Poking into Historical Fires – Part 3 The Years Between 1851 and 1871

I am going to be taking a close look at historical fires in different countries in this post, recorded in the historical narrative as having occurred between 1851 and 1871.

There was a two-day fire in San Francisco in early May of 1851 that was said to have destroyed as much as three-quarters of San Francisco.

Here is the map of the Burnt District of the 1851 San Francisco Fire and a map of its exact location in the city today.

I was able to pinpoint it right away by searching for a map of San Francisco’s Financial District, and then greyed in the affected city blocks for this comparison graphic.

This is the historical narrative surrounding the fire.

It was said to have occurred during the height of the California Gold Rush between December of 1849 and June of 1851.

This was said to be an early daguerrotype, an early form of photography, of Portsmouth Square in San Francisco from 1851, some time before June of 1851.

Besides the fact that it looks like a mud flood scene, the fire was said to have started in Portsmouth Square in a paint and upholstery store on the night of May 3rd, 1851.

High winds were said to carry the fire down Kearny Street, which runs north from Market Street to the Embarcadero, and on its south end separates the Financial District from Union Square and China Town.

Here is a view down Kearny Street, and its perfectly smooth, and angled, steep slope…

…and here it is from another direction, showing the Kearny Street steps on either side of it, also known as the Peter Macchiarini steps, said to be named to commemorate an Italian-American modernist sculptor and jeweler of San Francisco.

Here is an historic photo of the First Kearny Street Hall of Justice, a jail that was called a book and intake facility, and said to have been built in 1912; rehabilitated by FDR’s New Deal’s Works Project Administration in the 1930s; and then demolished in 1968.

It was mighty grand building for a temporary jail that only existed for 56-years.

This picture is said to be from 1925 of the Old Hippodrome and Bella Union Dance Halls was located between Kearny & Montgomery Streets…

…located in what was called the Barbary Coast, which was the red-light district of San Francisco.

The Barbary Coast, or Barbaria, was also the name given to a vast region stretching from the Nile River Delta, across Northern Africa, to the Canary Islands.

This region stopped being referred to as the Barbary Coast, or Barbaria, in the early-1800s.

This is the Columbus Tower, also known as the Sentinel Building, on Kearny Street, with its copper and white-tile exterior. Construction of it was said to have been begun before the 1906 fire, which it purportedly survived.

It is now primarily occupied by Francis Ford Coppola’s production studio.

From Kearny Street, the fire was said to shift south into the downtown area. Well, the Columbus Tower is very close to the Transamerica Pyramid…

…and the place where the Transamerica Pyramid is located interestingly in what appears to be in the center of what was called the Burnt District.

Construction of the Transamerica Pyramid was said to have in December of 1969, and completed in 1972.

Special things about the Transamerica Pyramid include a 32-pane, cathedral-style glass top…

…which contains a 6,000-watt beacon light.

This is the Bently Reserve Building, formerly the Federal Reserve Bank of San Francisco.

…and now a conference center.

What if…the California Gold Rush starting in 1849 was a cover story for a massive influx of workers into the Bay area needed to dig San Francisco out of mud?

This is said to be a daguerrotype showing a panorama of San Francisco Harbor in 1851.

In the Province of Quebec in Canada, stating that wood was the typical construction material of the time, the Great Montreal Fire took place in July of 1852, and said to have started at a tavern on St. Lawrence Boulevard, and quickly spread because of high winds and hot summer weather.

From the tavern, it spread to the block between St. Denis Street and Craig Street (now Saint Antoine Street), engulfing the St. Jacques (or St. James in English) Cathedral, said to have been rebuilt by 1857; burned down again in 1858, and rebuilt by 1860; and burned out again in 1933. It was purchased in 1973 by the University of Quebec at Montreal, and demolished except for the spire and transept. They were then incorporated into the University’s infrastructure.

St. Jacques Cathedral was directly connected to the Berri-de Montigny Metro Station. Here are some historical photos of what is described as the construction of this metro station in 1964. Is this new construction going on here…or excavation?

Here are similar-looking photos showing evidence for the mud flood in comparison for appearance:

St. Jacques Cathedral was also connected to Montreal’s underground city – a series of office towers; hotels; shopping centers; residential and commercial complexes; convention halls; universities and performing arts venues that are connected underground in the heart of downtown Montreal…

…all of which is completely integrated with Montreal’s Metro System.

The fire spread to the Montreal General Hospital on Dorchester Street on Mont Royal, said to have been built in 1822…

…and the Theater Royal.

We are told within hours, one-quarter of Montreal, the oldest part of Montreal was destroyed, in Vieux-Montreal.

Here are some of the sights of Old Montreal today, with its masonry buildings and slanted streets.

One more thing before leaving Old Montreal that I would like to share is the presence of an obelisk there.

It was said to have been made from a block of granite that stands 41-feet, or 12.5-meters, above its base, and commemorates the establishment of the settlement and fort of Fort Ville-Marie in May of 1642.

In New Zealand, there was a fire in Auckland in 1858. Auckland is located in the northern part of the North Island, and is New Zealand’s largest city.

It was said to have been founded in 1840.

The 1858 fire was said to have destroyed about 50 buildings on High Street…

…and Shortland Street.

After this fire, we are told the commercial district of Auckland began to shift towards Queen Street, named after Queen Victoria.

This is the Auckland Town Hall on Queen Street, with construction of it said to have started in 1909…

…the Auckland Ferry Building, said to have been built between 1909 and 1912…

…and the Britomart Transport Center at the foot of Queen Street.

The Britomart Transport Center is the public transport hub in the Auckland’s Central Business District and the northern terminus of the North Island Main Trunk Railway Line.

The building was said to have originally been an Edwardian-era Post Office, built in 1911.

We are told the electric tram system arrived on Queen Street in Auckland in 1900, and use of this system was discontinued in 1956.

The Great Fire of Troy, in eastern New York State, near Albany and Schenectady, was said to have taken place in 1862. This would have happened during the time-frame of the American Civil War, and caused by a spark from the engine of a train that caused the Green Island Bridge to catch on fire, and which quickly spread from gale force winds. Here is the bridge depicted as a wooden structure.

But wait ~Here’s a post card showing the Green Island Bridge as a steel-truss bridge!

Troy’s Union Station, or Depot, was said to have burned down, and rebuilt in this form by 1900…

…only to be torn down in 1958.

There was even a subway station there!

The Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute in Troy was said to have been founded in 1824, and the oldest, continuously operating technological university in the English-speaking world and the Americas.

The physical plant of the university was said to have been completely destroyed by this fire…

…and that when it was rebuilt, all of the buildings steadily moved east, up the hill overlooking Troy and the Hudson River.

Next, I would like to look at three fires that have come to us in history as Acts of War during the American Civil War.

The first was the Burning of Atlanta, which we are told took place in 1864.

Atlanta was an important rail and commercial center at the time of the Civil War.

General Sherman and his Union Forces, we are taught, captured the city of Atlanta in September 2nd of 1864, and occupied from then until November of 1864.

He gave orders to destroy Atlanta as a transportation hub and as a war material manufacturing center, and in particular the railroad system and everything connected to it.

His orders were carried out destroying physical infrastructure, and on November 15th, everything that had been destroyed was set on-fire.

Columbia, the capital of South Carolina, was said to be an important political and supply center for the Confederacy.

Rail-lines were said to have reached the city in the 1840s, and the railroad lines going through there were primarily concerned with transporting cotton bales.

Columbia was said to have surrendered to General Sherman on February 17th, 1865, after the Battle of Rivers’ Bridge.

On the same day, the fires started, burning much of Columbia, though there is disagreement between historian regarding whether or not the fires on that day were accidental or intentional.

However, the next day General Sherman’s forces destroyed anything of military value, including railroad depots, warehouses, arsenals, and machine shops.

Here are some photos of Columbia’s historic infrastructure:

The third major Civil War fire was the April of 1865 Burning of Richmond, the capital of Virginia, and of the Confederate States of America.

In this case, the fire was said to have been started by Confederate forces evacuating Richmond. It was also known as the Evacuation Fire. This is a lithograph depicting it by Currier & Ives.

This huge classical temple-like building was the Exchange Bank of Richmond, said to have been damaged by the fire.

Here is another view of Richmond and its State Capitol Building in the middle of the picture, as seen from above the Canal Basin after the 1865 fire.

This is the location of the Canal Basin in Richmond…

…and here is what the canal basin it looks like.

So I just learned Richmond, Virginia, is a city of canals!

I was not aware that Richmond had that distinction!  But then again, I am finding a lot of places that do have it in my research.

Richmond was also a transportation hub, and the terminus of five railroad lines.

It looks like there were two named star forts on this map of Richmond and the surrounding areas – Fort Johnston and Fort Jackson – and possibly many more that don’t have names that are depicted as various shapes in the landscape.

There are suspicious elements going on in these three Civil War fires – intentional destruction of infrastructure of these transportation hubs, especially rail-lines, but so much more than that. What was really going on here?

I don’t think the answer to this question is to be found in the books of the history we have been taught.

I am going to finish up by highlighting four fires that took place on the exact same day in 1871, and one fire that took place on the following day.

The Great Chicago Fire was said to have started on October 8th of 1871, and burned 3.3-square-miles, or 9-kilometers-squared, over a 3-day period.

Here is another Currier & Ives print, this one depicting the Chicago fire, from northeast across the Randolph Street Bridge.

The fire was claimed to have started around 9 pm on October 8th in a small barn belonging to the O’Leary family, and that the shed next to the barn was the first building consumed.

Here is an infographic that nicely summarizes all of the data points surrounding the Great Chicago Fire, right down to who is given the credit for re-building after the fire.

The predominance of wood buildings was one of the explanations given for creating the flammable conditions that fueled the fire.

Yet, here are some photographs taken after the Chicago fire showing what remained. This one is showing a ruined, yet still beautiful stone aqueduct…

…like the famous one in Segovia, Spain.

Here’s another one, with shells of stone masonry, and piles of various types of masonry.

This photo is interesting. What exactly are the mule-drawn trams there for in this photo? Trying to carry on as usual, or serving some kind of other purpose after the fire’s destruction?

The Peshtigo Fire was described as a large forest fire that took place primarily in northeastern Wisconsin. Peshtigo was the largest community in the affected area.

It was the deadliest wildfire in American History, with estimated deaths of 1,500 to 2,500 people, though it is largely forgotten in our collective memory, unlike the Great Chicago Fire of the same day.

The Great Michigan Fire of 1871 was comprised of three separate fires: The Port Huron Fire; the Manistee Fire, and the Holland Fire.

The Port Huron Fire burned a number f cities including Port Huron and White Rock, as well as much of the countryside of the “Thumb” Region Michigan.

This is an historic picture of the Port Huron City Hall…

…what started out as a library and is now a museum in Port Huron…

…and the Federal Building and U. S. Courthouse in Port Huron.

This is the Manistee Fire Department, said to be the oldest continuously manned fire station in the world.

Interesting to note that this fire station was said to have been built in 1888, seventeen years at the Manistee fire of 1871.

Then there was the Holland, Michigan fire on the same day. Holland, Michigan looks like…well, Holland in Europe. This photo of a windmill and tulip fields was taken in Holland, Michigan

Lastly, south of Chicago, in Urbana, Illinois, there was a fire on the very next day, October 9th, 1871, destroying part of its downtown area.

The two buildings said to have survived the fire in downtown Urbana are the what is now called the Cinema Gallery…

…and the Tiernan Building.

Here is a picture of Main Street in Urbana’s downtown today…

…and an historical picture of the same place, with what look to be very similar buildings.

I am not sure exactly where this location is in relationship to where the fire was, but the fire was said to consume much of Main Street.

I am going to finish up this series in my next post with a sole focus on the San Francisco Fire of 1906, and give my conclusions as to what I think the information surrounding great fires in the historical narrative is actually all about.

Poking into Historical Fires – Part 2 The Years Between 1840 and 1850

In this post, I am going to examine the fires listed as having occurred in the years between 1840 and 1850.

I believe that a new historical timeline, grafted onto the existing physical infrastructure, was officially kicked off by Exposition in London’s Crystal Palace in 1851…

…after taking approximately 110-years to dig enough infrastructure out of a global mudflow to re-start civilization.

The Royal Observatory at Greenwich became the world’s Prime Meridian in 1851.

Prior to the time of moving it to Greenwich in England, the Great Pyramid of Egypt was the ancient prime meridian of the Earth.

Someone left me a comment that the Trivium was removed in 1850. I have been unable to find an internet source to confirm the date, but the Trivium was the lower division of the seven liberal arts of classical education comprising grammar, logic, and rhetoric – subjects leading to the development and refinement of critical thinking and speaking skills.

My research has led me to the conclusion that the Great Frost of Ireland, which took place between 1740 – 1741, was somehow connected to the mud flood cataclysm, and that these events was deliberately caused in order to take control of the planetary grid system and Humanity.

The free energy electrical system in place around the world prior to this event either was no longer used, or desired to be used in the form it was in previously.

This was the Exhibition Building and Market Square Clocktower in Geelong, Australia, with its incredible design features, and what look like lightning rods and flag poles perhaps originally in place for receiving and transmitting energy.

The Clock Tower was demolished in 1923, and the remaining buildings were demolished in the early 1980s to make room for a new shopping center.

The free energy system was ultimately replaced with other forms of energy that could be monetized and controlled.

Trams around the world, which had been powered by electricity, were pulled by mules until perhaps the time the electrical system was figured out, like what you see in the foreground of this photo from the Southern Exposition of Louisville that wenton from 1883 to 1887…

…and when powering once again by electricity was figured out, within a few decades largely replaced by cars and buses in most of the cities they were in, like Montgomery, Alabama.

Montgomery is one of three places that I know of said to have had the first city-wide system of electric streetcars in 1886, which was known as the “Lightning Route.”

The streetcars were retired in a big ceremony and replaced by buses in 1936.

So, they are going to put in all the time, energy, money, and effort to develop an efficient mass transportation system like this, and then only use it for 50-years?

I am going to start by looking at the Great Hamburg Fire of 1842.

It is noteworthy that the fire took place in the Hamburg Altstadt, and started on May 5th on the Deichstrasse, or Dyke Street, which is the oldest remaining street in the Old City of Hamburg.

It was said to burn for 3-days before being extinguished, destroying about 1/3rd of the buildings in the Altstadt, and killing 51 people.

Interesting to note that there was a heavy demand on insurance companies that led to the establishment of reinsurance, or insurance for insurance companies to insulate them from major claims events. I wonder how this factors into the fire…

The fire was said to have begun in Eduard Cohen’s cigar factory, and that it quickly spread through wooden, half-timbered houses of Hamburg.

The great fire was also said to have destroyed the city’s Town Hall, which was said to have been rebuilt, starting in 1886 and opening in 1897…

…and the Nikolaikirche, or Church of St. Nicholas, which was said to have been rebuilt by 1874.

Here’s another view of the Nikolaikirche in the Hamburg Altstadt, with a beautiful stone- and brick-masonry bridge, as well as other beautiful infrastructure combining stone and brick.

Other interesting architecture of Hamburg includes this location with buildings on what looks like an artificial island, situated in the middle of a canal, connected by bridges to the towering buildings on both sides of it…

…and this massive building in Hamburg perfectly framed by an archway…

…just like the ancient temple in Carthage perfectly framed by the archway shown in the last post.

On an interesting side note, the first railway line in Hamburg, between Hamburg and Bergedorf, was opened on May 5th, 1842, on the the exact same day the Great Fire started.

This was the Bergedorf Station in Hamburg, used only for 4-years, between 1842 and 1846.

In July of 1845, a great fire was said to break-out in New York City.

It was said to have started in a whale-oil and candle-manufacturing establishment, and quickly spread to other wooden structures in Lower Manhattan.

Firemen battling the blaze were said to have been aided by water flowing from the Croton Aqueduct, said to have been completed in 1842 (the same year as the Hamburg fire).

We are told the 1845 Great Fire of New York destroyed 345 buildings in the southern part of the Financial District. This fire was said to confirm the effectiveness of restricting the building of wood-frame structures as areas which were rebuilt after the 1835 Great Fire of New York were of stone, masonry, iron roofs and iron shutters.

The 1845 fire was said to have destroyed buildings from below Wall Street on Broad Street…

…to Stone Street…

…up Whitehall Street to Bowling Green…

…and up Broadway to Exchange Place.

Yet these places pictured in New York City have incredibly large buildings of heavy masonry or bricks. When were these built?

The Great Pittsburgh Fire was said to have happened in the same year, on April 11th of 1845.

The Great Pittsburgh Fire was said to have been started by a woman who worked for Colonel Diehl on Ferry Street, who had just stoked a fire to heat wash water. This is a detail from a Nathaniel Currier print.

This is a good place to insert that famous artists and authors were part of creating how the new historical narrative that was being imprinted in our consciousness, and taking our attention away from questioning what is actually in the environment around us.

Charles Dickens was said to have described Pittsburgh in 1842 that the city had a great quantity of smoke hanging over it.

In spite of having no formal education after having left school to work in a factory because his father was in Debtors’ Prison, he edited a weekly journal for 20-years; wrote 15 novels; 5 novellas; and hundreds of short stories and articles. He’s one of many famous and incredibly accomplished people I have come across in my research said to have little or no training in their respective fields, including art and architecture.

The Third Presbyterian Church in Pittsburgh was said to have stopped the progress of the fire in its direction, only losing a wooden cornice…

The Monongahela House, said to be Pittsburgh’s first hotel, was said to have first been built in 1840; destroyed by the 1845 fire; and subsequently rebuilt by 1847.

Notice the electric streetcar side-by-side with the horse-drawn carriages.

The flames were said to move slowly, giving people time to remove themselves and their belongings, and going to places like the Hill District, said to be undeveloped except for the newly built Allegheny Courthouse…

…crossing the Monongahela River at the bridge there – which is now called the Smithfield Street Bridge.

When it ended the next day, it was said to have destroyed 1/3rd of the city, leaving scattered chimneys and walls in the ruins, and it was said, inexplicably, there were occasional buildings left untouched amidst the destruction.

The Great Fire of Bucharest in what is now Romania took place in March of 1847…and was said to be the largest conflagration ever in Bucharest, destroying 1,850 buildings, and 1/3rd of the city in its richest and most populated part. 1850 buildings. Hmmm…there is a weird number synchronicity embedded in this data point.

At the time, Bucharest was the capital of the principality of Wallachia, which in 1417 became a tributary state of the Ottomon Empire. Wallachia united with Moldavia in 1859, leading to the formation of the Kingdom of Romania in 1881.

So far, all of these fires except the 1845 Great Fire of New York City were said to have destroyed 1/3rd of their respective cities.

The fire was said to have destroyed the central commercial part of the city. We are told that much was constructed out of wood, which together with narrow crowded streets, made them prone to fire.

It was said to have started near the St. Demetrius Church, burning the mahala, or neighborhood, of St. Demetrius. The word mahala is said to be Arabic in origin…in Eastern Europe?

…and burned the commercial streets of what is now called the Strada Franceza…

…the Strada Smardan…

…the Lipscani…

…where the CEC Palace, or Savings Bank Palace, is located, and sold to host a museum in 2006.

…and here is the Palace of Fine Arts in Mexico City compared with the CEC Palace…

…and the Baratia church, said to have burned down in the fire and reconstructed by 1848, and the big bell for it cast in 1855, paid for by Emperor Franz Josef I of Austria…

…among other places in the old Bucharest.

A reconstruction fund was said to have been started after the fire was put out, with contributions from the Prince of Wallachia; banks; churches; monasteries; the Treasury; clerks and soldiers; the City Halls’ Association; and outside contributors. A reconstruction commission was formed, and so on and so forth.

For an in-depth expose of the modus operandi surrounding great fires, very similar to what I just shared about the Bucharest fire and its aftermath, I highly recommend that you look into Baltimore Fats YouTube Channel, and view his stellar analysis of the chain of events surrounding the Great Fire of Baltimore of 1904, and its aftermath. He has been producing a series of videos about it, and more yet to come ~ great stuff!

The St. Louis Fire of 1849 was said to have destroyed a significant part of St. Louis, Missouri…

…and many of the steamboats using the Mississippi and Missouri Rivers.

These two rivers converge near St. Louis, pictured on the right, and I believe they are actually canals, in comparison with the Raccoon and Des Moines Rivers in Iowa on the top left; and the Blue Nile and White Nile in Khartoum in Sudan on the bottom left.

The fire was said to have started on the paddle-wheeled steamboat White Cloud, which was at the foot of Cherry Street, on May 17th, 1849.

This same year also coincided with the beginning of the California Gold Rush, which started in 1849. St. Louis was said to be the last major city where travellers could get supplies before heading west for the California and Oregon trails.

At any rate, the burning White Cloud was said to have been set adrift by the fire, and ended up burning 22 other different types of ships along the way, which soon leapt to buildings on the shore, burning everything on the waterfront levee for 4-blocks to Main Street and Olive Street.

It was said that as a result of these fires, a new building required new structures to be built of stone or brick.

So here you have an engraving from 1858 of Main Street in St. Louis, with its nice masonry…and horse-drawn wagons and dirt-covered street…

…and here is another example of perfect framing of the famous St. Louis Arch between buildings from Laclede’s landing.

This is the St. Louis City Hall circa 1900, said to have been built in 1890…

…and here it is today, missing some things from the original.

The first Great Toronto Fire was said to have occurred in 1849.

Also known as the Cathedral Fire, it was the first major fire in the history of Toronto, with much of the business core of the city being wiped out, we are told, including the predecessor of the St. James Cathedral, home of the oldest congregation in the city.

The St. James Cathedral was said to have been rebuilt starting in 1850, and opening to the public in 1853, and I have serious doubts about the veracity of that information….

This is a depiction of the 1831 City Hall and Market building at King and Front Street (now Nelson Street), said to have been destroyed and torn down in the 1849 Toronto Fire…

…and was said to have been rebuilt in 1850, and called St. Lawrence Hall, a meeting hall in a north-south orientation, and the first to be known as the St. Lawrence Market.

The railways were said to arrive in Toronto in 1850, and street rail-lines were said to have been operating from the Yorkville Town Hall in 1861…

…to the St. Lawrence market.

The Krakow Fire of 1850 in Poland was said to have started in July of that year, and lasted several days, destroying about 10-percent of Krakow.

It was said that in 1850, Krakow was still reliant on wood as a construction material, and that most of the 1,700 buildings in the city were wooden, and that the masonry ones had wooden elements.

This is a photo of Krupnicza Street, on which the fire in Krakow was said to have started in the grain mill area…

…and I can show you the same street corner lay-out in Conakry, Guinea in Africa on the top left; in Juarez, Mexico on the top right; Kherson, Ukraine on the bottom left; and Summerside on Prince Edward Island in Canada on the bottom right.

The accident is attributed to a miller and a smith who were trying to fix some equipment, and ended up starting a fire which spiraled out of control. Subsequently the fire was said to have grown, affecting the city center.

Students from the University of Krakow, also known as the Jagiellonian University…

…were said to have prevented the fire from causing more than superficial damage to the University’s library.

Buildings said to be damaged or destroyed by this fire were the Krakow Bishop’s Palace…

…the Wielopolski Palace…

…the Church of St. Francis of Assisi in Krakow….

…and the Basilica of Holy Trinity in Krakow.

The fire was said to have cause economic stagnation in Krakow, the final establishment of fire-fighting service in 1865; and final restoration of affected buildings finishing in 1912.

In my next post, I will be finishing this series by looking at historical fires that took place in the historical record between 1851 and 1871.

Poking into Historical Fires – Part 1 Starting with Antiquity

I am coming across a lot of big historical fires in my research, and really question the stories we are told about them, from Nero fiddling while Rome burned, to Mrs. O’Leary’s cow knocking over a lantern and starting the Great Chicago Fire of 1871.

I am seeing the role of great fires in our historical narrative more and more as a smokescreen, which is defined as 1) a cloud of smoke created to conceal military operations…

…and 2) a ruse designed to disguise someone’s real intentions or activities.

Did all of these fires really take place?

Did some fires actually take place, and others not?

Did fires get started to intentionally for the purposes of the destruction of the architecture of the original Moorish civilization and the physical infrastructure of the planetary grid?

The San Francisco Fire of 1906 was said to have been caused by an earthquake. Was it?

Looking at the list, I have picked just a handful of early fires in history to look into, as there are well over 200 recorded fires of cities and towns throughout history to choose from.

I decided to start with the destruction of Carthage.

In 146 BC, the ancient and powerful city of Carthage was systematically burned down over 17 days by the Romans at the end of the Third Punic War between Carthage and Rome.

After which time, it was said to have been re-developed as Roman Carthage.

Carthage was the capital city of the ancient Carthiginian civilization, on the eastern side of Lake Tunis…

…located in what is now Tunisia.

Carthage was a state of Phoenicia,which was a maritime and Mediterranean Civilization said to have originated in what is now Lebanon.

The ruins of Ancient Carthage are located in the northern suburbs of Tunis, the capital of Tunisia.

The most famous general of Carthage was Hannibal Barca, widely considered one of the greatest military commanders in history. He was perhaps best-known for leading an invasion into Italy across the alps in the Second Punic War, and with taking elephants along with him. This coin is said to bear his image…

…and yet this is the typical portrayal of him.

Carthage was famed for its double-harbor, known as a cothon, which was divided into a rectangular merchant harbor followed by an inner protected harbor reserved for military use.

You find the same type of architectural proportion, symmetry, and alignment in the perfect framing of the temple by the archway in Ancient Carthage on the top, that is seen in the perfecting framing of the Nelson Monument in the middle of the colonnade of the National Monument of Scotland in Edinburgh on the bottom.

The architectural design pattern seen with the archways of the Bardo Museum in Tunis on the top, is similar to that of these archways at the Fisherman’s Bastion in Budapest, Hungary, on the bottom.

This giant foot measuring 6-feet, or 1.8-meters, is on display at the Bardo Museum, believed to have been part of a colossal statue estimated to have been at least 50-feet, or 15-meters, high. Hmmmm…makes me wonder to what that foot was originally attached, with details of the foot right down to realistic-looking toenails, joints, and the leather sandal!

One last comparison for similarity before leaving this part of the world. On the top is a view of a street in the town of Sidi Bou Said, located 12-miles, or 20-kilometers, from Tunis in North Africa. On the bottom is a view of a street in Cuzco, Peru, located on the western side of South America at an altitude of 11,152-feet, or 3,399-meters.

All coincidences? Or all built by the same civilization using the same templates….

The Great Fire of Rome in 64 A.D. was the one with the legend that the Emperor Nero played the fiddle while Rome burned.

It was said to have started at the Circus Maximus in July of 64 AD. All together, it was said to have burned for nine-days, destroying two-thirds of Rome.

Let’s take a look at the importance of this place to Ancient Rome.

The Circus Maximus was Rome’s largest stadium. It was said to have had an obelisk placed in it around 10 BC from Heliopolis in Egypt, and then a second obelisk from the Temple of Amun at Karnak, and was installed somewhere around 400 AD.

We are told the same obelisk from Heliopolis has been in the center of the Piazza del Popolo in Rome since 1589…

…and the obelisk from Karnak in the square next to the St. John Lateran Archbasilica since 1588.

For comparison, from my research I know that the obelisks referred to as Cleopatra’s Needle located in London, Paris, and New York weigh well over 200-tons, or 10-metric-tons. How were they transporting and lifting extremely heavy obelisks around like this at that time, according to the history we have been taught?

The Circus Maximus was located in what is called the valley between Aventine and Palatine Hills, two of the seven hills of Rome.

The Circus Maximus is right next to the place in the Tiber River where Tiber Island is located.

Tiber Island is the only island in Rome on the Tiber River. It is described as a boat-shaped island connected by bridges to both sides of the river since antiquity.

It definitely looks like an artificial island.

And is the Tiber River actually a canal?

Circus Maximus is on one side of Palatine Hill, the centermost of the seven hills of Rome, and one of the most ancient parts of the city. The Roman Forum is on the other side of Palatine Hill.

Palatine Hill became the location of imperial palaces since the time of the Emperor Augustus, who reigned from 27 BC until his death in 14 AD.

This is what remains of the Stadium of Domitian on Palatine Hill, which reminds me of megalithic stone circles and rows…

…like the Beaghmore Stone Circles in County Tyrone in Ireland, which consistes of a collection of circles, rows and cairns…

…and the Wassu Stone Circles in Gambia near its border with Senegal in Africa.

There’s much more of historical importance to Rome in the vicinity of the Circus Maximus, including the Colosseum.

What we are told in the narrative is that the fire started near the Circus Maximus in the shops where flammable goods were stored, and the fire expanded through narrow twisted streets and closely located apartment blocks. Looters and arsonists were reported to have acted to spread the fire, or to prevent measures from being taken to put out the fire.

Yet, it certainly looks like this part of Rome around the Circus Maximus was a very special place held in high regard, and the home of its Emperors. It does not fit the description of a residential neighborhood for the masses of its citizenry that is described in the narrative.

In 532 AD, we are told that the Nika Riots that took place in Constantinople, now Istanbul in Turkey, started as a conflict over chariot racing, and ended up as violent riots against the Emperor Justinian. As a result, we are told, half of Constantinople was burned or destroyed, and tens of thousands of people were killed.

The rioting started at the Hippodrome, shown in the lower left side of this diagram.

The Hippodrome of Constantinople just happens to look like the Circus Maximus in Rome, including the presence of obelisks.

Unlike Rome, however, two obelisks remain in the original location of the Hippodrome in Istanbul, which is now called the Sultanahmet Square.

One is the Obelisk of Theodosius I, actually an ancient Egyptian obelisk of Thutmose III. It was said to have been transported from Egypt and re-erected in the Hippodrome in around 390 AD.

The other is called the Walled Obelisk, or Masonry Obelisk, said to have been of an unknown construction date, but reconstructed by the Emperor Constantine VII in the tenth-century.

Also like the Imperial Palaces on Palatine Hill next to the Circus Maximus in Rome, the Great Palace of Constantinople was located next to the Hippodrome. It was also known as the Sacred Place.

Only a few remnants of its foundations have survived into the present-day.

The Hagia Sophia, or Holy Wisdom, is in the same complex. It was said to have been built in 537 as a Greek Orthodox Cathedral…and later became an Ottoman Imperial Mosque in the year 1453.

It has been a museum since 1935.

It has the largest masonry dome in the world.

It is important to note the Hagia Sophia in Istanbul is oriented to the sunrise on the winter solstice…

I am going to end this post with a close look at the 1684 Toompea fire in Talinn, Estonia. There are interesting tidbits tucked within the information available about Toompea that aligns it in importance with the locations of the fires in Carthage, Rome and Constantinople. At the same time, there are inconsistencies about the details of the fire that was said to take place here.

Toompea, which means “Cathedral Hill,” is described as being on a limestone hill that is an oblong tableland in the center of Talinn in the oldest part of the city. This is Toompea Castle, where it appears to be sitting on top of a massive earthwork.

Toompea Castle is said to be an ancient stronghold, in use since the 9th-Century. In the present-day, it houses the Government of Estonia, and is said to have always been the seat of power for Estonia.

Check out those massive walls!

The fire of 1684 was said to be the most devastating fire of its history, destroying most of the buildings.

Yet this place looks to have sophisticated buildings of very solid and heavy masonry!

Toompea appears to be a very important place in Estonia, and looks to be in pretty good shape to have had such a huge, destructive fire!

The Toomkirik, or St. Mary’s Cathedral, in which one information source I found said it was the only building to survive the 1684 fire, and that it was established by the Danes in the 13th-century. Yet I found nothing to indicated that buildings like the Toompea Castle, had been destroyed in this same fire.

The Toomkirik is said to be the oldest church in mainland Estonia.

The Russian Orthodox Nevsky Cathedral is right next to Toompea Castle. It was said to have been built in Russian Revival style between 1894 and 1900.

There is already a pattern developing in just four examples of historical fires that took place at seats of power in their respective parts of the world, and which I selected to look at in a random fashion.

I did not know this when I started to research. I only remember Carthage having been completely destroyed by Rome from history in school, and the legendary connection with the 64 AD Rome fire to Nero. I didn’t know about the Constantinople riots, and had never even heard of Toompea before. All of these places piqued my interest when I started looking at where fires were said to have taken place, so I decided to focus on them for this post.

As a result of all my research thus far, I believe that 1851 was the official start date of the new, historical narrative that was superimposed over the existing advanced infrastructure, with the opening of the Great Exhibition of the Works of Industry of All Nations in London’s Crystal Palace kicking it off in 1851.

In my next post, I will be focusing on fires that occurred in the 1840s, 1850s, and 1860s.

A Foray into Castles and Mansions in the United States

I received a suggestion to look at the Coral Castle in South Florida, so it is my starting point for this post. As with all of my research, it has led me to some unexpected places. During the time I have been doing this work, I am never sure of exactly what I am going to find, but I know where to look and what to look for. This process yields very compelling results.

This is the story that goes along with the Coral Castle. It is a limestone megalithic structure attributed to the mysterious Ed Leedskalnin, a Latvian immigrant to the United States who claimed to have discovered the secrets of the Ancients, and that he single-handedly built it over a 28-year-period starting in 1923, working alone at night.

Not only that, he built it originally in Florida City, the southernmost city in the South Florida metropolitan area, and then as one version of the legend tells us, he hired a truck driver, and moved it to its present location near Homestead, Florida, in 1936. However he moved it, and he was said to have moved it approximately 10-miles, or 16-kilometers.

Keep in mind, the limestone megalithic stones here each weigh several tons.

This is the Redlands Coral Castle House, also in Homestead, Florida, said to have been built by an unknown person in 1932.

Though sometimes attributed to Leedskalnin, he purportedly did not move his Coral Castle to Homestead until 1936.

The interior was said to have been destroyed by Hurricane Andrew in 1992.

The property is now the Rancho Grande Castle Rock Farm & Nursery, with the abandoned Coral Castle House is used by the ranch for portrait photos.

Another one-man project is Bishop Castle in Rye, Colorado, named after Jim Bishop, who was said to have started building it, over a 40-year period, in 1969.

Bishop Castle is a tourist attraction in the mountains of Central Colorado. The turn-off for it is not far from where this photo of the Wet Mountains was taken.

This is the area around Bishop Castle from Google Earth, and I couldn’t help but look into information about the Ophir Creek and its campground shown here near the Bishop Castle.

This picture was taken at the Ophir Creek campground in the San Isabel National Forest.

Then there is this comparison of what you see in the Ophir Creek campground in Colorado on the top left; with downtown Eureka Springs, Arkansas on the top right; the Twin Lakes Reservoir in Bethel, Oklahoma, on the bottom left; and at the Turkey Mountain Urban Wilderness Area in Tulsa, Oklahoma on the bottom right.

These are cut and shaped stones.  These are not natural occurrences, contrary to what we have taught to believe by historical omission. 

They are lying around everywhere with no special attention drawn to them – just there.  Taunting us but not telling us. 

And only when you start realizing they are there.  Until you notice them, they just blend in to the landscape.

I looked up the name of Ophir because it is unusual, and I vaguely remembered it as having importance in antiquity.

I looked it up, and it is a port mentioned in the Bible, famous for its wealth.

It’s location has not been definitively placed, with candidates for the historical location of Ophir including India and South Asia; Africa; the Americas; the Solomon Islands; and the Phillippines.

I also came across this photo memorializing the St. John & Ophir Railroad in Utah, a short 8.5-mile, or 14-kilometer, railroad, said to have been built between the main track and St. John and the Ophir Silver mines in 1912. Then, a short 26-years later, the railroad line was abandoned in 1938.

The Watts Towers in the neighborhood of Watts in Los Angeles, California, are attributed to one person – Simon Rodia, an Italian immigrant construction worker and tile mason between 1921 and 1954.

They are considered examples of outsider art, or naive art, both of which pertain to lacking the formal education and training that a professional artist undergoes.

The towers are described as structural steel, covered with mortar, and adorned with broken glass, sea shells, generic pottery, and tile.

It sure looks like an antenna array!

Could the steel towers have originally been there, and Simon Rodia just decorated them? Or were others responsible, and he just got the credit?

Then there was Ferdinand Cheval, the French postman.

Beginning in 1879, he was said to have spent 33 years building Le Palais Ideal, in Hauterives, France, picking up stones on his daily mail route to build it with.

Like Simon Rodia, his work is called naive art too – an extraordinary example of it.

Back to Florida. Saint Augustine, Florida, which has the nickname “The Ancient City.”

Ancient means something belonging to the very distant past. 

Yet, St. Augustine was said to have been founded in 1565 by the Spanish Conquistador, Pedro Menendez de Aviles.

Here is de Aviles’ statue in front of the what was the Alcazar Hotel, and is now the St. Augustine City Hall and Lightner Museum, and is called Moorish Revival architecture.

It is important to note that Alcazar was the name given to a type of Moorish castle or palace built in Spain and Portugal during Moorish rule there.

Yet we are told that the St. Augustine is called the Ancient City based on what we are told is only a 454-year-old history???

The Villa Zorayda in St. Augustine was said to have been built in 1883 by the eccentric millionaire Frederick W. Smith…

…and was said to be inspired by the 12th-century Moorish Alhambra Palace in Granada, Spain, and also called Moorish Revival architecture.

The Castle Warden Hotel in St. Augustine was said to have been built in 1887…

…as a winter home for William H. Warden of Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, a partner with Henry Flagler and John D. Rockefeller in the Standard Oil Company; President of the St. Augustine Gas and Electric Light Company; and the Finanical Director of the St. Augustine Improvement Company.

It has served as Ripley’s Believe It or Not Museum since 1950.

In New York State, Beacon Towers, located at Sands Point on Long Island, was said to be a Gilded Age Mansion built in 1917 and 1918 (which would have been during World War I) for Alva Belmont, the ex-wife of William K. Vanderbilt, and the widow of Oliver Belmont. It was demolished in 1945.

Both men were millionaires, and members of prominent families of New York City. She herself was a multi-millionaire American socialite and suffragette. Here is a picture of her taken in 1922.

The mansion was said to have been designed by Hunt & Hunt, the architectural firm of Richard Morris Hunt’s sons Richard and Joseph, with some of its design elements incorporating those of the alcazars of Spain, like the Alcazar of Segovia, pictured here…

…as well as design elements said to be from pictures in medieval illuminated manuscripts.

Richard Morris Hunt was credited with the pedestal of the Statue of Liberty in 1884…

…the Entrance Facade and the Great Hall of the Metropolitan Museum of Art in 1902…

…and the Biltmore Estate near Asheville, North Carolina. More on this place later in this post.

The Hempstead House is still standing though, and it is also located at Sands Point on Long Island. It is also known as the Gould-Guggenheim Estate and Sands Point Preserve. It was said to have been started by Howard Gould, and finished by Daniel Guggenheim in 1912.

We are told the Hempstead House is patterned after the Kilkenny Castle in Ireland, which has a construction starting date of 1195, and a completion date of 1213.

The Oheka Castle, which is also known as the Otto Kahn Estate, is located at on the North Shore of Long Island in the town of Huntington.

It was said to have been built between 1914 and 1919 (also during World War I) as a country home for the investment financier Otto Kahn and his family, and was considered to be the second-largest private home in the United States at 109,000 square feet.

Today, the Oheka Castle is an historic hotel with 32-guest rooms and suites.

In case you have never heard of him, the fabulously wealthy Otto Kahn was the inspiration for the Mr. Moneybags character of the Monopoly board game. It is interesting how powerful but otherwise unknown people like this example here get inserted in our collective consciousness in seemingly innocent ways.

Otto Kahn was born in Mannheim, Germany, in 1867, moved to the United States in 1893, and became a U. S. citizen in 1917. He died in 1934.

The Biltmore Estate in Asheville, North Carolina, is the largest private home in the United States at 175,856 square feet.

Richard Morris Hunt, the same architect credited with the Statue of Liberty’s Pedestal, and the Metropolitan Museum of Art, receives the credit as the architect for the Biltmore Estate.

It was said to have been built for George Washington Vanderbilt II between 1889 and 1895.

The Vanderbilt family amassed a huge fortune through steamboats, railroads, and various business enterprises, and the Biltmore Estate in Asheville is still owned by his descendents.

Overlook Castle is also in Asheville, and was said to have been built between 1912 and 1914 for Fred Loring Seely after his father-in-law, Edwin Wiley Grove, gave him 10-acres, or 4-hectares, on top of Sunset Mountain

It has two large windows that offer a panoramic view of Asheville…

…and Jacobean ceilings.

The Jacobean style was named after King James I of England who was also King James VI of Scotland of the Royal House of Stuart.

Strangely, you can find two different portraits of him. One that looks like this…

…and one that looks like this.

I know what I think…serious historical white-washing has taken place!

Here are more castles and mansions located in very different parts of the United States:

Chateau Laroche in Loveland, Ohio, near Cincinnati, said to have been built starting in the 1920s…

…Squire’s Castle near Cleveland, Ohio, said to have been built between 1895 and 1897…

…Joslyn Castle in Omaha, Nebraska, said to have been built in 1903…

…Montezuma Castle, in Montezuma, near Las Vegas, New Mexico, said to have been built in 1886…

…Copenhaver Castle on Camelback Mountain in Phoenix, Arizona, said to have been built starting in 1967…

…Tovrea Castle in Carraro Heights in Phoenix, Arizona, said to have been built between 1929 and 1931…

…Canterbury Castle in Portland, Oregon, said to have been built between 1929 and 1931, and demolished in 2009…

…the Pittock Mansion, also in Portland, said to have been built in 1914…

…the Hearst Castle in San Simeon, California, said to have been built between 1919 and 1947…

…Scotty’s Castle in Death Valley National Park in California, said to have been built between 1922 and 1931…

…and Shea’s Castle in Antelope Valley, California, said to have been built in 1924.

These are just a few of the many examples I had to choose from.

When I was thinking about a title for this post the word “foray” came to mind. One of the definitions of foray is a sudden attack or incursion into enemy territory, especially to obtain something.

I read that, and decided the word was perfect to describe what the subject of this post reveals, and of the many names of who was responsible for the misappropriation and misattribution of the Moorish Legacy. Not the only ones, but certainly recognizable and wealthy names.

This just scratches the surface of the very deep subject of what has taken place on earth, how it was done, and who dunnit!

In my next post, I am going to be looking at the subject of fires…and great fires.

Shining a Light on the Historical and Cultural Importance of Inner City Neighborhoods

I started noticing an important pattern in big cities when I was doing the research for the “Circle Alignments on the Planet Washington, DC” series, which is that the oldest and most historic neighborhoods of major cities of this country are what would be described as today’s inner cities.

For the sake of keeping this post shorter rather than longer, I am only going to focus on four places – Anacostia in Washington, DC; Harlem in Upper Manhattan in New York City; the Jackson Ward in Richmond, Virginia; and the oldest parts of Atlanta, Georgia.

Anacostia is an historic neighborhood in Washington, DC. This is where Anacostia is situated relative to the United States Capitol and Supreme Court Buildings.

And, from another angle, the U. S. Capitol Building is on the east-end of horizontal line that connects it geometrically to the Lincoln Memorial and the Washington Monument to the west.

The North-South line depicted here runs from the White House, through the Ellipse, to the Jefferson Memorial.

Currently the waterfront area of Anacostia is undergoing a massive redevelopment project…

…and there are a large number of abandoned and seriously deteriorating historic real estate properties in Anascostia that are in state of limbo because of disagreement regarding whether or not to restore them in a community sorely in need of affordable housing…

…or to sell the properties for redevelopment purposes.

The name anglicized name Anacostia is said to come from a settlement of Nacochtank, an extinct Algonquin people living around what became Washington, DC.

They were said to be associated with the larger Algonquin-speaking Piscataway people of southern Maryland and the Chesapeake Bay.

Look at all of these Algonquin-language tribes with lands spread out everywhere in northeastern North America.

What if I told you the Algonquin language is related to Metu Neter, the the language of the Egyptian hieroglyphs?

This is totally hidden information, so the best I can do right now in support of this assertion is to show you a comparison of the similar meanings of some Egyptian Hieroglyphs compared with that of the Micmac, or Mi’kmaq, an Algonquin-speaking nation of what is now eastern Canada and the State of Maine.

Those behind all of this suppression don’t want us to know about the Stolen Legacy of the Moors in North America and around the world…

…who were the Keepers of the Egyptian Mysteries.

This is a Google Earth image of the Anacostia River.

I am amazed at all the things in close vicinity of Historic Anacostia – Nationals Park, the stadium for the Washington Nationals baseball team…

…as well as what is known as Bolling Air Force Base, or Joint Base Anacostia-Bolling, which merged with Naval Support Facility Anacostia…

…the Washington Navy Yard…

…and where Poplar Point is circled on this aerial map…

…there is a Deep Shaft and Tunnel Junction Shaft owned by the DC Water and Sewer System. …

…that is on the map showing the locations of shafts for the tunnel system of the Anacostia River Tunnel System.

Fort Circle Park, where there is a 7-mile hiker-biker trail around the remains of what are called Civil War-era forts, has an end-point at Fort Stanton Park next to Anacostia, which was described at one time as a massive earthwork.

There were six other so-called civil war era forts in what is now the Fort Circle Park, part of sixty-eight major forts of what was called the Civil War Defenses of Washington said to have been built in 1861. There is hardly anything left to show for this infrastructure here adjacent to Anacostia.

While not in Anacostia in DC, I can show you a place said to have been built during this same time frame that is still standing.

This is Fort Reno, situated on top of an earthwork. It is located on the highest point in Washington, and said to be the site of the only Civil War battle fought in Washington, during the Battle of Fort Stevens in 1864.

It was said to have been built in the winter of 1861, after the defeat of the Union Army at the Battle of Manassas. Does this look like a temporary structure, hastily built in the middle of winter?

The core of what is now the Anacostia Historic District was incorporated in 1854 as Uniontown. It was said to have been designed to be affordable for Washington’s working class.

Morris Road SE is one of the boundaries of historic Anacostia…

…which is known for its extensive collection of late 18th-century and early 19th-century small-scale, frame-and-brick, working class housing, like shown here on Morris Street.

Frederick Douglass, also known as “The Sage of Anacostia,” purchased an estate known as Cedar Hill in 1877, and lived there until his death in 1895.

It is still maintained as the “Frederick Douglass National Historic Site.”

I will leave Anacostia with this photo here of the landmark giant chair that is found at the corner of Martin Luther King Jr. Avenue and V Street SE. Wait a minute ~ a giant chair? We are told it was built by the Bassett Furniture Company, and installed there by the Curtis Brothers Furniture Company in 1957. But what a strange landmark!

Are they telling us something without telling us they are telling us?

Could it have been an actual giant’s chair, and not a furniture company gimmick?

Along the same lines as attractions like the World’s Largest Frying Pan in Long Beach, Washington, said to be a replica of one in which a woman skated on bacon in the town’s Clam Festival in 1941…

…and there is this giant frying pan that was unearthed in Indonesia on the island of Java in 2016.

Just saying not everything…actually quite a lot… is what we are told it is.

Harlem is a neighborhood in the northern section of Manhattan in New York City.

First, let’s see what the neighborhood of Harlem is close to, but not within its boundaries.

It is bounded by Central Park, where it is right next to the Harlem Meer, or Harlem Lake, section of the Park.

I don’t see much difference etymologically (having to do with the origin of words and how their meanings change) between the word Moor, which pertains to people who were Masters of the Sea, and the one-letter difference between the word meer which means lake in Dutch, and sea in German. In French, the word mer means sea.

This rocky formation at Harlem Meer is called a bluff, which is one of the code-words used to cover up ancient infrastructure.

The Museum of the City of New York is close to Harlem, said to have been built in 1929 and 1930 by Joseph H. Freedlander…

…and Columbia University is close to Harlem…

…said to have been established in 1754, and the oldest institution of higher education in New York.

Does this look like architecture built by short people for short people?

For comparison of size and scale to people in the present-day, here is the ancient Temple of Luxor of Egypt.

The General Grant National Memorial, also known as Grant’s Tomb, is located near Harlem, said to have been built in 1897…

…and Yankee Stadium, just across the Harlem River from Harlem, in the Bronx, said to have originally been built in 1923.

Up the Harlem River a short distance from Harlem proper is the High Bridge, built we are told for the Croton Aqueduct on its way to the reservoir at Central Park, the called the oldest bridge in New York City, with construction having started in 1839…

…which reminded me of the Ribblehead Viaduct in the Yorkshire Dales National Park in northern England, said to have been built for the railroad between 1869 and 1874.

Let’s take a look at what is found in Harlem itself, starting at the Macombs Dam bridge, which crosses the Harlem River between Yankee Stadium in the Bronx and Harlem, said to have opened in 1895, and the third-oldest bridge in New York City.

Look at the beautiful, old, and distinctive masonry found on the each of the four stone end piers!

Jackie Robinson Park in Harlem was said to have originally been part of the Samuel Bradhurst estate in the late 18th to early 19th-centuries.

This estate was said to have brick buildings on it, which are now part of the impressive-looking Jackie Robinson Recreational Park facilities…

…including these beautiful vaulted ceilings inside the park’s recreational facilities…

…which is the same kind of vaulted ceiling that we find in cathedrals. Hmmmm.

Convent Garden, with its beautiful gazebo and landscaping, is called an oasis in Harlem…

…and is a 13-acre haven amidst the Sugar Hill brownstones, called a once-glamorous enclave of Harlem.

The Mount Morris Park Historic District is in west-central Harlem.

This is the Ascension Presbyterian Church in the Mount Morris Park Historic District in East Harlem, with its impressive masonry architecture and dome…

…and a historic photo of the Mount Morris Bank Building, said to have been built in 1883.

This is the Mount Morris Bank building as it looks today, after having been renovated and re-opened in 2015, after the building withstood decades of neglect, deterioration, and a fire.

Mount Morris Square, the core of the district, is now called Marcus Garvey Park, and is centered on a massive and steep outcropping of stone, and surrounded by flat lawns and playing fields.

These beautiful stone steps lead up the acropolis in the park…

…where what was called the cast-iron Harlem Fire Watchtower once-stood, said to have been installed there in 1857 …

… until it was dismantled in 2015, the reason given being to restore the structure for stability and soundness before it is reconstructed.

This is the 10,000-lb, or 4,536-kilogram, bell of the watchtower before it was crated. It was said to have been used to ring the time twice a day long after the watchtower was no longer being used as part of the city-wide fire warning system.

Marcus Garvey (b. 1877 – d. 1940) was a Jamaican-born political activist, publisher, journalist, entrepreneur and orator. This picture of him was taken in 1924.

So far, Harlem has a Mt. Morris district, and Anacostia has a Morris Street. What is it with the name of Morris in these places?

Could it have something to do with telling us who was really here?

These are Morris Dancers in England, who practice a group dance form of choreographed steps, with bells on the knees, and wielding sticks, swords, or handkerchiefs.

It is said the name of Morris Dance is first recorded in the 15th-century as Moorish Dance. Here is a 1480 statue of a Moorish Dancer at the Old Townhall in Munich…

…and this is one of the depictions of the Morris Coat-of-Arms and Morris Family Crest.

In Virginia, Richmond became the capital of Virginia in 1780, when it was moved from Williamsburg. This is the Virginia State Capitol Building.

Directly to the north of the Virginia State Capitol building is the Old Richmond City Hall…

…and I am comparing it for similarity with the Moscow State Historical Museum in Russia.

This is inside the Old Richmond City Hall…

…and this is inside the Moscow State Historical Museum.

The old and historic Jackson Ward neighborhood is located less than a mile from the Virginia State Capitol building.

The sign references businesses there, such as the St. Luke Penny Savings Bank, which survived the Great Depression when many banks went under, which became Consolidated Bank and Trust, and is still here today.

The sign about Jackson Ward also references the Southern Aid Insurance Company, where it was founded in 1893.

This is the Leigh Street Armory in Jackson Ward, which is now the Black History Museum & Cultural Center of Virginia.

Monroe Park is a 7.5-acre, or 3-hectare, park that is 1-mile, or 1.6-kilometers, northwest of the Virginia State Capitol building. It is pentagonal in shape, and considered to be Richmond’s oldest park.

It is the eastern point of the Fan District, because of the fan shape of the array of the streets that extend west from Belvedere Street on the eastern edge of Monroe Park, westward to the Boulevard.

The Altria Theater is located at the southwest corner of Monroe Park.

We are told that it was built between 1925 and 1927. This is the interior of the Altria Theater.

Formerly known as The Mosque, and the Landmark Theater, it was said to have been built for the Shriners of the Acca Temple Shrine. More about this later in this post.

Now onwards to Atlanta, Georgia.

We are told that indigenous Creek people and their ancestors inhabited the area, one of the Five Civilized Tribes, along with the Cherokee, Chickasaw, Choctaw, and Seminole.

Through the early 19th-century, so-called European Americans systematically encroached on the Creek of North Georgia, and forcing their relocation in 1820s and 1830s under “Indian Removal” to lands west of the Mississippi River. We know of this today as the “Trail of Tears.”

The ancient Etowah Mounds are in North Georgia, near Cartersville in northwest Georgia.

Etowah is said to be a Creek word meaning town/people/tribe, and is a place name found in many states in the U. S.

This is a monolithic (made from one stone) axe found in the Etowah, Georgia area…

…and at one time there was what was called a flour mill in Etowah, at the base of three pyramidal-looking mountains.

At any rate, this is important, because turning infrastructure built by the indigenous people of this land into some kind of mill, or calling ruins mills, is how this information has been kept hidden from us.

Look at the size of what is called Cooper’s Furnace in Cartersville, Georgia, called the only remains of the bustling industrial town of Etowah…

The area in the city limits of Atlanta known as Castleberry Hill is adjacent to, and southwest, of Downtown Atlanta, with Daniel Castleberry becoming an established businessman here when he was said to have won the land in a Georgia land lottery in 1921.

It has become a booming urban renaissance area since the early 1980s, with loft conversions of what are called former industrial areas beginning around that time, and turning them into residences.

Like this brick residential block in Castleberry Hill…

…in another in Castleberry Hill, the renovation inside.

Things like this, and the Castleberry Hill Art Stroll, turning Castleberry Hill into a trendy part of town.

Grant Park refers to the oldest city park in Atlanta, as well as what is called the Victorian neighborhood surrounding it.

It is a 131-acre green-space and recreational area.

Inman Park in Atlanta has been around, we are told, since the 1880s, and was Atlanta’s first planned suburb, complete with its own electric streetcar shuttling commuters to Downtown Atlanta a few miles to the west.

This is a map showing Atlanta’s streetcar system in 1924, and the last streetcar from the original system went out of service in 1949.

The reason given for the decline of streetcars is the popularity of the automobile, but why completely scuttle an efficient and affordable mass transportation system, and replace it with a polluting and expensive one?

As a matter of fact, one of the streetcar lines has returned to Atlanta. A 2.7-mile, or 4.3-kilometer, streetcar line opened in Atlanta in December of 2014 between Centennial Park, going east along Edgewood Avenue to the Martin Luther King, Jr. National Historic Site, and west along Auburn Avenue.

The Martin Luther King Jr Historic Site in the Sweet Auburn residential district adjacent to the Old Fourth Ward…

…which includes his boyhood home…

…and the Ebenezer Baptist Church, where he was baptized, and both he and his father preached.

Sweet Auburn is described as a historic African-American neighborhood with one of the largest concentrations of African-American businesses in the United States, and where there were more financial institutions, professionals, educators, entertainers and politicians on this one-mile of street than any other African-American street in the South.

This is the John Wesley Dobbs building, said to have been built in 1910 as the Atlanta School Book Depository, and is now the African-American Panoramic Experience, or APEX, Museum.

John Wesley Dobbs was a civil and political leader in Atlanta. He became a member of the Prince Hall Masons in 1911, and in 1932, he was elected Grand Master of the Prince Hall Masons of the Jurisdiction of Georgia, a post he held for the rest of his life.

This is a 1940 historic photo of streetcars on Auburn Avenue and Peachtree Street…

…and the streetcar line running again in Sweet Auburn today.

There is one more place in Atlanta I would like to look at before ending this post. This is the Fox Theater is in Midtown Atlanta.

It was said to have been built originally to become a large Shrine Temple, but the 2.75 million dollar project exceeded their budget…

…so the project was said to have been leased to movie mogul William Fox. The Fox Theater opened in 1929, two months after the stock market crash and the beginning of the Great Depression. The Theater closed 125-weeks after it opened. New owners acquired it, Paramount Pictures and Georgia-based Lucas & Jenkins, after the mortgage was foreclosed in 1932.

This is the interior of the Fox Theater …

This is a detail of the Fox Theater stage in Atlanta on the left; the Mabel Tainter Memorial Theater stage in Menomonie, Wisconsin in the middle; and a detail on the right at The Alhambra in Grenada, Spain, the only place acknowledged to have had a Moorish civilization.

So, like the Altria Theater in Richmond, the Fox Theater in Atlanta was said to have been built for the Shriners.

Which Shriners, though? These…

…or these?

Because, you see, this is what all of this, every bit of what has taken place in Earth’s modern history, is really all about. A stolen legacy that everything we are taught today has been grafted on top of, and has been hidden away from the general public.

In my next post, I am going to be looking at famous castles and mansions in the United States.

What is it Exactly About the World’s Disputed Islands?

In my journey tracking planetary gridlines around the world, I keep coming across obscure, seemingly insignificant islands and island groups that are the subjects of territorial disputes between countries, many of which are still on-going in the present day.

Along these lines, I found the Spratley Islands in the South China Sea when I was following one of the planetary alignments that emanate off of the North American Star Tetrahedron at Merida, Mexico.

They consist of 14 islands or islets; 6 banks; 113 submerged reefs; 35 underwater banks; and 21 underwater shoals.

The northeast part of the Spratlys known as dangerous ground due to low islands; sunken reefs; and degraded sunken atolls.

They are located on the alignment just northwest of Palawan Island…

…and Palawan, in the Phillipines, is considered by many to be the most beautiful island in the world.

There is a star fort located in Taytay on the island of Palawan called the Fuerza de Santa Isabel.

From my extensive research on the physical lay-out of planetary alignments, and the frequent occurrence of star forts situated along the planetary grid system worldwide, I believe that star forts functioned as electrical circuitry and/or batteries on the planetary grid, and not were military in nature as we have been led to believe by deliberate misinformation.

There is detailed information about why I believe this in my post “The Consistent Finding of Star Forts on Planetary Alignments.”

Back to the Spratley Islands.

The Spratly Islands dispute is an on-going territorial dispute between China, Taiwan, Malaysia, the Phillippines, Brunei and Viet Nam concerning “ownership” of the Spratly Islands.

What is it about these islands?

Well, we are told they are of economic and strategic importance; hold reserves of natural gas and oil; productive fisheries; and is a busy area for commercial shipping traffic.

I believe that there is a powerful energy component–whether placement, production, or something else–related to these planetary grid lines, and that since the South China Sea falls directly on a major planetary alignment, it falls into this category.

So, for another example of this in the South China Sea, just northwest of the Spratly Islands on this planetary alignment’s way through Hainan in China, the Paracel Islands are a similar group of islands, reefs, and banks that are strategically located; productive fishing grounds; and which also hold reserves of natural gas and oil.

While they are controlled and operated by China, they are also claimed by Taiwan and Viet Nam.

The archipelago consists of 130 small coral islands and reefs, most grouped into the northeast Amphitrite Group or the western Crescent Group.

In ancient Greek mythology, Amphitrite was a sea goddess; the wife of Poseidon; and the Queen of the Sea.

The Paracel Islands are also the location of the Dragon Hole, or Sasha Yongle Blue Hole, the world’s deepest known blue hole at 987-feet, or 301-meters, deep.

Dragon Hole is called the “Eye of the South China Sea,” and is where the Monkey King found his golden cudgel in the 16th-century Chinese classic of Literature “Journey to the West,” with authorship attibuted to Wu Cheng’en.

The Battle of the Paracel Islands was a military engagement between the naval forces of South Vietnam and China in 1974, and was an attempt by the South Vietnamese navy to expel the Chinese navy from the vicinity.

As a result of the battle, China established de facto control over the Paracel Islands.

This seems like a good place to bring in the Falkland Islands, an archipelago in the South Atlantic Ocean on the Patagonian Shelf.

They are 300-miles, or 483-kilometers, east of South America’s southern Patagonian coast, and 752-miles, or 1,210-kilometers, from the northern tip of the Antarctic Peninsula, at a latitude of 52-degrees south.

It is a British overseas territory, and consists of two large islands – East Falkland and West Falkland – and 776 smaller islands.

The population of less than 4,000 people are British citizens.

Britain reasserted its rule over the Falklands in 1833, with a colonial presence also including French, Spanish, and Argentine settlements.

Argentina maintains its claim to the islands.

On April 2nd, 1982, Argentine forces occupied the Falkland islands.

On April 3rd, 1982, Argentine forces seized control of the east coast of South Georgia Island in the Battle of Grytviken, part of the South Sandwich Islands, and another British Overseas Territory near the Falkland Islands that is claimed by Argentina.

On April 5th, 1982, the Falklands War between Argentina and Great Britain started. While not officially declared a war, it was declared a war-zone.

The conflict lasted 74-days, and ended with Argentina’s surrender on June 14th, 1982, returning the islands to British control.

The South Shetland Islands shown here in this map are in the neighborhood of all these island groups, and are a group of Antarctic islands with a total area of 1,424 square-miles, or 3,687 square-kilometers.

By the Antarctic Treaty of December 1st, 1959, the islands sovereignty is neither recognized nor disputed by the treaty’s 12 signatories – Argentina, Australia, Belgium, Chile, France, Japan, New Zealand, Norway, South Africa, the Soviet Union, the United Kingdom, and the United States – and they are free for use by any signatory for non-military purposes.

However, the islands have been claimed by Great Britain since 1908, and as part of the British Antarctic Territory since 1962. They are also claimed by Chile and Argentina since the 1940s.

The Chileans have the largest number of research stations on the islands, as well have having the Eduardo Frei airbase on King George Island, where the largest number of international research stations are located.

Moving to North America in the northern hemisphere, I found out that North Rock…

…and Machias Seal Island are part of an on-going territorial boundary dispute, as they are located on the border of the Gulf of Maine in the United States, and the Bay of Fundy in Canada.

Other boundary disputes, not limited to islands, between the United States and Canada include:

A fishing zone dispute at the mouth of the Juan de Fuca Strait between Washington State and British Columbia, and within which the International boundary between the two countries lies in the middle of the strait.

Here are photographs of what Cape Flattery looks like at the mouth of the Juan de Fuca Strait on Washington’s Olympic Peninsula.

Another area of dispute between the two countries is the Northwest Passage, which Canada claims as part of its internal waters, and the United States regards as an international straits, open to international traffic.

The Dixon Entrance, a strait about 50-miles, or 80-kilometers, long, between Alaska in the United States and British Columbia in Canada is also mutually claimed by both countries. It is part of the Inside Passage shipping route.

It lies between the Clarence Strait in the Alexander Archipelago, a 300-mile, or 480-kilometer, long group of islands in Alaska to the North…

…and the Hecate Strait and the islands known as the Haida Gwaii (or Queen Charlotte Islands) in British Columbia to the South.

Members of the Haida Nation maintain free access across the strait, in the Haida Gwaii and islands in the Alaskan panhandle where they have said to have lived for 14,000 years.

The Kuril Islands dispute is a disagreement between Japan and Russia over the sovereignty of the four southernmost Kuril Islands.

They are a chain of islands stretching between the Japanese Island of Hokkaido at the southern end, and the Kamchatka Peninsula at the northern end.

While the San Francisco Peace Treaty of 1951, signed between the Allies and Japan in 1951, stated that it must give up all right, title and claim to the Kuril Islands, Japan does not recognize Russia’s sovereignty over them, and this territorial dispute has not been resolved.

The original inhabitants of the Kuril Islands, and northern Japan for that matter, are the Ainu, as seen here in 1904…

…and today.

Other disputed islands around the world include:

Navassa Island, an uninhabited island in the Caribbean Sea.

This small island is subject to an on-going territorial dispute between the United States and Haiti.

The United State claimed the island since 1857, based on the Guano Islands Act of 1856.

The legislation essentially said that an American could claim an uninhabited, unclaimed island, it it contained guano, or bird droppings, which was an effective early fertilizer.

Haiti’s claims over Navassa go back to the Treaty of Ryswick in 1697, which established French possessions in mainland Hispaniola that were transferred from Spain by the treaty.

This is the deactivated lighthouse on Navassa. This is the only building left of what was previously on Navassa Island…

…possibly including this star fort identified as being in Lulu Town on Navassa, but I can’t confirm this finding because whatever was there isn’t there any more.

Lulu Town was previously situated around Lulu Bay on Navassa Island.

Abu Musa is a 5-square-mile, or 13-square-kilometer, island in the eastern Persian Gulf near the entrance to the Strait of Hormuz.

Abu Musa is administered by Iran as a part of its Hormozgan Province, but it is also claimed by the United Arab Emirates as a territory of the Emirate of Sharjah. I found the island of Abu Musa, one of the islands of the Strait of Hormuz, when I was tracking the Amsterdam Island Circle Alignment.

I want to demonstrate to you that beaches with a symmetric curvature, and rocky features right next to the shore, as seen in this photo of Abu Musa, are common features in diverse places.  

Compare it with these similar-looking shorelines:

Halawa Bay on the Hawaiian Island of Molokai…

…the Black Sea in Bulgaria…

…Lake Baikal in Siberia…

…and Shemya in the Near Island group of the Aleutian Island chain.

On to Cyprus, an island country in the eastern Mediterranean, located south of Turkey, and west of Syria and Lebanon, northwest of Israel and Palestine, north of Egypt, and southeast of Greece.

Its earliest known human activity is said to date back to 10,000 BC. Archeological remains from this period include the village of Khirokitia…

…and is home to some of the oldest water wells in the world, like this one at the ancient Kition site at Larnaca, Cyprus.

Based on the Cyprus Convention in 1878, Cyprus was placed under the United Kingdom’s administration, and formally annexed by the United Kingdom in 1914 (which would have been around the time of the start of World War 1).

While Turkish Cypriots made up 18% of the population, the partition of Cyprus and creation of a Turkish state in the north became a policy of Turkish Cypriot leaders and Turkey in the 1950s. Turkish leaders for a period advocated the annexation of Cyprus to Turkey as Cyprus was considered an “extension of Anatolia” by them; while, since the 19th century, the majority population of Greeks on Cyprus and its Orthodox Church had been pursuing union with Greece, which became a Greek national policy in the 1950s.

After nationalist violence in the 1950s, Cyprus was granted independence in 1960 via the London and Zurich Agreements of 1959.

At any rate, conflict in one form or another between Greeks and Turks has existed on the island for awhile, with the island partitioned between the two.

Regardless, Cyprus is a major tourist destination in the Mediterranean today.

Tromelin Island is a low, flat island in the Indian Ocean.

It is located 310-miles north, or 500-kilometers, north of Reunion Island, and 280-miles, or 450-kilometers, east of Madagascar.

It is administered as part of the French Southern and Antarctic Lands as a French overseas territory…

… however, the island nation of Mauritius claims sovereignty over the island.

I found both Mauritius and Tromelin Island on planetary alignments.

I will end this post with Clipperton Island, an uninhabitated 2-square-mile, or 6 kilometer-squared island, in the eastern Pacific Ocean off the coast of Central America.

It is an overseas minor territory of France, and administered under the direct authority of the Minister of Overseas France. It has not been inhabited since 1945, though it is occasionally visited by fisherman, French Navy patrols, scientific researchers, films crews, and ham radio operators.

It is low-lying, and largely barren. The surrounding reef is exposed at low tide. This shows that Clipperton Island is technically an aligned with a barrier reef, and not an atoll.

While it is not disputed now, it has been in the past.

Two Frenchmen first claimed the island for France in 1711, and named it “Ile de la Passion.”

In 1858, during France’s Second Empire, Emperor Napoleon III annexed Clipperton island as part of the French colony of Tahiti, even though it is the considerable distance of 3,400 miles, or 5,400 kilometers, from Tahiti.

It was named Clipperton for English pirate and privateer John Clipperton who fought for the Spanish in the early 18th-century who may have used it as a base for his raids on shipping.

Other claimants included the United States, whose American Guano Company claimed it under the Guano Islands Act of 1856…

…and Mexico due to its activities there as early as 1848 and 1849.

In 1909, France and Mexico agreed to submit the dispute over sovereignty to binding international arbitration, and 22-years later, in 1931, the King of Italy, Victor Emmanuel III, issued the final decision, declaring Clipperton Island to be a French possession.

However, after all of this territorial interest, Clipperton Island has been more or less abandoned since the end of World War II.

So, as expressed in the title of this post, what is it exactly about the world’s disputed islands?

For one, they figure prominently on the earth’s planetary gridlines, and I think the placement of the islands within the energy system of the planetary grid is important.

Another is that they are highly prized for their resources.

And are the resources, like oil and gas reserves, actually derived from the high technology of the advanced Ancient Civilization, and not the result of the continuous break-down of fossils over millions of years as we are taught to believe?

Also, I wouldn’t rule out the possibility that guano – which has a high content of nitrogen, phosphate, and potassium – is the result of much more than bird droppings. It would take a whole lot of birds a very long time to create a valuable commodity used as a pretext for claiming an island for a country.

This is an 1860 photo of a guano mine on Peru’s Chincha Islands.

For reasons like these, and others I am sure, all of these islands are viewed as highly-coveted prizes, and critical part to nation-building plans.

In my next post, I am going to be looking at the significance of inner city neighborhoods and historic city centers.