Sanitary Fairs and Other Anomalies of the Civil War

Caroline from California sent me information about what were called “Sanitary Fairs,” a subject I had not heard of before.

She said they were held by northerners during the American Civil War as a fundraiser for the many needs of Union Soldiers, including health.

She found out about them not to long ago when poking around old medical journals on google books, and came across this phenomenon called “Sanitary Fairs.”

She said the “Sanitary Fairs” had everything, including majestic “temporary” buildings said to have been built for the fairs, to be torn down after, and while not as elaborate as the big expositions such as in Chicago, they were still something in and of themselves.

She mentioned that there was an agency, called the the United States Sanitary Commission, formed to raise money, and that these fairs were fundraising events held to support this agency.

The United States Sanitary Commission will be my starting point for this post.

I will delve into the little-known history of Sanitary Fairs, and many thanks to Caroline for bringing this to my attention.

After which, I will bring forward other anomalies of the Civil War that I have encountered in my own research.

The United States Sanitary Commission, a private relief agency with the mission of supporting the sick and wounded soldiers of the Union Army, was created by federal legislation on June 18th of 1861.

We are told the United States Sanitary Commission was modelled after the British Sanitary Commission, which had been set-up for the Crimean War between 1853 and 1856, during which time Florence Nightingale and a team of 38 volunteer nurses came to the Crimea in 1854 to care for British soldiers who were wounded and dying in horribly unsanitary conditions.

Florence Nightingale came to be widely revered as the founder of modern nursing.

It is also interesting to note the she came from a wealthy family connected to elite circles.

The planner of the United States Sanitary Commission, and its only president from 1861 to 1878, was Henry Whitney Bellows, an American Unitarian Clergyman.

He was the Pastor of the First Congregational Unitarian Church of New York City at the time of the American Civil War, also known as the All Souls Unitarian Church.

This building for Henry Whitney Bellows’ congregation, also known as the “Church of the Holy Zebra,” was said to have been built between 1853 and 1855, and in use only until 1929, at which time they moved uptown,

This church building was destroyed by fire on August 23rd of 1931.

Here is a description of the organs that were once housed in this beautiful building destroyed by fire.

I have come to understand such architecture and instruments as powerful frequency resonators and generators that were once part of a much larger integrated system within the original civilization for the healing and enhancement of All Life.

In addition to planning and organizing the United States Sanitary Commission, Henry Whitney Bellows was an organizer of the Union League Club of New York, along with Frederick Law Olmsted, George Templeton Strong, and Wolcott Gibbs.

It was a private social club for wealthy men that opened in New York City in 1863 for pro-Union men could come together “to cultivate a profound national devotion” and “strengthen a love and respect for the Union.”

It became the most exclusive mens’ club in Manhattan, and perhaps in the nation.

This location for the Union League Club was said to have been built on the northeast corner of 5th Avenue and 39th Street between 1879 and 1881.

This Union League Clubhouse closed its doors permanently on January 24th of 1931, after a new clubhouse was built on Park Avenue and 37th Street starting in 1929.

A little over a year later, on January 26th of 1932, a fire was said to have started in the basement, and engulfed the whole building in a short-period of time.

Henry Whitney Bellows was also involved in the organizing of the Century Association in New York City, founded in 1847 and incorporated in 1857.

The Century Association was a private social, arts and dining club, and named after the first 100 people proposed as members.

The Century Association Building at 42 E. 15th Street was in-use by the association starting in 1857, and which served as one of the headquarters of the United States Sanitary Commission.

Members of the Century Association have included artists and writers like: poet and journalist William Cullen Bryant; landscape painter Frederick Edwin Church; landscape painter Winslow Homer; and best-known for stained-glass-work, Louis Comfort Tiffany.

Architect members have included: landscape-architects Calvert Vaux and Frederick Law Olmsted; Beaux-Arts architects Carrere and Hastings, as well as York and Sawyer; and architects McKim, Meade and White, who were said to have defined the ideals of the American Renaissance in end-of-the-century New York.

Other members were said to have included: Eight U. S. Presidents; ten U. S. Supreme Court Justices; forty-three Members of the Presidential Cabinet; twenty-nine Nobel Prize Laureates; members of the Rockefeller, Vanderbilt, Roosevelt, and Astor families; as well as financier J. P. Morgan and morse code inventor Samuel P. Morse.

Ever hear the George Carlin quote “It’s one big club, and you ain’t in it?” and wonder where that idea might have come from?

The first executive secretary of the United States Sanitary Commission was Frederick Law Olmsted.

Among other things, during the antebellum time-period, Olmsted was commissioned by the New York Daily Times to start on an extensive research journey in the American South and Texas between 1852 and 1857.

The dispatches he sent to the Times were collected into three books, and considered vivid, first-person accounts of the antebellum South: “A Journey in the Seaboard Slave States,” first published in 1856…

…”A Journey through Texas,” published in 1857…

…and “A Journey in the Back Country in the Winter of 1853 – 1854,” published in 1860.

All three of these books were published in one book, called “Journeys and Explorations in the Cotton Kingdom,” in 1861 during the first six months of the American Civil War at the suggestion of his publisher in England.

All of these books by Frederick Law Olmsted, a journalist before he became a landscape architect with Calvert Vaux, starting with what we are told was Central Park, raised red flags for me as I have come to believe from my research that publications like these are indicative of some kind of setting the stage in seeding the new historical narrative into our consciousness by those responsible for the hijack of the original positive civilization that built all of Earth’s infrastructure, and, as we will see, ultimately what this post is all about.

I have the same question about another founder of the United States Sanitary Commission, and the Union League Club of New York, and that was George Templeton Strong, a New York lawyer and diarist.

His 2,250-page diary was said to have been found in the 1930s, and containing his striking personal account of life in the 19th-century, between 1835 and 1875, including the events of the American Civil War between 1861 and 1865.

The central office of the federally-authorized private relief agency of the United States Sanitary Commission was set-up inside the federal U. S. Treasury Building in June of 1861…

…and by October of 1861, was receiving detailed reports, along with the U. S. War Department, from Sanitary inspectors about the conditions from around 400 regimental camp inspections.

The need for more frequent decision-making resulted in a standing committee of the United States Sanitary Commission that was formed in New York, with its main members throughout the Civil War consisting of: Henry Whitney Bellows; George Templeton Strong; and surgeons Dr. William H. Van Buren, Dr. Cornelius R. Agnew, and Dr. Wolcott Gibbs, who, as mentioned previously, was a founder of the Union League Club, along with Henry Whitney Bellows, George Templeton Strong, and Frederick Law Olmsted.

The United States Sanitary Commission operated 30 soldiers’ homes, lodges and rest houses for Union soldiers that were travelling or wounded, most of which closed right after the war, as well as setting -up and staffing hospitals during the war.

Caroline in California provided me with the following links.

The first is what looks to be the mudflooded building of Camp Nelson, one of the Sanitary Commission’s Soldiers’ camps, from the National Park Service website, with the dirt-covered road in the foreground, and workcrew in the back-ground.

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She also provided this image she found at Camp Nelson of what appears to be an intentionally-made rock structure.

We are told the federal government in 1887 constructed the “Pension Building,” now the National Building Museum, in Washington, DC, to process and administer all of the pension requests from veterans.

Dorothea Dix was the Union Army’s Superintendent of Army Nurses and as such worked in conjunction with the United States Sanitary Commission’s mission.

In her work as an advocate for the indigent mentally ill, Dorothea Dix was credited with creating the first generation of mental asylums through lobbying state legislatures and the U. S. Congress.

With regards to the occurrence of Sanitary Fairs themselves, they were said to have started out as local fund-raising events to benefit the United States Sanitary Commission, and grew more and more elaborate.

The fairs were expositions and bazaars organized and run by civilians to raise funds for the United States Sanitary Commission for food, clothing, bandages, and other supplies for both military hospitals and soldiers in the field.

The first Sanitary Fair was the two-day “Mammoth Fair,” which took place in Lowell, Massachusetts in February of 1863, and the largest of the Sanitary Fairs, the Northwestern Soldiers’ Fair, was held in Chicago from October 27th of 1863 to November 7th of 1863, and raising close to $100,000 for the cause.

I couldn’t find any illustrations or photos of it, but I did find this reference in the “New York Times” to the Northwestern Soldiers’ Fair opening parade on October 27th of 1863.

It was said to be a three-mile, or 5-kilometer-, long parade of militiamen, bands, political leaders, representatives of local organizations, and a contingent of farmers with carts full of crops.

Sanitary Fairs typically held large-scale exhibitions, and the 1863 Northwestern Soldiers Fair in Chicago featured a “Curiosity Shop” of war souvenirs, with weapons and other artifacts said to have been designed to contrast the barbaric southern enemy with the civilized North.

These were the Civil War Battles said to have taken place during the same period of time as the Northwestern Soldiers Fair:

The Great Central Fair in June of 1864 took place in the entirety of Philadelphia’s Logan Square.

The structures for the Great Central Fair were said to have been built in in 40-working days by volunteer craftsmen…all 6 of them?…in this could-be-staged photograph…

…because when it was completed, the 200,000-square-foot, or 18,581-square-meter complex looked like this, featuring Union Avenue, a 540-foot-, or 165-meter-, long Central Hall…

…over flag-festooned, soaring gothic arches.

Come to think of it, both of these photographs look staged, with the few people shown in both photos facing the photographer.

And are the dimensions of the interior the same?

And even if they are photos of the same structure, with the one photo on the right looking wider and higher to me than the photo on the left, could the photo on the left be a “de-construction” photo instead of a “construction” photo as it was said to be?

This was an illustration of what the whole Great Central Fair complex looked like, with the long Union Avenue hall flanked on both sides by rotundas and interconnected exhibit corridors.

Said to have raised more than $1,000,000 for the United States Sanitary Commission in its 3-week run from June 7th to June 28th of 1864, in its final form, the fair was said to have around 100 departments, including Arms and Trophies; children’s clothing; homemade fancy articles; Fine Arts; brewers; wax fruit; trimmings and lingerie; umbrellas and canes; curiosities and relics; a steam glass blower; an Art Gallery; and a horticulture exhibit.

These were the Civil War Battles said to have taken place during the same period of time as the Great Central Fair:

Other notable Sanitary Fairs included:

The first Metropolitan Fair, planned for March but ended up being held in New York between April 4th and April 23rd of 1864, also raising over $1,000,000 for the cause, and the largest Sanitary Fair ever.

Metropolitan Fair-goers could purchase souvenirs like “The Book of Bubbles…”

…a book of nonsense verses with illustrations authored by members of the United States Sanitary Commission.

This photo of one of the exhibit halls at the Metropolitan Fair has the same staged look as ones from the Great Central Fair in Philadelphia seen previously in this post, with everyone in the room turned towards the camera in various poses.

There was even a moving civil war battlefield diorama exhibit at the Metropolitan Fair to tell people about the Civil War!

Don’t know for sure, but it looks like it was accompanied by band music!

It is important to note that prior to the organizing of the 1864 Metropolitan Fair in New York City, Henry Whitney Bellows wrote a paper called “Rough Notes” in November of 1863 on the main principles that needed to be applied to hold a Sanitary Fair in New York, and his suggestions were accepted in a meeting of approximately 50 – 60 ladies at a meeting at the Union League Club House later that month, on November 21st of 1863, who then proceed to commence work on the Metropolitan Fair project.

We are told this United States Sanitary Commission print called “Our Heroines” paid homage to the women who nursed the sick and wounded soldiers, and who organized and staffed the Sanitary Fairs.

These were the Civil War Battles said to have taken place during the same period of time as the Metropolitan Fair:

Among other Sanitary Fairs, the Great Western Sanitary Fair was held in Cincinnati at the Opera House, opening on December 21st of 1863 and running through January 4th of 1864…

…and the one battle during the time the fair was happening (though plenty of battles on either side of the dates of the fair)…

…the Brooklyn and Long Island Fair held, starting on February 22nd of 1864 and lasting for two weeks, where women volunteers sold thousands of dollars worth of books, flowers and fancy goods in the Brooklyn Academy of Music…

…and the battles that took place during that time period…

…and the Grand Mississippi Valley Sanitary Fair was held in St. Louis, Missouri, from May 17th to June 18th of 1864, raising $550,000 to assist Union troops…

…and the battles that took place during the period of time the St. Louis Sanitary Fair was going on:

From October 27th to November 7th of 1865, there was a second Sanitary Fair held in Chicago, this one called the Great Northwestern Sanitary Fair.

It was the last Sanitary Fair of the War, and was said to have raised $270,000 for sick and wounded soldiers.

Speakers at this last Sanitary Fair included Generals Ulysses S. Grant, William T. Sherman, and Joseph Hooker.

Exhibits at the fair were said to include: the bell from Jefferson Davis’ plantation (he was the President of the Confederacy); the clothing both men were wearing at the 1858 Abraham Lincoln – Stephen Douglas debates about slavery and the extension of slavery into new territories; and General Grant’s horse was raffled off as a fundraiser.

This Great Northwestern Fair in Chicago took place after the assassination of President Abraham Lincoln, which happened on April 15th of 1865.

This medallion commemorating Lincoln and the Great Northwestern Sanitary Fair was minted for the 1865 fair.

By the time of the Great Northwestern Sanitary Fair in late 1865, the American Civil War had already officially ended on April 9th of 1865 with the meeting of of the Union General Ulysses S. Grant and the Confederate General Robert E. Lee at the Appomattox Courthouse in Virginia, which took place a week before President Lincoln’s assassination.

So, did the U. S. Sanitary Commission and its volunteers really have the wherewithal to both construct the buildings for and pull off these extraordinarily lavish and festive undertakings against the backdrop of national war and suffering?

Or was it a private front comprised of the very same people who organized and were prominent members of the private membership clubs of the day, like the previously mentioned Union League and the Century Association, to set up the new historical narrative for the reset to explain, among other things, how infrastructure came into, and left, existence.

The template for the Sanitary Fairs was the same as that for the World Fairs, Expositions and Exhibitions – infrastructure said to have been built specifically for these events out of “temporary” materials, and then, for the most part, demolished at some point afterwards, like the Trans-Mississippi International Exposition, held in 1898 in Omaha, Nebraska, from June to November of that year, one of countless examples of this story.

This question about the United States Sanitary Commission and the Sanitary Fairs leads to the larger question of what was really going on during the American Civil War, historically described as a civil war between the northern and Pacific states, known as the “Union,” or “North,” and the southern states, known as the “Confederacy,” or South, over the status of slavery and its expansion into newly acquired land after the Mexican-American War.

Before I go further with the American Civil War, I would like to bring forward three examples of a 20th-century pattern used to create division, discord, violence and war using the same North-South dichotomy, which is a division or contrast between two things that are represented as being opposed or entirely different.

Ireland was partitioned on May 3rd of 1921, when the government of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland divided Ireland into two home rule territories – Northern Ireland and Southern Ireland – with the stated goal of remaining within the United Kingdom and eventually reunifying.

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Northern Ireland remained part of the United Kingdom, but after the Anglo-Irish Treaty of December of 1921, Southern Ireland dropped out of the United Kingdom and became the Irish Free State.

The partition of Ireland took place during the Irish War of Independence, a guerilla conflict between the Irish Republican Army and British Army forces.

Between 1920 and 1922, during which time the Partition occurred, there was violence in Northern Ireland in defense or opposition to the new settlement, and its capital Belfast saw savage and unprecedented violent riots between Protestant and Catholic civilians, a form of violence in which the violent parties feel solidarity for their respective groups and victims of violence are chosen based on their group membership.

All of this led directly to the”Troubles” a period of unrest and violence that escalated across Northern Ireland between the Irish Catholic Nationalists and Irish Protestant Unionists between 1969 and 1998.

Next, the example of North and South Korea.

After the August 15th surrender of Japan in 1945, the Korean peninsula was divided at the 38th-parallel into two zones of occupation, with the Soviets administering the northern half, and Americans the southern half.

In 1948, as a result of Cold War tensions, the occupation zones became two sovereign states – socialist North Korea and capitalist South Korea.

The governments of the two new Korean states both claimed to be the only legitimate Korean government, and neither accepted the border as permanent.

The Korean War started in 1950, when North Korea invaded South Korea on June 25th following clashes along the border and insurrections in the South.

North Korea was supported by China and the Soviet Union, and South Korea by the United Nations, principally from the United States.

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The Korean War was one of the most destructive conflicts of modern times, with around 3,000,000 deaths due to the war, and proportionally, a larger civilian death toll than either World War II or the Viet Nam War; caused the destruction of nearly all of Korea’s major cities; and there were thousands of massacres on both sides.

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Lastly, the example of North and South Viet Nam.

The Geneva Conference was convened in 1954 in Geneva, Switzerland, to settle unresolved issues from the Korean War and the First Indochina War in Viet Nam, and attended by representatives from the United States, France, the United Kingdom, the Soviet Union, and the People’s Republic of China, as well as from Korea and Viet Nam.

While no declarations or proposals were adopted with regards to Korean situation, the Geneva Accords that dealt with the dismantling of French Indochina in Southeast Asia would have major ramifications.

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The Geneva Accords established North and South Vietnam with the 17th parallel as the dividing line, with North Viet Nam being Communist and South Viet Nam being Capitalist.

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The agreement also stipulates that elections are to be held within two years to unify Vietnam under a single democratic government.

These elections never happen.

The non-Communist puppet government set up by the French in South Viet Nam refused to sign.

The United States also refused to sign on, with the belief that national elections would result in an overwhelming victory for the communist Ho Chi Minh who had so decisively defeated the French colonialists.

Within a year, the United States helped establish a new, anti-Communist government in South Viet Nam, and began giving it financial and military assistance.

A mass migration took place after Viet Nam was divided.

Estimates of upwards of 3 million people left communist North Viet Nam for South Vietnam, going into refugee status in their own country, and many were assisted by the United States Navy during Operation Passage to Freedom.

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An estimated 52,000 people moved from South to North Viet Nam, mostly Viet Minh members and their families.

In Viet Nam by the time of John F. Kennedy’s death in November of 1963, there were 16,000 American military personnel, and the Gulf of Tonkin incident took place in 1964, an international confrontation after which the United States engaged more directly in the Viet Nam War.

The first Gulf of Tonkin incident took place on August 2nd of 1964 between ships of North Viet Nam and the United States.

The description of what took place is as follows:

Three North Vietnamese torpedo boats approached the naval destroyer U. S. S. Maddox and attacked it with torpedos and machine gun fire.

Damages said to have come about as a result of the ensuing battle were: one U. S. aircraft; all three North Vietnamese torpedo boats and 4 North Vietnamese deaths; and one bullet hole on the naval destroyer, and no American deaths.

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There was initially allegedly a second incident on August 4th of 1964, this second occurrence has long been said not to have taken place.

And then there are the people who believe the first Gulf of Tonkin incident never happened either.

Whether or not the Gulf of Tonkin incidents actually happened, they were used as an excuse for the Gulf of Tonkin Resolution passed by Congress on August 7th of 1964, giving President Lyndon B. Johnson authority to help any Southeast Asian country whose government was considered to be in jeopardy of Communist aggression, and was considered the legal justification for the beginning of open warfare with North Viet Nam and the deployment of American troops to Southeast Asia, of which, with the institution of the draft, there were over 500,000 troops sent by 1966.

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The Viet Nam War ended with the Fall of Saigon on April 30th of 1975, when the capital of South Viet Nam was captured by North Vietnamese troops…

…and the beginning of the re-unification of Viet Nam into the Socialist Republic of Viet Nam.

It is interesting to note that the terms North and South are also applied to the poles of magnets.

A magnet is any object that produces its own magnetic field that interacts with other magnetic fields.

The magnetic field is represented by what are called field lines that start at a magnet’s north pole and end at the south pole.

As shown in the top diagram, if you put the north pole of one magnet against the south pole of another, the field lines go straight from the north pole of the first magnet to the south pole of the other, creating an attractive force between the two magnets.

If you have two magnets next to each other, and either their north poles or south poles are facing each as shown in the bottom diagram, the field lines move away from each other, creating a repelling force between the two magnets.

Electricity runs within us, where our cells are specialized to conduct electrical currents, which is required for the nervous system to send signals throughout the body and to the brain, making it possible for us to move, think, and feel.

…and we each generate our own magnetic fields as does the Earth, as well as the other life on Earth.

There is so much more to us than our physical forms.

Electromagnetism is an integral part of existence on Earth and throughout the Universe, which is the physical interaction that occurs between electrically-charged particles, the force of which is carried by electromagnetic fields composed of electrical fields and magnetic fields.

I bring this subject of magnetism and electromagnetism up because of how they appear to have been applied negatively by the controllers to create the conditions necessary for war, destruction and suffering in this realm, by dividing countries into north and south, and then by instilling different belief systems in each pole of this magnet, which created an “attraction,” or perhaps “action” is a better word, to facilitate destruction on each other.

There are more examples of this practice of dividing a country into north and south than the ones I gave, especially in Africa.

One example is the country of Sudan.

When Sudan was granted independence from its British colonizers in 1956, it was immediately divided into north and south, with each region characterized by different belief systems and loyalties, and Sudan promptly descended into violent civil war that lasted for decades.

The history of Sudan goes back to the Pharaonic period of ancient Egypt, with the Kingdom of Kerma in ancient Nubia (dated from 2500 to 1500 BC)…

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…the Egyptian New Kingdom dated between 1500 BC and 1070 BC…

…and the Kingdom of Kush, dated from 785 BC to 350 AD, with its royal capital at Meroe, located on the Nile River where it flows through northeast Sudan in northeastern Africa.

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Now back to the American Civil War.

I am going to use the remainder of this post to present information I have found in the course of my research in what we are told in our historical narrative, and my questions about them, that I am calling “Anomalies of the Civil War.”

During the entire course of the American Civil War, between 1861 and 1865, there were an estimated 10,500 battles, engagements, and other military actions fought in 23 states, with over 650,000 casualties.

We are told there were three theaters of war during those years: Eastern, Western, and Trans-Mississippi.

I have often thought that theater, defined as a collaborative form of performing art that uses live performers, usually actors or actresses, to present the experience of a real or imagined event before a live audience in a specific place, like a stage, is a thought-provoking word choice for an area or place in which important military events occur or are progressing.

The official beginning of the American Civil War was said to be the Battle of Fort Sumter between April 12th and 13th of 1861, in South Carolina’s Charleston Harbor, with victory going to the Confederate forces under the command of General P. G. T. Beauregard.

These are Currier and Ives prints depicting the bombardment of Fort Sumter.

Nathaniel Currier got his start in the lithography business in 1835, and he was joined by bookkeeper and marketer James Ives in 1850, and the firm became known as Currier and Ives in 1857.

Over the years, they produced about 7,500 images depicting illustrations of current events…

…including other civil war illustrations, like the Burning of Richmond in 1865.

Is it possible these lithographic prints were used to imprint vivid visual historical images in peoples’ minds?

This is Fort Sumter today.

It is described as a sea fort that was said to have been built starting in 1829 as one of a series of fortifications on the southern coast of the United States to protect American harbors from foreign invaders, and said to have never been fully completed.

To build up the artificial island the fort is situated on, we are told that 70,000 tons of granite were transported to South Carolina from New England.

70,000 tons of granite? Which is 63,500 metric tons?

How did they manage to accomplish transporting that weight of stone according to the history we have been taught?

Oh…okay…apparently on schooners.

That makes perfect sense, right?!

When I pulled up a map looking for Fort Sumter, I found this one showing at least 9 references to forts, batteries, castles in Charleston Harbor.

The “Star of the West” Battery is at the head of the Main Channel leading into Charleston Harbor.

Apparently the battery received its name from a civilian steamship that was built in 1852 for Cornelius Vanderbilt.

The “Star of the West” was used in an effort to re-supply Union troops at Fort Sumter on January 9th of 1861, several weeks after South Carolina had become the first state to secede from the Union on December 20th of 1860, and was fired upon by an artillery battery situated on Morris Island.

The “Star of the West” steamship ended up having a storied career during the Civil War, and ended up at the bottom of the Tallahatchie Channel near Yazoo City in Mississippi, where she was deliberately scuttled and sunk by Confederate forces before the Battle of Fort Pemberton, an earthen fort said to have been built hurriedly by Confederate forces, which resulted in a victory for them which took place on April 12th of 1863, two years exactly after the Battle of Fort Sumter.

The Cummings Point Battery was located on a promontory of Morris Island, and was directly across the harbor from Fort Sumter.

The battery on Cummings Point was said to be an earthwork in a belt of waterfront fortifications, and to have originally been built in February of 1780, during the American Revolutionary War, under the direction of Colonel William Moultrie when it became clear that the British were going to attack Charleston from the south and west.

By the time of the American Civil War, it had been faced with bars of railroad iron placed side-by-side, and became known to history as the “ironclad battery.”

A story about the ironclad battery at Cummings Point appeared in Harper’s Weekly Magazine, on March 2nd of 1861, along with the 21st Chapter of Charles Dickens novel “Great Expectations,” which was first released in a serial format in his weekly periodical “All the Year Round,” starting December 1st of 1860, and apparently it appeared in other magazines as well.

Interesting.

I believe most famous novelists including, but not limited to, Charles Dickens, Victor Hugo, Mark Twain, Jack London, and John Steinbeck, were all involved in delivering the brand-new historical narrative right into our collective minds.

When looking for information on the Cummings Point battery, I found the historical Fort Wagner on Morris Island, which would have been located between the “Star of the West” battery to the south and the Cummings Point battery to the north of it.

The Battle of Fort Wagner took place on July 18th of 1863, where the 54th Massachusetts, known to history as the first African-American regiment in the Union Army, unsuccessfully assaulted Fort Wagner as depicted in the 1989 movie “Glory.”

Nothing remains of the physical infrastructure of Fort Wagner today…

…as apparently it was somehow lost to the sea in the late-1800s.

On the same side of the Charleston Harbor as Fort Wagner, and the two batteries I just mentioned, Fort Johnson was located further up towards the city of Charleston, on the coast of James Island, where the first shot of the Civil War was said to have been fired at Fort Sumter by Confederate soldiers…

…of which its only remains today are only two cisterns…

…and the old magazine, said to have been built in 1765, buried by Confederate soldiers during the Civil War, and uncovered in 1931.

Fort Sumter was located in Charleston Harbor almost directly in-between where Fort Johnson was located on James Island, and Fort Moultrie, which is still standing on Sullivan Island on the other side of the Harbor from Fort Sumter.

The first fort built on this location, Fort Sullivan, was said to have been built from Palmetto logs, giving the inspiration for the flag of South Carolina and its nickname “The Palmetto State,” and said to have been still incomplete when it was attacked by the British during the American Revolutionary War in 1776, and named after the commander, Colonel William Moultrie.

This is the fort standing on Sullivan Island today.

What is called the Moultrie flag on the left was flown during the defense of Fort Sullivan in 1776.

The Palmetto was added in 1861, and it was adopted as the state flag.

Another battle commander’s flag with the crescent symbol in the upper-left-hand corner was the flag of Confederate Army Major General Earl van Dorn, the great-nephew of Andrew Jackson, who led the Confederate forces at the Battle of Pea Ridge in Arkansas in March of 1862.

This was the battle flag of General Van Dorn.

Why are there crescent images on these battle flags?

The star and crescent symbolism has been identified with Islam, and what we are told is that this happened primarily with the emergence of the Ottoman Turks, and for one example of several national flags, are depicted on the modern Turkish flag.

I also read where the Egyptian hieroglyphs of a star and the crescent moon denote the Venus Cycle from morning star to evening star.

The Floating Battery was said to be located at the northern tip of Sullivan Island, above the location of Fort Moultrie.

We are told it was an ironclad vessel constructed by the Confederacy early in 1861 before the start of the war, and as a strategic naval platform, it was utilized in the April 12th and 13th bombardment of Fort Sumter.

The last three things I am going to look at on the map of the Charleston Harbor Defenses are the Mt. Pleasant Batteries; the Castle Pinckney; and the tip of Charleston known as “the Battery.

Along the coast of Mt. Pleasant which includes Hog Island, there were three Confederate batteries said to have been constructed over the course of the war to defend Charleston Harbor.

Battery Gary was said to be the first one constructed, and utilized in the bombardment of Fort Sumter in April of 1861.

Interesting side-note…Charleston’s professional soccer team is called the “Charleston Battery” and their stadium is located at Patriots Point in Mt. Pleasant.

…and where the Patriots Point Naval and Maritime Museum, also known as the U. S. S. Yorktown, is permanently moored.

Next up for scrutiny is Castle Pinckney.

Castle Pinckney is located on what is called Shute’s Folly in Charleston Harbor between Patriot’s Point and “The Battery” of Charleston.

We are told that Castle Pinckney was a small masonry fortification built by the United States government in 1810, and was used as an artillery position during the Civil War, garrisoned by the Charleston Zouave Cadets, a light infantry regiment of the French Army, after the attack on Fort Sumter.

Zouave units were said to have been used on both sides of the conflict.

Castle Pinckney was declared a National Monument in 1924, and then in 1951, Congress passed a bill to abolish its status as a National Monument.

Since then, primarily under state ownership, it has undergone some limited restoration efforts, but is in the process of being reclaimed by nature.

Lastly, I am going to take a look at “The Battery,” described as a defensive seawall and promenade in Charleston, and said to have been named for a civil war coastal defense battery at the site.

The Battery is famous for its antebellum homes…

…and its great view of Fort Sumter!

Interestingly, this is called the “Crisp Map of Charleston” from 1711, named after its English publisher Edward Crisp based on a 1704 survey he did, showing Charleston as a walled, bastioned star city.

I found one reference that called this map a “flawed, 19th-century fake.”

Well, that may be, but this is said to be the 1721 Herbert Map, showing the same idea.

And if anyone lives in or near Charleston, or is planning a visit there, please consider going on an Old Walled City Tour of Charleston.

I would love to know what you find out about it!

Now I am going to take a look at the Civil War Defenses of Washington, D.C.

According to what we are told, Washington was protected from Confederate invasion by a large group of Union Army fortifications, consisting of 68 major enclosed fortifications, as well as 93 batteries for artillery and 7 blockhouses; most never came under enemy fire; and the Confederacy never captured anything in Washington.

The sites of some of these forts are located in a collection of National Park Service properties that is identified as Fort Circle Park, where there is a 7-mile, or 11-kilometer, hiker-biker trail around the remnants of what are called Civil War-era forts…

…with end-points at Fort Stanton, which was described at one time as a massive earthwork.

Fort Ricketts was near Fort Stanton…

…and the other end-point of the Fort Circle Trail is where Fort Mahan was located.

This is an historic photo of Benning, the residential neighborhood in Washington where Fort Mahan Park is located now. Note the massive size and style of the architecture.

There were four other historic forts on the Fort Circle Park Trail, and there is only signage to mark their one-time existence:

Fort Dupont, which was turned into a recreational park area by the Civilian Conservation Corps between 1933 and 1942…

Fort Chaplin, where you now find the Fort Chaplin Park Townhomes…

…and the former location of Fort Davis is also on the Fort Circle Parks Trail, also the name of a residential neighborhood in southeast Washington.

This is Fort Reno, where it sits on top of an earthwork, AKA mound. It is located on the highest point in Washington, and said to be the site of the only Civil War battle fought in Washington, the Battle of Fort Stevens, which took place on July 11th and 12th of 1864, and was said to be watched by President Lincoln.

It was said to have been built in the winter of 1861, after the defeat of the Union Army at the Battle of Manassas.

Does this look like a structure that was hastily built, in the middle of winter?

What is very interesting to me is that if you look at Fort Reno on Google Earth, you can see where the top layer of the Earthwork Fort Reno is built upon is being peeled off, and dumped to the side.

I think there is some kind of ancient energy technology is being harvested here, and I have seen this practice in other places as well with earthworks.

Now I am going to take a look at a line of fort pairs and clusters along the Gulf of Mexico coastline running from southern Louisiana below New Orleans to Pensacola, Florida, called part of the U. S. Seacoast Defense System.

Fort Jackson and Fort St. Philip were situated across from each other on the Mississippi River, and both located 40-miles, or 64-kilometers, upriver from the mouth of the river

Fort Jackson was an historic masonry fort said to have been constructed as a coastal defense of New Orleans between 1822 and 1832.

It is marked “Battery Millar” on some maps.

Fort Jackson was attacked and damaged by Union mortar and gunboats during the American Civil War from April 18th to April 24th of 1862.

Today, Fort Jackson is a National Historic Landmark and museum.

Fort St. Philip was said to have been constructed in the 18th-century when the Spanish governed Louisiana, and is a privately-owned National Historic Landmark in a bad state of deterioration.

It was also said to have been attacked by Union forces at the same time as Fort Jackson, in April of 1862, during the Civil War.

Next, still in Louisiana, we find Fort Macomb and Fort Pike across from each other and situated between Lake Borgne and Lake Pontchartrain, northeast of New Orleans.

Fort Macomb, formerly known as Fort Wood, is situated on what is called the Chef Menteur Pass, a water route which connects the Gulf of Mexico to Lake Pontchartrain.

These waterways really start to clearly look man-made when you see what appears to be a straight canal running from Fort Macomb to the adjacent community of Venetian Isles.

More on this subject in a moment.

Fort Macomb was said to have been built around 1820, seven years after the British invasion of New Orleans towards the end of the War of 1812.

It was said to have been occupied at different times by both Confederate troops and Union troops during the Civil War, and then decommissioned in 1871.

An effort was made by the State of Louisiana to open it to the public in the late 20th-century, but its deteriorated condition was deemed too hazardous for tourism.

Fort Pike is a short-distance northeast of Fort Macomb, and was said to have been built in 1819, after the War of 1812 like Fort Macomb, to provide a defense against invasion of the United States, and to guard the Rigolets Pass between Lake Borgne and Lake Pontchartrain.

The Rigolets Pass, from the French word “rigole” meaning “trench” or “gutter,” is bounded by bridges on either end – the US Route 90 bridge adjacent to Fort Pike, and the CSX Railroad bridge on the other end, and about which the CSX Railroad tracks are right next to Fort Macomb.

I bring this point forward because I believe the star forts and railroads were connected to each other as integral parts of the circuitry for the Earth’s original worldwide grid system.

In the case of star forts, what I believe originally functioned as actual batteries, defined as a combination of two or more cells electrically connected to work together to produce electric energy, were repurposed as military fortifications, and as such, they became military targets for destruction in the various wars and conflicts of our modern history.

Though railroads were too important to developing economiesin most cases to destroy the infrastructure for, they didn’t go completely unscathed during wartime either.

But that’s not what we are told, now is it!!!

So, like Fort Macomb, Fort Pike was said to have been occupied at different times by both Confederate troops and Union troops during the Civil War, and Fort Pike was decommissioned in 1890.

If you look at the location of Fort Pike on Google Earth, you see clearly man-made channels all around it…and this brings me to the subject of canals.

Fort Pike is located quite close to Eden Isle, which is on Lake Pontchartrain, just south of Slidell.

I encountered Eden Isle in past research on an alignment, and the point that I want to make now is that the original civilization was also a canal-building civilization, and there similar-looking canal systems all over the earth.

In this part of the world alone, including Eden Isles…

…there are the canals in Venice, Florida…

…Las Olas Isles on Florida’s Atlantic Coast in Fort Lauderdale…

…Port Isabel on the Texas Gulf Coast…

…and all the way over in Australia in the South Pacific near Brisbane in eastern Australia is the Gold Coast ~ same thing!

I know this is off-topic, but I couldn’t help myself with finding man-made channels around Fort Pike, and its proximity to the canals of Eden Isle.

Now back to the Gulf Coast “forts,” and the next pairs of the Forts Massachusetts and Maurepas along the State of Mississippi Gulf Coast region.

Fort Massachusetts is on West Ship Island near Gulfport, Mississippi.

The City of Gulfport was founded by William H. Hardy, and incorporated in 1898. He was the President of the Gulf & Ship Island Railroad that connected inland lumber mills to the coast.

Another railroad connection to the location of a star fort.

Let’s see if I can find more as we go along the coast.

Ship Island refers to a barrier island off the Gulf Coast of Mississippi, part of the Gulf Islands National Seashore.

It was split into West Ship Island and East Ship Island by Hurricane Camille in 1969.

We are told the construction of Fort Massachusetts was said to have started in June of 1859, with the U. S. Army Corps of Engineers supervising around 100 men, primarily civilians who were stonecutters, stonemasons, carpenters and blacksmiths, but that it was never completely finished.

It was involved in different capacities by both sides during the Civil War.

Then, only one-year after the end of the Civil war, it was for all intents and purposes not in use as a military installation as of 1866.

I found a close match in my previous research for Fort Massachusetts in the form of Fort Quesnard on Alderney Island in the Channel Islands.

Fort Quesnard was said to have been built and completed in 1855 as a defense against an attack from France.

Next in this line of star fort pairs is Fort Maurepas is across the Gulf in Old Biloxi, and was located at present-day Ocean Springs, approximately 2-miles, or 3.2-kilometers, east of Biloxi.

It was said to have been developed by the French in 1699, and we are told it burned down around 1722.

This is Fort Maurepas City Park and Nature Preserve today, which has a pavilion, large green space, playground equipment, and a splash pad.

The next pair of forts we come moving from west to east along the Gulf of Mexico coast, are Fort Gaines and Fort Morgan in the State of Alabama.

Huge thanks to sisters Rebecca and Jane P. in Texas for bringing these two forts to my attention.

I was not aware of them before last week, and their sending me photographs they had taken at the two forts provided another link in the chain.

I knew about the forts in Louisiana, Mississippi, and west Florida in this stretch of coast-line, but not these two particular Alabama forts.

Both Fort Gaines and Fort Morgan were said to play significant roles in the Civil War Battle of Mobile Bay, where the Union naval fleet under the command of Rear Admiral David Farragut victoriously attacked a smaller confederate fleet, as well as the three forts that guarded Mobile Bay, with the other one being Fort Powell, the remains of which are now under water.

Fort Gaines is located on the eastern end of Alabama’s Dauphin Island, and was said to have been built in 1821.

Fort Gaines is considered to be one of the nation’s best-preserved Civil-War-era masonry forts.

Here are some of the photos of Fort Gaines from Rebecca and Jane, showing its impressive brickwork, with low to the water slot windows…

…impressive archways…

…and spiral staircase.

Fort Morgan is located across from Fort Gaines on Mobile Point on what is called the Fort Morgan Peninsula.

It was said to have been built between 1819 and 1833, and addition to its use during the Civil War, it saw intermittent use during the Spanish-American War, World Wars I and II.

It was turned over to the State of Alabama as an historic site in 1946.

Here are some of Rebecca and Jane’s photos of Fort Morgan:

Next are the numerous star forts in Pensacola in western Florida.

I had already learned about several of the star forts of Pensacola from previous research.

Our historical narrative says that the Siege of Pensacola was fought in 1781, and was the culmination of Spain’s conquest of British West Florida during the Gulf Coast campaign.

Here is one of the clusters of star forts I found when I first looked into Pensacola.

Fort Pickens is on the western end of the Santa Rosa Island…

…where it sits on one side of the channel entering Pensacola Bay from the Gulf of Mexico.

Fort Barrancas is directly across from Fort Pickens on the other side of this channel, and located physically within the Pensacola Naval Air Station…

…and what is called the Advanced Redoubt of Fort Barrancas as well.

This is how the relationship between these three star forts looks from above.

Then when I started looking into the same area as part of the research for this post, and the historical Fort McRee showed up on Google Earth on the eastern end of Perdido Key, and was situated directly across from Fort Pickens on Santa Rosa Island, and was not far from Fort Barrancas either.

Fort McRee was said to have been constructed between 1834 and 1839 in a strange boomerang shape because of its position on the end of this narrow barrier island.

All three of these forts saw action during the Civil War.

While we are told Fort Pickens and Fort Barrancas remained preserved due to their continued use and later as historic sites, Fort McRee was left to the elements because it was not as accessible, and very little of Fort McRee remains to be seen today.

Other forts that I know of in Pensacola included:

Fort George, of which this is what is left:

…and there is nothing left of what was the Fort of Pensacola, also known as the Presidio Santa Maria de Galvez.

This was its previous location…

…which I found through the coordinates of the former fort on this map.

I find it interesting to note the head of the CSX Railyards was just one-block due south of where the Fort of Pensacola was located.

But the finding of star forts is not limited to coastal areas, as I consistently find them along the rivers of the world.

Let’s look at Vicksburg n Mississippi as an example of a star fort location and the site of a major Civil War battle in our historical narrative.

Vicksburg is located roughly half-way between Memphis and New Orleans at the confluence of the Mississippi and Yazoo Rivers.

We are told French colonists were the first Europeans to settle the area, which was part of the historical territory of the Natchez people, and that it was the French who built Fort St. Pierre in 1719…

…on the high-bluffs at Redwood on the Yazoo River.

Perhaps Vicksburg is best-known for the Vicksburg Campaign and Siege during the American Civil War, which took place between 1862 and 1863, and at the end of which the Union forces under General Ulysses S. Grant captured the Confederate stronghold of the port of Vicksburg and divided the Confederacy.

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Along with the Battle of Gettysburg in July of 1863, it was considered a turning-point in the American Civil War.

We are told that after the Vicksburg National Military Park was established in 1899, the nation’s leading architects and sculptors were commissioned to honor the soldiers and sailors from their respective states that fought in the Vicksburg campaign, leading it to be called the “Art Park of the World” with more than 1,400 monuments found throughout the park.

Like the Mississippi Memorial…

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…the Michigan Memorial…

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…and the Illinois State Memorial.

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The Shirley House is said to be the only-surviving wartime structure inside the Vicksburg National Military Park.

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This is a wartime picture of the Shirley House circa 1863, with what is described as the camp of the 45th Illinois Infantry behind it.

But there are things going on in this photo that don’t make sense to me.

Why all the digging and entrances?

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Apparently during the Siege of Vicksburg, the people of the city dug caves into the sides of hills to get out of harm’s way from the hail of iron that was coming their way from Union forces.

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A possible explanation…but is it plausible?

This photo was notated as Union soldiers on the lawn of the Warren County Courthouse after the siege.

It was said to have been constructed between 1858 and 1860.

Interesting to note the contrast between the size of the soldiers and that of the courthouse.

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Considered to be Vicksburg’s most historic structure, a museum is operated within the old courthouse today.

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The mud-flooded-looking Washington Hotel in Vicksburg was said to have been used as a military hospital during the Civil War.

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There was a castle in Vicksburg which was said to have been built in the 1850s, including a moat, but it was destroyed by the Union Army and the site turned into an artillery battery.

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The last subject I am going to look at with regards to Civil War Anomalies is that of the role of two secret societies during this time.

First, the Knights of Pythias.

I first encountered the Knights of Pythias at the Pythian Castle of Springfield, Missouri, when I was tracking a circle alignment that begins and ends in Algiers, Algeria.

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What jumped out at me on learning about the Knights of Pythias is that it was a secret society founded in Washington, D.C in February of 1864, and the Civil War didn’t end until 1865.

It was the first fraternal order to receive a charter by an Act of Congress.

For what purpose would Congress charter a fraternal secret society in wartime?

I will just leave this National Fire Protection Association Hazard Diamond signage here for comparison on the left, as I thought of it when I saw the Knights of Pythias logo on the right. Coincidence…or is there some kind of connection?

I don’t discount any possibility with the amount of secret society symbolism that goes on without our awareness.

I will start at the Pythian Home of Missouri where I first encountered the Knights of Pythias in Springfield, Missouri, then give other examples Pythian orphanages.

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We are told that this Pythian Home was constructed by the order in 1913 as a home for needy members of their order, and their widows and orphans.

The original main floor features things like a grand foyer…

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…ballroom…

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…and sitting parlors.

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In addition to this home, the Knights of Pythias built orphanages in places like Clayton, North Carolina, near Raleigh.

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The construction of this orphanage was said to have started in 1910, and it is reported as no longer standing.

The Pythian Home in Weatherford, Texas, opened in 1909 for widows and orphans in Knights of Pythias members.

It is in operation as a children’s home to this day.

The Pythian Home in Springfield, Ohio, was said to be the first constructed by the order in 1894.

Same idea with the Odd Fellows.

The American lodges formed a governing system separate from the English Order in 1842, and assumed the name Independent Order of Odd Fellows in 1843.

The Independent Order of the Odd Fellows became the first fraternity in the United States to include both men and women in 1851, with its establishment of the “Beautiful Rebekah Degree.”

The command of the Odd Fellows is to “visit the sick, relieve the distressed, bury the dead and educate the orphan.”

Here are some examples of Odd Fellows Institutions along these lines:

The Odd Fellows Home in Liberty, Missouri, was said to have been built in the late 19th-century, and had an orphanage, school, nursing home, and cemetery, and is in ruins today…

…and like the Pythians, the Odd Fellows also built a Home for Orphans, Indigent, and Aged in Springfield, Ohio, said to have been built in 1898…

…and the Oklahoma Odd Fellows Home at Checotah for Widows and Orphans, said to have been built starting in 1902.

What’s up with the castle-looking appearance of these charitable institutions?

It would be interesting to know what was really going on here with all this focus on helping the sick, distressed, aged, dead and orphans in combination with the elaborate architecture.

The information I received from Caroline in California opened up a new area of research for me that dove-tailed well with other research I have already done seen throughout this post, and was able to pull examples of it together in one-place to share the anomalies that I have serious questions about.

What might have actually been taking place here?

Could the cover of warfare have been used to destroy the infrastructure of the original civilization and create the new narrative?

I could go on with anomalies I have found in my research connected with the Civil War, but I am going to end this post here because they are more of the same idea, and I have provided numerous examples to show why I have many questions about the truth of the historical narrative that we have been taught from cradle-to-grave to accept as absolute fact.

Circuit Board Earth

I think we are being told in our everyday language what the function was of specific infrastructure on the Earth, which was arranged as a circuit board for the once, free-energy-generating electromagnetic grid system of the Ancient Advanced Civilization all over the surface of the Earth, and which I believe existed up until recent times.

We are still using much of the enduring and sophisticated infrastructure of this advanced civilization in the present-day.

What is a circuit board?

A circuit board is a physical piece of technology that allows for the assembly of electrical circuits or data circuits on a horizontal layer of material.

I think the existence of the original civilization was destroyed by a deliberately-caused cataclysm within the last couple of hundred years, and most of this incredible infrastructure it constructed has been deliberately destroyed ever since then, into the present-day.

Here are a few of many examples of demolished monumental architecture in New York City alone:

The Gillender Building, said to have been completed in 1897, and destroyed in 1910, only thirteen-years later…

…a version of Madison Square Garden without a completion date that was demolished in 1926…

…the historic Hotel Astor in our historical narrative stood for only 63-years, between 1904 and 1967, before it was demolished and replaced by a high-rise…

All three of these buildings in Manhattan were demolished, with the Singer Building, the headquarters of the Singer Manufacturing Company, said to have been completed in 1908, and demolished in 1968, along with the City Investing Tower the same year, and the Hudson Terminal Rail Station demolished at some point after closing in 1971.

…as well as the Brooklyn Savings Bank, said to have been completed in 1894, and demolished in 1964.

By the way, what do banks deal in?

Currency.

What is currency defined as?

A system of money in general use in a particular country.

What is a river current?

A river current is defined as the water moving in a river.

What is a river bank?

It is defined as the land at either edge of a river.

What is a river defined as?

A large natural stream of water flowing in a channel to the sea, a lake…or another such stream.

What is an electric current defined as?

A stream of charged particles, such as electrons or ions, moving through an electrical conductor or space.

What does electrical “charge” mean?

It is the physical property of matter that causes it to experience a force, strength or energy as an attribute of physical action or movement, when placed in an electromagnetic field.

The word force also has meanings in English of coercion or compulsion, or making someone do something against their will.

In our everyday language, the definition of “charge” applies to a price for goods or services…

…and making a charge on a credit card allow us to have the charges for goods and services billed in the next credit card statement to the cardholder, giving the cardholder the option of making a full payment with no interest, or carrying a finance charge determined by interest rate established by the credit card company to borrow the money, sometimes fixed, and sometimes variable, with the penalty of being denied future credit based on one’s credit score and history.

Why all of these connections between terms used in the financial industry and terms used in electrical engineering?

Is there some kind of energy-harvesting going on between us and the financial system we have been operating under for the last 100- to 200-years?

And are rivers actually natural?

I think they are man-made, considering that I consistently find the exact same snaky-S shaped of rivers all over the world, including but not limited to these rivers in Australia, Manitoba, Honduras, Louisiana, and Nova Scotia…

…and I find the same similarity going on with river confluences.

So to begin with making the connection of the physical infrastructure of the original civilization to a circuit board, I am going to start with identifying the infrastructure found worldwide known as star forts as batteries.

 I can make a case that there were four pairs of star forts, with each pair situated along various points of the Lower and Upper New York Bays, even though the physical structure of what was called Fort Gibson on Ellis Island is long buried and gone.

There was Fort Hancock on Sandy Hook at the Atlantic Ocean entrance to the Lower New York Bay was a star fort at one time…

…and Fort Tilden on the Rockaway Peninsula in the Lower New York Bay, north of Fort Hancock and Sandy Hook.

Fort Wadsworth, also known as Battery Weed, located next to the Staten Island side of the Verrazzano-Narrows Bridge…

…located at The Narrows between the Lower and Upper New York Bays…

…and Fort Hamilton is at the base of the Brooklyn-side of the Verrazzano-Narrows Bridge.

Fort Wood in the Upper New York Bay is underneath the Statue of Liberty…

…across from Ellis Island…

…upon which there used to be what was called Fort Gibson.

Fort Jay is on Governors Island at the convergence of the Hudson and East Rivers…

…across from Fort Amsterdam, which was located on…

…on what is now called The Battery.

One definition of a battery is a device that produces electricity that may have several primary or secondary cells arranged in parallel or series, as well as a battery source of energy which provides a push, or a voltage, of energy to get the current flowing in a circuit. 

The answer to the mystery of star forts lies in this definition – that these star forts, and other infrastructure I have shared with you that don’t feature the classic look of a star fort, functioned as circuitry and batteries for the purpose of producing electricity on the planetary grid system for the advanced civilization.

I consistently find star forts all over the Earth that are paired together in the same location, or found in clusters of more than two.

Lighthouses played some kind of function in concert with star forts.

For all we know, star forts have a connection to star energy and lighthouses are actual “Houses of Light,” because there is way more going on with the function of lighthouses than “a tower or other structure containing a beacon light to warn or guide ships at sea.”

Were they in actuality drawing down the cosmic energy to “charge” the star-fort batteries?

Here are examples of New York Bay Lighthouses.

The Sandy Hook Lighthouse, is located at the northern end of Sandy Hook at Fort Hancock, said to be the oldest working lighthouse in the United States, as we are told it was built in 1764.

Other Lighthouses of New York Bay include:

The Old Orchard Lighthouse is said to have been built in 1883, and is three-miles south of the center of Staten Island…

…the West Bank Lighthouse, which serves as the front-range light for the Ambrose Channel, which is used in navigation to indicate safe passage, or position fixing. It was said to have been built in 1901…

…the Staten Island Lighthouse is on Richmond Hill is the rear-range light for the Ambrose Channel, a 90-ft-high, or 27-meter, tower said to have been built in 1912, and is 141-feet, or 43-meters, above sea-level…

…the Coney Island Lighthouse on the western end of Coney Island, in Seagate, and situated east of the Ambrose Channel of New York Harbor. It was said to have been built in 1890…

…the Fort Wadsworth Lighthouse, said to have been built on top of Battery Weed in 1903…

…and the Statue of Liberty on top of Fort Wood even served as an operational lighthouse starting on November 22nd of 1886, a month after it was officially opened, until March 1st of 1902, when we are told it was discontinued as a navigational aid.

I found the same kind of star fort/lighthouse patterns occurring on the other side of the continent in San Francisco Bay.

There is a star fort and lighthouse on the south-end of the Golden Gate Bridge…

…with the Battery Boutelle nearby on the Presidio Grounds beside the bridge.

On the other side of the Golden Gate Bridge, we find Battery Spencer on the other side of the bay right next to the bridge…

…and underneath the base of the Golden Gate Bridge, is the Lime Point Lighthouse, said to have been built in 1883 and automated since 1961.

Alcatraz Island, 1.25-miles, or 2.01-kilometers off-shore from San Francisco in San Francisco Bay. It is best known as an infamous federal penintentiary for troublesome prisoners.

There is a lighthouse on Alcatraz Island.

To put the lighthouse into the context of the historical narrative we have been given, the island of Alcatraz was said to have been given by the Mexican Governor Pio Pico to Julian Workman in 1846 to build a lighthouse on it.

Workman was a member of the Workman and Temple families prominent in the history of the Los Angeles area.

Another thing to point out is the location of this lighthouse and Alcatraz with respect to the Golden Gate bridge, and the two lighthouses on either end of the bridge.

There appears to be a triangulated relationship between the lighthouse on Alcatraz Island, the Fort Point Light on the Presidio side of the Golden Gate Bridge, and the Lime Point Light on the other side of the bridge.

More on this in a moment.

There is a whole series of lighthouses running throughout the San Francisco Bay.

I also consistently find lighthouses with astronomical alignments, like these examples:

On the Isle of Alderney, one of the Channel Islands off the coast of France, there’s a triangulated relationship between the Alderney Lighthouse, Fort Quesnard, and the ruins of Fort Les Hommeaux Florains.

There is also a triangulated relationship between the islands of Bermuda and Fernando de Noronha in the Atlantic Ocean, and the Channel Islands in the English Channel, three places with a high-concentration of star forts for their small sizes.

There are other places/regions with a high-concentration of them, like they are some kind of energy nodal points on the Earth’s grid system.

I just want to demonstrate that there are clear relationships existing between all of this infrastructure.

The Isle of Wight, just off the coast of southern England in the English channel, has a number of star forts and lighthouses.

One of them, the Needles Lighthouse, stands 109-feet, or 33-meters, tall on the outermost of the Chalk Pillars, was said to have been built out of granite blocks in 1859 for Trinity House, the official authority for lighthouses England, Wales, the Channel Islands, and Gibraltar.

I find it interesting that the description in this photo says that the lighthouse “is now flat-topped for helicopters to land.”

It’s an active lighthouse, and apparently needed under-pinning work in 2010 to keep it from falling into the sea.

What is described as the world’s first long-distance radio signal was sent by Marconi from Alum Bay beside the Needles in the year 1897.

I wonder what it was about this location that influenced his decision to do his work on wireless communication here.

I am sure one of the things is that the sand of the bay here includes extremely pure white silica, an important component for enhancing radio frequency transmission.

The Old Needles Battery is situated on a chalk cliff located right above the chalk pillars.

It was said to have been built between 1861 and 1863 as a coastal defense against French Invasion.

The Old Needles Battery has a tunnel leading to…

…its searchlight emplacement…

…in linear alignment with the Needles Lighthouse.

The Needles New Battery was said to have been completed in 1895, higher up on the same cliff, and said to have been constructed because of concerns about subsidence problems with the old battery and concussion from firing the batteries guns causing the cliffs to crumble.

The next components of Circuit Board Earth that I am going to look at are…well…circuits.

In one of the series that I did on researching places viewers made in comments, I discovered airports having racing tracks in angular relationships short distances away.

I first noticed this when I was doing research on the Shepherd’s Bush District of West London based on a commenter’s suggestion.

In the process of doing that, I realized I had seen the same angular relationship between London’s Heathrow Airport, and Shepherd’s Bush on the top left, where there had been a huge track at one time in White City, that had been used for Greyhound racing; and in my own research of the Tampa, Florida, neighborhood of Sulphur Springs last summer, when I had noticed that the Tampa International Airport, and the Sulphur Springs neighborhood in Tampa, Florida, where there was a greyhound racing track, had the same angular relationship.

After I made that initial connection, commenters left other examples of the same kind of relationship between airports and racing tracks, past and present, including, but not limited to, places like Montreal, Quebec, Canada, on the top right; Philadelphia, Pennsylvania on the middle left; Toronto, Ontario, Canada, in the middle ; Los Angeles, California on the middle right; and Sydney, Australia, on the bottom.

In addition to airports and racetracks, I am also finding things like railroad yards, professional sports complexes, star forts and even amusement parks with the similar characteristics and relationships to each other that I am finding in different cities around the world.

In these Google Earth screenshots, all the lines drawn go through or to professional sports complexes, and railyards in Toronto, Philadelphia, and Baltimore.

I have long-wondered about a connection between athletic fields to the Earth’s grid system since finding ball-fields sandwiched between a star fort in called Fort Negley and the railroad yards in Nashville…

…and the connection of railroads to star forts when I found the former location of the Fort of Pensacola on the bottom right..

…and this map shows its previous location with railyards just below the former location of the Fort of Pensacola, the lay-out of which immediately reminded me of circuit board diagrams.

More upcoming on rail-lines of all kinds.

I think ellipses being used as racing-tracks were once omponents of the circuitry of the Earth’s electro-magnetic grid system.

The sport of racing uses the word “circuit” in the following ways:

The course over which races are won…

…the number of times the racers go around the track…

…an established itinerary of racing events involving public performance…

…and in bicyle racing, a circuit race is a mass-start road-cycle race that consists of several laps of a closed-circuit, where the length of the lap is slightly longer each time.

Electrical Circuit definitions Include:

A closed path in which electrons from a voltage or current source flow, and includes devices that give energy to the charged particles the current is comprised of, such as batteries and generators…

…devices that use current, like lamps, electric motors, and computers…

…and the connecting wires or transmission lines.

An electronic circuit is a complete course of conductors through which current can travel, and provide a path for current to flow. 

The Indianapolis Motor Speedway is the largest sports’ venue in the world, and said to have been constructed in 1909.

Check this out: Vatican City, the Wimbledon Campus, the Roman Colosseum, the Rose Bowl, Yankee Stadium, and the Kentucky Derby all fit inside the automobile racing CIRCUIT.

Wouldn’t it stand to reason that those behind the reset when setting up the New World would take advantage of the super science of the different types of circuits in the Earth’s grid system in order to harness their inherent power to enhance performance at sporting events, to make lots of money at highly-charged, prestigious gaming and betting venues?

In regards to similar configurations found in different cities, in Cincinnati, Ohio, the city’s professional sports stadiums are downtown next to the Ohio River, and interestingly, they are situated on the river exactly like they are in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania.

The Paul Brown Stadium, home of the NFL Bengals, is on the left riverfront; the Great American Ball Park, home of the MLB Reds on the right riverfront.

There is a park directly in front of the Paul Brown Stadium, known as the Cincinnati Riverfront Park, just like in Pittsburgh, where the Roberto Clemente Park in front of the Heinz Field Stadium of the Pittsburgh Steelers, which is located next to the PNC Park home of the Pittsburgh Pirates; and a bridge located between both sporting venues.

Is the identical configuration only a coincidence, or part of a much larger configuration?

What else is similar between Pittsburgh and Cincinnati?

There’s the geographic landmark and residential neighborhood of Mt. Adams, a flat-topped-looking earthwork that at one time had an incline Railway…

…just like Pittsburgh, which has two remaining incline railways, out of what was originally seventeen in Pittsburgh, on the flat-topped Mount Washington, named the Duquesne and Monongahela Inclines.

The Mount Adams Incline operated from 1872 until 1948. Long since demolished, it was the longest running incline of Cincinnati’s historic five incline railways.

…and the Immaculata church and Holy Cross Monastery, said to have been built in 1895 and 1901 respectively…

…are close to the edge of Mt. Adams overlooking the river, like St. Mary of the Mount on top of Mount Washington back in Pittsburgh.

For examples of similarities in other places, this is a Google Earth screenshot showing the angular relationships between the Saratoga Race Course, and just a portion of the large number of airparks, airfields, and airstrips in this part of New York State.

The Saratoga Race Course is a thoroughbred horse racing track in Saratoga Springs, New York. It is one of the oldest sporting venues in the United States, having opened on August 3rd of 1863 (which would have been in the middle of the American Civil War).

The Saratoga Race Course has been in use pretty much continuously since it first opened.

The name of Saratoga Springs reflects mineral springs that are in the area, and the High Rock Spring in this location is believed to have medicinal properties, making it a popular resort destination for over 200 years.

Saratoga Springs has a history of railroad service…and trolley cars until 1938.

I have also looked into West Baden Springs in French Lick, Indiana.

The hotel for the resort was said to have been built in 1901 in the Moorish architectural style, and from 1902 to 1913, was said to have the largest dome in the World.

It had a trolley system…

…and the largest bicycle track in the country, a covered double decker.

The double-decker bicycle track, however, was said to have been nearly demolished by a windstorm that blew through the area on July 25th of 1925…

…and when the owner received an insurance check for $100,000, he tore the rest of the structure down, and it was gone by the fall of 1925.

Similar relationships exist in Hot Springs, Arkansas, where the Oaklawn Racing Casino Resort, a thoroughbred horse-racing track that first opened in February of 1905, is near, and in an angular relationship to, the Memorial Field Airport.

Oaklawn was ranked 5th in 2017 by the Horseplayers Association of North America.

 Hot Springs also had electric rail cars at some point in time…

…and the Hot Springs Street Railroad ran around Hot Springs to and from the Oaklawn Race Track.

So there definitely seems to be some kind of connection to different kinds of mineral springs with regards to all of this infrastructure.

Definitions of the word spring include:

I don’t know exactly what the function of mineral springs would be on the circuit board for this free-energy-generating system, but it could very well be contained within one or all of the non-water definitions.

When I was doing research on the “Correlations between the Physical Infrastructure of Railroads, Canals & Star Forts and Other Interesting Things” almost two years ago…

…I ended with this photo, which had the caption of “Electric trains operating in the Gare d’Orsay, circa 1900.”

“Electric” trains. Hmmm.

The Gare d’Orsay railroad “terminal” was said to have opened in Paris in 1900.

This finding led me to look up the definition of the word terminal for the first time.

There are two definitions of terminal.

One is: “The end of a railroad or other transport route, or a station at such a point.”

The other is: “A point of connection for closing an electric circuit.”

There’s that electrical engineering terminology again.

And old railroad stations around the world are architectural creations of great beauty and grandeur.

These magnificent old creations are still in use:

This is the Cincinnati Union Terminal, which has the largest half dome in the western hemisphere…

…the Antwerp Central Railway Station in Belgium, which first opened in 1905…

…the Madrid Station in Spain…

…and what used to be called the Victoria Terminus Station, and is now called the Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus in Mumbai, India.

These magnificent train terminals are long gone:

Pennsylvania Station in Manhattan, said to have been built between 1905 and 1910…and demolished in 1963.

The Atlanta Terminal Station in Atlanta, Georgia, which opened in 1905, and was demolished in 1972…

…and the Birmingham Terminal Station in Birmingham, Alabama, said to have been completed in 1909, and demolished in 1969.

The Baltimore and Potomac Railroad Station on Pennsylvania Avenue in Washington, DC, was said to have been built in 1873 and demolished in 1907.

It was the location of President James Garfield’s assassination in 1881.

Here is a list of demolished railway stations in the United States alone:

Then there is the subject of electric streetcar systems, also known as “trams” and “trolleys”….and which look the same all over the world…

…and showed up historically in the most unlikely places, like Manaus, in the heart of the Amazon Rainforest in Brazil.

No road connection to Manaus existed until 1973, with the completion of the BR-319, connecting Manaus to Porto Velho, Brazil. It is 540 miles long, or 870 kilometers, going through the rainforest, and is impassable when it rains. It is known as Brazil’s worst highway.

There is no such tram system operating in Manaus today.

The history we have been taught does not provide a reasonable explanation for what was really going on here. This is a photo of undeveloped Amazon rainforest near Manaus. How are they supposed to have built all of this in the mid-to-late 1800’s under these conditions?

The same streetcar systems were found from Edinburgh Scotland, which as Edinburgh Corporation Tramways were said to have operated between 1871 and 1956…

…to Hong Kong, where they began operating in 1904…

…to Alexandria in Egypt, where streetcars began operating in 1863…

…to Hobart in Tasmania, where streetcars were in operation from 1893 to 1960.

Then there is the noteworthy subject of trolley parks.

Palisades Park in Fort Lee, New Jersey,was the first trolley park I ever stumbled across when I was doing research here in May of 2019 following cities and places in a circular alignment from Washington, DC…

…and where I first learned that trolley parks were said to have started out in the United States in the 19th-century as picnic and recreation areas at the ends of street-car lines, and that by the 1920s, these trolley/amusement parks started to suffer a steep decline for a variety of reasons, including destruction by fire more often than not.

Palisades Park was in operation from 1898 until its closure in 1971, at which time it was demolished, and four luxury, high-rise apartments were built in its place.

 Electric Park in Kansas City, Missouri, was said to have provided the inspiration for a young Walt Disney for his theme parks.

Electric Park was said to have been built in 1907 and was closed in 1925…

…at which time most of it burned to the ground.

Trolley Parks in the United States were not an isolated occurrence.

While some of the original trolley parks remain in operation…

…that list is short compared to the ones that are no longer in existence.

Since Trolley amusement parks were typically located at the end of streetcar lines, I think they provided some kind of enhanced energy-generation going in the earth’s free-energy-generating system, and provided the local communities of the original advanced civilization with an opportunity to have fun at the same time.

Then, there were Interurbans, a type of electric railway with self-propelled rail-cars running between cities or towns in North America and Europe.

They were prevalent in North America starting in 1900, and by 1915, interurban railways in the United States were operating along, 15,500-miles, or 24,900-kilometers of track.

By 1930, however, most of the interurbans were gone, with a few surviving into the 1950s.

Why build a sophisticated electric street-car systems, only to use them for a short-period of time, and replace them with cars and trucks?

Well, the most obvious answer is that the mass production of gasoline-powered private and public transportation provided another form of transportation for people and provided a highly lucrative means of generating wealth for the big corporations involved in the transportation industry.

Non-polluting and low-fare electric-streetcar-systems were simply no longer needed or wanted.

I mentioned the history of incline railways in Pittsburgh and Cincinnati previously, and like all the other rail infrastructure, they have had a tendency to be made to go away.

Also, known as funiculars, incline railways are a transportation system that uses cable-driven cars to connect points along a steep incline, using two counterbalanced cars connected to opposite ends of the same cable.

Besides the two in Pittsburgh, operational funiculars today include:

The Look-out Mountain Incline Railway in Chattanooga Tennessee, said to have been constructed in 1895…

…the Budapest Castle Hill Funicular in Hungary, said to have opened in 1870…

…and the East Hill Cliff Railway in Hastings, England, said to have opened in 1902.

But in many places, I am sure, like Incline Road on the Isle of Portland in southern England, the memory of an incline railway was retained in the name of what is today a road.

Then there is the underground rail infrastructure, which is also the same all over the world.

The London Underground is said to be the oldest underground railway system in the world.

We are told the idea of an underground railroad linking the City of London with the urban center came up in the 1830’s, and in 1854, the Metropolitan Underground Railway was granted permission to build it.

Underground operations were said to have started in January of 1863 between Paddington and Farringdon, using gas-lit wooden carriages hauled by steam locomotives.

Does that sound plausible? And gas-lit carriages underground? What about ventilation? Would this need have been accounted for in the mid-1800’s according to the history we have been taught?

As time went on, the Lots Road Power Station was said to have been built between 1902 and 1904 to power the newly created Great Northern, Piccadilly, and Brompton Lines.

It was claimed to be the largest power station ever built, and eventually powered most of the railways and tramways in the Underground Group.

So we aren’t even out of the horse-and-buggy era when it was said to have been opened in 1904, with the mass production of automobiles not starting until 1908 with the Model T Ford, and yet we have the technology to build sophisticated electrical machinery generation like this?

This is a map of the London Underground presented by Harry Beck, an engineering draftsman, in 1931.

His design is based on the principle of electrical circuit diagrams.

Power circuits transfer and control large amounts of electricity.

Could the builders of the London Underground have possibly created gigantic power circuitry, starting in a haphazard way in 1854 onward, with the creation of the Metropolitan Underground Railway?

Not only that, the different-colored lines or routes found in the underground systems of the world – red, blue, green, yellow, orange, etc – also denote different meanings in electrical circuitry, which each color has a different function.

Do these electric transportation systems and networks somehow function as electrical circuits in their own right in the original physical lay-out of the earth’s grid system, and do not just pertain to the sophisticated electrical circuitry it takes to run them efficiently, day-in and day-out.

There are numerous abandoned underground tunnels and stations, not only in London, but in major cities around the world.

Of countless examples, this is one of London’s many abandoned subway tunnels…

…and this one is in Budapest, Hungary…

…and this one in Glasgow, Scotland.

We are told that Glasgow in Scotland has the third-oldest underground rail system in the world, opening on December 14th, 1896.

The fifteen stations of the subway are distributed over a 10-kilometer, or 6-mile, circuit of the West End and City Center of Glasgow, with eight stations to the north of the River Clyde, and seven to the south. There are two lines: an outer circle running clockwise, and an inner circle running counter-clockwise.

This graphic came up when I searched for “particle accelerator diagram,” showing counter-rotating beams in a circular accelerator, in comparison with the Glasgow subway’s outer and inner circle running in opposite directions from each other.

I definitely think there is more going on with these underground rail systems than anything we have ever been told about them.

The last type of electrical circuit infrastructure I am going to talk about in this post is the function of Cathedrals as “diodes.”

A diode is a semi-conductor device with two terminals that conducts current in primarily one direction.

An electrode is an electrical conductor used to make contact with a non-metallic part of a circuit.

The cathode of the electrode is where a conventional current departs a polarized electrical device and the anode electrode is where a conventional current enters the polarized electrical device.

Electrical polarity refers to the two types of poles – positive and negative, representing the electric potentials at the ends of a circuit.

Conventional current describes the direction in which positive charges move, from the positive pole to the negative pole.

Electrons flow from negative to positive.

In a direct current (DC) circuit, current flows in one direction only.

In an alternating current (AC) circuit, the two poles alternate between negative and positive, and the current reverses periodically.

The Greek words “kathados” or “kata” mean “descent” or “down.”

“Hedral” refers to a 3D geometric solid.

Cathedrals function as acoustic/frequency/energy resonators.

Resonators are used to either generate waves of specific frequencies or to select specific frequencies from a signal.

Let’s look at several aspects of the function of cathedrals as frequency-generators and transmitters.

When I was reading an article about “Elliptical Polarization,” I encountered the diagram on the left showing the efficiency in decibels of the axial ratio of two antenna, and the shapes formed in the graph immediately brought this common shape of windows in cathedrals on the right.

Were these windows actually functioning as antennae?

Then there is this Walter Russell diagram on the left and cathedral door n the right showing what looks to be a relationship between cathedral doors and octaves, which are the intervals between one musical pitch and another with double its frequency.

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This shape of doors is found at cathedrals and churches said to have been built all over the world in different centuries, with the Noumea Cathedral in New Caledonia in the South Pacific said to have been built between 1887 and 1897; the  St. Nicholas of Myra Russian Orthodox Church in Manhattan, New York, said to have been built in 1883; the Church of St. George in Norwich, England, said to have been built in the 1100s; and the Turku Cathedral in Turku, Finland, said to have been consecrated in 1300.

Not only that, Cathedral Rose windows look like the cymatic patterns of musical notes.

With the massive organ pipes surrounding the cathedral rose window, it appears as though this was a musical system designed to generate waves of specific frequencies, like Solfeggio frequencies, through this type of window.

Solfeggio frequencies make-up the ancient six-tone scale used in sacred music, like, for example, Gregorian chants and Tibetan singing bowls.

Each solfeggio tone is a frequency that can be used to balance one’s energy and keep one’s body, mind, and spirit in harmony.

This is the St. Mary of the Mount Church on the edge of Mount Washington in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania.

The windows at the front of the church here also resemble in appearance the patterns of some hydrogen wave functions.

Could this type of window be connected to atomic wave functions?

Then, there is the pipe organ found in cathedrals, a musical instrument that produces sound by driving pressurized air through organ pipes selected from a keyboard.

In biology, what is called an organ is a collection of tissues that structurally form a functional unit specialized to perform a particular function, from the Latin “organum,” meaning an instrument or tool.

Human man people anatomy internal organs system banner poster scheme. Medicine education concept. Vector flat cartoon isolated graphic design

A pipe organ has one or more keyboards played by the hands…

…and a pedal keyboard played by the feet, like this 30-note keyboard…

…and each keyboard contains its own division, or group of stops.

I have to wonder if pipe organs produced specific frequencies at specific times for specific reasons that had to do with the enhancement of the greater collective.

Cathedrals also have bells, like these at the National Cathedral in Washington, DC, the purpose of which, we are told, was to signify the time for worshippers to gather for a church service.

I have an interest in bell-towers, also known as carillons, and believe they were an integral part of an interconnected, functional system of a civilization that knew exactly how to utilize frequency and vibration in fundamental and harmonious ways.

There are a number of them in Florida.

This is the Bok Tower in the Bok Gardens at Lake Wales.

It is located on what is called Iron Mountain, one of the highest points on the Florida Peninsula.

The Bok Tower is also known as the “Singing” Tower.

It was said to have been commissioned by Dutch immigrant and “Ladies Home Journal” magazine editor at one time, Edward Bok, and said to have been built between 1927 and 1929, when it was dedicated by President Calvin Coolidge.

Edward Bok died in 1930, the year after the completion of the bell-tower that carries his name.

The Citrus Tower in Clermont, Florida, near Orlando, was said to have opened in 1956, and was a big, pre-Disney World, tourist attraction in its hey-day.

…and is also a bell-tower like the Bok Tower.

These two bell-towers line-up with each other in Central Florida. I will have to do some more research on this subject in the future and see what more I can find out about alignments of these bell-towers with each other.

What was the purpose of these massive bell-towers reaching up to the clouds for the original civilization?

Were these tall generators of healing and harmonious frequencies for the benefit and balance of all of Creation?

Other infrastructure like old railroad terminals have the same characteristics as cathedrals.

This is the old Union Station in Louisville, Kentucky, that looks like a cathedral complete with a rose window.

And how many small towns have this story?

Information about this church was forwarded to me from Francois in Quebec, about the big church in his small town.

The town of Ste. Thecle in Central Quebec has a massive and ornate church built between 1903 and 1905 under the direction of the Catholic priest Maxime Masson, who was called the main architect of the religious buildings in what has always been a small community.

The 2011 population of Ste. Thecle was listed as just under 2,500 people.

The destruction of the Earth for profit, as well as destruction for its own sake, and the eradication of Humanity through genocide has been going on hand-in-hand for quite some time now.

Humankind has been given plenty of distractions and things to argue about to keep us focused on them instead of a real problem – malevolent beings that found a way to incarnate in human form, and take over all the wealth and power of the Earth for themselves, and seek to do away with Humanity as we know it and replace us with man-machine interface vessels.

The majority of Humanity doesn’t realize this is the direction we have been led in by these malevolent forces who have absolutely no regard for Human life except for how we can benefit them.

Trans-Humanism is a very real goal of theirs.

First they devised a way to hijack the positive timeline of Humanity, after which time they have been scheming to hijack our souls.

While we have been asleep, pure evil has been having its way with us.

If they couldn’t control us, they didn’t want us to be.

Welcome to the Great Awakening!

Frederick Law Olmsted, Frank Lloyd Wright and Other Iconic American Architects and Civil Engineers in our His-Story

This particular subject of iconic architects came to the forefront of my mind as a result of my recent trip to visit family and friends in Florida from where I live in Arizona at the beginning of May 2021.

I spent the first night of my trip in Lakeland, Florida, which is the location of my Dad’s college alma mater, Florida Southern College, where Frank Lloyd Wright was said to have designed over ten of its buildings.

Then, on my way home to Sedona from the Phoenix Airport on the West Loop 101, I passed by the sign for “Frank Lloyd Wright Boulevard” in Scottsdale.

The prodigiousness of his work as an architect in places geographically- distant from each other brought to mind, in addition to Frank Lloyd Wright…

…four other individuals I have encountered in my research that were credited with the same kind of prodigious output – landscape architect Frederick Law Olmsted…

…building architect Henry Hobson Richardson…

…and bridge-designers Polish-born American Ralph Modjeski…

…and German-born American John Augustus Roebling.

In addition to the prominent place they occupy in our historical narrative to explain how our infrastructure came into existence, I will bring forward interesting connections between these gentlemen and other people and events that were happening during the reset of the timeline from the Old World Order to the New World Order.

I am going to begin with Frederick Law Olmsted.

He is called the “Father of Landscape Architecture.”

His biography says he created the profession of landscape architecture by working in a dry goods store; taking a year-long voyage in the China trade; and by studying surveying, engineering, chemistry, and scientific farming.

Though I found references saying he did attend Yale College, we are also told he was about to enter Yale College in 1837, but weakened eyes from sumac poisoning prevented him the usual course of study. 

At any rate, he apparently did not graduate from college in any course of study.

We are told he started out with a career in journalism, travelling to England in 1850 to visit public gardens there, including Birkenhead Park, a park said to have been designed by Joseph Paxton which opened in April of 1847 and said to be the first publicly funded civic park in the world.

 Joseph Paxton, a gardener and greenhouse builder by trade…

…was also said to have been commissioned by Baron Mayer Rothschild in 1850 to design the Mentmore Towers in Buckinghamshire…

…and Joseph Paxton was also given credit for designing the Crystal Palace to house the 1851 Great Exhibition in London in Hyde Park.

The Crystal Palace was described as a massive glass house that was 1,848-feet, or 563-meters, long, by 454-feet, or 138-meters, wide, and constructed from cast-iron frame components and glass. 

After his trip, Olmsted published “Walks and Talks of an American Farmer” in England in 1852, where he recorded the sights, sounds and mental impressions of rural England from his visit.

Frederick Law Olmsted apparently was also commissioned by the New York Daily Times to start on an extensive research journey in the American South and Texas between 1852 and 1857.

The dispatches he sent to the Times were collected into three books, and considered vivid, first-person accounts of the antebellum South: “A Journey in the Seaboard Slave States,” first published in 1856…

…”A Journey through Texas,” published in 1857…

…and “A Journey in the Back Country in the Winter of 1853 – 1854,” published in 1860.

All three of these books were published in one book, called “Journeys and Explorations in the Cotton Kingdom,” in 1861 during the first six months of the American Civil War at the suggestion of his English publisher.

All of these books by Frederick Law Olmsted are really raising red flags for me as I have come to believe from my research that publications like these are indicative of some kind of setting the stage in seeding the new historical narrative into our consciousness by those responsible for the hijack of the original positive civilization that built all of Earth’s infrastructure, and, as we will see, ultimately what this post is all about.

One more thing, before I move on to what Frederick Law Olmsted was really known for, is that he provided financial support for, and sometimes wrote for, “The Nation,” a progressive magazine that is the oldest continuously published weekly magazine in the United States, having been founded on July 6th of 1865, three-months after the end of the American Civil War.

Now, on to Frederick Law Olmsted’s career as a prolific and celebrated landscape architect, and his other connections to people and events going on during this time.

Olmsted was said to have gotten his start teaming up with Calvert Vaux in the design and creation of Central Park in New York City.

He had been introduced to English-born architect Calvert Vaux by his mentor, another founder of American landscape architecture, Andrew Jackson Downing, who died in 1852 in a tragic steamboat fire.

A prominent advocate of the Gothic Revival architectural movement, Andrew Jackson Downing had brought Calvert Vaux to the United States as his architectural collaborator after they met when Downing was travelling through Europe in 1850.

Olmsted and Vaux entered the Central Park design contest together after Downing’s death in 1852.

Vaux was said to have been impressed by Olmsted’s theories and political contacts, though Olmsted had never designed or executed a landscape design.

Their design, announced as the winner in 1858, was called the “Greensward Plan.”

Frederick Law Olmsted’s visit to Birkenhead Park in 1850 was said to have provided him inspiration for the Central Park design.

Backing up in time just a tad regarding Central Park, the land for it was said to have been donated by Robert B. Minturn, after he and his family’s return from an 18-month grand-tour of Europe between 1848 and 1850.

Robert B. Minturn was  one of the most prominent American merchants and shippers of the mid-19th century. 

Robert Minturn was an active manager of many charitable associations in New York city, aided in establishing the Association for Improving the Condition of the Poor, and the New York Juvenile Asylum.

There were an estimated 10,000 to 30,000 homeless children in New York City by 1850, which was said to have a population at the time of 500,000 people.

The New York Juvenile Asylum (NYJA), which was established in 1851, sent an estimated 6,000 children out west between September of 1854 until 1923, and was in the top four of institutions participating in the American orphan train movement.

The NYJA supplied thirty of the forty-six children for the very first company of children sent to Dowigiac, Michigan, by Charles Loring Brace’s New York Children’s Aid Society in a new experimental program called “placing-out,” and was a function of the Children’s Aid Society’s Emigration Department.

After a long and arduous journey involving two train rides and two boat rides, the children arrived in Dowigiac, where thirty-seven of the forty-six children were said to have found adoptive homes in local families.

The remaining unadopted children were said to have traveled, by way of Chicago, to an Iowa City orphanage to seek foster families for them.

On the basis of this 80% placement rate in Dowigiac, the program was deemed a success and led to approximately seventy-five years of orphan trains taking something like 200,000 children across the continent…to uncertain destinations and uncertain futures with strangers.

A close friend of Frederick Law Olmsted, Charles Loring Brace established the Children’s Aid Society in 1853.

It was during this time that the American West was opening up for settlement, and we are told Brace’s vision was to emigrate children to live with western farming families.

A movement going in this direction was widely supported by members wealthy New York families, like Charlotte Augusta Gibbes, the wife of John Jacob Astor III, who was the wealthiest Astor family member of his generation.

Before they boarded the train, children were dressed in new clothing, given a Bible and placed in the care of Children’s Aid Society agents who accompanied them west.

As part of the orphan train movement, committees of prominent local citizens were organized in the towns where the trains stopped.

These committees were responsible for arranging a site for the adoptions, publicizing the event, and arranging lodging for the orphan train group.

Though committees were required to consult with the Children’s Aid Society on the suitability of local families interested in adopting children, Brace’s system put its faith in the kindness of strangers.

Many of the children did not understand what was happening.

They were placed in homes for free and were expected to serve as an extra pair of hands to help with chores around the farm, with families expected to raise them as they would their natural-born children, providing them with decent food and clothing, a “common” education.  Legal adoption was not a requirement.

Many orphan train children went to live with families that placed orders specifying age, gender, and hair and eye color.

Others were paraded from the depot into a local playhouse, where they were put up on stage.

The Children’s Aid Society’s sent an average of 3,000 children via train each year from 1855 to 1875, to forty-five states, as well as Canada and Mexico.

Criticisms of the orphan train movement focused on concerns that initial placements were made hastily, without proper investigation, and that there was insufficient follow-up on placements. Charities were also criticized for not keeping track of children placed while under their care.

What was the true significance of Charles Loring Brace’s orphan train movement?

Was it really about finding impoverished children from the city a good home and a better life, as we are taught?

Or was the orphan train movement a means to populate the country with parentless children with no history and no sense of connection to wherever and with whomever they landed?

Or does the orphan train movement really represent the beginning of organized, industrial-scale, trafficking of children by the elite?

Now back to Frederick Law Olmsted, and his prodigious career as a landscape architect.

Other works he and Vaux were credited with include the landscaping plan in 1866 for Prospect Park in Brooklyn, New York…

…the plan for Riverside Park in Illinois, one of the first planned communities, in 1868…

…the Buffalo Olmsted Park System, New York’s oldest system of paths and pathways, which included six parks, seven parkways, eight landscaped circles, and other public spaces, said to have been designed with Vaux starting in 1868.

According to the notation on the bottom of this image of his map of the Buffalo Park System, Olmsted proclaimed that “Buffalo was the best planned city in the United States…if not the world.”

The plan for the Walnut Hill Park in New Britain, Connecticut, was said to have been designed by Olmsted and Vaux in 1870.

The Mount Royal Park in Montreal Quebec was planned in 1877, said to be the first park Olmsted created after he and Vaux dissolved their partnership in 1872.

Other landscape plans for which Frederick Law Olmsted is listed as the primary landscape architect include:

Boston’s Emerald Necklace of Parks starting in 1878…

…and in 1888, in Rochester, New York, both Highland Park…

…and the Genesee Valley Park.

The Belle Isle Park in Detroit, Michigan, sometime in the 1880s…

…and the Cadwalader Park in Trenton, New Jersey, in 1890.

The Cherokee Park in Louisville, Kentucky in 1891…

…and starting in 1892, Olmsted is credited with the Grand Necklace of Parks in Milwaukee, Wisconsin, also known as the Emerald Necklace, which includes Lake Park…

…and Juneau Park.

Here is a good place to insert a picture of the “Tartarian” Milwaukee City Hall, suggested by YouTube viewer John L, the construction of which was said to have been finished in 1895 in the Flemish Renaissance Revival style by architect Henry Koch, a German-American architect based in Milwaukee.

Next came the 1893 World’s Columbian Exposition in Chicago.

We are told Frederick Law Olmsted collaborated with yet another prolific architect, Chicagoan Daniel Burnham, to adapt Olmsted’s design of a Venetian-inspired pleasure ground, complete with waterways and places for quiet reflection in nature that complemented the grand architecture of the exposition…

…for the South Park Commission Site for the World’s Columbian Exposition of Jackson Park, Washington Park, and the Midway Plaisance.

This area was described as a sandy area along Chicago’s lakeshore that looked like a deserted marsh before construction began, but Olmsted saw, we are told, the area’s potential, and that his design included lagoons and what became known as Wood Island since they had not been developed yet.

As the person responsible for planning the basic land- and water-shape of the exposition grounds, we are told that Olmsted concluded the marshy areas of Jackson Park could be converted into waterways, and that workers dredged sand out of the marshes to make lagoons of different shapes and sizes.

Of course, since the buildings of the Exposition were only intended to be temporary structures, they were torn down afterwards, but Olmsted’s Jackson Park was left as a legacy for Chicagoans to enjoy…

…which hosts the one of two Exposition buildings that were left standing – the former Palace of Fine Arts, which houses the Museum of Science and Industry today.

The other still-standing building from the 1893 Exposition is the Art Institute of Chicago…

…which was said to have been utilized as an auxiliary building during the Exposition for international assemblies and conferences.

Frederick Law Olmsted’s last project, we are told, was for the Biltmore Estate in Asheville, North Carolina…

…where he was employed by George Washington Vanderbilt III to design the landscape for his new Biltmore Estate, which was said to have been built between 1889 and 1895.

Just for the record, before I move on, the Olmsted Legacy in landscape architecture did not end, as it was carried on by his son, Frederick Law Olmsted Jr. and adopted son and nephew John Charles Olmsted, in the form of the Olmsted Brothers architectural firm which they established in 1898…

…and they played an influential role, among other things, in the creation of the National Park Service, which was established in August of 1916 by President Woodrow Wilson.

Now, I am going to take a close look at the life and work of Frank Lloyd Wright.

Frank Lloyd Wright was credited with designing over 1,000 structures in a creative period spanning 70-years, and that he played a major role in the architectural movements of the 20th-century through his Taliesin Fellowship program.

A native of Wisconsin, he was born in June of 1867. His father, William Cary Wright,was a gifted musician, speaker, and minister, and his mother, Anna Lloyd Jones, was a member of the Lloyd-Jones clan that had emigrated from Wales to Wisconsin, and her brother Jenkin was influential in the spread of Unitarianism in the Midwest.

According to his autobiography, his mother decorated his nursery before he was born with illustrations of English cathedrals she took from a periodical to encourage the baby because she believed he would grow up to build beautiful buildings.

His mother also was said to have bought a set of educational blocks for her son called the “Froebel Gifts” after she saw an exhibit featuring them in 1876, with which he spent much time playing, and shared in his autobiography that these youthful exercises influenced his approach to design.

His father William sued for divorce from Anna in 1884, when Frank was 14, on the grounds of “emotional cruelty and physical violence and spousal abandonment” and when their divorce was granted in 1885, his father left his life forever.

Frank Lloyd Wright attended the University of Wisconsin-Madison in 1886 when he was admitted as a special student and worked under civil engineering Professor Allan D. Conover, though he left the university soon, and without taking a degree.

Much later in his life, the University of Wisconsin-Madison granted him an honorary doctorate in 1955.

After leaving the university, next we find Frank Lloyd Wright landing in Chicago in 1887 looking for a job, where we are told architectural work was plentiful as a result of the 1871 Great Fire of Chicago.

He took a position as a draftsman almost immediately upon arrival in the firm of the significant American architect Joseph Lyman Silsbee, known best for his drawing ability, gift for designing buildings in a variety of styles, and prominent buildings in New York in Syracuse and Buffalo; and in Chicago.

During his short time with the firm between 1887 and 1888, Frank Lloyd Wright worked on two family projects: one in Chicago, the Unitarian All Souls Church, for his uncle Jenkin Lloyd-Jones…

…and the Hillside Home School 1 in Wyoming, Wisconsin, near the town of Green Spring, for his aunts, which functioned as a dormitory and library, and which he later had destroyed in 1950.

In 1888, Frank Lloyd Wright became apprenticed to the firm of Adler & Sullivan, where prominent Chicago architect Louis Sullivan, called the “Father of Skyscrapers” and the “Father of Modernism,” took Wright under his wing.

Louis Sullivan, Frank Lloyd Wright, and Henry Hobson Richardson, who I will be looking at next in this post, form what is called the “Recognized Trinity of American Architecture.”

The firm of Adler & Sullivan, and primarily Louis Sullivan, was credited with designing the Transportation Building for the 1893 World Columbian Exposition in Chicago.

I am not finding Frank Lloyd Wright’s name attached in connection to this building design, or any other at the 1893 World Columbian Exposition.

What I am finding is that it provided the opportunities for Frank Lloyd Wright to engage with Japanese art, architecture and culture with the physical Japanese architecture at the Exposition.

This is the Ho-o-den, also known as the Phoenix Hall, said to have been erected by the Japanese government specifically for the Exposition.

In 1893, Frank Lloyd Wright left the Adler & Sullivan architectural firm on less than good terms with Louis Sullivan after Sullivan had discovered Wright was designing buildings privately outside of his exclusive contract to work for the firm.

Wright established his own architectural practice on the top-floor of the Schiller building on Randolph Street to start out, which was said to have been designed by Adler & Sullivan for Chicago’s German Opera Company.

Opening in 1891, at one time it was one of the tallest buildings in Chicago.

It was demolished in 1961, and replaced by a parking garage.

Between 1893 and 1897, Frank Lloyd Wright was credited with the design of projects in the following examples of the 22 listed…

…which included the Walter Gale House in 1893…

The Lake Mendota Boathouse of the University of Wisconsin-Madison, the commission for which was said to have been awarded to Frank Lloyd Wright and built in 1893 based on his winning design in a competition to build a boathouse with the “primary function of storing recreational equipment and serving as a viewing deck for boating events and races that took place on the lake.”

Based on what we are told, it was demolished after only 33-years, in 1926.

The Francis Apartments in Chicago, Illinois in 1895, and the Chicago Architectural landmark that was officially-designated in 1960…

…was demolished by 1971.

The year of 1895 was also the year that Frank Lloyd Wright was said to have designed, and eventually patented, forty-five variations of the Luxfer Prism for the American Luxfer Prism Company.

Frank Lloyd Wright’s design was described as:  having “lines of ornamentation produced upon the prism-light by variations in the surface-levels. These ornamental lines take the form of circles, arcs of circles, squares, and the like, arranged concentrically about the center and interlacing or overlapping each other. The whole forms a grid-like sort of ornament.”

When I saw the ornamentation on the facade of the Schiller Building that was credited to Adler & Sullivan, and was the location of Frank Lloyd Wright’s office during this time, it immediately brought to mind the basic design of the Luxfer Prism design.

This is what it brings up for me.

  1. Did Frank Lloyd Wright get the inspiration for the Luxfer Prism design from studying the the design of his mentors’ ornamentation through the window of his top-floor office in the same building?
  2. Or were both Frank Lloyd Wright and Adler & Sullivan given the credit in our history for designing what was already in existence?

This brings me first to the United States Patent Office, with the question:

Did the U. S. Patent Office play the same role as the Smithsonian Institution in covering up True History?

This is the old U. S. Patent Office, said to have been built between 1836 and 1867, with this image of it said to be circa 1846.

Today the Old Patent building houses two Smithsonian Institution Museums:  the National Portrait Gallery and the Smithsonian American Art Museum.

We are told that the original designer of the building in the Greek Revival Design, Robert Mills, was removed for incompetence in 1851, and that the building was eventually completed under the direction of the Dean of American Architecture during that time, Thomas U. Walter, in 1867.…and the year the American Civil War ended. 

Then in 1877, a fire in the buildings west wing destroyed some 87,000 patent models and 600,000 copy drawings.

This is said to be a picture of one of the Old Patent Office’s model rooms between 1861 – 1865 (all of the years of the American Civil War)…

…and the Kogod Courtyard of the now National Portrait Gallery of what was the old Patent office, complete with sky-lights and three rectangles filled with water that ripple across the ground-plane.

The other thing this brings me to is the subject of the prism lights themselves.

Prism lighting was the use of lighting to improve the distribution of light, usually daylight, within a space.  It is a form of anidolic lighting, which refers to using non-imaging mirrors, or lenses, and light guides, like fiber-optics, to capture exterior sunlight and direct it deeply into rooms…and scattering rays to avoid glare. 

Sounds like a form of advanced renewable lighting technology that did not involve energy generation, like, for example, electricity does.

Yet we are told prism lighting was only popular starting from its introduction in the 1890s…until cheap electric lights became commonplace in the 1930s, at which time prism lighting became unfashionable.

Hmmmm.

At any rate, with funding Frank Lloyd Wright secured through his contract with the Luxfer Prism Company, he was able to build a new studio addition to his Oak Park residence in Chicago, and worked primarily from home between 1898 and 1911 on around 100 projects, and he is credited with such projects as…

…the William Fricke House in 1901 in Oak Park, Illinois, which had elements of what was called the Prairie Style, which were the features of a high-water table (which is a projection of lower masonry on the outside of a wall), slightly above the ground, horizontal-banding, overhanging eaves, shallow-hipped rooves, and an expansive, stucco, exterior.

It is still in use as a residence today.

He is credited with the design of the entrance, poultry house and stable of his architect and developer friend Edward Waller’s Auvergne estate in River Forest, Illinois, but only the entrance credited to Wright is still-standing.

The Larkin Company Administration Building was said to be Frank Lloyd Wright’s first independent, large-scale commercial project, for a company that sold soap-products to middle-class customers.

The building included air-conditioning, built-in desk furniture and housed a 100-rank Moller pipe organ in the building’s central court, complete with pipe chambers in the upper-levels.

For what reason would you need to have an organ in a company administration building?

None of this can be seen today as the building was demolished in 1950.

I could go on and on with the work Frank Lloyd Wright is credited with during this period of his work.

One more example from it that I would like the share was the Banff Park Shelter in Banff National Park in Alberta, Canada.

This long, low-lying structure featured an expansive common room with three fireplaces and exposed steel trusses.

According to what we have been told about it, this beautiful shelter, a classic structure attributed to Frank Lloyd Wright in the wilderness of Banff National Park, only lasted for 27 years before it was demolished in 1938?

And yet another example of Frank Lloyd Wright’s masterful architecture destroyed!

There are so many examples to choose from to share of work attributed to Frank Lloyd Wright that I am going to fast forward in his legendary career to where I started at the beginning of this post – to Florida Southern College in Lakeland, Florida, and in Arizona, to Frank Lloyd Wright in the Phoenix-area and Sedona.

Florida Southern College in Lakeland is the largest single-site collection of Frank Lloyd Wright architecture in the world, with 13 of his 18 proposed structures funded and built, and is considered to be one of the most beautiful campuses in America.

This history of his involvement starts when Dr. Ludd Spivey, the President of Florida Southern College starting in 1925, met with Frank Lloyd Wright in April of 1938 in the hopes of finding someone who could transform the small, obscure college into a consequential national institution by creating a “campus of tomorrow.”

Frank Lloyd Wright was 71-years-old when he first set foot on the Florida Southern campus in May of 1938…

…and the first building he was credited with was the Annie Pfeiffer Chapel, with it being constructed between 1938 and 1941, which would have been taking place at the end of the Great Depression and the beginning of World War II.

He was also given credit for these other buildings on campus, including, but not limited, to:

The Danforth Chapel, said to have been designed by Wright in 1954…

…the Watson-Fine Administration Building said to have been completed in 1949…

…and the Water Dome, said to have been partially completed by 1949, and fully-completed in accordance with Wright’s original plans in 2007.

Next, the road sign I saw in Scottsdale, a city in the Phoenix area, for Frank Lloyd Wright Boulevard, focused my attention on Frank Lloyd Wright in Arizona.

Frank Lloyd Wright came to Arizona for the first time in 1927 for the given purpose of consulting on the Biltmore in Phoenix.

At this time, he was living in a home and studio named Taliesin in Green Spring, Wisconsin.

I want to make some comparisons here between architectural designs credited to Frank Lloyd Wright in examples I have seen so far, with some examples of the same design features that I have seen in other places.

The main architectural design with the towers, window arrangements, and directional orientation that I see with Frank Lloyd Wright’s Fricke House in Illinois on the left, and Lake Mendota Boat House and Taliesin home in Wisconsin on the right, reminds me of…

…the architectural design of towers, window arrangements and directional orientation that I have seen many times, including, but not limited to, Old Ouarzazate in Saharan Morocco on the left, Santa Cruz de Tenerife on the Canary Islands in the middle, and the city of Atchison in Kansas on the right.

For point of information, the pyramids on Egypt’s Giza plateau on the left, and the Pyramids of Guimar on the island of Tenerife in the Canary Islands are also facing a certain way as well.

It has been determined that the Pyramids of Giza are oriented to the cardinal points of the north, south, east and west.

After his 1927 visit to Arizona, Frank Lloyd Wright ended up purchasing 600-acres at the foothills of the McDowell Mountains in Scottsdale, where he established the “Frank Lloyd Wright School of Architecture, also known as “Taliesin West,” in 1937, and it served as his winter home as well until his death in 1959.

Now, I want to take a look at Henry Hobson Richardson, the namesake of the Richardsonian Romanesque architectural-style.