Poking into Historical Fires – Part 3 The Years Between 1851 and 1871

I am going to be taking a close look at historical fires in different countries in this post, recorded in the historical narrative as having occurred between 1851 and 1871.

There was a two-day fire in San Francisco in early May of 1851 that was said to have destroyed as much as three-quarters of San Francisco.

Here is the map of the Burnt District of the 1851 San Francisco Fire and a map of its exact location in the city today.

I was able to pinpoint it right away by searching for a map of San Francisco’s Financial District, and then greyed in the affected city blocks for this comparison graphic.

This is the historical narrative surrounding the fire.

It was said to have occurred during the height of the California Gold Rush between December of 1849 and June of 1851.

This was said to be an early daguerrotype, an early form of photography, of Portsmouth Square in San Francisco from 1851, some time before June of 1851.

Besides the fact that it looks like a mud flood scene, the fire was said to have started in Portsmouth Square in a paint and upholstery store on the night of May 3rd, 1851.

High winds were said to carry the fire down Kearny Street, which runs north from Market Street to the Embarcadero, and on its south end separates the Financial District from Union Square and China Town.

Here is a view down Kearny Street, and its perfectly smooth, and angled, steep slope…

…and here it is from another direction, showing the Kearny Street steps on either side of it, also known as the Peter Macchiarini steps, said to be named to commemorate an Italian-American modernist sculptor and jeweler of San Francisco.

Here is an historic photo of the First Kearny Street Hall of Justice, a jail that was called a book and intake facility, and said to have been built in 1912; rehabilitated by FDR’s New Deal’s Works Project Administration in the 1930s; and then demolished in 1968.

It was mighty grand building for a temporary jail that only existed for 56-years.

This picture is said to be from 1925 of the Old Hippodrome and Bella Union Dance Halls was located between Kearny & Montgomery Streets…

…located in what was called the Barbary Coast, which was the red-light district of San Francisco.

The Barbary Coast, or Barbaria, was also the name given to a vast region stretching from the Nile River Delta, across Northern Africa, to the Canary Islands.

This region stopped being referred to as the Barbary Coast, or Barbaria, in the early-1800s.

This is the Columbus Tower, also known as the Sentinel Building, on Kearny Street, with its copper and white-tile exterior. Construction of it was said to have been begun before the 1906 fire, which it purportedly survived.

It is now primarily occupied by Francis Ford Coppola’s production studio.

From Kearny Street, the fire was said to shift south into the downtown area. Well, the Columbus Tower is very close to the Transamerica Pyramid…

…and the place where the Transamerica Pyramid is located interestingly in what appears to be in the center of what was called the Burnt District.

Construction of the Transamerica Pyramid was said to have in December of 1969, and completed in 1972.

Special things about the Transamerica Pyramid include a 32-pane, cathedral-style glass top…

…which contains a 6,000-watt beacon light.

This is the Bently Reserve Building, formerly the Federal Reserve Bank of San Francisco.

…and now a conference center.

What if…the California Gold Rush starting in 1849 was a cover story for a massive influx of workers into the Bay area needed to dig San Francisco out of mud?

This is said to be a daguerrotype showing a panorama of San Francisco Harbor in 1851.

In the Province of Quebec in Canada, stating that wood was the typical construction material of the time, the Great Montreal Fire took place in July of 1852, and said to have started at a tavern on St. Lawrence Boulevard, and quickly spread because of high winds and hot summer weather.

From the tavern, it spread to the block between St. Denis Street and Craig Street (now Saint Antoine Street), engulfing the St. Jacques (or St. James in English) Cathedral, said to have been rebuilt by 1857; burned down again in 1858, and rebuilt by 1860; and burned out again in 1933. It was purchased in 1973 by the University of Quebec at Montreal, and demolished except for the spire and transept. They were then incorporated into the University’s infrastructure.

St. Jacques Cathedral was directly connected to the Berri-de Montigny Metro Station. Here are some historical photos of what is described as the construction of this metro station in 1964. Is this new construction going on here…or excavation?

Here are similar-looking photos showing evidence for the mud flood in comparison for appearance:

St. Jacques Cathedral was also connected to Montreal’s underground city – a series of office towers; hotels; shopping centers; residential and commercial complexes; convention halls; universities and performing arts venues that are connected underground in the heart of downtown Montreal…

…all of which is completely integrated with Montreal’s Metro System.

The fire spread to the Montreal General Hospital on Dorchester Street on Mont Royal, said to have been built in 1822…

…and the Theater Royal.

We are told within hours, one-quarter of Montreal, the oldest part of Montreal was destroyed, in Vieux-Montreal.

Here are some of the sights of Old Montreal today, with its masonry buildings and slanted streets.

One more thing before leaving Old Montreal that I would like to share is the presence of an obelisk there.

It was said to have been made from a block of granite that stands 41-feet, or 12.5-meters, above its base, and commemorates the establishment of the settlement and fort of Fort Ville-Marie in May of 1642.

In New Zealand, there was a fire in Auckland in 1858. Auckland is located in the northern part of the North Island, and is New Zealand’s largest city.

It was said to have been founded in 1840.

The 1858 fire was said to have destroyed about 50 buildings on High Street…

…and Shortland Street.

After this fire, we are told the commercial district of Auckland began to shift towards Queen Street, named after Queen Victoria.

This is the Auckland Town Hall on Queen Street, with construction of it said to have started in 1909…

…the Auckland Ferry Building, said to have been built between 1909 and 1912…

…and the Britomart Transport Center at the foot of Queen Street.

The Britomart Transport Center is the public transport hub in the Auckland’s Central Business District and the northern terminus of the North Island Main Trunk Railway Line.

The building was said to have originally been an Edwardian-era Post Office, built in 1911.

We are told the electric tram system arrived on Queen Street in Auckland in 1900, and use of this system was discontinued in 1956.

The Great Fire of Troy, in eastern New York State, near Albany and Schenectady, was said to have taken place in 1862. This would have happened during the time-frame of the American Civil War, and caused by a spark from the engine of a train that caused the Green Island Bridge to catch on fire, and which quickly spread from gale force winds. Here is the bridge depicted as a wooden structure.

But wait ~Here’s a post card showing the Green Island Bridge as a steel-truss bridge!

Troy’s Union Station, or Depot, was said to have burned down, and rebuilt in this form by 1900…

…only to be torn down in 1958.

There was even a subway station there!

The Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute in Troy was said to have been founded in 1824, and the oldest, continuously operating technological university in the English-speaking world and the Americas.

The physical plant of the university was said to have been completely destroyed by this fire…

…and that when it was rebuilt, all of the buildings steadily moved east, up the hill overlooking Troy and the Hudson River.

Next, I would like to look at three fires that have come to us in history as Acts of War during the American Civil War.

The first was the Burning of Atlanta, which we are told took place in 1864.

Atlanta was an important rail and commercial center at the time of the Civil War.

General Sherman and his Union Forces, we are taught, captured the city of Atlanta in September 2nd of 1864, and occupied from then until November of 1864.

He gave orders to destroy Atlanta as a transportation hub and as a war material manufacturing center, and in particular the railroad system and everything connected to it.

His orders were carried out destroying physical infrastructure, and on November 15th, everything that had been destroyed was set on-fire.

Columbia, the capital of South Carolina, was said to be an important political and supply center for the Confederacy.

Rail-lines were said to have reached the city in the 1840s, and the railroad lines going through there were primarily concerned with transporting cotton bales.

Columbia was said to have surrendered to General Sherman on February 17th, 1865, after the Battle of Rivers’ Bridge.

On the same day, the fires started, burning much of Columbia, though there is disagreement between historian regarding whether or not the fires on that day were accidental or intentional.

However, the next day General Sherman’s forces destroyed anything of military value, including railroad depots, warehouses, arsenals, and machine shops.

Here are some photos of Columbia’s historic infrastructure:

The third major Civil War fire was the April of 1865 Burning of Richmond, the capital of Virginia, and of the Confederate States of America.

In this case, the fire was said to have been started by Confederate forces evacuating Richmond. It was also known as the Evacuation Fire. This is a lithograph depicting it by Currier & Ives.

This huge classical temple-like building was the Exchange Bank of Richmond, said to have been damaged by the fire.

Here is another view of Richmond and its State Capitol Building in the middle of the picture, as seen from above the Canal Basin after the 1865 fire.

This is the location of the Canal Basin in Richmond…

…and here is what the canal basin it looks like.

So I just learned Richmond, Virginia, is a city of canals!

I was not aware that Richmond had that distinction!  But then again, I am finding a lot of places that do have it in my research.

Richmond was also a transportation hub, and the terminus of five railroad lines.

It looks like there were two named star forts on this map of Richmond and the surrounding areas – Fort Johnston and Fort Jackson – and possibly many more that don’t have names that are depicted as various shapes in the landscape.

There are suspicious elements going on in these three Civil War fires – intentional destruction of infrastructure of these transportation hubs, especially rail-lines, but so much more than that. What was really going on here?

I don’t think the answer to this question is to be found in the books of the history we have been taught.

I am going to finish up by highlighting four fires that took place on the exact same day in 1871, and one fire that took place on the following day.

The Great Chicago Fire was said to have started on October 8th of 1871, and burned 3.3-square-miles, or 9-kilometers-squared, over a 3-day period.

Here is another Currier & Ives print, this one depicting the Chicago fire, from northeast across the Randolph Street Bridge.

The fire was claimed to have started around 9 pm on October 8th in a small barn belonging to the O’Leary family, and that the shed next to the barn was the first building consumed.

Here is an infographic that nicely summarizes all of the data points surrounding the Great Chicago Fire, right down to who is given the credit for re-building after the fire.

The predominance of wood buildings was one of the explanations given for creating the flammable conditions that fueled the fire.

Yet, here are some photographs taken after the Chicago fire showing what remained. This one is showing a ruined, yet still beautiful stone aqueduct…

…like the famous one in Segovia, Spain.

Here’s another one, with shells of stone masonry, and piles of various types of masonry.

This photo is interesting. What exactly are the mule-drawn trams there for in this photo? Trying to carry on as usual, or serving some kind of other purpose after the fire’s destruction?

The Peshtigo Fire was described as a large forest fire that took place primarily in northeastern Wisconsin. Peshtigo was the largest community in the affected area.

It was the deadliest wildfire in American History, with estimated deaths of 1,500 to 2,500 people, though it is largely forgotten in our collective memory, unlike the Great Chicago Fire of the same day.

The Great Michigan Fire of 1871 was comprised of three separate fires: The Port Huron Fire; the Manistee Fire, and the Holland Fire.

The Port Huron Fire burned a number f cities including Port Huron and White Rock, as well as much of the countryside of the “Thumb” Region Michigan.

This is an historic picture of the Port Huron City Hall…

…what started out as a library and is now a museum in Port Huron…

…and the Federal Building and U. S. Courthouse in Port Huron.

This is the Manistee Fire Department, said to be the oldest continuously manned fire station in the world.

Interesting to note that this fire station was said to have been built in 1888, seventeen years at the Manistee fire of 1871.

Then there was the Holland, Michigan fire on the same day. Holland, Michigan looks like…well, Holland in Europe. This photo of a windmill and tulip fields was taken in Holland, Michigan

Lastly, south of Chicago, in Urbana, Illinois, there was a fire on the very next day, October 9th, 1871, destroying part of its downtown area.

The two buildings said to have survived the fire in downtown Urbana are the what is now called the Cinema Gallery…

…and the Tiernan Building.

Here is a picture of Main Street in Urbana’s downtown today…

…and an historical picture of the same place, with what look to be very similar buildings.

I am not sure exactly where this location is in relationship to where the fire was, but the fire was said to consume much of Main Street.

I am going to finish up this series in my next post with a sole focus on the San Francisco Fire of 1906, and give my conclusions as to what I think the information surrounding great fires in the historical narrative is actually all about.

Poking into Historical Fires – Part 2 The Years Between 1840 and 1850

In this post, I am going to examine the fires listed as having occurred in the years between 1840 and 1850.

I believe that a new historical timeline, grafted onto the existing physical infrastructure, was officially kicked off by Exposition in London’s Crystal Palace in 1851…

…after taking approximately 110-years to dig enough infrastructure out of a global mudflow to re-start civilization.

The Royal Observatory at Greenwich became the world’s Prime Meridian in 1851.

Prior to the time of moving it to Greenwich in England, the Great Pyramid of Egypt was the ancient prime meridian of the Earth.

Someone left me a comment that the Trivium was removed in 1850. I have been unable to find an internet source to confirm the date, but the Trivium was the lower division of the seven liberal arts of classical education comprising grammar, logic, and rhetoric – subjects leading to the development and refinement of critical thinking and speaking skills.

My research has led me to the conclusion that the Great Frost of Ireland, which took place between 1740 – 1741, was somehow connected to the mud flood cataclysm, and that these events was deliberately caused in order to take control of the planetary grid system and Humanity.

The free energy electrical system in place around the world prior to this event either was no longer used, or desired to be used in the form it was in previously.

This was the Exhibition Building and Market Square Clocktower in Geelong, Australia, with its incredible design features, and what look like lightning rods and flag poles perhaps originally in place for receiving and transmitting energy.

The Clock Tower was demolished in 1923, and the remaining buildings were demolished in the early 1980s to make room for a new shopping center.

The free energy system was ultimately replaced with other forms of energy that could be monetized and controlled.

Trams around the world, which had been powered by electricity, were pulled by mules until perhaps the time the electrical system was figured out, like what you see in the foreground of this photo from the Southern Exposition of Louisville that wenton from 1883 to 1887…

…and when powering once again by electricity was figured out, within a few decades largely replaced by cars and buses in most of the cities they were in, like Montgomery, Alabama.

Montgomery is one of three places that I know of said to have had the first city-wide system of electric streetcars in 1886, which was known as the “Lightning Route.”

The streetcars were retired in a big ceremony and replaced by buses in 1936.

So, they are going to put in all the time, energy, money, and effort to develop an efficient mass transportation system like this, and then only use it for 50-years?

I am going to start by looking at the Great Hamburg Fire of 1842.

It is noteworthy that the fire took place in the Hamburg Altstadt, and started on May 5th on the Deichstrasse, or Dyke Street, which is the oldest remaining street in the Old City of Hamburg.

It was said to burn for 3-days before being extinguished, destroying about 1/3rd of the buildings in the Altstadt, and killing 51 people.

Interesting to note that there was a heavy demand on insurance companies that led to the establishment of reinsurance, or insurance for insurance companies to insulate them from major claims events. I wonder how this factors into the fire…

The fire was said to have begun in Eduard Cohen’s cigar factory, and that it quickly spread through wooden, half-timbered houses of Hamburg.

The great fire was also said to have destroyed the city’s Town Hall, which was said to have been rebuilt, starting in 1886 and opening in 1897…

…and the Nikolaikirche, or Church of St. Nicholas, which was said to have been rebuilt by 1874.

Here’s another view of the Nikolaikirche in the Hamburg Altstadt, with a beautiful stone- and brick-masonry bridge, as well as other beautiful infrastructure combining stone and brick.

Other interesting architecture of Hamburg includes this location with buildings on what looks like an artificial island, situated in the middle of a canal, connected by bridges to the towering buildings on both sides of it…

…and this massive building in Hamburg perfectly framed by an archway…

…just like the ancient temple in Carthage perfectly framed by the archway shown in the last post.

On an interesting side note, the first railway line in Hamburg, between Hamburg and Bergedorf, was opened on May 5th, 1842, on the the exact same day the Great Fire started.

This was the Bergedorf Station in Hamburg, used only for 4-years, between 1842 and 1846.

In July of 1845, a great fire was said to break-out in New York City.

It was said to have started in a whale-oil and candle-manufacturing establishment, and quickly spread to other wooden structures in Lower Manhattan.

Firemen battling the blaze were said to have been aided by water flowing from the Croton Aqueduct, said to have been completed in 1842 (the same year as the Hamburg fire).

We are told the 1845 Great Fire of New York destroyed 345 buildings in the southern part of the Financial District. This fire was said to confirm the effectiveness of restricting the building of wood-frame structures as areas which were rebuilt after the 1835 Great Fire of New York were of stone, masonry, iron roofs and iron shutters.

The 1845 fire was said to have destroyed buildings from below Wall Street on Broad Street…

…to Stone Street…

…up Whitehall Street to Bowling Green…

…and up Broadway to Exchange Place.

Yet these places pictured in New York City have incredibly large buildings of heavy masonry or bricks. When were these built?

The Great Pittsburgh Fire was said to have happened in the same year, on April 11th of 1845.

The Great Pittsburgh Fire was said to have been started by a woman who worked for Colonel Diehl on Ferry Street, who had just stoked a fire to heat wash water. This is a detail from a Nathaniel Currier print.

This is a good place to insert that famous artists and authors were part of creating how the new historical narrative that was being imprinted in our consciousness, and taking our attention away from questioning what is actually in the environment around us.

Charles Dickens was said to have described Pittsburgh in 1842 that the city had a great quantity of smoke hanging over it.

In spite of having no formal education after having left school to work in a factory because his father was in Debtors’ Prison, he edited a weekly journal for 20-years; wrote 15 novels; 5 novellas; and hundreds of short stories and articles. He’s one of many famous and incredibly accomplished people I have come across in my research said to have little or no training in their respective fields, including art and architecture.

The Third Presbyterian Church in Pittsburgh was said to have stopped the progress of the fire in its direction, only losing a wooden cornice…

The Monongahela House, said to be Pittsburgh’s first hotel, was said to have first been built in 1840; destroyed by the 1845 fire; and subsequently rebuilt by 1847.

Notice the electric streetcar side-by-side with the horse-drawn carriages.

The flames were said to move slowly, giving people time to remove themselves and their belongings, and going to places like the Hill District, said to be undeveloped except for the newly built Allegheny Courthouse…

…crossing the Monongahela River at the bridge there – which is now called the Smithfield Street Bridge.

When it ended the next day, it was said to have destroyed 1/3rd of the city, leaving scattered chimneys and walls in the ruins, and it was said, inexplicably, there were occasional buildings left untouched amidst the destruction.

The Great Fire of Bucharest in what is now Romania took place in March of 1847…and was said to be the largest conflagration ever in Bucharest, destroying 1,850 buildings, and 1/3rd of the city in its richest and most populated part. 1850 buildings. Hmmm…there is a weird number synchronicity embedded in this data point.

At the time, Bucharest was the capital of the principality of Wallachia, which in 1417 became a tributary state of the Ottomon Empire. Wallachia united with Moldavia in 1859, leading to the formation of the Kingdom of Romania in 1881.

So far, all of these fires except the 1845 Great Fire of New York City were said to have destroyed 1/3rd of their respective cities.

The fire was said to have destroyed the central commercial part of the city. We are told that much was constructed out of wood, which together with narrow crowded streets, made them prone to fire.

It was said to have started near the St. Demetrius Church, burning the mahala, or neighborhood, of St. Demetrius. The word mahala is said to be Arabic in origin…in Eastern Europe?

…and burned the commercial streets of what is now called the Strada Franceza…

…the Strada Smardan…

…the Lipscani…

…where the CEC Palace, or Savings Bank Palace, is located, and sold to host a museum in 2006.

…and here is the Palace of Fine Arts in Mexico City compared with the CEC Palace…

…and the Baratia church, said to have burned down in the fire and reconstructed by 1848, and the big bell for it cast in 1855, paid for by Emperor Franz Josef I of Austria…

…among other places in the old Bucharest.

A reconstruction fund was said to have been started after the fire was put out, with contributions from the Prince of Wallachia; banks; churches; monasteries; the Treasury; clerks and soldiers; the City Halls’ Association; and outside contributors. A reconstruction commission was formed, and so on and so forth.

For an in-depth expose of the modus operandi surrounding great fires, very similar to what I just shared about the Bucharest fire and its aftermath, I highly recommend that you look into Baltimore Fats YouTube Channel, and view his stellar analysis of the chain of events surrounding the Great Fire of Baltimore of 1904, and its aftermath. He has been producing a series of videos about it, and more yet to come ~ great stuff!

The St. Louis Fire of 1849 was said to have destroyed a significant part of St. Louis, Missouri…

…and many of the steamboats using the Mississippi and Missouri Rivers.

These two rivers converge near St. Louis, pictured on the right, and I believe they are actually canals, in comparison with the Raccoon and Des Moines Rivers in Iowa on the top left; and the Blue Nile and White Nile in Khartoum in Sudan on the bottom left.

The fire was said to have started on the paddle-wheeled steamboat White Cloud, which was at the foot of Cherry Street, on May 17th, 1849.

This same year also coincided with the beginning of the California Gold Rush, which started in 1849. St. Louis was said to be the last major city where travellers could get supplies before heading west for the California and Oregon trails.

At any rate, the burning White Cloud was said to have been set adrift by the fire, and ended up burning 22 other different types of ships along the way, which soon leapt to buildings on the shore, burning everything on the waterfront levee for 4-blocks to Main Street and Olive Street.

It was said that as a result of these fires, a new building required new structures to be built of stone or brick.

So here you have an engraving from 1858 of Main Street in St. Louis, with its nice masonry…and horse-drawn wagons and dirt-covered street…

…and here is another example of perfect framing of the famous St. Louis Arch between buildings from Laclede’s landing.

This is the St. Louis City Hall circa 1900, said to have been built in 1890…

…and here it is today, missing some things from the original.

The first Great Toronto Fire was said to have occurred in 1849.

Also known as the Cathedral Fire, it was the first major fire in the history of Toronto, with much of the business core of the city being wiped out, we are told, including the predecessor of the St. James Cathedral, home of the oldest congregation in the city.

The St. James Cathedral was said to have been rebuilt starting in 1850, and opening to the public in 1853, and I have serious doubts about the veracity of that information….

This is a depiction of the 1831 City Hall and Market building at King and Front Street (now Nelson Street), said to have been destroyed and torn down in the 1849 Toronto Fire…

…and was said to have been rebuilt in 1850, and called St. Lawrence Hall, a meeting hall in a north-south orientation, and the first to be known as the St. Lawrence Market.

The railways were said to arrive in Toronto in 1850, and street rail-lines were said to have been operating from the Yorkville Town Hall in 1861…

…to the St. Lawrence market.

The Krakow Fire of 1850 in Poland was said to have started in July of that year, and lasted several days, destroying about 10-percent of Krakow.

It was said that in 1850, Krakow was still reliant on wood as a construction material, and that most of the 1,700 buildings in the city were wooden, and that the masonry ones had wooden elements.

This is a photo of Krupnicza Street, on which the fire in Krakow was said to have started in the grain mill area…

…and I can show you the same street corner lay-out in Conakry, Guinea in Africa on the top left; in Juarez, Mexico on the top right; Kherson, Ukraine on the bottom left; and Summerside on Prince Edward Island in Canada on the bottom right.

The accident is attributed to a miller and a smith who were trying to fix some equipment, and ended up starting a fire which spiraled out of control. Subsequently the fire was said to have grown, affecting the city center.

Students from the University of Krakow, also known as the Jagiellonian University…

…were said to have prevented the fire from causing more than superficial damage to the University’s library.

Buildings said to be damaged or destroyed by this fire were the Krakow Bishop’s Palace…

…the Wielopolski Palace…

…the Church of St. Francis of Assisi in Krakow….

…and the Basilica of Holy Trinity in Krakow.

The fire was said to have cause economic stagnation in Krakow, the final establishment of fire-fighting service in 1865; and final restoration of affected buildings finishing in 1912.

In my next post, I will be finishing this series by looking at historical fires that took place in the historical record between 1851 and 1871.

Poking into Historical Fires – Part 1 Starting with Antiquity

I am coming across a lot of big historical fires in my research, and really question the stories we are told about them, from Nero fiddling while Rome burned, to Mrs. O’Leary’s cow knocking over a lantern and starting the Great Chicago Fire of 1871.

I am seeing the role of great fires in our historical narrative more and more as a smokescreen, which is defined as 1) a cloud of smoke created to conceal military operations…

…and 2) a ruse designed to disguise someone’s real intentions or activities.

Did all of these fires really take place?

Did some fires actually take place, and others not?

Did fires get started to intentionally for the purposes of the destruction of the architecture of the original Moorish civilization and the physical infrastructure of the planetary grid?

The San Francisco Fire of 1906 was said to have been caused by an earthquake. Was it?

Looking at the list, I have picked just a handful of early fires in history to look into, as there are well over 200 recorded fires of cities and towns throughout history to choose from.

I decided to start with the destruction of Carthage.

In 146 BC, the ancient and powerful city of Carthage was systematically burned down over 17 days by the Romans at the end of the Third Punic War between Carthage and Rome.

After which time, it was said to have been re-developed as Roman Carthage.

Carthage was the capital city of the ancient Carthiginian civilization, on the eastern side of Lake Tunis…

…located in what is now Tunisia.

Carthage was a state of Phoenicia,which was a maritime and Mediterranean Civilization said to have originated in what is now Lebanon.

The ruins of Ancient Carthage are located in the northern suburbs of Tunis, the capital of Tunisia.

The most famous general of Carthage was Hannibal Barca, widely considered one of the greatest military commanders in history. He was perhaps best-known for leading an invasion into Italy across the alps in the Second Punic War, and with taking elephants along with him. This coin is said to bear his image…

…and yet this is the typical portrayal of him.

Carthage was famed for its double-harbor, known as a cothon, which was divided into a rectangular merchant harbor followed by an inner protected harbor reserved for military use.

You find the same type of architectural proportion, symmetry, and alignment in the perfect framing of the temple by the archway in Ancient Carthage on the top, that is seen in the perfecting framing of the Nelson Monument in the middle of the colonnade of the National Monument of Scotland in Edinburgh on the bottom.

The architectural design pattern seen with the archways of the Bardo Museum in Tunis on the top, is similar to that of these archways at the Fisherman’s Bastion in Budapest, Hungary, on the bottom.

This giant foot measuring 6-feet, or 1.8-meters, is on display at the Bardo Museum, believed to have been part of a colossal statue estimated to have been at least 50-feet, or 15-meters, high. Hmmmm…makes me wonder to what that foot was originally attached, with details of the foot right down to realistic-looking toenails, joints, and the leather sandal!

One last comparison for similarity before leaving this part of the world. On the top is a view of a street in the town of Sidi Bou Said, located 12-miles, or 20-kilometers, from Tunis in North Africa. On the bottom is a view of a street in Cuzco, Peru, located on the western side of South America at an altitude of 11,152-feet, or 3,399-meters.

All coincidences? Or all built by the same civilization using the same templates….

The Great Fire of Rome in 64 A.D. was the one with the legend that the Emperor Nero played the fiddle while Rome burned.

It was said to have started at the Circus Maximus in July of 64 AD. All together, it was said to have burned for nine-days, destroying two-thirds of Rome.

Let’s take a look at the importance of this place to Ancient Rome.

The Circus Maximus was Rome’s largest stadium. It was said to have had an obelisk placed in it around 10 BC from Heliopolis in Egypt, and then a second obelisk from the Temple of Amun at Karnak, and was installed somewhere around 400 AD.

We are told the same obelisk from Heliopolis has been in the center of the Piazza del Popolo in Rome since 1589…

…and the obelisk from Karnak in the square next to the St. John Lateran Archbasilica since 1588.

For comparison, from my research I know that the obelisks referred to as Cleopatra’s Needle located in London, Paris, and New York weigh well over 200-tons, or 10-metric-tons. How were they transporting and lifting extremely heavy obelisks around like this at that time, according to the history we have been taught?

The Circus Maximus was located in what is called the valley between Aventine and Palatine Hills, two of the seven hills of Rome.

The Circus Maximus is right next to the place in the Tiber River where Tiber Island is located.

Tiber Island is the only island in Rome on the Tiber River. It is described as a boat-shaped island connected by bridges to both sides of the river since antiquity.

It definitely looks like an artificial island.

And is the Tiber River actually a canal?

Circus Maximus is on one side of Palatine Hill, the centermost of the seven hills of Rome, and one of the most ancient parts of the city. The Roman Forum is on the other side of Palatine Hill.

Palatine Hill became the location of imperial palaces since the time of the Emperor Augustus, who reigned from 27 BC until his death in 14 AD.

This is what remains of the Stadium of Domitian on Palatine Hill, which reminds me of megalithic stone circles and rows…

…like the Beaghmore Stone Circles in County Tyrone in Ireland, which consistes of a collection of circles, rows and cairns…

…and the Wassu Stone Circles in Gambia near its border with Senegal in Africa.

There’s much more of historical importance to Rome in the vicinity of the Circus Maximus, including the Colosseum.

What we are told in the narrative is that the fire started near the Circus Maximus in the shops where flammable goods were stored, and the fire expanded through narrow twisted streets and closely located apartment blocks. Looters and arsonists were reported to have acted to spread the fire, or to prevent measures from being taken to put out the fire.

Yet, it certainly looks like this part of Rome around the Circus Maximus was a very special place held in high regard, and the home of its Emperors. It does not fit the description of a residential neighborhood for the masses of its citizenry that is described in the narrative.

In 532 AD, we are told that the Nika Riots that took place in Constantinople, now Istanbul in Turkey, started as a conflict over chariot racing, and ended up as violent riots against the Emperor Justinian. As a result, we are told, half of Constantinople was burned or destroyed, and tens of thousands of people were killed.

The rioting started at the Hippodrome, shown in the lower left side of this diagram.

The Hippodrome of Constantinople just happens to look like the Circus Maximus in Rome, including the presence of obelisks.

Unlike Rome, however, two obelisks remain in the original location of the Hippodrome in Istanbul, which is now called the Sultanahmet Square.

One is the Obelisk of Theodosius I, actually an ancient Egyptian obelisk of Thutmose III. It was said to have been transported from Egypt and re-erected in the Hippodrome in around 390 AD.

The other is called the Walled Obelisk, or Masonry Obelisk, said to have been of an unknown construction date, but reconstructed by the Emperor Constantine VII in the tenth-century.

Also like the Imperial Palaces on Palatine Hill next to the Circus Maximus in Rome, the Great Palace of Constantinople was located next to the Hippodrome. It was also known as the Sacred Place.

Only a few remnants of its foundations have survived into the present-day.

The Hagia Sophia, or Holy Wisdom, is in the same complex. It was said to have been built in 537 as a Greek Orthodox Cathedral…and later became an Ottoman Imperial Mosque in the year 1453.

It has been a museum since 1935.

It has the largest masonry dome in the world.

It is important to note the Hagia Sophia in Istanbul is oriented to the sunrise on the winter solstice…

I am going to end this post with a close look at the 1684 Toompea fire in Talinn, Estonia. There are interesting tidbits tucked within the information available about Toompea that aligns it in importance with the locations of the fires in Carthage, Rome and Constantinople. At the same time, there are inconsistencies about the details of the fire that was said to take place here.