Recovering Lost History from the Estuaries, Pine Barrens & Elite Enclaves off the Atlantic Northeast Coast of the United States

I was taken to the area around the Great Egg Harbor in New Jersey by a viewer who suggested I look into a specific place on the Great Egg Harbor River.

Now, swamps and bogs are not the first thing that come to mind when I think of New Jersey, but those are the first things that jumped out at me when I looked up the place the viewer suggested.

This area is part of both the New Jersey Pine Barrens and the New York-New Jersey Estuary System.

I am finding a lot of noteworthy things here, and I have found that when looking at the subject of estuaries and pine barrens, there is way more to this subject than what meets the eye on a superficial glance as you will see, and I am going to make the case that these are ruined lands that were once part and parcel of a thriving and sophisticated worldwide Moorish civilization that we have not been told about, and there is an accompanying fascination and interest the wealthy elites of American society have long had with this region.

Viewer FG suggested that I look in to the Weymouth Furnace in Atlantic County, New Jersey, on the Great Egg Harbor River.

FG said that the area where it is located is now a county park.

Seeing the map of the Atlantic County Parks along the Great Egg Harbor River, I am going to expand my focus, and take a look at what is between Lake Lenape and Penny Pot Park, with the Weymouth Furnace in-between.

I will start at the Weymouth Furnace.

This is what we are told.

The Weymouth Furnace was said to have been an iron furnace built in the early 19th-Century.

The iron was produced at the furnace from “Bog Ore” mined in the surrounding swamps.

The mined “bog ore” was then transported on pole-propelled barges along canals.

Iron castings, stoves, pots, pans, pipes, cannon & cannon balls were made at the Weymouth Furnace.

The iron foundry was closed in 1862 (during the American Civil War) and replaced by a paper mill until all operations ceased around 1887.

So, for starters, the iron came from “Bog Ore” that was mined in the surrounded swamps.

Sounds suspicious to me!

What’s “bog ore?”

This article on the federal government’s National Park Service website regarding “Southern New Jersey and the Delaware Bay” says the following about iron works and bog ore:

  1. Iron foundries were best located along rivers and creeks in unsettled and heavily-wooded land for the wood and charcoal needed to generate the intense heat required for iron furnaces;
  2. Bog, also called meadow, ore is found throughout New Jersey, especially in the southern counties, and that it is produced from the interaction of decaying vegetation and soluble iron salts, creating bog-ore-beds that replenish themselves over time.

Just as a point of information, in case one would think that the existence of naturally-occurring iron beds is the only explanation for “bog ore,” the Iron Pillar of Delhi in India is famous for the rust-resistant composition of metals used in its construction, and said to have been made 1,600 years ago, an example of advanced knowledge of iron-work having been around for quite a long time.

What about transporting the “bog iron” on barges in canals?

Well, there are definitely canals in the Great Egg Harbor area…

…and New Jersey in general.

New Jersey’s Morris Canal, for example, was a wonder to behold.

It was hailed as an ingenious, technological marvel for its use of water-driven, inclined planes.

It was said to have been completed in 1832 to carry coal across northern New Jersey between the Delaware River and the Hudson River. It was closed in 1924.

The builders of the Morris Canal also used a sophisticated power house technology, pictured here, to power the water turbine that was set in motion to raise or lower cradled boats on the inclined planes by means of a cable.

Even with the advanced technology of the Morris Canal, mules were needed to be used to pull the canal boats in places on the Morris Canal in the historical narrative we have been given.

I need to reel myself in for a moment and focus on the Weymouth Furnace that brought me here to look because there are so many different directions I want to go off into regarding things that I am seeing here.

FG commented that the Weymouth Furnace is a 70-ft, or 21- meter, square brick chimney coming out of stream beds with no openings.

The furnace is buried below, with stone arches and span spillways that housed two water wheels.

It is a sophisticated construction, with iron pipes , bolts and combined heavy large block foundations with many brick walls.

Now to look at the Great Egg Harbor River.

The Great Egg Harbor River is a described as a major river that crosses the largely undisturbed Pinelands, also known as the New Jersey Pine Barrens, so-called because of the nutrient-poor, sandy and acidic soil that supports pine trees, orchids and carniverous plants.

It is interesting to note that the New Jersey Pine Barrens contain ruins…

… and ghost towns, like Batsto Village, which we are told was the site of a bog iron and glass-making center from 1766 to 1867, consisting of 33 buildings and structures, including a mansion, gristmill, sawmill, and workers’ homes.

Two other places in the northeastern United States have Pine Barrens – Long Island Central and Massachusetts Coastal.

More thoughts on these particular locations shortly.

Back to the Great Egg Harbor River and Lake Lenape.

This is what we are told about Lake Lenape.

The lake was formed after the construction of a dam in May’s Landing around 1847, with the land having previously been an apple orchard.

Interesting to note the megalithic stones used in the construction of the dam.

Then that in 1854, the first railroad was built in the area between Camden and Atlantic City.

Then in regards to the Lake Lenape Park, it was said to have first opened in the early 1900s.

Named for the indigenous people who lived here, Lake Lenape Park features Lakeside Manor, a popular wedding and special event venue…

…and an historic lighthouse next to Lakeside Manor.

We are told the Lake Lenape Lighthouse at May’s Landing never actually served the function of a real lighthouse, and that it was built in 1939 with hand-tools and the help of some neighborhood children.

Made of wood, is 65-feet, or 20-meters, – tall, and it was also known as the “Singing Tower.”

It may be torn-down in the near future but I could not find confirmation that this is definitely going to happen.

So that’s Lake Lenape Park on one side and Atlantic County’s Penny Pot Park and Preserve is west of the Weymouth Furnace Park on the Great Egg Harbor River.

Part of the New Jersey Natural Lands Trust, the land Penny Pot Park is on was once slated for the development of a large, corporately-owned industrial plant.

Located along the Atlantic Expressway and having access to freight train service, twenty-five acres of the were cleared and wetlands altered by ditches.

Business plans changed, and the land in the Pine Barrens that was donated in 1997 has been reclaimed by nature, turned into habitat for wildlife and plants, and a starting place for kayaking and canoeing on the Great Egg Harbor River.

The Great Egg Harbor River flows southeast from near Camden, entering the Great Egg Harbor about 5-miles, or 8-kilometers, southwest of Atlantic City.

The traditional land of the Lenape people, also called the Lenni Lenape and the Delaware Indians, was said to have included: present-day New Jersey; eastern Pennsylvania along the Delaware River watershed; New York City; western Long Island; and the Lower Hudson Valley.

According the history we have been taught, everything changed for the Lenni Lenape who lived here after Henry Hudson sailed up what is now called the Delaware River in 1609, and this painting depicts what we are taught to believe about all the original people of this land – they were hunter-gatherers living off the land, and framing the European colonizers as the builders of infrastructure and civilization in the so-called New World.

I am going to continue to give you examples from here of why that narrative doesn’t hold up under scrutiny, and also about the fascination and interest the wealthy elites of American society have long had with this region.

So let’s take a look at what they tell us about Atlantic City.

Prior to the arrival of European settlers, the location was the summer home of the Lenape.

Then in 1783, Jeremiah Leeds built the first home here.

But it was not until 1850 that the idea of this becoming a resort location was conceived, and the first hotel here was said to have been built in 1853.

What became known as “Atlantic City” was incorporated in 1854, the same year that train service began on the Camden and Atlantic Railroad mentioned previously, and providing a direct link to Philadelphia in Pennsylvania.

The first Atlantic City Boardwalk was said to have been built in 1870.

By 1874, an estimated 500,000 were coming to Atlantic City each year by the railroad, and we are told that there were so many people coming to Atlantic City by 1878 that the decision was made to build the Philadelphia and Atlantic City Railroad was constructed to accommodate the increased ridership.

Then, in order to accommodate the increasing number of tourists coming to Atlantic City, massive hotels like the United States Hotel sprang up.

And all of the new railroad lines that were popping up betwixt and between these large population centers and the South Jersey shore were going right through the desolate, swampy and forbidding pine barrens.

Today there are abandoned trains and railroad lines found throughout the New Jersey Pine Barrens.

Atlantic City’s Steel Pier was said to have been built by the Steel Pier Company that first opened in June of 1898 as an amusement park built on a pier.

Called the “Showplace of the Nation,” it was one of the most popular entertainments in the United States for 70 years.

The Steel Pier continues to operate as an amusement park to this day.

Other examples of the original Moorish-style architecture in Atlantic City included the Marlborough-Blenheim Hotel, which was said to have been built between 1902 and 1906, and demolished in October of 1978…

…and the Hotel Windsor, about which I can’t find any information to speak of, but presumably long gone.

This is an old postcard showing the Atlantic City and Shore Railroad crossing a two-mile, or 3-kilometer, -long trestle bridge in the Great Egg Harbor Bay, and was part of an interurban trolley system in New Jersey that served Somers Point and several other cities between Atlantic City and Ocean City in the years between 1907 and 1948.

The reason given for the end of its operation was a hurricane damaging the viaduct in 1948, and fixing it was cost prohibitive because of the decline in trolley use.

This whole area is part of the New York – New Jersey Harbor Estuary System, which forms one of the most intricate natural harbors in the world, as well as being the busiest port in the world as the Ports of New York and New Jersey are contained within it.

An “estuary” is defined as a partially-enclosed, coastal body of brackish water, which is water that is salty, dirty & unpleasant, with one or more rivers flowing into it, and a connection to the open sea.

Also known as the Hudson-Raritan Estuary, it is described as a harbor system of bays and tidal rivers where the Hudson, Hackensack, Rahway, Passaic and Raritan Rivers meet the Atlantic Ocean.

To the southeast, the Lower New York Bay that is part of the harbor system opens into the New York Bight in the Atlantic Ocean.

The New York Bight is described as a roughly triangular indentation along the Atlantic Coast of the northeastern United States from Cape May, New Jersey, to Montauk Point on the Eastern tip of Long Island.

“Bight” is the term given to a concave bend or curvature in a coastline.

The Hudson Valley Shelf, also known as the Hudson Canyon, is an underwater canyon that begins at the shallow outlet of the estuary at the mouth of the Hudson River, said to begin as a natural channel.

The size of the Hudson Canyon is comparable to the Grand Canyon, the largest known canyon off the East Coast, and one of the largest underwater canyons in the world.

My question is: Was this canyon always underwater?

And is it a natural or man-made landform?

With regards to the possibility that the Hudson Canyon was man-made, and since the Grand Canyon was mentioned in comparison to the Hudson Canyon, it is important to mention that the Grand Canyon has a few notable points of information to bring up here.

One is that the Grand Canyon has formations with Egyptian names, like the Isis Temple, the Osiris Temple, and the Temple of Set, and that these formations and others correlate with stars in the Orion Constellation.

Another is that an article appeared in the Arizona Gazette in 1909 that an explorer in the Grand Canyon had stumbled upon Egyptian artifacts, but news about the discovery disappeared from public view shortly after it was published, and it has been called a hoax ever since.

The New York – New Jersey Harbor estuary system opens to Long Island Sound to the northeast.

Long Island Sound is a tidal estuary and marine sound of the Atlantic ocean.

A sound is the term given to a smaller body of water connected to a larger sea or ocean.

From west to east, Long Island Sound is 110-miles, or 180-kilometers, -long, and runs between the East River in New York City, along the North Shore of Long Island, to Block Island Sound.

Block Island Sound is a 10-mile, or 16-kilometer,-wide strait that separates Block Island from the coast of mainland Rhode Island to the east, and to the west, it extends to Montauk Point on the eastern tip of Long Island, as well as Plum Island, Gardiners Island, and Fishers Island, all in New York State.

More on these places in a moment.

So those are the basics of what we are told about the make-up of the New York – New Jersey Estuary.

Now I want to connect this information to the bigger picture puzzle pieces that are coming together about this region.

The first thing I want to bring forward is the ruined looking appearance of the shoreline from the South Jersey Shore on up through the Southshore of Long Island, which is the same thing as the New York Bight mentioned previously.

Here’s a closer a look at the South Jersey shoreline up to the New York-New Jersey Estuary System, so you can get a better view of what I am referring to…

…and then what the shoreline looks like going from the New York – New Jersey Estuary System across Long Island to Montauk Point.

And in spite of the marshy and wetland quality of the landscape hereabouts, this whole area is prime and valuable real estate that is, among other things, coveted by the very wealthy in our society.

This part of the world is highly prized by those of wealth and prestige.

More about this in a moment.

I have one more big-picture puzzle piece to share before I start to break this region down into smaller parts to show you its attraction to the very wealthy, and what appears to be this area’s its role as a significant place on the Earth’s grid system.

Here is the graphic I presented previously showing the location of the Pine Barrens in New Jersey, Central Long Island, and Coastal Massachusetts.

There seems to be a linear relationship between these three Pine Barren ecosystems.

Here is the linear relationship on Google Earth when I searched for the Pine Barrens in New Jersey; the Central Long Island Pine Barrens; and the Coastal Massachusetts Pine Barrens, also known as the Plymouth Pinelands- the pin is placed where that search term for each popped up.

So I am going to start breaking down this region into smaller parts at Plymouth, Massachusetts on Cape Cod, the location of the Southeastern Massachusetts Pine Barrens Alliance.

It so happens that this is the same Plymouth that was the location of the Plymouth Colony, the Pilgrim settlement founded in 1620 by the Pilgrims after they journeyed from England to the New World on the Mayflower, seeking religious freedom, as we are taught and celebrate every year in the United States at Thanksgiving.

This is the Plymouth Rock Monument in Plymouth.

The current classical monument housing was said to have been designed in 1921 by the architectural firm of McKim, Mead & White.

There’s a whole long back-story to Plymouth Rock itself, including there was no record from the pilgrim fathers themselves about landing on a particular rock; attention was first brought to the rock that became Plymouth Rock in 1741 when plans were being made by the residents to build a wharf that would bury it, and an elderly man came forward and said that was the “one” based on what he had been told by his father who had been there when the Pilgrims landed; that the rock had been moved and split and all kinds of stuff; and that the current Plymouth Rock is estimated to weigh ten tons.

One more thing related to the Pilgrims before I move on is the Pilgrim Monument in Provincetown, Massachusetts, on the northern end of Cape Cod that I was made aware of by a viewer.

It was said to have been built between 1907 and 1910 to commemorate the first landfall of the Pilgrims in 1620 and the signing of the Mayflower Compact in Provincetown Harbor.

It is a bell-tower, and the tallest, all-granite structure in the United States, and said to have been modelled after the Torre del Mangia in Siena, Italy, which is said to have been designed in 1309.

Back to the Southeastern Massachusetts Coastal Pine Barrens, or SEMBP.

The Southeastern Massachusetts Pine Barren Association is headquartered at The Center at Center Hill Preserve in Plymouth.

The SEMBP on land extendeds from Duxbury to Provincetown along the Cape Cod Bay shoreline, covering Cape Cod, the Elizabeth Islands, Nantucket Island and Martha’s Vineyard, and inland includes Southeastern Massachusetts, including Plymouth and surrounding communities.

We are told the geologic foundation for the rare Pine Barren ecosystem of Coastal Massachusetts was the result of outwash from the last glacial maximum, which took place somewhere between 26,500 to 19,000 years ago, and left thick glacial deposits of sand and gravel.

This brings us to a series of noteworthy islands off the coast of Massachusetts, Rhode Island, and New York.

First, the Elizabeth Islands, Martha’s Vineyard, and Nantucket Island off the coast of Massachusetts.

The Elizabeth Islands are a small chain of islands off the southern coast of Cape Cod, on the southern edge of Buzzard Bay, and is separated from Martha’s Vineyard by Vineyard Sound.

They were formally laid claim to and settled by colonizers in the name of the British Crown in 1641, and named for Queen Elizabeth I.

That same year, in 1641, Thomas Mayhew the Elder of Watertown, Massachusetts bought the Elizabeth Islands – along with Martha’s Vineyard and Nantucket – from the Earl of Stirling, William Alexander, who was involved in the Scottish colonization of Port Royal in Nova Scotia and Long Island, and Sir Ferdinando Gorges, naval, military commander, and Governor of the Port of Plymouth in England.

Gorges was known as the “Father of English Colonization in North America.

All of the Elizabeth Islands, with the exception of Cuttyhunk and Penikese, are privately-owned by the Forbes family, a wealthy American family of Scottish descent long prominent in Boston.

The family’s original fortune came largely from trading opium and tea between North America and China in the 19th-century.

Forbes family members include businessman John Murray Forbes, among other things a railroad magnate and President of the Michigan Central Railroad, and the Chicago, Burlington, and Quincy Railroad in the 1850s; and John Forbes Kerry, present-day politician, and the Secretary of State in President Obama’s second administration, and currently the U. S. Special Presidential Envoy for climate.

Martha’s Vineyard, an island located south of Cape Cod, is a popular summer colony for the wealthy.

Martha’s Vineyard, along with the adjacent Chappaquiddick Island, another small island off the coast of Martha’s Vineyard called “Noman’s Land,” and the Elizabeth Islands together comprise Massachusetts’ Dukes County.

First, a little bit about Martha’s Vineyard.

Martha’s Vineyard, as of the 2010 Census, had a year-round population of approximately 17,500 people, and in the summer months the population grows to somewhere around 100,000.

In a study by the Martha’s Vineyard Commission, the Cost-of-Living on the island was found to be 60% higher than the national average, and the cost of housing 96% higher.

The origin of the name is unknown, though it is speculated that it was named after a “Martha” relative of the English explorer Bartholomew Gosnold, who led the first recorded European expedition to Cape Cod in 1602.

Also known originally as “Noepe,” the island was referred to as “Cappawock” in the 1691 Massachusetts Charter, and which is retained in the name of the “Capawock Theater” in Vineyard Haven.

Vineyard Haven was named the #1 most expensive town in the United States by Lending Tree in 2021.

When the European colonizers arrived, the island was inhabited by the Wampanoag, the Algonquin indigenous people of eastern Rhode Island and southeastern Massachusetts.

There is something interesting to note about the Algonquin language.

It is extremely hard to find this kind of information because of the hunter-gatherer theme going on with indigenous peoples of North America in the narrative, but I found an example in the written language script of the Algonquin Mikmaq people of Nova Scotia, and it is that of an apparent connection to the Egyptian language script.

The Wampanoag Tribe of Gay Head, or Aquinnah, on Martha’s Vineyard is one of only two federally-recognized Wampanoag Tribes, the other one being the Mashpee Wampanoag Tribe, headquartered in Mashpee on Cape Cod.

The Wampanoag on Martha’s Vineyard are headquartered in Aquinnah on the southwest tip of Martha’s Vineyard, part of the lands where they have lived for thousands of years which were dispossessed by English settlers encroaching on their lands.

Aquinnah, which was incorporated as a town named Gay Head, between 1870 and 1997, is the location of the Aquinnah Cliffs.

The Aquinnah Cliffs, with streams of red and orange clay mixed with sand, were said to have been formed by glaciers millions of years ago.

Not buying what they are selling.

These cliffs have a sheared-off-looking quality to them, like there is much more to this story.

The Gay Head Lighthouse located here was featured in the 1975 movie “Jaws.”

There is an interesting, and lengthy back-story to the Gay Head Lighthouse.

But long story short, at one time there were more buildings here.

Then only one, which looks like there is possibly more to it under the ground.

And that in 2015, the lighthouse structure was moved because it was perilously close to the eroding cliff edge.

Chappaquiddick Island is a small peninsula that occasionally becomes an island, and part of the town of Edgartown, on the eastern end of the Martha’s Vineyard.

Well, if you ever wondered where the Chappaquiddick of the infamous incident involving Ted Kennedy and an overturned vehicle containing the body of a woman back in July of 1969, it was right here.

The small island called “Nomans Land” is located three-miles off the southwest coast of Martha’s Vineyard.

It was used as a practice bombing range by the United States Navy between 1943 and 1996.

“Nomans Land” was transferred to the U. S. Fish and Wildlife Service in 1998, at which time it became a wildlife refuge, and closed to all public use.

The island of Nantucket is 30-miles, or 50-kilometers, south of Cape Cod, and together with the islands of Tuckernuck and Muskeget, constitutes the Town and County of Nantucket of Massachusetts, and like Martha’s Vineyard, a summer colony for the wealthy.

The name Nantucket was said to have been adapted from a similar-sounding Algonquin name for the island of the indigenous Wampanoag people.

The National Park Service cites Nantucket as being the finest example of a late 18th- and early 19th-century New England Seaport town, and was designated a National Historic Landmark District in 1966.

As mentioned previously, Nantucket was a purchased by Thomas Mayhew the Elder from the Earl of Stirling, William Alexander, and Sir Ferdinando Gorges, as a “proprietary colony,” meaning it was a type of colony owned by the Crown in which charters were granted to companies, groups or indivduals, who then selected the governors and other officials of the colony.

In 1659, Mayhew kept one share for himself, and sold an interest in the island to nine other investors, for the sum of 30 pounds and two beaver hats, and each of the ten original owners was allowed to invite a partner.

The total number of shares in the island increased as they sought to attract skilled tradesmen to come and live on the island for at least three years, and European settlement of Nantucket began in earnest.

Nantucket Island was perhaps best-known for the historical importance of its whaling industry, particularly during the 18th- up to the mid-19th-centuries.

The Great Fire of 1846 devastated the downtown business hub of Nantucket, starting in a hat store and completely destroying more than one-third of the heart of the community and economy, and leaving many homeless, in poverty, and causing them to leave the island.

Great fires (and floods for that matter) destroying the central business districts of cities and towns around the world were quite common in our historical narrative, seemingly as a way to either destroy the original infrastructure, and/or take credit for the building of it afterwards, and as well as to deliberately cause disruption and displacement.

Now moving west along the Pine Barrens line, we come to Rhode Island, where we find Newport…

…and Rhode Island’s Block Island.

Newport is a seaside city in Rhode Island’s Narragansett Bay, located 33-miles, or 53-kilometers, southeast of Providence.

The Narragansett people are an Algonquin tribe of Rhode Island.

Here is an historic photo of the Narragansett.

Their language died out in the 19th-century, though the tribe has been trying to revive it using written source material.

Across the Narragansett Bay from Newport, in the town of Narragansett, we find a stone masonry building the Towers, said to have been built between 1883 and 1886 by the ubiquitous architectural firm of McKim, Mead and White as part of a Victorian-era casino and social-elite resort facility.

Also known as the “Twin Towers,” it is all that remains after a history of disasters, including fires and hurricanes.

Newport was first incorporated as a town in 1639 by a group of nine founding English colonists, after the Colony of Rhode Island had been established in 1636 by Roger Williams, and only six-years after the Massachusetts Bay Colony was established in 1630.

Bellevue Avenue in Newport is known for its “Gilded Age Mansions.”

One definition that I found of “Gilded Age” is that it was a period of gross materialism and blatant political corruption in the United States from the 1870s to 1900.

Another definition is that it was an era of rapid economic growth, especially in the northern and western United States.

Perhaps the most famous of these “Gilded Age” mansions, said to have been built between 1893 and 1895 for Cornelius Vanderbilt II in Newport was known as “The Breakers.”

It was said to have been patterned after a Renaissance Palace, and built with marble imported from Italy and Africa, as well as rare wood and mosaics from countries around the world.

The U. S. Navy has a significant presence here, including Naval Station Newport…

…and during the Eisenhower and Kennedy Administrations, Newport was the location of “Summer White Houses.”

Next, a look at Rhode Island’s Block Island, in the Block Island Sound I mentioned previously that is adjacent to Long Island Sound of the New York – New Jersey Estuary System.

It is 9-miles, or 14-kilometers, south of the Rhode Island mainland, and 14-miles, or 23-kilometers, east of Long Island’s Montauk Point.

Block Island was named for Adrian Block, a Dutch privateer who was employed by the Dutch East India Company who charted the area in 1614.

New Shoreham is the only town on Block Island.

Block Island School is the only school here, teaching students from kindergarten through 12th-grade.

It was said to have been built in 1933 to replace five, one-room schoolhouses, and still use today, with some architectural changes over the years.

Mansion Beach today is a secluded beach on the island’s northeast coast, known for its white sand and big waves.

It was so-named because there was a mansion once here, said to have been designed by Massachusetts architect Edward F. Searles as a dream home for he and his wife, the widow of San Francisco Central Pacific Railroad magnate Mark Hopkins and constructed between 1886 and 1888.

Searle’s wife, Mary Hopkins Searle, was often referred to as the richest woman in America, and shortly after they married, she bequeathed him her entire fortune.

Searles was one of those architects credited with the design of other monumental architecture, including, but not limited to, the interior design for the Kellogg Terrace, known today as Searles Castle, in Great Barrington, Massachusetts, said to be one of America’s great masterpieces of gothic and Neo-Renaissance architecture built in 1883 by Stanford White of the architectural firm of McKim, Mead & White, the same architectural firm credited with the classical design of the Plymouth Rock Monument.

Sure looks to me like Searles Castle sits atop a star fort base, compared with Fort Loreto, a star fort in Puebla, Mexico, on the right.

Searles was credited with the design of the giant nave which still houses one of the largest pipe organs built in a residence in the United States.

At any rate, after having been abandoned for years, the Searle Mansion back on Block Island burned down in the 1960s, and was never rebuilt.

Block Island has thirteen distinct beaches.

This rocky beach is a clothing optional beach below the Mohegna Bluffs, which like the Aquinnah Cliffs back on Martha’s Vineyard, have a sheared-off-looking quality to them.

The huge rocks found here also look megalithic, like they were shaped and cut.

The island’s Southeast Lighthouse is situated atop of the Mohegna Bluffs.

The Southeast Lighthouse was said to have been built in 1874 in the Gothic Revival architectural style.

It is considered one of the most architecturally sophisticated lighthouses built in the United States in the 19th-century, and is the tallest lighthouse in New England.

Things in common with the Gay Head Lighthouse on the Aquinnah Cliffs back on Martha’s Vineyard include:

A top-heavy appearance and ground-level windows, making it look like there is more to this structure hidden underground…

…there used to be more buildings here…

…and this lighthouse was apparently moved away from the edge of the bluff due to  erosion as well.


“Curioser and Curioser,” as Alice in Wonderland famously once said.

The current Block Island North Lighthouse built of granite and iron was said to have been constructed in 1867, which would have been two years after the end of the American Civil War.

The lighthouse was deactivated in 1973 and acquired by the United States Fish and Wildlife Service.

After being neglected for years, in 1984, the lighthouse and two-acres of land were sold to the town of Shoreham for $1.

It was renovated and first re-lit in 1989, and a museum opened in the first-floor in 1993, and then re-lit again in 2009 after further restoration of the light itself.

Before I move on to Long Island, I want take a look at the other islands located in Block Island Sound, which are Plum Island, Gardiners Island, and Fishers Island, all in New York State.

Plum Island is an island that is part of Southold in Suffolk County, New York, and located in Gardiners Bay, off the eastern end of Long Island’s North Fork peninsula on the eastern end of Long Island.

Plum Island is owned by the United States government, and access to it controlled by the U. S. Department of Homeland Security.

We are told Plum Island was called “Manittuwond” by the historical indigenous Pequot Nation of Connecticut.

This opens up a murky area regarding the people who lived here because their true history has been suppressed in our historical narrative.

The Pequot Nation is indigenous to Connecticut.

The Pequot Nation was classified extinct by colonial authorities after the Pequot Wars that took place between 1636 and 1638, effectively decimating them as a viable tribe, as survivors were either sold into slavery to colonists in the West Indies or Bermuda, otherwise taken captive, or absorbed into other tribes.

Of 5 Pequot tribes in existence today, the Mashantucket Pequot Tribe is the only one that is federally-recognized…

…and, for example, the Eastern Pequot Tribal nation is state-recognized but not federally-recognized.

Mohegan-Pequot was an Algonquin-language spoken by the Mohegan, Pequot, and Niantic people of southern New England, and the Montaukett and Shinnecock of Long Island.

The last living speaker of Mohegan-Pequot died in 1908.

We are told that historically Mohegan-Pequot did not have a writing system, and that the only significant writings came from European colonizers who interacted with speakers of the language.

I am quite sure that James Fenimore Cooper’s “Last of the Mohicans,” first published in 1826, was an early novel introducing and reinforcing the new historical narrative.

Back to Plum Island.

So what we are told is that the Montaukett Grand Sachem Wyandanch of eastern Long Island was said to have sold Plum Island in 1659 to Samuel Wyllys, the son of Connecticut’s governor George Wyllys, for “…a coat, a barrel of biscuits, and 100 fish-hooks.”

Plum Island is only 17-miles, or 27-kilometers, south-southeast of Lyme, Connecticut, the place which gave “Lyme Disease” its name.

The origin story of the disease goes like this:

A mysterious ailment afflicted a group of people in and around Lyme, Connecticut, in the 1970s, and that the cause of Lyme Disease was found to be a form of spiral-shaped bacteria transmitted by the bite of a certain kind of tick.

Lyme Disease causes symptoms like a rash, flu-like symptoms, joint-pain and weakness, among others.

Coincidentally…or not…there is a National Disease Center on Plum Island, which was established in 1954 by the United States Department of Agriculture.

The facility maintains laboratories up to biosafety-level 3, which involves microbes which can cause serious and potentially lethal disease by inhalation.

Fort Terry on Plum Island was said to have been built in 1897 as part of the Harbor Defenses of Long Island Sound, and used intermittently through the end of World War II.

Then in 1952, Fort Terry became a military animal and biological warfare research facility, and in 1954, moved to civilian control as mentioned previously.

The granite lighthouse on the western end of Plum Island, said to have been built and in-service in 1869, looks a lot like the North Lighthouse on Block Island, but unlike the North Lighthouse, it is not open to the public, and access to the Plum Island lighthouse is controlled by the Department of Homeland Security for community stakeholders on a case-by-case basis.

The Plum Island Lighthouse is on one side of “the “Plum Gut,” the mile-wide entrance to Long Island Sound, known for having extremely strong tidal currents.

There is another Lighthouse on the other side of the “Plum Gut,” called the “Orient Long Beach Bar Light,” at the easternmost end of the Long Island’s North Fork.

It was said to have been destroyed by fire in 1963; rebuilt in 1990; and reactivated for navigation in 1993.

Next, I am going to check out Gardiners Island in the Block Island Sound.

Gardiners Island is a small island located in Gardiners Bay between the North and South Forks of Long Island.

The island has been owned by the Gardiner family since 1659, when Lion Gardiner, an English engineer and colonist who founded the first English Settlement in New York here, and said to have purchased it from the Montaukett Grand Sachem Wyandanch, this time for “…a large black dog, some powder and shot, and a few Dutch blankets.”

Wyandanch died that same year, and after his death, the title of “Grand Sachem” went into decline and was eliminated by the colonists after they conquered the region of what was known as “New Netherlands” at the time.

What I am able to find in a search is that the title “Sachem” was the title given to a Native American Chief, in particular the chief of a confederation of Algonquin tribes.

“Sagamore” was the title given to a chief or leader of the Algonquins.

This selection from William Wood’s book was of a map showing the plantations along Massachusetts Bay, and the word or name Sagamore is showing in several places.

William Wood’s book from 1639 was entitled: “New Englands Prospect” and called “A true, lively and experimentall description of that part of America commonly called New England; discovering the state of that Countrie, both as it stands to our new-come English Planters; and to the old native inhabitants. Laying down which that which might enrich the knowledge of the mind-travelling reader, or benefit the future voyager.”

While not under the jurisdiction of the Colonies of Connecticut or Rhode Island, Gardiners Island did fall under the jurisdiction of William Alexander, the 1st Earl of Stirling, who had been given Long Island by the King Charles I of England in 1636, and who required that Gardiner gain approval of his land grant, which he did in 1639 with a royal patent giving him the right to possess the land forever, and given the title of “Lord of the Manor.”

Gardiners Island is a little over 5-square-miles, or 13.4-kilometers-squared, and has more than 1,000 acres of old growth forest, considered by some to be the largest old-growth forest on the northeast coast of the United States.

Passed down through the Gardiner family for over 380-years, the Gardiner mansion on the island is considered to be the oldest family estate in America.

The windmill on Gardiners Island was said to have been built in 1795, and added to the National Register of Historic Places in 1978.

Next, Fishers Island is a part of Southold, New York, at the end of Long Island Sound, located in close proximity to Connecticut and Rhode Island as well.

Named Munnawtawkit by the Pequot, it was said to have been named “Vischer’s Island” by the Adrian Block in 1614 after one of his companions.

John Winthrop the Younger, son of the Massachusetts Bay Colony – which was established in 1630 – founder and Governor John Winthrop, received a grant of Fisher’s Island in 1640.

Winthrop the Younger, who first became Governor of Connecticut in 1657, was said to have used the island to raise sheep and wool, and make bricks, and that after his death, his son leased the island to a farmer from England who established the system of cultivation on the island that was used for the next 200 years.

The island was privately held by the Winthrop family until 1863, then owned privately by others until 1879, when a joint-commission for Connecticut and New York reiterated the New York had legal title to Fisher’s Island, even though it has closer ties to Connecticut because of its proximity.

Between 1783 and 1909, brick-making was the only industry on the island because of the clay-pits there, and at its peak in the 1880s, the brickyard was believed to be the largest in the country, with a production capacity of 18-million bricks per year.

Horse-drawn railroad cars were used to transport clay produced by hundreds of miners wielding shovels to the brick presses.

Okay, so that’s what they tell us, anyway!

Since the 1920s, Fishers Island has been a playground for the social register set that includes the Rockefellers, duPonts, Whitneys, and Roosevelts, and two-thirds of the island is off-limits to everyone except residents and their guests.

The social centers of Fishers Island are two private, exclusive clubs that rarely allow outsiders in – the Fishers Island Club and the Hay Harbor Club.

The Fishers Island Club is located near the eastern end of Fishers Island, and has an 18-hole golf course, said to have been designed by Seth Raynor and opened in 1926, that was ranked in 2009 as ninth in “Golf Digest” of the top 100 golf courses in the world.

The Hay Harbor Club was established in 1909, and is on the western end of Fishers Island.

Among other things, it has a 9-hole golf course said to have been designed by George Strath and opened in 1898.

There is a good view of the Race Rock Lighthouse from the Hay Harbor Club.

The Race Rock Lighthouse is on Race Rock Reef, a dangerous set of rocks on Long Island Sound, and the site of many shipwrecks.

The light has been automated since 1878.

It was said to have been designed by American author, artist and engineer Francis Hopkinson Smith, and built between 1871 and 1878.

Smith, along with being a prolific wrter and painter, was also credited with building the foundation for the Statue of Liberty.

Fishers Island is surrounded by nine smaller islands, like the privately-owned North Dumpling Island, where the North Dumpling Island Lighthouse is located.

The North Dumpling Lighthouse was said to have been built in 1849, then rebuilt in 1871, and deactivated in 1959.

The navigational aid replacing the lighthouse is the metal tower near the lighthouse.

How about all those megalithic stones!

And are those columns I see?

There is a lot more to find here on Fishers Island, but I am going to move on to Long Island where there is a lot to find as well.

Suffolk County on Long Island’s East End is comprised of six main townships – East Hampton; Southampton, which includes Westhampton; Shelter Island; Southold; Riverhead; and Brookhaven, and includes the Long Island Central Pine Barrens.

I am only going to highlight a noteworthy thing or two found in these places as there is so much to find in eastern Long Island.

The towns of East Hampton and Southampton together are what are known as “The Hamptons,” another one of the historical summer colonies of the wealthy elite in our society.

The township of East Hampton is on the eastern end of Long Island’s South Shore.

East Hampton includes the following hamlets: Montauk, Springs, Wainscott, Amagansett, part of Sag Harbor, and jurisdiction over the privately-owned Gardiners Island.

The hamlet of Montauk is on the eastern end of Long Island’s South Fork.

The Montauk Point Light is on Turtle Hill at the easternmost tip of Long Island, and not only was it said to be the first built within the State of New York, it was said to be the first public works project in the new United States having been authorized by Congress because the port of New York City was the first in the nation in volume in foreign shipping, and shippers were said to have needed a lighthouse at the end of Long Island to guide them along the south side into New York Harbor.

It is said to be the fourth-oldest active lighthouse in the United States, and also a privately-run museum.

We are told that construction of the lighthouse was authorized by the Second United States Congress in April of 1792 under President George Washington, and that Ezra L’Hommedieu, a prominent lawyer and politician local to the area, chose the location and designed the lighthouse, and that the lighthouse was built between July and November of 1796.

The U. S. Army took over the lighthouse during World War II, and opened Camp Hero, or Montauk Air Force Station, in 1942, adjacent to the lighthouse.

The remnants of Camp Hero are said to be four gun-battery casements, emplacements and concrete fire control towers at the nearby Camp Hero State Park today.

Now, here’s something interesting.

Camp Hero on Montauk Point is alleged to be the location of the Montauk Project, a series of U. S. Government projects with the purpose of developing things like psychological warfare techniques, like MK Ultra, and time-travel research, among others.

We are entering a place on Earth where so-called “Conspiracy Theories” abound, and the Montauk Project is the first of several examples.

The Conspiracy-Theory Montauk Project was the inspiration for the Netflix show “Stranger Things…”

…which was originally billed as “Montauk.”

So far on the East End of Long Island, there was a known Biological Warfare Laboratory on tightly-controlled Plum Island just off-shore in Long Island Sound, and an alleged Psychological Warfare and Time Travel Research Laboratory at Montauk Point’s Camp Hero.

What else could there possibly be here on Long Island’s East End?

Let’s see what comes up.

Southampton, which includes Westhampton, is partially located on the South Fork, and stretches west along the coastline.

Southampton was founded in 1640 by a group of ten settlers from Lynn, Massachusetts, who obtained land from the Shinnecock Nation by signing a lease, and the town grew quickly and over the next few years, established an early whaling industry here.

The Algonquin Shinnecock Nation’s reservation is in Southampton, and we are told, among thirteen indian tribes on Long Island, largely based on kinship.

In 2005, the Shinnecock filed a lawsuit against the State of New York seeking return of 3,500 acres, or 14 km-squared, in Southampton, and billions of dollars for damages, challenging the State Legislature’s approval of an 1859 sale of 3,500 acres of tribal land.

The disputed land included the Shinnecock Hills Golf Course.

In 2006, the court ruled against the Shinnecock Nation, however, finding the lawsuit was barred by laches, or a lack of diligence or activity for making a legal claim or moving forward with legal enforcement of a right.

They did finally receive federal recognition in 2010, after a 30-year effort that included suing the Department of the Interior.

Their historic neighbors to the East on Long Island, the Montauks, or Montauketts, once resided in large numbers on the eastern end of Long Island.

In 1910, a Judge ruled that the Montauks no longer existed as a tribe and were disenfranchised from their ancestral lands.

Today the Montauk are actively working towards the reversal of this decision, as well as the revitalization of their language and culture.

Interesting to note there is a “Pharoah” surname amongst the Montauks.

This a painting of David Pharaoh of the royal family of the Montauk tribe.

He lived between 1835 and died on July 18th of 1878. He was buried in the Indian Field Cemetery on the old reservation lands on East Lake Drive in Montauk.

Princess Pocahontas Pharaoh was born on February 15th of 1878, the last Montauk born on the Montauk Reservation at Indian Field on Montauk Point, a year before the reservation was sold.

She was the youngest daughter of King David Pharaoh and Queen Maria Fowler Pharaoh of the Montauk Tribe.

The King of the tribe always came from the Pharaoh family.

Pocahontas Pharaoh was born in the middle of efforts by Arthur Benson and the Long Island Railroad to force the Montauks off their Land.

Benson purchased Montauk in October of 1879 for $151,000 and allowed the railroad to expand its rail service through it.

In 1897, King Wyandanch Pharaoh, Pocahontas’ brother went to court to try to get the Montauk land back and fought until 1910, at which time a New York court held that the Montauk Tribe was extinct and stripped the nation of its tribal lands.

Interesting side-note that at least in the Romance languages, the word for lighthouse includes the root sound of “Far”:

In Italian, the word for lighthouse is “Faro…”

In Spanish, it is the same word “Faro…”

In French, the word for lighthouse is “Phare…”

In Portuguese, it is “Farol…”

And in Romanian, “Far.”

They are spelled and sound like they are related to the word “Pharaoh,” which we are told was the common title for monarchs of ancient Egypt from the First Dynasty, starting in 3,150 BC, up to the annexation of Egypt by the Roman Empire in 30 BC.

Throwing this information in for consideration since both a lighthouse and pharaohs are found on Montauk Point.

Southampton is on the eastern side of the Long Island Central Pine Barrens, and the Central Pine Barrens Planning Commission is in Westhampton Beach, on the western side of Southampton.

…where you find the Westhampton dunes…

…considered prime land and luxury real estate for those that can afford it…

…and canals, like the Moneybogue Canal, which requires dredging to get rid of the sediment at the bottom of the waterway.

The Long Island Central Pine Barrens is called Long Island’s largest natural area and last remaining wilderness.

The Pine Barrens recharge a federally-designated sole source aquifer for Long Island’s fresh drinking water, which comes from groundwater wells.

Almost all of Long Island’s Peconic and Carmans Rivers, and their watersheds, two of the four major rivers here, are in the Pine Barrens.

The Peconic River drains an area between the Harbor Hill Moraine, flowing into Flanders Bay, and connecting to Peconic Bay, the bay between Long Island’s North and South Forks, east of Riverhead.

It originates in bogs and wetlands in Central Long Island, and is freshwater until it becomes an estuary in Riverhead, a town and township on the northern edge of the Pine Barrens.

The Harbor Hill Moraine that skirts the North Shore of Long Island was said to have resulted from advancing glaciers 18,000 years ago…

…and named for Harbor Hill in Roslyn, New York, the highest point in Nassau County, where the Harbor Hill Mansion was said to have been built between 1899 – 1902 for the telecommunications magnate Clarence Hungerford Mackay, and designed by Stanford White of the architectural firm of McKim, Mead and White.

Next, I am going to take a look at what is found near the town of Brookhaven, which borders the Long Island Central Pine Barrens to the southwest.

The town of Brookhaven on Long Island is the namesake of the Brookhaven National Laboratory in nearby Upton, a U. S. Department of Energy Laboratory.

The Brookhaven National Laboratory is located on the site of the former Camp Upton, a U. S. Army facility first established in 1917 during World War I to house troops awaiting deployment overseas, and during World War II, it was used as an internment camp for Japanese, German, and Italian citizens living in New York or serving on merchant vessels, since the U. S. was at war with these three countries.

The Department of Energy National Laboratory was established in 1947, with a stated desire to “explore peaceful applications for atomic energy” after World War II.

The Laboratory has developed a broader mission over time, including: nuclear and high-energy physics; physics and chemistry of materials; nanoscience; energy and environmental research; national security and nonproliferation; neuroscience; structural biology; and computational sciences.

The research facilities of Brookhaven National Laboratory include the Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider (RHIC), the first and one of two operating heavy-ion colliders, and only spin-polarized proton collider ever built.

It is also said to be the only operating particle collider in the United States, as physicists study the primordial form of matter that existed in the Universe after what we are told was the “Big Bang,” a physical theory about an event that describes how the Universe expanded from an initial state of high density and temperature.

The worlds’ other operating heavy-ion collider is the Large Hadron Collider, also known as CERN, near Geneva, Switzerland.

In addition to the RHIC, the Brookhaven hosts the National Synchrotron Light Source II, designed to produce x-rays 10,000-times brighter than the original National Synchrotron Light Source at Brookhaven National Laboratory.

We are told it supports basic and advanced energy technologies in a wide-variety of applications, from nano-catalyst-based fuel cells to economical use of solar energy in high-temperature superconductors in a high-capacity and high-reliability electric grid.

So, along with biological warfare research at Plum Island and psychological warfare and time travel research with the Montauk Project at Camp Hero, we have the Brookhaven National Laboratories on Long Island’s East End studying things likeatomic and high-energy physics.

Going in a southwesterly direction on Long Island, we come to the long and narrow Great South Bay.

The Great South Bay is described as a lagoon that is 45-miles, or 72-kilometers-, long, and has an average depth of a little over 4-feet, or 1.2-meters, and is 20-feet, or 6-meters, at its deepest.

I am sure there is a lot more to find here if I dig around, but I will share this book cover and say that during the so-called Gilded Age, the Vanderbilts, Roosevelts, Whitneys, Morgans, and Woolworths were said to have built summer mansions on the South Shore.

Southwest of the Great South Bay, we come to Jamaica Bay, called a partially man-made and partially natural estuary on the western tip of Long Island, and containing numerous marshy islands.

John F. Kennedy International Airport is on the northeast side of Jamaica Bay.

Interestingly, there is a rapid transit line of the New York subway system that operates here, the IND Rockaway Line that runs between the Aqueduct Racetrack Station terminal, also close to the airport in a short-distance, straight-line alignment, and the Rockaway Park-Beach 116th Street Station terminal.

West of Jamaica Bay, we come to Brighton Beach, where we find megalithic rocks strewn about on the beach…

…and the explanation we are given for faces amongst the rocks was that there was a mystery artist in the 1970s who carved them.

There were three major historic amusement parks with Moorish-looking infrastructure/architecture on Brooklyn’s Coney Island Peninsula west of Brighton Beach – Dreamland, Luna Park, and Steeplechase Park.

Dreamland was the third and last of the three original parks said to have been built on Coney Island in the early 19th-century, and founded by successful Brooklyn real estate developer and former State Senator William H. Reynolds as a refined and elegant competitor to the chaotic noise of Luna Park, opening in May of 1904.

The location of Dreamland was near the West Eighth Street subway station opposite Culver Depot.

Everything at Dreamland was touted to be bigger than Luna Park, including the larger Electric Tower, and four times as many incandescent lights than Luna Park.

Dreamland’s life on Coney Island was ended only 7-years after opening.

On May 27th of 1911, a fire started at the Hell Gate attraction the night before the season’s opening day, and spread quickly, completely destroying the park by morning.

Coney Island’s Luna Park was said to have opened in 1903, and operated until 1944.

We are told the park’s architectural style was an oriental theme, with over 1,000 red and white painted spires, minarets, and domes on buildings constructed on a grand scale.

All the domes, spires, and towers were lit-up at night with several 100,000 incandescent lights.

In the middle of the lake at the center of the park was a 200-foot, or 61-meter, tall Electric Tower that was decorated with 20,000 incandescent lamps, said to be a smaller version of the Electric Tower featured in the 1901 Pan American Exposition in Buffalo.

Luna Park was accessible from Culver Depot, the terminals of the West End and Sea Beach Streetcar and Railroad lines.

Over the years, Luna Park would continue under different management, with constant changes.

The end of Luna Park came with two fires in 1944, one in August and one in October, which destroyed the park, and in 1946, the whole park was demolished.

There has been a Luna Park operating near the original location since 2010 that has no connection to the 1903 park.

Steeplechase Park on Coney Island was said to have been created by entrepreneur George Tilyou in 1897.

The entrance to Steeplechase Park had a grand archway, the top of which was decorated with four horses.

The park included over 50 attractions on its midway alone.

In Steeplechase Park’s history between its opening in 1897 and closing in 1964, there were things like fires, rebuilding, rides added, and so on.

The only remaining structure from Steeplechase Park is the defunct Parachute Jump, next to Maimonades Park, the location of a minor league baseball stadium.

When I was doing research for my recent blog post “Star Forts, Gone-Bye Trolley Parks and Lighthouses of New York’s Hudson River Valley & New York Bays…”

…I found that between the entrance to the lower New York Bay at the Atlantic Ocean to the locations around the George Washington Bridge across the Hudson River alone, there were eleven historical star forts that are in pairs and/or clusters; five major historic trolley amusement parks; and eleven lighthouses.

I found a lot more up the Hudson River from here.

I even found the John D. Rockefeller Estate known as Kykuit near Tarrytown.

Situated on the highest point in Pocantino Hills, the Rockefeller Estate was said to have been built in 1913.

Continuing to track the coastline heading south down the Jersey Shore from Coney Island, we come to the Navesink Twin Lights on the headlands of the Navesink Highlands, overlooking Sandy Hook Bay, at the entrance to the New York Harbor and the Atlantic Ocean.

Navesink was also the name of the Lenape people who inhabited the Raritan Bayshore near Sandy Hook in the scenic highlands in eastern New Jersey.

Much like the other stories we have been told about these places I have looked at along the way, the story goes that the Navesink lands were sold by Navesink elders to a group of Dutch businessmen for wampum and goods in March of 1664, the first and largest land sale deal along the Jersey Shore between Native Americans and Europeans, and that the Navesink received in return for their land things like 5 coats; one gun; 12-pounds of tobacco; and 10 gallons of liquor.

The Navesink Twin Lights were said to have been built in 1862.

The American Civil War is said to have taken place between 1861 to 1865, so we are expected to believe this solid masonry structure was built during war-time.

To the west of the Navesink Twin Lights on the Highlands overlooking Sandy Hook is a town called Sayreville, located at the mouth of the Raritan River where it enters Raritan Bay in the New York – New Jersey Estuary System.

Sayreville received its final naming from James Sayre, Jr, of Newark, one of the two co-founders of the Sayre and Fisher Brick Company in 1850.

Like Fishers Island, there are extensive clay deposits in the area, and the Sayre and Fisher Company quickly became one of the largest brick-making companies in the world.

Big companies including, but not limited to, DuPont established plants in Sayreville for gunpowder production initially in 1898, and later for paint and photo products.

The Raritan River Railroad operated freight and passenger service through here between 1888 and 1980, after which time Conrail took over rail operations.

This the logo for the Raritan River Railroad…

…and this is the logo for Rolls Royce.

The similarity between these two logos tells me these two companies were likely connected in some way. Besides the fact the logos look virtually identical, it brings to mind what I found in Derby, England.

I found Derby near the Algiers’ Circle Alignment as I was tracking it through England.

Derby is the geographic center of England, and the Derwent River Valley in Derbyshire is considered the Birthplace of the Industrial Revolution.

Rolls-Royce is a global aerospace, defense, energy, and marine company focused on world-class power and propulsion systems, and its civil aerospace and nuclear divisions are in Derby…

…as well as the Railway Technical Center, the technical headquarters of British Rail, and considered the largest railway research complex in the world.

There are certainly interconnecting pieces of the puzzle to be found lying around these tidbits of seemingly disconnected information.

Were they all working together to bring already existing railroad infrastructure back on-line?

Interesting to note that I found the Ames Shovel Shop in Easton, Massachusetts, several years ago when I was tracking a long-distance alignment starting and ending in Washington, DC.

In 1803, the Ames Shovel Works was established in Easton.

It became nationally known for providing the shovels for the Union Pacific Railroad, which opened the west. It was said to have been the world’s largest supplier of shovels in the 19th-century.

Brothers Oliver Ames, Jr, and Oakes Ames (b. 1807 – d. 1877) were co-owners of the Ames Shovel Shop.

Oliver was also the President of the Union Pacific Railroad from when it met the Central Pacific Railroad in Utah for the completion of the first Transcontinental Railroad in North America.

Oakes was a member of the U. S. Congress House of Representatives from Massachusetts 2nd District from 1863-1873. He is credited by many as being the most important influence in building the Union Pacific portion of the first Transcontinental Railroad.

He was also known for his involvement in the Credit-Mobilier Scandal of 1867, regarding the improper sale of stock of the railroad’s construction company.

He was formally censured by Congress in 1873 for this involvement, and he died in the same year.

He was exonerated by the Massachusetts State Legislature on May 10th, 1883, the 10th-Anniversary of the completion of the Transcontinental Railroad.

As we return to the New Jersey Pine Barrens following this linear alignment of Atlantic Coastal Pine Barrens, there are a couple of more things in this area that I would like to bring to your attention.

Ong is a ghost town that falls on the Atlantic Coastal Pine Barren alignment, keeping in mind that the places pinned are where each term came up on the Google Earth search.

Ong, or Ong’s Hat, is a ghost town in the Brandon T. Byrne State Forest, and the northern terminus of the Batona Trail, a 53.5-mile, or 86.1-kilometer, hiking trail through the Pine Barrens.

Ong’s Hat was also considered one of the earliest, internet-based, conspiracy theories.

Ong’s Hat is also listed as the first Alternate Reality Game (ARG) on many lists of ARGs.

We are told that “Ong’s Hat” was a work of alternate-reality collaborative fiction, beginning back in the 1980s and embedded in various media to establish a backstory – like bulletin boards, xerox mail art networks, and zines – and that author Joseph Matheny concluded the project.

The Ong’s Hat tale is told about a group of physics and science professors from Princeton who ran chaos theory and quantum physics experiments from an ashram there to travel interdimensionally through a device called “The Egg,” and they were camped out in another world.

“The Egg” was said to have been developed by these physicists and scientists as a sensory deprivation chamber, and used by them to determine when a wave becomes a particle.

One day “The Egg” disappeared, and the young man within explained that in the seven-minutes he was gone, he had travelled to an alternate dimension of the Earth.

According to the story about “Ong’s Hat,” these experiments continued over the years, until the military threatened their research, at which time they moved entirely in to the alternate dimension, only coming back for supplies.

“The Egg?” Great Egg Harbor? I don’t know if there is a connection. Just curious….

What we are told is that Great Egg Harbor was named “Eyren Haven” in Dutch by the Dutch Explorer Cornelius May, for whom Cape May was named sometime around 1614 for all the birds laying eggs he observed here.

Philadelphia is located in close proximity to Ong and the New Jersey Pine Barrens, so let’s take a look at the Philadelphia Experiment and see what we are told about that.

World War II started on September 1st in 1939, and ended on September 2nd in 1945 – exactly six years later.  It is considered the deadliest conflict in human history.

Almost halfway through World War II, on July 22nd, 1942, the strange Philadelphia experiment was alleged to have taken place at the Philadelphia Navy Yard. 

Did the USS Eldridge just become invisible? 

Or did it go somewhere else? 

And if it went somewhere else, where might it have gone?

What was the real purpose of the Philadelphia Experiment?

What if the USS Eldridge went back in time, and created a rip in the fabric of space-time?

Personally I think it was a deliberate manipulation of the original civilization’s energy grid system in order to create a rip in the fabric of space-time, and that a new artificial timeline was somehow inserted.

At the very least, I believe this rip allowed great evil in the form of parasitic non-human souls to incarnate in human form on the Earth, and subsequently created the conditions for the world we are living in today.   More on this in a moment.

I have postulated for several years that the years 1492 and 1942 are the boundary years of a new timeline called Rome, with 1717 as the midpoint year, and a new history was grafted on to the existing infrastructure on the Earth, and falsely attributed in the new historical narrative. 

For some reason, the conspiracy theories I have mentioned of have come back into form to be consumed by the public as shows like the previously “Stranger Things” based on the Montauk Project, or movies like “The Final Countdown,” a 1980 movie where a time-travelling naval vessel in the form of the USS Nimitz goes back in time to the day before the attack on Pearl Harbor on December 7th of 1941.

I think this is because the negative beings have to tell us what they are doing to gain our consent for their actions, but they don’t tell us they are telling us, and instead relying on such methods as predictive programming like this in order to gain our tacit consent (since we don’t know they are telling us something) rather than informed consent. 

Predictive programming is defined as:  Storylines, or even subtle images, that in retrospect seem to hint at events that actually end up happening in the real world.

As part of my journey going deep into this research, I was guided through a psychic friend in 2019 to look at Ireland in 1742 in my research.

As we were visiting, she received an image of Ireland that was white, cold and frozen on one side of 1742, and bright and sunny on the other.

So I searched for what happened in the year 1742 on the internet, and only two things came up.

The first was that Dublin, Ireland, was the location for the premier of George Frederick Handel’s Messiah on April 13th, 1742.

And the only other thing that came up was an extraordinary cold weather event in Ireland between 1740 – 1741, during which time, the Irish population endured 21-months of bizarre weather without known precedent that defied conventional explanation. The cause was not known.

And Handel’s Messiah premieres in Dublin right after the extremely cold, lethal weather event???!!!

So, who shows up within a few years after the Great Frost of Ireland?

Well, in 1744 Mayer Amschel Rothschild was born in Frankfurt, Germany.  He established his banking business there in the 1760s, which became the start of an international banking family.

Starting out as a dealer in rare coins, his business grew to include a number of princely patrons, and continued to expand into an international banker and profiteer from the Napoleonic Wars.

Then on February 6th, 1748, Bavarian Illuminati-founder Adam Weishaupt was born in Ingolstadt, Bavaria, Germany. He went to a Jesuit school at the age of 7, and was initiated into Freemasonry in 1777.

Weishaupt’s radical views on Illuminism got him in trouble with the ruler in Bavaria when writings of his were intercepted and deemed seditious, and he fled to the Duchy of Saxe-Gotha-Altenburg under the protection of Duke Ernest II starting in 1784.

Francis, Duke of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld, was born on July 15th of 1750, and was the progenitor of the House of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha line, which seeded the lineage of the new royals, primarily through first cousins Queen Victoria and Prince Albert, but also through direct marriage of this obscure ducal line marrying directly into other European Royal families.

King George V of Great Britain changed the name of the royal house from Saxe-Coburg & Gotha to Windsor on July 17th of 1917, supposedly due to anti-German sentiment generated by World War I.

In 1839, John D. Rockefeller, Sr. was born in the United States, the progenitor of the wealthy Rockefeller family and considered to be the wealthiest American of all time. He founded the Standard Oil Company in 1870.

Shortly after I learned about the cold-weather event in Ireland, I was connected by someone to the mud flood community.

I learned about the fantastic research that is being done by people looking at their own communities and other places, around the world, at strong evidence that there was a cataclysmic event involving a massive flood of mud, as recently as 200 – 300 years ago.

It is being called a reset event, and that photographic evidence exists that buildings, canals, rail-lines, tunnels, among other things, were purposefully dug out after the event to the point where they could be used.

The explanation of a mud flood makes a lot of sense to me based on what I am finding and seeing.

A sudden cataclysmic liquefaction event creating a flood of mud accounts for how a highly advanced worldwide civilization of giants…

…could be wiped from the face of the Earth and erased from our collective memory.

I truly believe there was at least one worldwide cataclysm, but perhaps several, that was deliberately-caused by blood-line connected families.

They were shovel-ready to dig out enough of the infrastructure of the original civilization, with a free-energy-generating grid system that was perfectly aligned with the Heavens, to restart enough of that civilization so they could take control of the new civilization, its people and its resources, and then created the conditions to destroy the whole thing, which seems to be what is playing out right now in front of our eyes.

This was Paris on December 10th of 2022, after France beat England in the World Cup match in Qatar.

This journey looking at the estuaries, pine barrens & elite enclaves of the northeast coast of the United States has provided for me what appears to be tangible evidence for what I believe has taken place here, that this powerful area for the original advanced Moorish civilization got blasted through a leyline with tremendous energy artificially running through it, and this caused the land here to be ruined and sunk.

This makes me wonder if what we are told about the sinking of Atlantis took place much more recently than we have been led to believe in our historical narrative.

And it is very interesting to note how the wealthy elite are obsessed with this region and willing to live or vacation here for an exorbitant cost-of-living, even though it is in a ruined state from what it once was.

If all this sounds crazy, remember the old saying “Truth is Stranger than Fiction.”

We have been taught and told egregious lies from cradle to grave to get us to the world we live in today.

The parasitic and multi-dimensionally aware beings behind all of this want us to believe that suffering, sickness, misery, destruction, division, and death was and is our normal state of being, and not question what we have been taught about who we are.

They are the only ones who benefit because they energetically feed on Humanity’s negative emotional states, at the same time they have sucked up all the wealth of the Earth for themselves.

Author: Michelle Gibson

I firmly believe there would be no mysteries in history if we had been told the true history. I intend to provide compelling evidence to support this. I have been fascinated by megaliths most of my life, and my journey has led me to uncovering the key to the truth. I found a star tetrahedron on the North American continent by connecting the dots of major cities, and extended the lines out. Then I wrote down the cities that lined lined up primarily in circular fashion, and got an amazing tour of the world of places I had never heard of with remarkable similarities across countries. This whole process, and other pieces of the puzzle that fell into place, brought up information that needs to be brought back into collective awareness.

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