Interesting Comments & Suggestions I have Received from Viewers – Volume 10

This is volume 10 of a compilation of work I have previously done presented in a multi-volume format. in which I am highlighting places, concepts, and historical events that people have suggested to me.

First, I want to revisit some suggested places I talked about in “Interesting Comments & Suggestions I have Received from Viewers – Volume 5” because of a place in Turkey that came up in my feed that looked like two places I compared for similarity in Indiana and Australia.

Karain is 19-miles, or 30 kilometers, away from Antalya Province in Turkey.

It is described as one of the largest natural caves in Turkey.

Archeological excavations have been carried out here since 1946.

Karain Cave is said to have been used as a settlement 500,000 years ago.

What really got my attention when I saw the information about Karain Cave come up on my feed is the similarity of its appearance inside to Nawarla Gabarnmung in Australia…

...and I had compared the similarity in appearance between Nawarla Gabarnmung to the Seven Pillars in Peru, Indiana, in Volume 5 of this series.

Nawarla Gabarnmung is believed to go back 44,000 years as far as human habitation goes, making it among the oldest radiocarbon dated sites in Australia.

It is described as a rock shelter made by tunneling into a naturally-eroded cliff face, with thirty-six pillars supporting the roof created by natural erosion of fissure lines in the bed rock.

The Seven Pillars in Peru, Indiana, are held sacred by the Miami Nation of Indiana, which owns land on the south bank of the river directly across from The Seven Pillars, where they hold sacred ceremonies and heritage days.

The Seven Pillars are described as having been created over the centuries as wind and water eroded the limestone, carving the rounded buttresses and alcoves.

In Turkey, the Karain Cave, also known as the “Black Cave,” is located on the the east slope of Mount Katran in the Western Taurus Mountains.

It is described as a complex of limestone caves consisting of three main chambers, separated by calcite walls and narrow and curving passageways, which includes rock-cut steps.

There are also springs at the Karain Cave Complex, described as fine water springs where the travertine plain meets the mountains.

Travertine is type of limestone.

The Travertine terraces in Pamukkale in southwestern Turkey are called one of the most spectacular natural heritage sites in the world, and we are told made from the sedimentary rock deposited by mineral water from the 17 hot springs in the area.

Back at the Karain Cave complex, human habitation is believed to go back 150,000 to 200,000 years, to the Paleolithic Age, from the finding of part of a neanderthal cranium there…

…and a documented continuous human presence for 25,000-years, from the Mesolithic Age dated from 10,000 BC to 8,000 BC, to the Bronze Age, which is considered to have lasted from 3,300 BC to 1,200 BC.

The Greek inscriptions carved at the entrance to the cave complex are attributed to the Greek colonization of Asia Minor during the Iron Age, between 1200 B.C. and 600 B.C.

Other archeological sites found in the neighborhood of the Karain cave complex in Antalya include:

The Upper and Lower Duden Waterfalls.

Interesting to note the Antalya Airport is located between the Upper and Lower Falls…

…and that the Karain Cave Complex is right next to an elliptical track.

Personally, I think these were all components of an ancient energy grid, but we have been conditioned to think of them all as either 1) naturally-made, or 2) recently-built infrastructure.

Termessos is also close-by, considered one of the best-preserved of the ancient cities of Turkey, described as a Pisidian city.

Pisidia was a region of Asian Minor that corresponds roughly to the modern-day province of Anatalya in southwest Turkey.

Termessos was said to have been built on a natural platform at a height of 5,463-feet, or 1,665-meters, in the Taurus Mountains, and which includes a megalithic stone amphitheater, what are described as tombs of the western necropolis cut right into the rock face of Mount Solymos…

…and a rock-carved relief of Alcetas, with a missing face, known to history as a general who had served in Alexander the Great’s army, who was recorded as dying in Termessos in 320 BC.

The faceless carving of the general is interesting to me because it brings to mind Petra in Jordan, which was attributed to the Nabateans, an ancient Arabian people.

Like Temessos, Petra is known for it’s rock-carved tombs, and temples, in this case carved right into pink sandstone cliffs.

Was the rock-carving civilization of Jordan actually the same as the rock-carving civilization in Turkey, and not actually separate and arising independently of each other?

…and which also has faceless statues.

They are on the front of what is called “The Treasury” in Petra, which was perhaps best-known as a filming location for the Holy Grail Temple at the end of “Indiana Jones and the Last Crusade.”

Is this natural wear-and-tear over the centuries…or intentional disfigurement because there was something there we weren’t supposed to know about?

Like, perhaps, the Great Sphinx in Egypt with its missing nose?

Next, EC in California did a quick map search of the prisons in California, and she found star fort foot-prints everywhere!

Like both prisons in Delano, the North Kern…

…and Kern Valley State Prisons…

…the Avenal State Prison in Avenal California…

…at San Quentin, the oldest prison in the State, first opening in 1852…

…the Folsom State Prison in Folsom, California, which opened in 1880, and is the second-oldest prison in the state after San Quentin…

…and the prison Johnny Cash was referring to in his signature “Folsom Prison Blues” song from 1955 and from where he performed live in 1968…

…Pleasant Valley State Prison in Coalinga, California…

…Lancaster State Prison in Los Angeles County…

…Wasco State Prison in Wasco, California…

…Corcoran State Prison in Corcoran, California…

…Pelican Bay State Prison in Crescent City, California, the only supermax prison facility in the State of California, primarily for violent male criminals…

…and Salinas Valley State Prison, in Soledad, California.

While I am in California, AD asked me to check out Paso Robles.

Paso Robles was historically known for its healing hot springs.

AD said there was a a massive bath house downtown where a city parking lot is today.

It would have been right next to where the Carnegie Library today, which is right across Spring Street from the Paso Robles Inn today.

The Carnegie Library in Paso Robles was said to have been built between 1907 and 1908 from a $10,000 grant from the Carnegie Foundation.

The original Paso Robles Inn featured a 7-acre garden; 9-hole golf course; library; beauty salon; barbershop; several billiard and lounging rooms; along with its famous spa, which attracted the luminaries of the day.

But, alas, tragedy struck this grand hotel in December of 1940.

A spectacular fire completely destroyed the “fire-proof” El Paso de Robles Hotel, though miraculously the guests staying the night escaped unharmed, with the exception of the night clerk, J. H. Emsley, who suffered a fatal heart attack after sounding the alarm!

This has been the Paso Robles Inn since 1942…

…which is also advertised as a haunted venue.

The Paso Robles Springs and mud baths were known at one time to be among the most healing on earth, from things like psoriasis and arthritis among other ailments.

This is a photo of the municipal mud bath in 1905…

…and the candy store that is at the same location today, with no mud baths to be found!

AD said the San Simeon earthquake cracked open the hot springs underneath the parking lot next to the City Hall and library, and they started flowing again.

Then the cover-up began all over again!

Next, DB suggested I look at Battery Point, a suburb that is immediately south of the Central Business District in Hobart, the capital of Tasmania.

First, let me say that growing up in the United States, the first, and for many years, only, reference to Tasmania in my life was this guy on Looney Tunes cartoons on television – the Tasmanian Devil.

The Tasmanian Devil was a cartoon character based on the real life Tasmanian Devil, the world’s largest carnivorous marsupial and native to Tasmania.

The Tasmanian Devil has been classified as an endangered species since 2008.

Like kangaroos, mom carries her babies in a pouch.

Tasmania is an island state of Australia, located 150-miles, or 240-kilometers, to the south of the Australian mainland, separated from it by the Bass Strait.

This is what we are told about Tasmania.

Tasmania got its present name from the Dutch explorer Abel Tasman, who first sighted the island on November 24th of 1642, when he was exploring in the service of the Dutch East India Company.

It’s European first name, however, became Van Diemen’s Land, when Tasman honored his patron Anthony van Diemen, the Governor-General of the Dutch East Indies at that time.

The island was inhabited by aborigines from at least 40,000 years prior to the arrival of Europeans, when they settled the island starting in 1803 as a penal settlement of the British Empire, allegedly to prevent claims to the land by the First French Empire during the Napoleonic Wars.

The aboriginal population of the island was almost completely wiped out within 30-years from the time of European settlement, during a period of conflict between the 1820s and 1832 known as the “Black War,” as well as the spread of infectious diseases.

These are typical of the kinds of paintings of the Australian Aborigines that have come down to us in our historical narrative.

Let’s see what we find in Hobart and Battery Point.

First, I have known for awhile that there was an International Exhibition held in Hobart, which took place in 1894.

It was said to have been built on 11-acres starting in 1893, for a cost not more than 10,000 pounds because that was all the money that was available, for the International Exhibition that was held there between 1894 and 1895, and that the builders of it never meant to last, having been built of hardwood…and plaster and concrete to make it look more elegant, and it is long gone!

The Hobart Cenotaph is located on the Queen’s Domain, a hilly-area northeast of the Central Business District.

The Cenotaph is on what was at one time called the Queen’s Battery.

More on Hobart’s historical Batteries in just a moment.

The Hobart Cenotaph today is the main commemorative military monument for Tasmania, and is described as an Art Deco reinterpretation of a traditional Egyptian obelisk.

It was said to have been designed by Hobart architects Hutchison and Walker after the firm won a design competition for it in 1923.

While we are told it was originally designed to memorialize Tasmanians who died during World War I, it was later modified to honor those who died in all military conflicts.

Here is a Google Earth Screenshot showing the location of the Hobart Cenotaph and Queen’s Domain, in relationship to other nearby places.

Battery Point is just across a small harbor from where the Hobart Cenotaph is located, and south of the Central Business District.

It was said to have been named after three batteries of guns established there in 1818 as part of the Hobart Coastal defenses.

These guns were subsequently decommissioned, we are told, after an 1878 review of Hobart’s defenses found its location would draw enemy fire on the surrounding residential neighborhood, so the location was turned over to the Hobart City Council for recreation and amusement.

They were located in what is called “Prince’s Park” today, where there are a few above-ground remnants…

…but mostly underground.

Like the Paso Robles Inn, also reputed to be haunted.

The Alexandra Battery, on a point of land further down from Battery Point and also said to have been built as part of the Hobart Coastal Defenses, still has much of its original structure intact, and is still accessible to visit by the public.

The Kangaroo Bluff Battery was directly across the Derwent River from Battery Point in Hobart.

The first railroad lines on the island were established starting in 1871.

I think these were pre-existing, and the dates we are given was when they became operational after being made serviceable.

Today, there is only freight railroad transport in Tasmania, with the main cargo being cement, and no passenger services in operation.

Why would this be the case?

Today, in much of Tasmania, including Hobart, you can only experience the old rail trails by biking or hiking.

The next place I am going to take a look at was suggested by AP, which is Queen Victoria Building in Sydney, Australia.

The Queen Victoria building is described as a 5-story, late 19th-century building in Sydney’s Central Business District, said to have been designed on the “Scale of a Cathedral” by the architect George McRae, and constructed between 1893 and 1898.

…with its over 20 domes…

…and cathedral-style windows.

During its history, it has had some different uses, but primarily as retail space, which it is today…

…though the Queen Victoria building has been threatened with demolition at various time over the years, starting as early as 1959.

Makes sense, right?

More like make it make sense!

FM suggested that I look at the St. Pancras Renaissance Hotel in London.

It is the front part of the St. Pancras Railway Station, which is a main terminal in London.

The architect credited with the design of the building, first known as the Midland Grand Hotel, was George Gilbert Scott, who won a design competition held for it, we are told, in 1865, and that it’s construction was completed by 1876, with four floors.

This is an illustration of the hotel showing 5-floors, which we are told it was planned to have, but not built to save on construction costs.

It is interesting to note in this photo of this massive building, you can see the slanted street and unlevel building features from the side-view.

The hotel has a grand grand staircase…

…and stately hallways.

Each room had a fireplace, yet at the same time rooms did not have bathrooms, which we are told was a convention of the times.

Apparently the original hotel closed in 1935 due to “outdated and costly utilities, and the need for an army of servants needed to carry things like chamber pots and tubs, and instead became office space for British Rail, who had plans to demolish the building until it was saved by a preservation campaign, though it sat abandoned for awhile starting in 1988.

The building was restored, and reopened as a hotel and apartments in 2011.

You too can have an apartment in the St. Pancras clock tower for only 4.6-million pounds.

LR suggested that I look into Dulwich College in London.

Dulwich College is a public school for boys, which includes day schools and a myriad of boarding schools.

Dulwich College was founded as a charity in 1619 as the “College of God’s Gift” by Elizabethan actor and businessman Edward Alleyn.

In 1605, Alleyn became the owner of the estate of Dulwich, and somewhere in there decided to establish a hospital for poor people and provide for the education of poor boys.

Between 1613 and 1616, a chapel, schoolhouse, and twelve almshouses were said to have been built.

The Lord Chancellor at the time, Sir Francis Bacon, objected to Alleyn getting the patent of incorporation necessary to be considered a college, and which he ultimately received from King James I, and which allowed the College of God’s Gift to be set-up as an endowment, so it was able to establish and aggregation of assets to support its educational mission forever.

The charity originally was comprised of a Master, a Warden, four fellows, six poor brothers, six poor sisters, and twelve poor scholars that were orphans ages 6 and up.

Known as “Members of the College,” together were legal owners of Alleyn’s endowment of the Dulwich manor and lands.

The business of the charity was conducted on behalf of these thirty members by the Master Warden, and four fellows, consisting of a chaplain, schoolmaster, usher and organist.

The Archbishop of Canterbury became the official Visitor, or overseer of the charitable institution who can intervene in the internal affairs of the institution.

Interesting stipulations made by Alleyn included that the Master and Warden be unmarried and of Alleyn’s surname, and blood if possible.

The Dulwich College Act of 1857 dissolved the original corporation.

For one thing, it went from being called the “College of God’s Gift” to “Alleyn’s College of God’s Gift.”

Another, it was divided into an educational part and a charitable part, overseen by a joint Board of Governors.

I am going into the details about this part of Dulwich College’s history because it seems very odd to me, and makes me wonder what was really going on with this charitable institution that we are not being told.

Dulwich College took on its present form when it moved to its present location in 1870.

Next, DC asked me to take a look at the Solent and Portsmouth in the south of England.

The strait between the Isle of Wight and Great Britain is known as “The Solent.”

It is a major shipping lane and recreational area for yachts and other water sports.

The Hurst Spit projects into the Solent Narrows, and is the location of Hurst Castle.

The Hurst Castle was said to have been built by King Henry VIII in the 16th-century, during the years between 1541 and 1544 as part of  part of a coastal protection program against invasion from France, Spain, and the Holy Roman Empire.

Then there are the Palmerston Forts on the Isle of Wight, called a group of forts and associated structures that were built during the Victorian Era in response to a perceived threat of French invasion.

They are called the Palmerston Forts due to their association with Lord Palmerston, the Prime Minister during that time who was said to have promoted the idea.

There were approximately 20 of these Palmerston structures along the west and east coast of the Isle of Wight.

Like Fort Victoria was said to have been built in the 1850s to guard the Solent…

…and is located on the Isle of Wight in a position opposite from Hurst Castle on the mainland’s Hurst Spi

In addition to all the forts and batteries located on the Isle of Wight, other forts associated directly with the Solent include Spitbank Fort, which was turned into a luxury spa hotel with nine rooms from 2012 and until its closure in 2020…

…Horse Sand Fort, said to have been built between 1865 and 1880, and was sold to a private buyer in October of 2021…

…No Man’s Land Fort, said to have been built between 1867 and 1880, and also repurposed into a luxury hotel that opened in 2015 and it is apparently still operating as one today, unlike Spit Bank Fort…

…and St. Helens Fort, said to have been built between 1865 and 1878. It is privately-owned and not open to the public.

It is interesting to note that periodically the tide is low enough to reveal an old causeway, and typically when this happens, there is a mass walk of people out to the fort and back.

All of which were said to have been Palmerston constructions resulting from the 1859 Royal Commission on the Defense of the United Kingdom, a committee formed to inquire into the ability of the United Kingdom to defend itself from an attempted invasion.

The coastal areas of the Solent are estuaries and have status as protected lands, like the New Forest National Park on one-side of the Solent, which interestingly includes the Exbury Gardens & Steam Railway…

…and the Exbury Gardens are world-famous for the collection of Rhodedendrons and Azaleas of its Rothschild owners.

The Isle of Wight Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty is on the other side of the Solent.

The Solent is known for having a double high-tide, having four tides a day, as opposed to two tides under normal conditions.

It is also at the midpoint in the English Channel, between Dover and Land’s End, and when Dover is at low tide, Land’s End is at high tide, and vice versa.

Portsmouth is an island-city located on the northeast corner of the Solent.

The only island-city in the UK, Portsmouth is located mainly on Portsea Island, a flat, low-lying island that is 9.5-square-miles, or 24.5-square-kilometers, and is the most densely-populated city in the UK.

The oldest part of the city, Old Portsmouth, is located on the southwest part of the island.

The Anglican Portsmouth Cathedral is located in the center of Old Portsmouth.

This is what we are told about it.

A wealthy Norman merchant gave land around 1180 AD to built a chapel to honor St. Thomas of Canterbury, a Christian martyr who had been assassinated around ten years previously.

Then the chapel became a parish church in the 1400s…and a cathedral in the 1900s.

We are told that in 1932, a sketch plan was submitted by architect Charles Nicholson that would extend the church to a size of a cathedral, and that he chose a “Neo-Byzantine,” and that by 1939, the outer aisles for the choir; the tower; the transepts; and three bays of the nave had been completed.

Then with the Fall of France in 1940, work on the “extension project” stopped, and during the course of World War II, the building sustained minor damage.

Then work began again in 1990 to finish the project, and that between 1990 and 1991, the fourth bay of the nave; western towers; tower room; rose window; gallery; and so forth were completed and the Portsmouth Cathedral was consecrated in the presence of the Queen Mother Elizabeth in November of 1991.

Portsmouth Cathedral has two organs.

The Nicholson Organ was said to have been installed in 1994, the pipes of which had been taken from an organ made in 1861 by John Nicholson originally for the Manchester Cathedral.

Then West Great Organ was added in 2001 to provide music into the separate space of the Nave.

The Portsmouth Cathedral is a short-distance from Gunwharf Quay.

The Old Gunwharf started out as an ordnance yard in 1706 on land that had been reclaimed from the sea.

Then the site was extended by reclaiming further land from the sea, to create the New Gunwharf around 1800.

Reclaimed from what, I wonder?

The definition of reclamation is an act or process of reclaiming, such as reformation, rehabilitation…and restoration to use.

Known now as the Vulcan Building, the Grand Storehouse of the New Gunwharf was completed in 1814, where a wide-range of ordnance weaponry were stored, including gun carriages, cannons, and cannon balls, etc.

Today it is Aspex Portsmouth, the leading contemporary art gallery in Portsmouth.

All of those pyramids on the front lawn are really interesting to me!

Today, “Gunwharf Quays” it is a shopping center.

Portsmouth is the location of HMNB Portsmouth, the largest Royal Navy base, home to, among many other naval-related things, two-thirds of the United Kingdom’s surface fleet.

The Royal Dockyard in Portsmouth was said to have been founded in 1495 by King Henry VIII, and are said to have the world’s oldest dry-docks dating from this time-period.

Dry-docks are used for the construction, maintenance, and repair of ships and other water-vessels.

So, the Royal Navy Base and the Gunwharf Quays-turned-shopping center are bringing Hamilton, Bermuda to mind from past research.

This map shows the location of the Royal Navy Dockyard that was located there.

Hamilton, Bermuda - Royal navy dockyard map

We are told it was built by the British Royal Navy in 1795, and was once home to Britain’s largest naval base outside of the United Kingdom until it closed permanently as a naval base in 1995.

Hamilton, Bermuda - Royal Navy dockyard 1

Now it is the home of the Clocktower Mall, hosting a variety of shops, boutiques and restaurants. 

I know there is much more to find here in Portsmouth, but now I am going to take a look at a place that was in Amsterdam in the Netherlands that was suggested by another viewer.

This was the “Palace of Industry.”

Described as a large exhibition hall inspired by the Crystal Palace in London, it was said to have been constructed between 1859 and 1864.

To put this into perspective, this would have been in the same time frame as the 1859 Royal Commission on the Defense of the United Kingdom that resulted in the construction of the Palmerston forts in the Solent and on Isle of Wight, and the American Civil War, which began in 1861 and ended in 1865 in our historical narrative.

There was even a large organ there that we are told was installed there in 1875 by the famous French constructor of organs, Aristide Covaille-Coll.

But alas, it was destroyed by fire in April 1929.

While buildings surrounding the Palace of Industry were spared from destruction by the fire, like the gallery, shops, and apartments, the main building was destroyed and never reconstructed.

The next place I am going to look at was suggested by JMG, which was the Fort Washington Avenue Armory in Manhattan.

The Armory is considered to be the world’s premiere indoor track and field facility.

The Armory is known for having the fastest track in the world, with more world records being set here than anywhere else.

It was said to have been constructed in the Neoclassical Style in 1911.

It was home to the 22nd Army Corps of Engineers; used to give licensing exams to architects, engineers, nurses and so on; and even used as a homeless shelter.

The campaign to renovate the building started in 1992, and since then it also houses the National Track and Field Hall of Fame besides the New Balance Track and Field Center, and hosts the largest number of high school and college invitationals in the world.

I wonder what it is about the Armory Building that makes it such a phenomenal track and field venue?!

Viewer JB suggested that I take a look at Beaver Dam, Wisconsin.

Beaver Dam was said to have first been settled in 1841 by two men, and that the population had grew to 100 in two years, and that it received its name from an old beaver dam nearby.

The city was incorporated in March of 1856, the same year we are told the Milwaukee Railroad reached the area.

This depiction of Beaver Dam was circa 1867…as seen from the air?

How could that be possible given the technology we have been told existed at the time?

This is the Beaver Dam Community Library.

It first opened as the Williams Free Library.

The story about it goes like this.

In April of 1890, John Williams, a wealthy local businessman, offered to pay $25,000 to construct the library if the city paid for the land.

Done deal, and it first opened in July of 1891.

The library’s design was said to have been inspired by Henry Hobson Richardson.

I first encountered the Richardson Romanesque style of architecture in tracking a long-distance alignment through Easton Massachusetts, where I encountered the Ames Free Library.

Henry Hobson Richardson himself wasi said to have designed the Ames Free Library in Easton.

It was said to have been commissioned by the children of Oliver Ames, Jr, after he left money in his will for the construction of a library.

The building we are told took place between 1877 and 1879.

Henry Hobson Richardson was also said to have designed the Oakes Ames Memorial Hall which is right next to the Ames Free Library, said to have been commissioned by the children of Congressman Oakes Ames as a gift to the town of Easton, and built between 1879 and 1881.

The Ames Brothers, Oliver and Oakes, were an interesting pair.

Among many other things, they were co-owners of the Ames Shovel Shop in Easton.

It became nationally known for providing the shovels for the Union Pacific Railroad, which opened the west. It was said to have been the world’s largest supplier of shovels in the 19th-century.

Why would shovels have been so important for constructing the railroad tracks to open the west?

What if…the tracks were already there and just needed to be dug out?

The architect that gave his name to Richardsonian Romanesque, Henry Hobson Richardson, was said to have never finished his architecture studies in Paris due to the Civil War.

He also is said to have died at the age of 47, after having a prolific career in the design of mind-blowingly sophisticated and ornate buildings of heavy masonry.

Horicon Marsh is described as a silted-up glacial lake that is a national and state wildlife refuge.

I really think places like marsh-lands and estuaries were mud-flooded places that were ruined for civilized use.

You can see straight channels in this aerial photo of the Horicon Marsh in Wisconsin…

…just like you see straight channels in the Mississippi River Delta south of New Orleans.

I found this photo of what was called a drainage ditch in the Horicon Marsh circa 1914.

These Drumlins are found south of Horicon Marsh.

Drumlins are the grooves in the landscape, said to be hills formed by a retreating glacier around 12,000-years-ago.

The drumlins in Wisconsin brought to mind Malham Ash, described as a limestone pavement, in the Yorkshire Dales National Park in northern England.

The definition of the word pavement is this: 1) a hard, smooth surface, especially of a public area or thoroughfare, that will bear travel; and 2) the material with which such a surface is made.

Malham Ash is at Malham Cove.

Malham Cove is described as a huge, curving cliff formation of limestone, with a vertical cliff face of 260 feet, or 79 meters, high, and was said to have been formed by a waterfall carrying glacial melt-water, also over 12,000 years ago like the Wisconsin drumlins.

Wayland Academy in Beaver Dam is a private, college prep boarding school, with a student population of 125 in the 2021 – 2022 school year.

It was chartered by the then-Wisconsin Territory Legislature in 1847 as the Beaver Dam Academy.

Originally Baptist school, it was renamed Wayland Academy after Baptist Minister Francis Wayland, who was also an educator and economist.

Wayland Academy Residence Hall looks like it might have had a steeple-like structure at one time, and there are below-ground windows at the front of the building.

Examples of architectural component removal that I have come across include the Grand Theater in Salem, Oregon, which was said to have been built in as an opera house in 1900 by the Odd Fellows, and owned by them, and today also has retail space, office space, and a ballroom as well as being still used as a theater venue.

…and the Old Lewis Hotel in McGregor, Iowa, only it’s now called the Alexander Hotel, minus the domes it had originally.

The Wayland Academy Field House is located directly across the street from the Residence Hall.

The circular Wayland Academy Field House sports a beautiful domed roof.

When I saw the term Wayland Academy Field House used to describe a sporting venue, it brought Cole Field House at the University of Maryland back to my memory. I grew up in Maryland.

This image of Cole Field House on the left definitely reminds me of an airplane hangar as seen on the right.

Historical photographs of airships in hangars are easily findable in an internet search.

This is what we are told about airships in our historical narrative.

Australian inventor William Bland sent designs for his “Atmotic Airship” to the 1851 Great Exhibition in the Crystal Palace in London where a model was displayed.

This was an elongated balloon with a steam engine driving twin propellers suspended underneath.

Then, in 1852, Frenchman Henri Giffard was credited as being the first person to make an engine-powered flight when he flew 17-miles, or 27-kilometers, in a steam-powered airship, and airships would develop considerably over the next two decades.

The era of the airships in our historical narrative was somewhere between 1900 and 1940.

The 1908 military science fiction book of H. G. Wells entitled “The War in the Air” was about entire cities and fleets destroyed by airship attack…

…and airships were used as bombers in military conflicts starting in 1912 and during World War I.

We are told their use decreased as their capabilities were surpassed by those of airplanes.

Sounds like the story we are about the superior capability of trains causing the use of canals for transportation to become obsolete.

Then, we are told the decline of airships was accelerated by a series of high-profile accidents, including the 1937 dramatic burning of the German Hindenburg passenger airship, which changed the narrative.

Now they were not safe way to travel, so of course they had to get rid of them for public safety!

This is a good lead-in to the viewer suggestions of the so-called Fantasy Arts of Steampunk and Capriccio.

Steampunk Art is described as a vision of the Victorian Age that never was, where airships fill the skies and steampower and clockwork make everything possible, combined with futuristic technological concepts.

Capriccio art is described as architectural fantasy in which buildings, archeological ruins, and other architectural design elements are combined in fictional and fantasical ways.

On the top left is an actual photograph of the view of Budapest and the Hungarian Parliament in the background from the Budapest Castle Funicular iand the top right is the Hungarian Parliament building.

The bottom left is a Capriccio Art depiction of London, with a view of St. Paul’s Cathedral in the background, and the bottom right is St. Paul’s Cathedral.

Interesting side-note that the Hungarian Parliament Building in Budapest and St. Paul’s Cathedral in London are oriented in the same direction.

My guess would be they are oriented to the cardinal directions, like the Pyramids of Giza as an example.

You even see this example of a beautiful fantastical-looking city-scape included in this official portrait from the 1950s of Queen Elizabeth II and Prince Philip.

I truly believe the true history of the Earth is being shown to us through these artworks.

Next, RG shared information about the sinking of the Lady Elgin, saying it is so similar to the sinking of the Titanic and that the Lady Elgin passenger manifest was lost, so the exact number on-board was unknown.

The Lady Elgin, a side-wheel steamship, was said to have been built in Buffalo, New York, in 1851.

For almost a decade, the elegant steamship took passengers between Chicago and other cities on Lake Michigan and Lake Superior.

Apparently during the years she was in operation, the steamship was involved in a number of accidents, including, but not limited to, things like striking a rock in 1854 and being damaged by fire in 1857.

Then On September 6th of 1860, the Lady Elgin was rammed below the water-line by the wooden Schooner Augusta, and her sinking has been called the “one of the greatest marine horrors on record.”

The Lady Elgin was on its return trip to Milwaukee, sailing against gale force winds, when she was rammed by the Augusta.

The Lady Elgin’s captain ordered that cattle and cargo be thrown over-board to lighten the load in order to bring the hole above-water.

All of the efforts to try to keep the ship from sinking came nothing, as within twenty-minutes, the ship broke apart and sank quickly.

Of those 300 people, most were from the Irish community of Milwaukee, including nearly all of Milwaukee’s Irish Union Guard.

The Irish Union Guard was an Irish militia based in Milwaukee’s Third Ward, and who were at odds with the Wisconsin governor’s position.

The members of the Irish Union Guard had chartered the Lady Elgin for a quick-trip to Chicago.

It was said that so many Irish-American political operatives died that day that it shifted the balance-of-political-power in Milwaukee from the Irish to the Germans.

Well, there certainly seems to be some parallels between the sinking of the Lady Elgin in 1860, and the sinking of the Titanic in 1912, that resulted in changing the course of history.

The story goes that the RMS Titanic passenger liner sank on its maiden voyage in the North Atlantic Ocean on April 15th of 1912, after striking an iceberg, and it broke apart and sank 2 hours and 40 minutes later.

More than 1,500 people died of the estimated 2,224 passengers that were on-board, resulting in the deadliest peace-time sinking of a super-liner or cruise ship.

Also, prominent people opposed to the creation of the Federal Reserve were on board, including John Jacob Astor IV, Benjamin Guggenheim, and Isidor Strauss.

Then on December 23rd, 1913, the Federal Reserve Act Passed Congress, signed into law by Woodrow Wilson. 

It created and established the Federal Reserve System, and created the authority to issue Federal Reserve Notes (commonly known as the US dollar) as legal tender.

Food for thought.

ES put together a folder of images and information for me about Ottawa, Illinois.

The city of Ottawa in Illinois was incorporated in 1853, and is located at the confluence of the Illinois and Fox Rivers.

He said this town has some strange and/or important history.

Like, the city’s Washington Square being the location of the first debate between Abraham Lincoln and Stephen Douglas debate on August 21st of 1858.

The park was said to have been platted in 1831, and besides having a fountain and reflecting pool with life-size statues of Lincoln and Douglas situated in a plaza surrounded by limestone…

…the LaSalle County Civil War Soldiers Monument is located there, said to have been erected on September 21st of 1873.

J. O. Glover was the Mayor of Ottawa in 1858 when the first Lincoln-Douglas Debate took place.

This is a picture of his home, where supporters of Abraham Lincoln were said to have carried him on their shoulders after the debate in Washington Square.

Glover’s home on Columbus Street is no longer there, having been replaced by a parking lot.

Here is another photo from the time of the 1858 debate.

It was of what was known as the Eames Home, with Lincoln and Douglas appearing in it, where it was located at the corner of Superior and Paul Streets.

This particular house was said to have been moved from this location to a new location at 118 East Lafayette Street, which is actually right across the street from Washington Square where the debate was held.

At least this is what they tell us!

William Dickson Boyce was said to have built a home in Ottawa in 1913.

Who was he?

Newspaper & Magazine publisher William D. Boyce was the founder of the Boy Scouts of America, which was established in 1910.

The story goes that he was lost in a fog in London when he was approached by a young English boy scout who led him to his destination, and Boyce was so intrigued that he went on to found the Boy Scouts in America.


ES said there are countless old world buildings and Victorian-era style homes, though it seems much of it was destroyed or heavily modified from its original ornate design.

ES said the captions alone given in these images raise some eyebrows with some common themes like fires and war fundraisers, etc.

He included an obituary he found for the man his relatives told him owned the largest home in town (now demolished) and the local department store, Sidney Stiefel.

It seems his Stanley Stiefel’s father started the business in 1899 and before that his grandfather was a clothing manufacturer in Germany.

The fact that he was a Shriner and also an Elk caught ES’s attention, especially since each group has a lodge right in the heart of downtown.

This is a photo of the Ottawa Knights Templar circa the 1870s.

Knight Templar is the highest-degree in the York Rite of Freemasonry.

The photo of the Ottawa Knights Templar was said to have been taken in front of the Opera House.

Since a year is not specified for the photo, it is interesting to note that the first Opera House in Ottawa was said to have been built in 1872 and burned down in 1874.

Then the second opera house was said to have been completed in 1875. It was demolished at some point after this photo was taken in 1893 as part of a series of photos showcasing Ottawa.

This was a framed photo ES saw in a local funeral home of the Civil War General George B. McClellan showing the masonic pose of the Hidden Hand.

The Hidden Hand refers to the Freemasonic pose in this illustration, signifying “Master of the Second Veil.”

ES shared several other photos at the funeral home.

This photo is of an odd Civil War mourning dress ritual of the Order of the Confederate Rose.

The Order of the Confederate Rose is described as an historical organization whose purpose was to support the Sons of Confederate Veterans in their service to the South.

It was named after Rose O’Neal Greenhow, a successful Confederate Spy who lost her life by drowning in 1864.

And another was a group photo of the “Improvement Council.”

If ES had to guess, he said this Improvement Council was a controlled demolition/narrative group that decided who worked on things like getting the trolleys from horse drawn back to electric.

Electric streetcars started operating in Ottawa in 1889 and by 1901, there was an Interurban streetcar system running between towns.

Interesting to see this undated photo of the streetcar in Ottawa on a dirt-covered street.

We are told when the Federal Highway Act was passed in 1916, it marked the beginning of the end of the Interurban systems.

With the construction of paved highways and the mass production of automobiles, we are told that electric rail service decreased in popularity, and that by 1934, all interurbans were halted.

One last historical photo I would like share from ES was that of the Clifton Hotel.

Interesting to note what it says about the long porch with seating to view the Fox River…and the drain-pipe dumping sewage into the Fox River.

Next, PS suggested that I look at Skeleton Lake in India’s Uttarakhand State of India in the Himalayas.

Also known as Roopkund and Mystery Lake, it is a high-altitude of 16,040-feet, or 5,020-meters.

It is surrounded by glaciers covered by rocks and mountains-topped by snow.

It is called Skeleton Lake because there were hundreds of human skeletons found in 1942 at the edge of the lake.

The remains of approximately 300 people have been identified.

Studies of the remains showed head injuries, caused by round objects from above, so the cause of death has been attributed to which have been attributed by researchers to a sudden hailstorm.

Regardless, who they were or how they died remains an unsolved mystery in the present-day.

Going on to the next place.

SL encountered a Step Pyramid in Death Valley near Rhyolite Ghost Town in Nevada.

Rhyolite was a boom town that sprung-up after the discovery of high-grade gold ore there in 1905, and its last resident died in 1924.

Today, it is a place where ghostly-looking statues depict things like a Grim Reaper Last Supper.

DA wanted me to check out Spokane in eastern Washington State, eighteen-miles west of the Idaho border near Coeur d’Alene.

It is known as the Birthplace of Father’s Day because the idea was proposed by Spokane resident Sonora Dodd in 1909.

The Northwest Company’s Spokane House was established in 1810, a fur-trading post that was the first long-term settlement in what became Washington State…

…and the Northern Pacific Railway first brought settlers to the Spokane area in 1881.

The Northern Pacific Depot in Spokane pictured here was said to have been built in 1890, after the Great Fire of 1889.

The 1889 Great Fire of Spokane was a major fire in August of that year which affected downtown Spokane, destroying the downtown commercial district of the city.

Some of the things that we are told about it was that due to a technical problem with the pump station, there was no water pressure in the city when the fire began, and that firefighters demolished buildings with dynamite in a desparate bid to starve the fire.

After the fire, architect Kirtland Kelsey Cutter was credited with designing many of the city’s older Romanesque Revival-Style buildings, like the First National Bank…

…the Rookery Building…

…the Spokane Club…

…and the Davenport Hotel and Restaurant.

Spokane’s Riverfront Park occupies 100-acres, or 40-hectares along the Spokane River, encompassing the Upper Spokane Falls.

Officially opening in 1978, Riverfront Park is said to be located on the site of a former railyard.

Attractions include the Great Northern Clocktower.

The Clocktower is all that remains of what was the Great Northern Depot, which was levelled to make room for the Expo ’74 that was held in Spokane.

The Great Northern Depot and Clocktower was said to have been built between 1892 and 1902.

The Clocktower was almost levelled too, but was saved by a successful preservation effort.

The Monroe Street Bridge is a deck-arch bridge that spans the Spokane River, and was said to have been built in 1911 by the City of Spokane, and designed by city engineer John Chester Ralston.

Just a sample of the many things Spokane has to offer the historical narrative that jumped right out at me.

The last place I am going to look at is Barrow-in-Furness in Lancashire, England, a place EK brought to my attention.

It was first incorporated as a municipal borough in 1867.

The Barrow-in-Furness Townhall and Clocktower was said to have opened in 1887.

The Furness Railway opened in 1846, and by 1850, extensive hematite deposits were found of sufficient size to open a steel mill.

That led to the creation of the Barrow Hematite Steel Company, a major iron and steel producer based here between 1859 and 1963.

By the beginning of the 20th-century, it was the largest steel mill in the world.

With Barrow’s location and steel supply, the Vickers Shipyard here developed into a significant producer of naval vessels, including submarines.

Vickers also was credited with making the first rigid airship known as R1, or “Mayfly,” in 1908.

But, unfortunately, it was destroyed by mishandling in the process of being moored.

By 1921, there had been 80 dirigibles constructed here.

In 1930, land for the construction of a second airship facility had been purchased on Walney Island.

It was turned into an airfield in 1940 with onset of World War II, with multiple uses by the Royal Air Force, including those involving airships.

The Walney Airfield was used extensively during World War II, after which time it fell into disuse until it was the 1980s, when it was used for passenger service by different airlines on-and-off again until March of 1992.

I am going to end “Places & Topics Suggested by Viewers – Volume 10” here on Walney Island in Lancashire, and more to come!

Interesting Comments & Suggestions I have Received from Viewers – Volume 9

In this multi-volume series, I am following the trail of clues pointing to our hidden history provided by suggestions from viewers that is a compilation of work I have previously done.

I am starting the journey in this video in Sacramento, California.

The Joliet vertical-lift bridge I featured in the last video in this series…

…looked very similar to the Tower Bridge in Sacramento, California.

The Tower Bridge is also a vertical-lift bridge, and connects Sacramento and West Sacramento across the Sacramento River.

The construction of the Tower Bridge as a replacement bridge for the 1911 M Street bridge was said to have started in 1934 and first opened in 1935.

This would have been around the time of the Great Depression and the beginning of World War II.

The original 1911 bridge was described as a “swing-through truss railroad bridge” that was determined to be inadequate as the result of Sacramento’s population growth doubling between 1910 and 1935, and the city’s concern for needing a better crossing over the Sacramento River in case of war.

Alfred Eichler was credited as the architect of the Tower Bridge, and its architectural-style described as a rare use of “Streamline Moderne,” a style of “Art Deco” that emerged in the 1930s.

The two towers of the bridge alone are 160-feet, or 49-meters, -high.

The Tower Bridge is part of State Route 275 which connects West Capitol Avenue and the Tower Bridge Gateway with the Capitol Mall in Sacramento.

The Capital Mall in Sacramento is described as a major street and landscaped parkway.

There is a similar linear and geometric relationship between the Tower Bridge, Capital Mall, and State Capital Building in Sacramento that we saw between the “Soldiers and Sailors Memorial Bridge,” also known as the “State Street Bridge;” the “Soldiers and Sailors Memorial Grove;” and the State Capitol Building in Harrisburg, Pennsylvania, also seen in the last video.

The former Drexel University Sacramento Center for Graduate Studies was in a building situated right next to the Tower Bridge at the address of 1 Capital Mall.

It opened in 2009, and started closing in 2015 to allow currently enrolled students to complete their studies.

It was then permanently closed.

The California State Capital at the other end of the Capital Mall from the Tower Bridge was said to have been designed in the Neoclassical-style by Reuben S. Clark, and constructed between 1861 and 1874.

Interesting to note that the American Civil War took place between 1861 and 1865 in our historical narrative.

The Stanford Mansion is in the neighborhood of the Capital Mall, and serves as the official reception center for the California government.

It was said to have been built in 1856 as a residence for Leland Stanford, a former California governor, and founder of Stanford University in 1885.

It was donated to the Roman Catholic Diocese of Sacramento in 1900, who operated a children’s home there until 1978.

There is a California State Government building called “The Ziggurat” in West Sacramento right next to the Tower Bridge.

The Ziggurat was said to have been designed to resemble ancient Mesopotamian ziggurats and built by The Money Store in 1997.

Since 2001, it has been leased to the state as the headquarters of the California Department of General Services.

The Ziggurat is illuminated at night on special occasions.

I touched upon the subject of the geodetic markers of the National Geodetic Survey used to synchronize all U. S. government maps in the last video, and I followed up on a comment for me to check out the Compass Meridian Stones in Frederick, Maryland.

They were established in Frederick, Maryland, in 1896 as the result of the work done by two surveyors, Lawrence Brengle and Thomas Woodrow, to accurately measure what was known as “Frederick Town” in 1820.

This helped others, we are told, to realize the importance firstly of precise and accurate surveying measurements, and secondly, of the establishment of primary reference monuments and survey calibration baselines.

The “Compass Meridian Stones” in Frederick are on opposite sides of the lawn of the old courthouse, which is now the City Hall, and established as a North-South baseline in Maryland that surveyors used to annually check for variations in their compasses here and were required to report them to the Clerk of the Court to register them.

Polaris, commonly known as the “Pole Star” or the “North Star,” is visible from this location, and the two stones have been measured to align with the north.

Polaris is famous for appearing to stand-still in the night sky while the northern sky moves around it.

When I was doing research for the “Compass Meridian Stones” in Frederick, I came across information about the Boundary Stones of Washington, DC, the oldest national monuments in the United States.

We are told the placement of these boundary stones took place after the Residence Act of 1790, a federal statute adopted during the second session of the first United States Congress, calling for the creation of a new capital city for the United States, and signed into law by President George Washington on July 16th of 1790.

George Washington appointed Major Andrew Ellicott in 1791 to survey the new federal city, and Major Ellicott hired Benjamin Banneker, a surveyor and astronomer from Baltimore County, Maryland, to assist with the survey.

In order to accomplish this surveying task, we are told that land belonging originally to the states of Maryland and Virginia was divided up, and a diamond spanning 10-miles in each direction was marked at each mile by a similar stone marker

This is the Benjamin Banneker: SW-9 Boundary Stone on the boundary of Arlington County, Virginia, and the city of Falls Church, Virginia…

…and found on the grounds of the Benjamin Banneker Park in Arlington, Virginia.

Next, JS suggested that I look at Fulton, Missouri, saying that there is a Church from the 1600s there.

JS came upon it looking for information on the Kingdom of Calhoun.

What is interesting here is that when I typed “Fulton, Missouri Church” into the search box, “Fulton, Missouri Churchill” was a selection.

Come to find out, America’s National Churchill Museum is located on the grounds of the Westminster College Campus in Fulton, Mussouri, commemorating the life and times of Sir Winston Churchill.

Westminster College is where Churchill delivered what is called the “Sinews of Peace,” also known as the “Iron Curtain” speech in 1946 in the historic gymnasium there, and the speech was said to herald the beginning of the Cold War.

America’s National Churchill Museum is housed in the Church of St. Mary, Aldermanbury, said to have been a church of Sir Christopher Wren’s that was built in the 1600s, and moved stone-by-stone to Fulton from the City of London starting in the mid-1960s.

The foundation stone was said to have been laid in 1966, and the last stone laid in 1967.

Then, after the transported building was reconstructed, it took another two years to recreate the interior of the church.

The Churchill Museum opened in 2009, and is located beneath the church.

Doesn’t that sound a lot like the story told about the old London Bridge in Lake Havasu, Arizona?

The London Bridge was said to have been built in the 1830s, and purchased from the City of London in 1968 by Robert McCulloch, an American businessman from Missouri, for a planned community he established on the shore of Lake Havasu in 1964.

McCullough was said to have the exterior granite blocks cut and transported to the United States, and that the reconstruction of the bridge was complete in 1971.

Back in Fulton, Missouri, there is another University, William Woods, established as a college in 1870…

…the Missouri School for the Deaf, established there originally in 1851…

…and still located there today…

…the Fulton State Hospital, which was authorized in 1847 and opened in 1851, and is the oldest public mental health facility west of the Mississippi River…

…and the Fulton Reception and Diagnostic Center State Prison.

One last thing to mentioned about Fulton is that the state’s only nuclear power plant, the Callaway Plant, is 13-miles, or 21-kilometers, southeast of Fulton.

Looking into the Missouri State Prison in Jefferson City, near Fulton, was suggested to me by MU, who said that it was the oldest prison west of the Mississippi.

It operated from 1836 to 2004, and was the state’s primary maximum security prison.

Like the Joliet Prison in Illinois and the Minnesota Correctional Facility in St. Cloud mentioned in the last post, inmates were said to have been involved in the quarrying the stone on site and making the bricks used in building the Missouri prison in the 19th-century…

…and designed by English-born architect John Haviland, said to be a major figure in the design of Neoclassical architecture during the early- to mid-19th-century.

Today, the Missouri State Prison, like the decommissioned Joliet Prison in Illinois, is open for tourist business.


I was curious about the Kingdom of Calhoun mentioned by JS who came across Fulton, Missouri.

My search efforts for the term “Kingdom of Calhoun” are directing me to Calhoun County, Illinois.

Here are some things I was able to find.

Calhoun County is a long, skinny county that runs along the Mississippi River border of Illinois and Missouri, and named for John Calhoun, the 7th Vice-President of the United States between 1825 and 1832, during the administrations of Presidents John Quincy Adams and Andrew Jackson, and the Calhoun family that was prominent in the area at the time.

The area’s population began to expand in the 1840s, we are told, with the arrival of German immigrant farmers.

The population of Calhoun County in 2019 was listed as 4,739.

The Pere Marquette Lodge in Grafton, Illinois at the bottom tip of Calhoun County, but actually in Jersey County, was said to have been built in the 1930s as by the Civilian Conservation Corps as part of President Franklin Roosevelt’s New Deal.

There are a number of family orchards in the southern tip of the county, like the Jacobs Orchard in Golden Eagle…

…and the Tom Ringhausen Orchard and Market in Hardin, Illinois.

The Joe Page Bridge in Hardin, Illnois, named after a local politician who lived between 1845 and 1938, is a vertical-lift bridge that links Greene and Calhoun Counties across the Illinois River.

It’s lift-span is just a little over 308-feet, or 94-meters, -long, making it the longest span of this type in the world.

The bridge was said to have been built in 1931 by an “unknown” builder, though the State of Illinois Division of Highways is given credit for the engineering & design work.

The Joe Page Bridge is the southernmost of three vertical-lift bridges on the Illinois River used by Illinois Route 100, which makes up much of the Illinois River Road, a U. S. National Scenic By-way.

The Florence Bridge, which connects the town of Florence, Illinois, to Scott County, Illnois.

The population of Florence was 71 at the time of the 2000 Census, and Scott County is the fourth least-populated county in the State of Illinois.

The Florence Bridge was said to have first opened in 1929…

…and like the Joe Page Bridge is also listed as “Builder Unknown.”

The northernmost of the three vertical-lift bridges crossing the Illinois River is the Beardstown Bridge, located at Beardstown, Illinois, between Schuyler County, Illinois, and Beardstown.

The current bridge was said to have been built in 1955, and rehabilitated in 1985.

I can’t find out much information on the Beardstown Bridge either.

SC suggested I look into the history of Chester, Illinois, who said that it is an old city that sits on a bluff overlooking the Mississippi River and that the creator of Popeye the Sailor, Elzie Segar, was from Chester.

Well, Popeye is the first thing that pops out about Chester in a search.

…as Chester promotes its status as “Home of Popeye.”

The population of Chester in the 2010 census was 8,856…

…and it is located 61-miles south of St. Louis, Missouri, on the Mississippi River.

I did a search for historical pictures of Chester, and here are some things that came up.

This an old postcard showing the Southern Illinois Penitentiary prison yards and Asylum for the Criminally Insane in Chester.

The Southern Illinois Penitentiary in Chester first opened in 1878…

…and since 1970 has been known as the Menard Correctional Center, and is the state’s largest prison.

The Chester State Hospital for the Insane was said to have been built between 1889 and 1891.

…and since 1975, still exists next to the Menard Correctional Center as the Chester Mental Health Center.

It is the only maximum security forensic mental health facility for those committed via a court order or believed to be an escape risk.

I found this postcard showing the Grand View Hotel in Chester after it was destroyed by fire in 1908.

The Chester Bridge crossing the Mississippi River was said to have been constructed between 1939 and 1942, and that only two-years later, it was destroyed by a severe thunderstorm on July 29th of 1944.

The bridge was subsequently reconstructed, and reopened on August 24th of 1946.

TB brought Altgeld’s Castles to my attention.

These are called Gothic Revival-style buildings at five universities in Illinois inspired by the Illinois Governer between 1893 and 1897, John Peter Altgeld.

The Altgeld Castles are as follows:

Altgeld Hall on the campus of Southern Illinois University Carbondale was said to have been built in 1896…

…Altgeld Hall at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, with a construction completion date of 1897…

…said to have been completed in 1898, what was known as “Altgeld’s Folly” is today the John W. Cook Hall…

…Altgeld Hall at Northern Illinois University, said to have been built between 1895 and 1899…

…and what is called “Old Main” at Eastern Illinois University, said to have been completed in 1899.

Next, I would like to share some information that I received from SD in northwest Missouri near Leavenworth, Kansas, who sent me these two photos of the Old Union Depot in Leavenworth.

She said the current building on the left, a community center today, appears to be an entire story shorter than the original train station, pictured on the right.

She said if you walk across the street and look on the other side of the black iron fence, you can see the first story below, but for whatever reason, the road was built up above the 1st story of the building.

She indicated Leavenworth is a strange town and said that the prisons, like many of the 1800s prisons I have been reporting on based on commenters’ suggestions, begs to be explored.

The Federal prison, or United States Prison Penitentiary Leavenworth, was said to have opened in 1903, and was the first of three first-generation federal prisons.

The other two federal prisons that ostarted operating as such around the same time as USP Leavenworth were in 1902 in Atlanta, Georgia…

…and USP McNeil Island in the Puget Sound near Tacoma, Washington, which first opened as a prison in 1875, and then became a federal prison in 1904.

It closed-down as a state prison 2011.

The United States Disciplinary Barracks, the Department of Defense’s only maximum security prison…

…is located at Fort Leavenworth, the oldest permanent settlement in Kansas, and the second-oldest U. S. Army post west of the Mississsippi, having been built, we are told, in 1827.

You can find information about the existence of an underground tunnel system in Leavenworth in an internet search…

…as well as a mysterious underground city that was found beneath Leavenworth!

Leavenworth was founded in 1854, and became the first incorporated city in Kansas in 1855.

This historic photo of 5th Street in Leavenworth was presumably taken some time between 1854 and 1865, because I found it on the Kansas City Public Library page on the “Civil War on the Western Border.”

Next, PW sent me photos of the train bridge in Ferndale, Washington.

It is the BNSF Nooksack River Bridge. BNSF is the largest freight railroad network in North America, and Amtrak uses it as well.

PW said that while the bridge used to rotate, it doesn’t anymore.

He pointed out the of small wheels poking up from behind the exposed outside edge of a gear, just above the top of the concrete base.

Swing bridges are movable bridges that have a vertical locating pin and support ring as its primary structural support, and can pivot horizontally, allowing water vessels to pass through.

It has come to be known as the Ferndale Metallica Bridge because over the last thirty-years, someone has been painting Metallica logos on it.

PW said he’s looked around the bridge, and the year 1910 is stamped in the concrete underneath the bridge.

When I started looking for information on the construction date for the bridge, the only thing I could find referencing a construction date was that it was said to have first been built in 1890 and a replacement date of 1957, with a question mark.

Next, LL suggested that I check out Makran Coastal Highway in Pakistan’s Balochistan Province.

Balochistan is the largest, but least populated of Pakistan’s four provinces.

The Makran Coastal Highway, National Highway 10, is 406-miles in length, or 653-kilometers, running Gwadar in Balochistan to Karachi in Sindh Province, and was completed in 2004.

Prior to that, it was an dirt road.

The development of the highway was considered critical for the development of a port at Gwadar, with which, among other things, to ship the oil and mineral resources of the Central Asian Republics after the break-up of the Soviet Union.

Here are some examples of sights you would see along a drive of the Makran Coastal Highway, to include the Great Sphinx; the Princess of Hope; and Buzi Pass.

The Great Sphinx, also known as the Balochistan Sphinx, or the “Lion of Balochistan,” is described as a natural rock formation that looks like a sphinx.

The Princess of Hope, also described as a natural rock formation, looks like a princess looking towards the horizon.

Both of these formations are visible from the highway’s Buzi Pass all in Pakistan’s largest national park, Hingol National Park.

The Pashtun tribal peoples are the primary inhabitants of a region including North and South Waziristan, the Khyber-Pakhtunkwha and Balochistan Provinces of Pakistan, and the Pashtun are also found in Afghanistan, in a region regarded as Pashtunistan, split between two countries since the Durand Line border between the two countries was formed in 1893 after the second Anglo-Afghan War.

The name sake of the line, Sir Henry Mortimer Durand, was a British Diplomat and Civil Servant of the British Raj. We are told that together with the Afghan Emir, Abdur Rahman Khan, it was established to “fix the limit of their respective spheres of influence and improve diplomatic relations and trade.

Well, that certainly sounds good…but what was really going on here?

The Durand Line cuts through the Pashtunistan and Balochistan regions, politically dividing ethnic Pashtuns and Baloch, who live on both sides of the border.

But, really, why divide a people in this fashion?

The Pashtun are a tribal nation of millions of Afghani and Pakistani Muslims who also have a strong oral tradition that they are descendants of lost ten Tribes of Israel, and they refer to themselves as Bani Israel. 

Here is an example of a Pashtun textile piece showing the sacred geometric shape of a star tetrahedron in the center, also known as the Star of David…

…and two Afghani Pashtun lockets inscribed with the Star of David…

…and an ancient Afghan Torah in Hebrew.

So, according to the history we have been taught, how can this be?

What if we are talking about a worldwide civilization arranged like what you see pictured here (and in which you see an eight-pointed star contained within this configuration)…

The Rothschilds purchased Jerusalem in 1829, and subsequently acquired considerable land in Palestine in the 1800s and early 1900s.

If all of this is very confusing based on what we have been taught, it was absolutely meant to confuse, confound, misdirect and misinform us so we would instead fight each other and never know our true history by the Controllers who created the New World Order for their benefit, and not ours.

They took what was originally true, and then fragmented it and repackaged it to fit their agenda of world domination and control of Humanity and the Earth’s resources.

The controllers didn’t rewrite history from scratch – they rewrote the historical narrative to fit their agenda.

ML brought the Canfranc International Station, in the village of Canfranc in Spain in thePyrenees Mountains to my attention.

The Somport Railway Tunnel, said to have been constructed in 1915, carried the Pau-Canfranc Railway under the Pyreness into France between Canfranc on the Spanish-side and Cette-Eygun in French-side of the Pyrenees.

The tunnel was closed as a railway tunnel in 1970 after a freight-line accident damaged a key bridge in France, and re-opened in 2003 as the Somport Road Tunnel.

The railroad station on the French-side of the pass was closed in 1970 as a result of the same accident.

This location in the Pyrenees is a long-standing pass for pilgrim’s on the Way of Saint James, also known as “Camino de Santiago,” pilgrimage to the shrine of the apostle St. James in northwestern Spain.

The French-side of this mountain pass is also the location of the Portalet Fort.

It was said to have been built between 1842 and 1870 on the orders of King Louis-Philippe I, the last Bourbon King of the Ancien Regime of France who ruled between 1830 and 1848, to guard this important border-crossing in the Pyrenees.

Interesting to note that when I was looking at Google Earth for the location of these places relative to each other, I found the Canfranc Underground Laboratory, where the rarely occurring phenomena of the interaction of neutrinos of cosmic origins, also known as dark matter, and atomic nuclei are studied.

The astroparticle physics laboratory is located in a former railway tunnel of Somport under Monte Tobazo, and accessed through the former Canfranc International Station.

The Canfranc International Station back in Spain was said to have opened in 1928 to serve as a major hub for cross-border, having been constructed in the Beaux Arts Architectural Style.

At the beginning of the second World War, Canfranc was a lifeline for Jewish refugees fleeing occupied Europe.

Then, in 1940, the infamous Spanish Dicator, Francisco Franco, gave Hitler a tour of the station, and realizing its logistical importance, subsequently took it over, and the Nazis used it, we are told, to transport gold that had been plundered across Europe, and after the war as a route to evade capture.

After the 1970 freight-line accident that stopped international traffic through thoe Somport tunnel, we are told the Canfranc Station remained open to serve some trains on the Spanish-side, though the massive building was neglected and fell into a derelict condition.

Around 1985 was when the underground laboratory was opened up beneath the station, and the European Union approved the funding necessary to renovate the derelict station building into a hotel.

Along with the railway station in Canfranc, Spain, ML also brought the Atocha Station in Madrid to my attention, saying it looked similar to the Cincinnati Union Station.

The Atocha Station, a railway complex that also includes a station for the Madrid underground rail system, is the largest railway station in Madrid.

The current station was said to have been built in 1892 to replace the original 1851 station which was said to have been destroyed by fire.

Another viewer, LG, recommended looking at the area around Kamloops in British Columbia…

…particularly along the Thompson River, saying that the terrain is unique, with flat-topped plateaus all the same height like it was cut off at the top.

I find the snaky, s-shapes of the Thompson River to be of interest, because I consistently find the same shapes in rivers around the world, like the River Thames in London on the left; the Brisbane River in Brisbane, Australia, in the middle; and the Red River in Winnipeg, Manitoba…

…as well as railroad tracks beside river, like these along the Columbia River in Washington and Oregon, which I found in conjunction with nearby hydroelectric dams…

…and railroads next to canals, like the historic photo of the Ship Canal from Michigan’s Keweenaw Peninsula on the top left; the Lehigh Canal in Bethlehem, Pennsylvania, on the bottom left; and the C & O Canal at Point of Rocks, Maryland on the right.

SMJ asked me to look at Sierra Leone, specifically Freetown…

…and the “cotton tree,” saying that it s a significant energy charger along with the architecture of the structures around it.

So, I am going to start at Freetown’s Cotton Tree, and then take a look around the area.

The Cotton Tree, also known as a kapok tree, is the symbol of Freetown and Sierra Leone.

The story we are told is that Freetown was founded in 1792, after having been by a group of African-American slaves starting in 1787 who had gained their freedom by fighting for the British in during the American Revolutionary War who came to the area by way of Nova Scotia.

When these first settlers arrived from North America at what was later named “Freetown,” the legend is that they gathered around a giant tree above the bay and sang and gave thanks to God for delivering them to a free land.

Much of the population of Freetown is considered to be what is called the “Sierra Leone Creole People,” or the descendents of freed African-American, Afro-Caribbean and African slaves in the western part of Sierra Leone between 1787 and 1885 in what became the “Colony and Protectorate of Sierra Leone” established by the British in 1808.

It is important to note the area was already inhabited by the indigenous Temne and Lukko people.

The Cotton Tree is still a place today where the people of Sierra Leone come to pray and make offerings to their ancestors for peace and prosperity.

These buildings are in the immediate vicinity of the Cotton Tree, which is located in the middle of the Central Business District in downtown Freetown.

The “Law Court” building which has housed the Supreme Court of Sierra Leone since 1960, and the building of which was credited to the Portuguese, who started arriving in 1462 after the area was first mapped by Portuguese explorer Pedro de Sintra…

…and the National Museum in Freetown is near the Cotton Tree.

The museum officially opened in 1967, in what had previously been the building which housed the “Old Cotton Tree Telephone Exchange.”

Looking for information on this led me to finding this historic photo of the “Cotton Tree Station” in Freetown.

We are told the construction of the railway started in 1896, and the first line opened in 1897, and that a number of other lines were opened between 1898 and 1907.

By 1974, however, the Sierra Leone Government Railway was completely closed.

Today, there are 52-miles, or 84-kilometers, of privately-owned railway in Sierra Leone, between the Port of Pepel and the Marampa Iron Ore mine.

This brings to mind the iron ore trains of Mauretania, some of the longest, if not the longest, in world, at 1.6-miles, or 2.5-kilometers, long…

…hauling iron ore, people and goods, 405-miles, or 652-kilometers between the mining town of Zouerat on the west side of Kediet ej Jill, the highest peak in Mauretania, through the Sahara Desert, to the port city of Nouadhibou on Mauretania’s coast.

This Google Earth Screenshot also shows the proximity of the Eye of the Sahara, also known as the Richat Structure, and an interesting-looking flow of the Sahara Desert going downward to the coast that intrigued me since I first came across it while researching a long-distance alignment that crossed through Mauretania.

I noticed this saucer shape next to the Cotton Tree on Google Earth and then came across the painting by Richmond Garrick which includes it.

I am not finding what it is, but it looks very interesting to me.

As with everywhere else, there is a lot more to uncover here, including the forts of Sierra Leone, which included Fort Thornton in Freetown, said to have been built by British between 1792 and 1805 and named after banker Henry Thornton, who was the chairman at the time of the Sierra Leone Company…

…and is the location of Sierra Leone’s most important state and government institutions, including the State House, which is the principal workplace and residence of the President of Sierra Leone.

I will leave Sierra Leone with this information that I have mentioned about Africa in other posts.

The Berlin Conference of 1884 – 1885, organized by the German Chancellor Otto von Bismarck, was said to have been convened to regulate European colonization and trade in Africa during the New Imperialism period, and coincided with Germany’s sudden appearance as a imperial power.

The outcome of the “General Act of the Berlin Conference” can be seen as the formalization of the “Scramble for Africa,” also known as the “Partition of Africa” or the “Conquest of Africa,” was the invasion, occupation, and division of African territory by European powers during the New Imperialism period between 1884 and 1914, the year in which World War I started.

The period of history known as New Imperialism is characterized as a period of colonial expansion by European powers, the United States, and Japan during the late 1800s and early 1900s.

I am sure this was one of the motives.

There was a rich and proud heritage of its people throughout the African continent that has been removed from the collective awareness that was replaced with something quite different from what it originally was, as was the case worldwide as a result of the devastating effects of the policies and practices engaged in under New Imperialism and European Colonial expansion.

In Africa, along with everywhere else, the new narrative we have been given was and is based on lies.

Next, JM from Newcastle sent me two different sets of photos.

One set was photos he took of the upper-level buildings in Newcastle.

He found a lot of interesting things at the top-levels of buildings that typically go unnoticed.

According to the date on the left, this ornate stone-building came into being some time around 1835.

In two of these photos, he identified something he called an abstract version of the “Naga” demigod, making him wonder why there would be such a thing portrayed in his hometown of Newcastle.

JM also sent another set of photos with different styles of key-hole shapes.

Like the star Fort Ontario in Oswego, New York…

….with several KEYHOLE shaped Baseball fields close by…

…The Vatican from above showing the KEYHOLE shape…

…a KEYHOLE shape at Buckingham palace…

…The Pantheon in Rome from above which has the KEYHOLE shape on top of the buildings roof, in the form of a “Circle shape” with 2 lines going out at an angle.


From above, the dome of the Pantheon looks similar that saucer-shape back in Freetown next to the Cotton Tree.

JM also sent this screenshot of the keyhole shapes known as Kofun, of what are described as megalithic tombs found mainly in Japan, but other parts of northeast Asia.

Shortly after JM sent me these keyhole shapes he had identified, I noticed a Keyhole Falls in Utah’s Zion National Park.

Next, HH sent me photos of this railroad structure on an unused railway road next to the River Stour in Wimborne Minster, Dorset, not far where he lives in England.

I am struck the bridge arches looking like a design that is typically found Cathedral doors all over the world, like the Lincoln Cathedral in England on the right…

…and the similarity both have to Walter Russell’s diagram showing what looks like a relationship between cathedral doors and octaves, the intervals between one musical pitch and another with double its frequency.

Walter Russell wrote numerous books outlining his vision about how the Universe works in the early to mid-20th-century, like “The Universal One” in 1926…

…and “The Secret of Light” in 1947.

Lastly, BR sent me this information about the Beloit Tower in Wisconsin, saying that they tried to tear it down over one hundred years ago, saying it was outdated, but they had to stop because it was “too well constructed.”

So, they removed the metal tank said to date from 1914 and the stairs from the in 1929, only 15-years after it was allegedly built…

…but left the rest of the tower standing after determining its demolition was too expensive to continue.

BJ brought Japan’s Hashima Island to my attention, saying that it was abandoned.

Hashima Island is located off the coast of Japan, about 9-miles, or 15-kilometers, from Nagasaki’s City Center…

…in-between Nakano Island…

…Takashima Island…

…and the Nomo Peninsula, the southern tip of the Nagasaki Peninsula, a large part of which contains the Nomo Hanto Prefectural Natural Park.

Interesting to note that the Nagasaki Dinosaur Msueum is right next to the Nomo Peninsula.

I am going to start my exploration with Hashima Island.

Hashima Island is nicknamed “Battleship Island.”

The island was known for its under sea coal mines, which were established around 1890, which operated during the rapid industrialization of Japan during what was known as the Meiji Restoration, which led to Japan’s rise as a military power, and the time period during which Japan adopted western ideas and production methods.

Between its opening in 1890 and abandonment in 1974 when the coal reserves were depleted, Mitsubishi developed a community in order to turn Hashima Island into a coal-producing powerhouse.

This included thousands of forced laborers in the early-20th-century primariy from Korea.

At the peak of its coal-mining production in 1959, there were over 5,200 people living on 16-acres, or 6.3-hectares, making it the most densely-populated place on the Earth at the time.

The only thing I can find out about Hashima’s neighboring island of Nakano is that it was a place in the 17th-century where hidden Christians were executed, and that no one is allowed to go to it today.

Takashima Island is an inhabited island, and is considered part of Nagasaki City.

Takashima Island was the location of the Hokkei Pit, the first coal mine in Japan to be mechanized by steam engines, and which operated between 1869 and 1876, and of which there are a few visible remains you can visit on the island.

Mitsubishi bought the coal mine on Takashima Island in 1881, which was the largest coal mine in Japan…

…and the mine was in operation until November of 1986.

You can visit the Takashima Coal Museum on your trip to Takashima as well.

You can get to Takashima Island by ferry.

There is a lot to unpack with these Japanese island coal mines. A third one was Sakito Island.

The first thing I would like to mention was the arrival of Thomas Glover, a Scottish merchant, who arrived in Nagasaki in 1859 as an agent for Jardine Matheson, a British Multinational Conglomeratefounded in 1832 and based in Hong Kong, with the majority of its business interests in Asia.

He established the Glover Trading Company in 1861 and was credited with building the Glover House overlooking Nagasaki Ironworks in 1863 as a based for his business operations in Japan.

Glover supplied machinery, equipment, ships, arms, and weapons to the Samurai of Choshu, Satsuma, and Tosu clans, who toppled the ruling Tokugawa Shogunate with the Fall of Edo on May 3rd of 1868, which marked the beginning of the Meiji Restoration, which restored imperial rule to Japan, and brought in a centralized form of government in order to strengthen their army to defend against foreign influence as we are told.

Edo Castle, the residence of the Tokugawa Shoguns, and a star fort, became the Imperial Residence in 1871.

It was during the Meiji era that Japan westernized and rapidly industrialized, leading to its rise as a military power by 1895.

Well, I don’t know about defense against foreign influence because it sure looks like there was foreign influence bringing all this about.

Back to Thomas Glover.

Glover played a major role in Japan’s rapidly emerging industrialization.

Among other things, he was involved in establishing businesses that would become part of Mitsubishi’s early growth and diversification, which included the development of the first coal mine on Takashima Island, as well as the Nagasaki Shipyard.

This print shows the Mitsubishi’s Nagasaki Shipyard circa 1910.

Also, when I was looking for information on the Takashima Coal Mine, I came across the article about the investment of British capital into the development of the Takashima Coal Mine, which played a crucial role in the rapid industrialization of Japan.

Not only that, there was the issue of forced labor to work the coal mines.

Imperial Japan formally annexed Korea into the Empire of Japan in 1910, and Korea was under Japanese rule between 1910 and 1945.

It is estimated that during the Japanese occupation of Korea, before and during World War II, there were as many as 7.8 million Koreans were conscripted as forced labor or soldiers during Japan’s imperial expansion.

There were also forced laborers coming into Japan from its occupation of China.

In 1933, the Japanese established the puppet state of Manchukuo in China.

The Last Emperor of China, Puyi, was first installed by the Japanese as the Chief Executive of Manchukuo, and he became its emperor in 1934, a position he held until the end of World War II.

Puyi’s life story is very sad, as is told in the 1987 movie “The Last Emperor” directed by Bernardo Bertolucci.

Much more to find down this rabbit hole in Japan, but now I am going to take a look at the Bohemian Switzerland National Park at the suggestion of RAB13.

It is located in the northwestern part of the Czech Republic, and are part of what are called the Elbe Sandstone Mountains along the Elbe River on the country’s border with Germany.

…and on the German side of the Elbe is the Saxon Switzerland National Park.

Including the name of Switzerland to this region came about in the 18th-century from Swiss artists Adrian Zingg…

…and Anton Graff, who were reminded of their homeland when they saw it.

The symbol of Bohemian Switzerland National Park is what is described as the largest natural arch in Europe.

Right next to the largest natural arch in Europe is a hotel called the “Falcon’s Nest” in English, said to have been built in 1881 by Prince Edmund of Clary-Aldringen, of a princely Austro-Hungarian Family.

This part of the national park is privately-owned, with the arch being inaccessible since 1982 due to heavy erosion by visitors and the privatization of the hotel, which has limited visitation times for a fee.

What the “Falcon’s Nest” in the Czech Republic brings to mind is the Madonna della Corona Church near Verona, Italy…

…and the Tiger’s Nest Monastery in the country of Bhutan in the eastern Himalayan Mountains.

The Mariina Skala rock, described as a rocky hill, has one of the best views of the Bohemian Switzerland National Park.

We are told that the original wooden hut on top of the rocky hill was built in 1856 as a refuge hut and was also used as a fire observation tower…until it was badly damaged by a fire in 2005 and was replaced sometime in 2006, where it escaped damage from another fire three-weeks after it was replaced.

On the German-side of the Elbe, in the Saxon Switzerland National Park, you can visit the Bastei Bridge.

Built from Sandstone in-between a number of rock-formations, it is 1000-feet, or 305-meters, high.

The current bridge was said to have been built in 1851, to replace a wooden bridge that was built in 1824 to link several rocks for visitors.

Just 6-miles or 10-kilometers from the Bastei Bridge is the Konigstein Castle, described as Germany’s largest fortification on top of a rock plateau.

Castles and fortifications like these were built, we are told, to guard the trade routes.

This is a good place to bring in JF’s recommendations of Prague Castle…

…and Vysehrad Fort, which is also in Prague.

He said they are both built on top of the rocky hills, just like others we have been seeing, and he really wonders how the did it. Me too!

JF also said the underground of Prague is also very ancient, well built and simply amazing. Not a chance, it was built with a chisel and hammer.

NP sent me photos of the Astronomical Clock on Prague’s Old Town Hall.

First installed in 1410, it is the oldest astronomical clock that is still in operation.

The Astronomical Dial of the clock represents the positions of the sun and moon in the sky, and displays various astronomical details, and a calendar dial with medallions representing the months.

The figure of a skeleton called “Death” strikes the time…

…and there is an hourly show called “Walk of the Apostles,” of moving apostle figures and other sculptures.

HM79 asked me to take a look at Skellig Michael.

Skellig Michael, named after St. Michael, is a remote, rugged island off the western coast of Ireland.

It is described as a twin-pinnacled crag, which is defined as a rocky hill or mountain, with a steep and inhospitable landscape of 54-acres, or 22-hectares of rock.

So, let’s do a tour of the island to see what is at this inhospitable place.

The main boat landing on Skellig Michael is the East Landing at Blind Man’s Cove.

Once you’ve landed, there are 600 jagged rock steps leading up to the island’s monastery.

Once you reach the top, you come to a monastery built into a terraced-shelf, located 600-feet, or 180-meters, above sea-level.

The monastery contains things like two oratories, which are small chapels for private worship and a cemetery…


…six beehive huts…

…and what’s left of St. Michael’s Church, which is mostly collapsed with only its eastern window still standing.

Interestingly, there is a modern gravestone at the center of what has been identified as St. Michael’s Church with a dates of 1868 and 1869 on it, and erected for two children of one of the lighthouse-keepers.

There are two lighthouses on Skellig Michael.

The one still in use today is called Skelligs Michael Low Light.

We are told it was built in 1826, along with…

…the Upper Light, the use of which was discontinued in 1870 for the given reason of too much fog.

There is a helicopter landing pad on the island, these days for emergency-use only.

There was a hermitage on the opposite side of the island to the monastery, but access to it is restricted, and you need to make a prior arrangement to go there.

To get to the Hermitage, you go through Christ’s Saddle…

…and Needle’s Eye.

Skellig Michael was recently used for the filming locations of “Star Wars: The Force Awakens” in 2015…

…and “The Last Jedi” in 2017.

I am going to end “Places & Topics Suggested by Viewers – Volume 9” here on Skellig Michael.

More to come!

Interesting Comments & Suggestions I have Received from Viewers – Volume 8

In this eighth volume of what will end up being a long new series, I am highlighting places, concepts, and historical events that people have suggested, and includes photographs, videos and other information viewers have gathered along the way and sent to me in their explorations and research of places close to where they live.

This series is a compilation of work I have previously done, presented in a multi-volume format.

Several viewers from Indianapolis mentioned the Crown Hill Cemetery to me, located about 3-miles, or 5-kilometers, outside of the city.

The main gate of the Crown Hill Cemetery is very similar to ones in Boston that I showed in the last video, like Forest Hill.

The Crown Hill Cemetery is the largest green-space within the Indianapolis Beltway, and the third-largest private cemetery in the United States.

It was established in 1863 at Strawberry Hill, whose summit was renamed “the Crown,” with the grave of Indiana poet James Whitcomb Riley sitting right at the top of the crown.

I wonder why James Whitcomb Riley merited such a prestigious location for his final resting place for all eternity?

Let’s see what the plaque there about him tells us.

So, he is best remembered today, it says, for his poems that appeal to children and the child in all of us, such as “Little Orphant Annie,” which is not a misspelling, based on an orphan living in the Riley home in her childhood.

There are four stanzas in the poem, and in the first one, her character is introduced, and in each of the second and third stanzas, she tells young children about a bad child being snatched away by goblins as a result of misbehavior, with the underlying moral of the story in the fourth stanza, which was for kids to obey their parents or the same thing could happen to them.

Nothing weird about that right? Yeah, right!!

Oh yes, and this young girl in Riley’s poem was the very same one that the comic strip “Little Orphan Annie” was based on, which eventually led to radio, television, Broadway and Hollywood productions about her.

Riley’s memorial plaque also mentioned his poem “The Raggedy Man,” about a German tramp that Riley’s father employed in his youth…

…and written, like “Little Orphant Annie,” in the Indiana dialect of the 19th-century.

Interesting that the “Raggedy Man” knew about giants and griffins and elves, though I have no idea what a “Squidgicum-Squee” would be!

Well, here’s one artist’s rendition of a rather terrifying-looking “Squidgicum-Squee!”

Was the Raggedy Man was the inspiration for Raggedy Ann?

Apparently the Raggedy Man and Little Orphant Annie both were, because the creator of Raggedy Ann, Johnny Gruelle, a family friend of Riley’s, was said to have combined the names of both characters into one when he applied for a registered trademark on the Raggedy Ann name in 1915.

Lastly, according to the plaque at his tomb, Riley was so beloved by the children of Indianapolis who used to come visit him on his front porch for lemonade, that they began donating coins to help pay for his memorial, and this tradition continues today…

…where the coins collected go to his legacy, the Riley Hospital for Children.

JG in Iowa mentioned visiting a lot of rural cemeteries with a friend last year, and among other things, found these tree-like head-stones in every graveyard.

She looked them up, and found out they came from Woodmen of the World, a fraternal organization and life insurance company.

Here’s what we are told.

Joseph Cullen Root founded the Woodmen of the World in 1890, as a secret fraternal benefit organization with a purpose of making life insurance affordable for everyone…

…and that from 1890 to 1900, every policy included a tombstone.

Alas, the cost of tombstones rose to the point that after 1900, members had to buy a rider on their insurance policy in order to receive a Woodmen tombstone.

By 1920, the costs of making these unique tombstones were so prohibitive, that they were discontinued in the 1920s.

Frequently, the tombstone had the Woodmen of the World (or WOW) motto “Dum Tacet Clamet,” or “Though silent he speaks,” inscribed on a round medallion.

Woodmen of the World still exists today, and headquartered in Omaha, Nebraska.

This is what their original headquarters building looked like, which opened in 1912.

It was the tallest building between Chicago and the West Coast before it was demolished in 1977.

…and their headquarters building today, said to have been built in 1969.

They still operate their radio station, WOAW in Omaha, which started broadcasting in 1923…

LBR said the image of the Ether Dome at Massachusetts General Hospital in Boston was reminiscent of the image used on the book cover of The Saturn Myth by David Talbott.

Now onto new subjects.

NA suggested that I come to Fall River, Massachusetts, and Newport Rhode Island.

First I will look at Fall River, and express huge thanks to RR and his son for the photos and the drone footage of Fall River.

RR sent me the following pictures.

Firstly, this is the Academy Building, also known as the “Academy of Music Building” and the “Borden Block.”

RR said that 1875 was one of the coldest winters ever in Massachusetts, and questioned that it was even possible that they could have built this the way they said they did.

It was said to have been constructed in 1875 as a memorial to Nathaniel Briggs Borden by his family, and opened on January 6th of 1876 as the second-largest theater and concert hall in Massachusetts, as well as a venue for other large community events.

The building today is used for senior living apartments and retail space after being rescued from demolition plans in 1973.