windows in Venice, Italy.

This photo of the grounds of the Botanical Gardens of Hamma in Algiers on the top reminded me of the National Mall in Washington, D. C. on the bottom.

From Algiers, the alignment crosses over the Tell Atlas, the coastal ranges of the Atlas Mountains running for 1,000 miles, or 1,600 kilometers, from eastern Morocco, through Algeria, to Tunisia.

The Atlas Mountains is the location on earth where, according to Greek mythology, the Titan Atlas was condemned to support the heavens. This was his special punishment for his participation in a 10-year Battle of the Titans, in which there was a series of battles involving the younger generation of Titans against the older Gods of Mount Olympus, and the younger Titans lost. The other Titans were put in a place called Tartarus, described by Homer as a deep and sunless place.

The alignment crosses over the Great Eastern Erg, or the Great Eastern Sand Sea, a field of sand dunes stretching from northeast Algeria to the western part of Tunisia.

The Great Eastern Erg used to be associated with the Wadi Igharghar, mostly dry and buried river, with a sizeable network of tributaries, which would flow north into the Erg from the Ahaggar Mountains pictured here if the river-beds were filled with water.

To the north of the Erg, the Aures Mountains provide abundant water run-off, feeding the artesian aquifer of the Jerid of southwestern Tunisia, which of Tunisia’s most important date producing regions.

An artesian aquifer is a confined aquifer containing groundwater under positive pressure. It is trapped water that is surrounded by impermeable layers of rock and clay.

The alignment goes through Illizi, a town in southeastern Algeria, and one of the gateways to Tassili n’Ajjer National Park, which is known for its ancient rock art…

…and unusual rock-formations.

Next on the alignment is Djanet, capital of the Djanet District of the Illizi Province.†

The Gorges of Essendilene are 60-miles, or 97-kilometers, north of Djanet.

This area is famed for its clear water and plant life.

Djanet is inhabited by the Kel Ajjer Tuareg people of eastern Algeria and western Libya.

The Tuaregs are an ancient people of North Africa.

I will end this post here, and pick up the alignment in Djado, Niger, in the next post.

Circle Alignments on the Planet Washington, DC – Part 13 Madrid, Spain to Albacete, Spain

In the last post, I tracked the circle alignment from Lugo, Spain, in Galicia in northwestern Spain, looking at places in this region including the Galician Ancares Mountains, and the Picos de Europa National Park in the Cantabrian Mountains; through Vallodolid, in Castile and Leon, and northwestern Spain’s largest city; and ending in Segovia and the nearby mountains of the Sierra de Guadarrama.

I am picking up the alignment in Madrid, the capital, and largest municipality, of Spain. It is located in the center of Spain, as well as the center of the Autonomous Community of Madrid.

Majrit was the name given to the city in Andalusi Arabic during the Al-Andalusia period. Al Andalus was the name given to most of the Iberian Peninsula between 711 AD and 1492 AD, the only time-period the Moors are given credit for ruling in Spain, and Europe for that matter.

Al Andalus was also known as Muslim Spain, Muslim Iberia, and Islamic Iberia.

I will insert here that I firmly believe the Islam of the Moors was about applied Sacred Geometry, Universal Laws, Beauty, Harmony, and Balance. All of the Moorish Science symbolism was taken over by other groups claiming to be them, falsely claiming their works, or piggy-backing on their legacy. We are not talking about the same thing with the radical Islam we are seeing in the world today. This is a really important distinction to make.

The Moors are Friends of Humanity, with five principles:  Love, Truth, Peace, Freedom, and Justice.   They are all about teaching to activate the  pineal gland and about the human potential to re-connect to our Divine Natures in this lifetime. This is the Great Seal of the Moors.

The True History of Humanity has really been messed with, to put it mildly. My work is about providing compelling evidence for why I believe this.

This is a depiction of Spain, with Madrid in its center, in the Catalan Atlas of the Majorcan Cartographic School. The Catalan Atlas is considered the most important map of the Medieval period in the Catalan language, dated to 1375. It is attributed to Master Mapmaker Cresques Abraham.

The Catalan Atlas all together has six vellum leaves, each being 26 inches, or 65 centimeters, by 20 inches, or 50 centimeters in size. Each leaf includes the mapping of the geometric lines and shapes that you see depicted here.

It also shows land features that no longer exist, like the two depicted on the left side of this map off the western coast of the Iberian Peninsula.

I have placed a modern map of Spain on the left, with the city of Gijon circled, because the circle with sixteen sections depicted in the Catalan Atlas on the right appears to center on the city of Gijon in Asturias. It indicates a past importance to Gijon that is no longer recognized. I, for one, have never heard of Gijon before.

Here are a few examples of the architectural harmony found around the world, where arches perfectly proportionally frame larger buildings: on the top left is the Laboral University of Gijon; the Palace of the Kings of Majorca is on the top right; the Memorial Arch in Hartford, Connecticut on the bottom left; and the mosque in Grozny, Chechnya on the bottom right.

And here is a comparison for the similarity of appearance of the Port of Gijon, Spain, with the Port of Dover in Dover, England.

If, as we are taught, the cultures of these two different countries developed independently of each other, why does the design of the respective ports look so similar? Again, these are just two examples of many ports and harbors that share these characteristics found around the world.

The building on the top is in Gijon, Spain, and on the bottom is in Lunenbourg, Nova Scotia. Not identical, but both buildings have a similar look to them.

Back to Madrid, and the circle alignment emanating from Washington, DC.

Madrid is situated on the River Manzanares, a river in central Spain which flows from the Sierra de Guadarrama to the Jarama River, a tributary to the Tagus River. Please note the masonry banks of what is being called a natural river, and not a canal.

The longest street in Madrid is the Calle de Alcala, which is 7-miles, or 10.5-kilometers, long.

It was the old road which led to Alcala de Henares, 22-miles, or 35-kilometers northeast of Madrid. The historic center of Alcala de Henares is a UNESCO World Heritage Site.

Compare the gazebo in Alcala de Henares above with what is called the Moorish Kiosk in Hermosillo, Mexico.

This is the Puerta de Alcala in Madrid, said to have been built in 1778 as the first modern post-Roman triumphal arch built in Europe, commissioned by King Charles III in 1774. Given the low technology that was said to have existed at that time, pre-industrial revolution, how did they build this?

An inscription with a year, or a plaque, is easier to add to architecture, than building monumental architecture of heavy masonry.

This building is also on the Calle de Alcala. I mean, look at the size of it! How are people our size building like this?

This is another building on the Calle de Alcala, compared with one in Times Square in New York City. How did they get the same street lay-out, and basic building design across continents and cultures?

A few words about the Parque de Templo de Debod in Madrid.

What this is described as is an ancient Egyptian Temple of Debod that was dismantled at Abu Simbel due to the construction of the Aswan High Dam, and donated to Spain as a gift for helping to save it. It was consequently said to be rebuilt in the Parque del Oeste in Madrid, Spain between 1970 and 1972.

I am just wondering how a megalithic temple complex like this could have been transported. Those stones would be heavy. Arrows are pointing to what appears to be single-block stones. Those especially would be really heavy, like weighing tons!

I also find it noteworthy that this said re-building of an Egyptian megalithic structure would have taken place at the tail-end of Franco’s rule in Spain, which ended in 1975.

This is the Royal Palace of Madrid on the top, with its construction said to have finished in 1764, and on the bottom is Buckingham Palace, home of the Royal family in London, and said to have been constructed in its present form for the accession of Queen Victoria in 1837.

Filippo Juvarra, an Italian architect, was said to be the supervising architect on the design of the Royal Palace of Madrid. His background was said to be originally in stage-set design, primarily in Rome.

Edward Blore was said to have been one of the designers of Buckingham Palace. It is interesting to note that he was said not to have formal training in architecture, but was instead called an antiquarian draftsman.

He was also given the credit for the design of Vorontsov Place in Alupka, on the Crimean Peninsula, way far away from England on the Black Sea in southern Russia.

Pretty good for no formal architecture training, huh!

Buen Retiro Park is one of the largest parks in Madrid, having belonged to the Spanish Monarchy until the late 19th-century, at which time it became a public park.

This is the monument for Alfonso XII on the top, the King of Spain from 1874 to 1885. It was said to have opened in 1922. The picture on that bottom is in the Nemours Gardens of the Nemours Estate in Wilmington, Delaware, of the industrialist Alfred I duPont. The Nemours Estate was said to have been created by him in the Louis XVI-Rococo style of French architecture in 1909 – 1910 as a gift for his second wife, Alicia.

In this next picture on the top is the Crystal Palace of Madrid at the Buen Retiro Park, and on the bottom, the People’s Palace of Glasgow, Scotland, is pictured.

Madrid lies within the historic region of New Castile, which the alignment tracks on its way through Spain. This is a map of New Castile circa 1785.

New Castile roughly corresponds to the Moorish Taifa of Toledo, called a Berber Taifa, which was defined as an independent Muslim-ruled principality that was ended by Christians in 1085, and renamed the Kingdom of Toledo after its defeat.

Next on the alignment is Albacete, a city and municipality in the Autonomous Community of Castilla-LaMancha, and capital of the Province of Albacete.

Its Andalusian Arabic name was Al-Basit, translating to “the plain.”

This is said to be a Bronze Age archeological site near Albacete called the Acequion. The Bronze Age in Europe equates in our historical record to 3,200 to 600 BC.

There is lovely and sophisticated architecture in Albacete, pictured on the top, that is similar to what you see in Madrid. on the bottom.

Then there is architecture, and scenery, in Albacete that can only be described as…well…rocky.

I am going to end this post here, and pick up the alignment in the next post in Alicante, Spain.

Circle Alignments on the Planet Washington, DC – Part 12 Lugo, Spain to Segovia, Spain

In the last post, I tracked the circle alignment from the coast of Nova Scotia, past the St. Pierre and Miquelon Islands, the last vestige of New France off the coast of the Canadian Province of Newfoundland & Labrador, across the Atlantic to where the alignment entered Spain in Galicia at the city of A Coruna.

I am picking up the alignment at Lugo, a city in northwestern Spain that is still in Galicia, and the capital the of Province of Lugo. It has a population of approximately 100,000 people.

Lugo is the only city in the world that is said to be surrounded by largely intact, 3rd-century Roman walls. They are 33- to 49-feet, or 10- to 15-meters. high.

Just to be clear, I don’t believe the Romans built these walls. They have just been given for the work of another highly advanced and unified global civilization.

So, for example we have the same basic twin tower design of the Cathedral of Santa Maria seen above and behind the wall of Lugo on the left, in the Celtic province of Galicia, in a country that the Moors are given credit for having ruled for 700 years, ending in 1492; compared in the middle with the twin towers of Einsiedeln Abbey, a major resting place on the Way of St. James in Switzerland for centuries in a country the Spanish weren’t said to be in; and on the right with the twin towers of the oldest operating Mormon Temple in the United States, said to have been built in 1888, located in Manti, Utah in a state that was said to have been built up by Brigham Young and his Mormon settlers.

Einsiedeln Abbey, 20 miles southeast of Zurich, is also known for its Black Madonna, to which for more than ten centuries pilgrims from all over the world have travelled here to pay homage.

The Mino, or Minho, River, is the longest river in Galicia, at 40-miles, or 64-kilometers, long. The river forms the border between Galicia and Portugal.

Its source is the Pedregal de Irimia, and looks like this.

And these wind turbines at the Pedregal de Irimia are another example of finding these along the planetary alignments, causing me to seriously question the idea that turbines like these are wind-powered, and instead are powered by some ancient energy source related to the planetary grid system.

Lugo is along the path of the Camino Primitiva, or the Primitive Way, of the Camino de Santiago. It is thought of as the “Original Way,” because it was the path of the first reported pilgrim, Alfonso II of Asturias in 814 A.D. What is called the Roman Bridge over the Mino River in Lugo is part of the Camino Primitivo.

Asturias the province next to Galicia, in northwest Spain, along the Bay of Biscay. Biscay is an old reference to Basques.

Here are some masonry features of what looks like a narrow canal at the Parque de Mino in Lugo in the foreground, and the smooth shape of what looks like a mound in the background…

…and also at the Parque de Mino is this canal, not only with masonry banks, but also an engineered waterfall that looks like…

…what you see at the Derwent River in the Derwent River Valley in Derbyshire in England, which is called the birthplace of the Industrial Revolution.

Why does the same hydrology built into these so-called rivers exist in what we are taught are two entirely different countries?

Here is a gazebo at the Parque Rosalia de Castro in Lugo…

…compared with this gazebo in Prescott, Arizona, on the county courthouse grounds…

…this gazebo in the city of Dubbo in New South Wales, Australia….

…and what is called the Moorish Kiosk in Hermosillo, Mexico.

The Ancares Mountains of Galicia are shared between the Provinces of Lugo and Leon, on the western side of the Cantabrian Mountain range, which stretches over 180 miles, or 300 kilometers, across northern Spain, from the western limit of the Pyrenees to, along the coast of the Cantabrian Sea, which constitutes the southern part of the Bay of Biscay.

Interesting to note the straight-edges and angles seen on this rocky slope in the Ancares.

Due to the inaccessibility of the scarce and disbursed population centers of the Galician Ancares, the most traditional features of Galician mountain culture are preserved here, with inhabitants living in direct contact with nature, farming, and gardening. This is a traditional dwelling in the Ancares. Nice view of the Milky Way there too. Hmmm. Might be an ancient connection to all of the pilgrimage routes here….

Here is a waterfall found in the Galician Ancares, and as I have indicated in previous posts, I find waterfalls all along these planetary alignments.

The Picos de Europa National Park is in the Cantabrian Mountains, and also within the boundaries of Castile and Leon, which is the province to where we are headed on the alignment. It was created in 1918 as one of the first national parks in Spain. This is the Naranjo de Bulnes Peak in the Cantabrian Mountains on the top, compared with what you see at the Greenland National Park in northern Greenland on the bottom.

On the left is the Cares Gorge Garganta in the Picos de Europa National Park, known as the “Divine Gorge,” and considered one of the world’s best walk, treks, hikes, and climbs. On the right is the similar-looking Partnachklamm Gorge in the Bavarian Alps of southern Germany, near Garmisch-Partenkirchen.

Both places have hiking trails that appear to be carved right out of the rock. This is another view of the Cares Gorge in Spain.

Next on the alignment is the city of Vallodolid, the de facto capital of the autonomous community of Castile and Leon. It is northwestern Spain’s largest city.

This is the Calderon Theater in Vallodolid, home of the Vallodolid International Film Festival, and named after Pedro Calderon de la Barca, said to be a highly-regarded playwright, poet, and writer of the Spanish Golden Age. He lived between 1600 and 1681. Note the size of the building compared to the people in the street…

…and the detail of the columns and columned arches on the second floor.

This is the interior of the Calderon Theater.

The theater building was said to have been constructed in 1864, on the site of the palace of the Duke of Osuna, a Spanish noble title first awarded by King Phillip II in 1562.

This is the National Museum of Sculpture in Vallodolid. The museum was said to be founded in 1842, in what was the Colegio de San Gregorio, said to have been built in 1487.

This is a courtyard on the grounds of the museum, with its interesting spiral columns and ornate arched windows…

They reminded me of spiralled columns of St. Peter’s Basilica in Rome, called the Baldachin, which is a bronze canopy directly under the dome of the Basilica, and over the high altar, marking the tomb of St. Peter underneath.

One of the exhibits in the National Museum of Sculpture in Vallodolid is an altar-piece depicting the Life of the Virgin, carved out of walnut wood, dating from 1515 to 1520, and originally in the Convent of San Francisco in Vallodolid.

Campo Grande is a large, triangular public park at the heart of Vallodolid. Its origin as a park is said to date back to 1787.

Interesting to note what looks like ancient stones in the wall around the lake in the park with this water fountain.

Here is another water-fountain at the lake, and one of the peacocks that the park is known for having on the grounds.

This is an aerial view of the Plaza Major in Vallodolid, with a view of the ornate City Hall in the background.

This is an historic picture of the same Plaza Major, with its huge buildings compared to the size of the people in the streets, and not a lot of people here at the time the picture was taken.

Next on the alignment is Segovia.

The most famous symbol of Segovia is an elevated aqueduct that goes through the center of town…

…and is depicted on the city’s Coat-of-Arms.

Here is an 1824 drawing of the Segovia Aqueduct by Edward Hawke Locker. Again, note the size of the infrastructure contrasted with the size of the people depicted here, and the rudimentary transportation of the horse-and-buggy.

For comparison of style, this is the Xalpa Aqueduct in Tepotzotlan, Mexico. Quite similar in construction style, but as far as I know, the Romans were not in Mexico.

The Segovia Cathedral is said to have been one of the last Gothic Cathedrals said to have been built in Europe, with construction said to have begun in 1525.

The Alcazar of Segovia is the model for Disney’s Cinderella’s Castle, and rises out of a rocky crag…

…which is the same thing said about Edinburgh Castle in Scotland – that it is situated on top of a crag-and-tail formation.

The Alcazar Castle is located above the confluence of two rivers near the Sierra de Guadarrama, between Segovia and Madrid, and the eastern range of the Central System of Spain.

Here is a picture of the Sierra de Guadarrama, with what looks like a balanced rock in the foreground…

…compared with a picture taken of the Granite Dells in Prescott, Arizona, that also has a balanced rock in it. In the world of geology, that would be called a “glacial erratic.” I am not buying what they are selling.

Balanced Rocks are found everywhere.

What is called a “glacial erratic,” the product of retreating glacial ice sheets from the Ice Age, like Tripod Rock at the Pyramid Mountain in Kinnelon, New Jersey…

…is called a dolmen everywhere else, like Brownshill Dolmen in Ireland.

I am going to end this post here, and pick up the alignment in Madrid, Spain in the next post.