Following the Money & Influence – Part 1 The Ways We Were Kept Asleep ~ Addictions

My work and research is leading me down the path of uncovering how the new historical narrative was created and implemented, and the process of how the original history was deconstructed and reconstructed into a new narrative.

I think the positive, life-enhancing planetary grid system was reverse- engineered into a control system.

By following money and influence, the true picture of what has taken place here emerges.

I am going to take a three-post detour from the series I just started involving the San Francisco alignment in order to get this information out sooner rather than later.

I believe up until a couple of hundred years ago, we were on the very positive and advanced Human timeline of the ancient Moorish Civilization.

At that time, which I believe took place between 1740 and 1741 in our current timeline, negative parasitic and opportunistic beings deliberately created the conditions for a liquefaction event which resulted in what is being called the mud flood, wiped out the original civilization, and these negative beings were able to incarnate and be on earth human physical forms. They invented their new timeline based on the existing physical infrastructure and original history. 

I believe the causal event of the mud flood was connected to the Great Frost of Ireland in 1740 and 1741. During this time in Ireland,  there was an almost two-year period of extremely cold, enduring weather in Ireland, killing hundreds of thousands of people. 

The cause is not known and this information is in the historical record, but kept pretty much out of sight.

This was labelled as a photograph of Kansas City before the 1870s…

…and this one in Pittsburgh in the early 1900s.

They took copious liberties with the true history and gave us their version of history with them in it.

If my date of 1740 – 1741 for the main causal event is correct, and the new reset timeline officially started in the mid-1850s, there would have been a little over 100-years to set the stage for the “New World” so to speak, and to dig out enough infrastructure to re-start civilization. 

The existing infrastructure of earth was remarkably similar and geometrically-aligned in diverse places, like at the Fort de la Bastille at Grenoble, in Southern France…

…Fort Jefferson on Dry Tortugas State Park west of Key West in the Florida Keys, only accessible by ferry or boat, and the largest brick masonry structure with 16 million bricks in the United States, said to have been built between 1845 and 1861…

…the doors of Pueblo Bonito in Chaco Canyon in northern New Mexico…

…and the Cisternerne, or The Cisterns, in Copenhagen, Denmark.

Now a museum, The Cisterns are located underground beneath Frederiksberg Hill in Sondermarken Park. This is the above-ground entrance to it.

This is a good segue into places where people could have lived until the surface of the earth became habitable once again. There are extensive networks of underground infrastructure including, but not limited to underground cities and subway tunnels, all over the world.

For example, I studied Budapest, Hungary for my blog post “Going Deep into Underground Rail Systems.” I found out that Budapest is called the “Capital City of Underground Wonders,” with places like the Kobanya Cellar System…

…and, like The Cisterns in Copenhagen, Buda Castle is situated on a hill, called Castle Hill. It was the historical palace and castle complex of the Hungarian Kings…

…and has extensive underground passages in what is called a labyrinth.

This is what is found in “The Crowned Head and the Ottoman Alley” underneath Buda Castle.

I find it to be extremely odd…and noteworthy. It looks more like a petrified head, covered up to the nose and ears by mud, than an intentional work of art.

So how were we put, and kept, asleep?

This is a big, multi-layered subject, but in this post I am going to focus primarily on the intentional creation and promotion of addictions..

An addiction is a compulsive, chronic, physiological or psychological need for a habit-forming substance, behavior, or activity having harmful effects.

My starting point will be John Molson. I ran into him a while back when I was researching railroads. All the information I am presenting is found in the historical narrative we have been given.

John Molson was born in England in 1763. He became a brewer and entrepreneur in colonial Quebec and Lower Canada.

In addition to being given the credit for financing the first public railway in Canada, the Champlain & St. Lawrence Railway, chartered in 1832 and built in 1835…

…he founded Molson Brewery in 1786 in Montreal…

…financed the first steamship built in North America in 1809, “The Accommodation…”

…and was President of the Bank of Montreal.

John Molson was said to have been orphaned at the age of 8, when first his father died, then his mother two years later. He lived with various guardians until he left England for Montreal, Quebec in 1782 at the age of 18. This is a 1761 map of the “Isles of Montreal.”

After his arrival in Montreal, he moved in with a brewer, Thomas Loyd, and shortly thereafter became a partner of the brewery. At the age of 21, he took over the brewery completely.

Soon Molson’s beer was in high demand, which was said to have appealed to different classes of Montreal Society, with customers increasing every day.

Between 1788 and 1800, his business quickly grew into one of the larger ones in Lower Canada, having sold 30,000 gallons, or 113,500-liters, of beer by 1791.

As his wealth grew, he started branching out into financing other interests, like the railroad and the steamship.

He was appointed the Provincial Grand Master of the District Freemasonic Lodge of Montreal by the Duke of Sussex in 1826, a position he held for five years before resigning in 1831.

He died in 1836, and was interred in the Molson Mausoleum…

…in the Mount Royal Cemetery.

The Anheuser-Busch Brewing Company is headquartered in St. Louis, Missouri. This is a post card of it from the 1930s.

Today the company employs over 30,000 people, and operates twelve breweries in the United States.

The Busch Entertainment Corporation, which was founded in 1959, became SeaWorld Parks & Entertainment in 2009 with its sale to the Blackstone Group, an American multinational private equity, asset management, and financial services firm based in New York City.

It was founded as the Bavarian Brewery in 1852 by George Schneider, but financial problems forced him to sell the brewery to various owners during the late 1850s, one of which Eberhard Anheuser, a prosperous German-American soap and candle-maker. The name became E. Anheuser & Company in 1860.

A wholesaler who had immigrated from Germany to St. Louis in 1857, Adolphus Busch, became Eberhard Anheuser’s son-in-law in 1861.

He was the twenty-first of twenty-two children in a family that did well financially selling winery and brewery supplies in Mainz-Kastel in Wiesbaden, in Germany’s State of Hesse.

After serving in the Union Army during the American Civil War for six months, Adolphus Busch returned to St. Louis and began working for the brewery.

Soon he became a partner, and served as company secretary until his father-in-law died in 1880, at which time he became president of the business.

During the 1870s, Adolphus Busch had toured Europe to study changes in brewing methods at the time. In particular he was interested in the pilsner beer of the town of Budweis, located in what is now the Czech Republic.

In 1876, he introduced Budweiser…

…and 1876 was the same year he introduced refrigerated railroad cars to transport beer.

By 1877, the company owned a fleet of 40 refrigerated railroad cars.

Expanding the company’s distribution range led to increased demand for their products, and the company expanded its facilities in St. Louis during the 1870s.

Busch implemented pasteurization in 1878 as a way to keep beer fresh for a longer period of time.

He established the St. Louis Refrigerator Car Company in 1878, and by 1888, the company owned 850 cars.

I will be getting more into these types of things later in this series, but it is too good of an example of the practice of consolidating wealth to pass over it.

In addition to refrigeration and pasteurization, Busch adopted vertical integration as a business practice, in which he bought all the components of his business, from bottling factories to ice-manufacturing plants to buying the rights from Rudolf Diesel to manufacture all diesel engines in America.

This illustration was of the Bevo Bottling Facility in St. Louis.

He also founded the Manufacturers Railway Company in 1887, which operated until 2011.

What about the founding of distilleries during the same time period?

Jack Daniel’s is a brand of Tennessee Whiskey, and the top-selling American whiskey in the world.

Jasper Newton “Jack” Daniel was born sometime in the mid-1800s. The birth date of 1850 was on his tombstone, however, his birthdate was said to be listed as September 5th, 1846 in Tennessee state records from the time.

He was the youngest of ten children, and his mother died shortly after he was born.

When his father died in the Civil War, he ran away from home because he didn’t get along with his stepmother.

He was taken in by the local lay-preacher and distiller, Dan Call, and began to learn the distilling trade.

He was said to have received an inheritance from his father estate’s after a long dispute with his siblings was resolved, and he founded a legally-registered distilling business with Call in 1875.

Shortly afterwards, Call was said to have quit for “religious reasons.”

That seems strange! If he was a preacher, why would he have even gotten involved with distilling in the first place if that was the case?

He was said to have purchased the hollow and land the distillery is on in Lynchburg, Tennessee after taking over the distillery in 1884.

That sure is a lot of high-proof alcohol in all of those barrels!

Alcohol is classified as a Central Nervous System depressant, meaning that it slows down brain function and neural activity. Alcohol proof is the measure of the content of ethanol in an alcoholic beverage. We’re talking 70-proof and over for the different products made by the Jack Daniel’s Distillery.

Jack Daniel’s Tennessee Whiskey was said to have had a surge in popularity after receiving the gold medal for the finest whiskey at the 1904 St. Louis World’s Fair, also known as the Louisiana Purchase Exposition, held to celebrate the centennial of the Louisiana Purchase in 1803.

Adolphus Busch was on the Board of Directors for the 1904 Exposition in St. Louis.

What are some other profitable addictions?

One would be cigarettes.

R. J. Reynolds Tobacco Company was founded in 1875 by R. J. Reynolds, born in 1850, and the son of a tobacco farmer in Virginia.

He sold his shares in his father’s tobacco company, and went to Winston-Salem in North Carolina to start his own company, the closest town with a railroad connection.

The first year he produced 150,000 pounds, or 68,000 kilograms, of tobacco, and by the 1890s, he was producing several millions of pounds and kilograms.

The company’s buildings were the largest in Winston-Salem, and had the new technologies of steam power and electric lights.

Interesting to contrast the brick factory building on the previous illustration of the R. J. Reynolds Tobacco Company’s physical plant with the depiction of what looks like a wooden, log-cabin style building in this coin commemorating the company’s first hundred years.

Prince Albert Smoking Tobacco became the company’s national showcase product in 1907…

…which led to high-profile advertising in Union Square in New York City.

R. J. Reynolds’ Camel cigarette became the most popular cigarette in the country.

R. J. Reynolds’ Camel cigarette became the most popular cigarette in the country…nothing to see here with the camel, the pyramids, and the palm trees, right?

Five of the company’s brands are in the top-ten of the best-selling brands in the United States, and it is estimated that every one-out-of-three cigarette brands sold in the United States is a product of R. J. Reynolds.

Another way to profit from addictions would be gambling.

What in the world could make people from all walks of life willfully throw money away by playing the odds, with nothing guaranteed in return?

A great case study of this phenomenon is Las Vegas, Nevada.

Between the late 1800s and early 1900s, gambling was brought to the area now known as Las Vegas, which was founded in 1905 as a stopover for Union Pacific trains travelling between Los Angeles and Salt Lake City.

The oldest casino in Las Vegas was the Hotel Nevada on Fremont Street. It opened in 1906, and then in 1909 had to be closed as a casino due to a gambling ban that was introduced in Nevada. The casino was reopened in 1931 when the ban was lifted.

Fremont Street was named after John C. Fremont, an American explorer who led five expeditions to explore the West in the 1840s, and he came through the Las Vegas area in 1844.

The Hotel Nevada became the Golden Gate Hotel & Casino in 1955. It was renovated over the years, and operates to this day.

The El Cortez Hotel & Casino was built in 1941, and was the first major resort in downtown Las Vegas, also located on Fremont Street.

The El Rancho Vegas was also built in 1941, and was the first casino hotel in the area that came to be known as the Vegas Strip.

The main buildings of El Rancho Vegas, including the casino and restaurants, were destroyed by fire in 1960. The El Rancho Motor Inn operated as a non-gaming hotel until the remaining buildings were completely demolished by 1979.

The Golden Nugget opened in 1946, and was the first stand-alone casino in Las Vegas.

At that time, it was the flashiest and biggest casino in the world.

The Flamingo opened in Las Vegas the day after Christmas in 1946, and is the oldest hotel on the Vegas Strip still standing.

The man behind the idea of the Flamingo was Billy Wilkerson, founder of “The Hollywood Reporter” magazine.

Along with mobster Bugsy Siegel, Wilkerson wanted to build a casino that “trap” gamblers, and keep them playing for hours. For example, having no clocks or windows in the casino to facilitate people losing track of time.

This is how the Vegas Strip appears today.

In the second part of this series on following the money and influence, I am going to be looking into how the promotion of distractions have been used to keep us asleep, distractions being things which prevent people from giving their full attention to something else.

The Relationship between Sacred Geometry, Ley-Lines, & Places in Alignment – Part 1 San Francisco, California to Tarawa, Kiribati

This new series will be about cities I found around the world in long-distance alignment with each other, starting from San Francisco.

I came into this level of awareness about the physical planetary grid system after I found a star tetrahedron by connecting cities in North America that lined-up in lines.

I believe this is the terminus of the planetary grid system, and that everything about the advanced ancient civilization was based on sacred geometry, including how all of the physical infrastructure on the earth was laid out.

Once I found the star tetrahedron, I extended the lines out.   I used a magnifying glass and wrote down the cities that lined up in linear and circular fashion.  And I got an amazing tour of the world of places I had never heard of with remarkable similarities across countries.  

Sacred Geometry is a language of geometric patterns that spans all cultures, timelines, and species on earth, and beyond. It is the foundation of everything in existence when broken down to the smallest parts.

This is the Flower of Life pattern upon which it is based.

It is the creation pattern of the Universe, and when you connect the centers of each circle, you find all the sacred geometric shapes are contained within it, including, but not limited to, the star tetrahedron… 

…which is one of the five Platonic Solids, all of which are contained within the Flower of Life. The five shapes shown here are within the Fruit of Life, also known as Metatron’s Cube, in the Flower of Life pattern.

Named after the Greek philosopher Plato, each one of the Platonic Solids are a polyhedron, which is a solid with flat faces; each face is of the same size and shape; and all are convex polyhedrons, meaning having many finite points, but not all in the same plane.

They are also associated with the five elements:

The hexahedron, or cube, is associated with earth…

…the octahedron is associated with air…

…the tetrahedron is associated with fire…

…the icosahedron is associated with water…

…and the dodecahedron is associated with ether, and the Universe.

The fifth element has been removed from our education, so we only learn about the first four – earth, air, fire, and water.

The original ancient, advanced Moorish civilization was concerned with applying sacred geometry in creating infrastructure and communities in harmony, balance, beauty, and Unity with each other and the Universe.

So think of the earth with the Flower of Life superimposed on it…

…and the leylines representing the sacred geometric shapes that are contained with the flower of life when the lines are connected to the centers of the circles.

My intuitive understanding of sacred geometry, which I first learned about starting in 2007, is what has guided me in uncovering the information I am bringing forward, and in finding the alignment that I am going to focus on in this post.  

There are many kinds of alignments, all connected to each other, so what I am going to share is one of many possible alignments emanating off of the same place.

Before I begin, once upon a time, before knowledge of sacred geometry and the existence of the planetary grid system was removed from the collective awareness, the maps that were made included these alignments, like the 1375 Catalan Atlas, a product of the Majorcan Cartographic School that flourished in Majorca in the 13th-, 14th-, and 15th-centuries.

I am going to start this series in San Francisco, the cultural, commercial, and financial center of northern California.

It covers an area of about 50 square-miles, or 121 kilometers-squared, at the north-end of the San Francisco Peninsula in the San Francisco Bay area.

San Francisco was said to have been founded by Spanish colonists in 1776, who built a fortification called “El Presidio Real of San Francisco,” or “The Royal Fortress of Saint Francis of Assisi,” at what is now simply called the Presidio, a park and former U. S. military installation until 1994, which it was transferred to the National Park Service.

I looked at a map of the Presidio, and noticed “Fort Point” at its tip, where Highway 101 crosses the San Francisco Bay over the Golden Gate Bridge…

…and sure enough, I found what looks like a star fort tucked away underneath the base of the bridge.

Battery Boutelle is also on the Presidio Grounds beside the bridge.

This is what it looks like inside the structure at Fort Point underneath this end of the Golden Gate Bridge, including a lighthouse…

…which reminded me of Fort Wadsworth’s Battery Weed, on the Staten Island side of the Verrazano Narrows Bridge crossing over to Brooklyn in the narrow channel between Lower New York Bay and Upper New York Bay.

Since I knew that Fort Hamilton is located right next to the base of the Verrazano Narrows bridge on the Brooklyn side…

…I looked on the other side of the Golden Gate Bridge since I consistently find star forts in one or more pairs around the world, and I found Battery Spencer on the other side of the bay right next to the bridge…

…and underneath the base of the Golden Gate Bridge, I found this old-looking structure with solar panels, and stone steps…

…which is the Lime Point Lighthouse, said to have been built in 1883 and automated since 1961.

Based on finding clusters of two or more star forts, and lighhouses for that matter, around the world all along planetary alignments, and other infrastructure I have shared with you that don’t feature the classic look of a star fort, I think all of these functioned together worldwide as the circuitry producing the power for the planetary grid system and the advanced civilization, and that star forts and batteries were not originally military in nature as we have been led to believe.

Also, this is a comparison of the Golden Gate Bridge on the top, with the Verrazano Narrows Bridge on the bottom.

They are both suspension bridges, which means the deck of the bridge is hung below suspension cables on vertical suspenders.

The Palace of Fine Arts is right next to the Presidio Park in the Fisherman’s Wharf section of San Franscisco.

It was said to have been built for the Panama-Pacific Exposition of 1915, an exposition which celebrated the city and its rise from the ashes from the Great Earthquake and Fire of 1906. and one of its few surviving structures of the Exposition.

Interesting to note such a massive engineering feat and event like this taking place during World War I, which took place between 1914 and 1918 in our historical narrative.

Besides having the nickname of the “Golden Gate City,” other nicknames have included “Baghdad by the Bay…”

…and “Paris of the West.”

“Paris of the West” is the name of a popular craft beer of the Almanac Beer Company of the Hermitage Brewery in San Francisco. The picture on the bottle is the San Francisco Ferry Terminal.

The ferry terminal is located on San Francisco’s Embarcadero. The Embarcadero is the eastern waterfront and roadway of the Port of San Francisco, and built on reclaimed land along a 3-mile long engineered seawall.

The San Franciso Ferry Terminal was said to have been designed in 1892, and opened in 1898.

For comparison is the Auckland Ferry Terminal, also said to have been completed on reclaimed land, in Auckland, New Zealand, in 1912.

Reclaimed from what?

The Legion of Honor Museum, at one time known as the California Palace of the Legion of Honor, is in San Francisco’s Lincoln Park.

It was said to have been donated as a gift to the City of San Francisco in 1924 by Alma de Bretteville Spreckels, the wife of…

…sugar magnate and thoroughbred horse owner and breeder Adolph Spreckels.

The Legion of Honor Museum is said to be a full-scale replica of the French Pavilion at the San Francisco Panama-Pacific Exposition of 1915, and based on the Legion of Honor Museum in Paris.

Dedicated as a Memorial to California soldiers killed in World War I, the Legion of Honor Museum in San Francisco opened on Armistice Day, November 11th, in 1924.

In the Court of Honor, besides Auguste Rodin’s famous cast bronze statue, the Thinker, donated to the museum by Mrs. Spreckels in 1924…

…there is said to be what is a miniature of the Louvre Pyramid installed in the courtyard…

…as a skylight for the museum underneath it, right in front of the entrance.

The Louvre Pyramids in Paris are said to have been created by the Chinese-American I. M. Pei in the 1980s.

Verifiable, you say? Well, maybe so, but as we know, desirable information can easily be added, or removed, from the data base. Who is actually going to question it, and check on it, anyway?

The Legion of Honor Museum is also the western terminus of the Lincoln Highway, of which Times Square in New York City is the eastern terminus.

The Lincoln Highway was one of the earliest transcontinental routes for automobiles in the United States, said to have been conceived of by Indiana entrepreneur Carl G. Fisher in 1912, and formally dedicated on October 31st in 1913.

The Legion of Honor Museum is located in San Francisco’s Lincoln Park, which is also home to a golf course, which I believe are actually ancient mound sites.

Just carve out a section of a mound, and voila, you have a sand trap!

Next, I am going to take a close look at Alcatraz Island, 1.25-miles, or 2.01-kilometers off-shore from San Francisco in San Francisco Bay. It is best known as an infamous federal penintentiary for troublesome prisoners.

The first thing that draws my attention are the relatively flat, and relatively level, sections at the top of this small and rocky island.

The next thing that draws my attention is the lighthouse.

To put the lighthouse into the context of the historical narrative we have been given, the island of Alcatraz was said to have been given by the Mexican Governor Pio Pico to Julian Workman in 1846 to build a lighthouse on it. Workman was a member of the Workman and Temple families prominent in the history of the Los Angeles area.

Then, in 1850, President Millard Fillmore ordered that Alcatraz Island be set aside specifically as a United States Military Reservation.

This also would have been during the historical time-frame of what we are told was the California Gold Rush between 1849 and 1851.

This is a daguerrotype of Portsmouth Square in San Francisco from sometime before June of 1851, which was when the Great Fire of San Francisco of 1851 was started in Portsmouth Square.

Millard Fillmore was the Vice-President to President Zachary Taylor, who was said to have died of problems from something he ate several days after attending a July 4th celebration in 1850.    So he became President Millard Fillmore in 1850.

Millard Fillmore was also the President who ordered Commodore Matthew Peary to Japan in 1853 to force the opening of Japanese ports to American trade by any means necessary.

As I have indicated previously in other posts, I believe that 1850 was the main starting point of the new historical narrative, with the official kick-off of it being in 1851 at the Great Exhibition of the Works of All Nations in the Crystal Palace in London.

Back on Alcatraz, I find it interesting to note the rocky promontory the lighthouse is located on top of…

…is quite similar in appearance to the rocky promontory that Edinburgh Castle in Scotland is situated upon.

Another thing to point out is the location of this lighthouse and Alcatraz with respect to the Golden Gate bridge, and the two lighthouses on either end of the bridge.

It really looks like there was a triangulated relationship between the lighthouse on Alcatraz Island, the Fort Point Light on the Presidio side of the Golden Gate Bridge, and the Lime Point Light on the other side of the bridge.

And there was a whole series of lighthouses throughout the San Francisco Bay…

…just like what you find at New York bay on the east coast.

While I do believe that lighthouses served to guide ships through maritime passages, I also think they were serving multiple purposes on the planetary grid, including, but not limited to, astronomical alignments.

There are just a few more places in San Francisco that I would like to show you before moving on to the next place on this alignment.

This the War Memorial & Performing Arts Center, said to be one of the last Beaux-Arts structures erected in the United States, and built between 1928 and 1932…

…and what was the San Francisco Emporium, which was called, at the time it opened in 1896, the grandest mercantile in the world.

Its original structure survived the 1906 earthquak and fire, but not urban developers after it closed in 1995. Since that time, most of the building was demolished with the exception of the dome and facade to be used in a new building.

This is a comparison of the inside of the San Francisco Emporium back in its hey-day with the inside of the Corn Exchange in Leeds, England, which said to have been built between 1852 and 1858.

Next, the alignment crosses the central Pacific Ocean to Tarawa, an atoll, and comprises North and South Tarawa, of which South Tarawa is the capital of the island Republic of Kiribati, which consist mainly of the Gilbert Islands.

An atoll is defined as a coral island consisting of a reef surrounded by a lagoon.

The Gilbert Islands were named for Thomas Gilbert, captain of the British East India Company’s East Indiaman vessel Charlotte.

East Indiaman was the general name of any sailing ship operating under charter or license to any of the East India companies of the major European trading powers of the 17th- through 19th-centuries.

The British East India Company held a monopoly granted to it by Queen Elizabeth I of England in 1600 between South Africa’s Cape of Good Hope and Tierra del Fuego’s Cape Horn at the southern tip of South America, until 1834 when the monopoly was lost.

Tarawa was surveyed in 1841 by the U. S. Exploring Expedition, an exploring and surveying expedition of the Pacific Ocean and the surrounding lands conducted by the United States between 1838 and 1842. It involved a squadron of four ships, and specialists including naturalists, botanists, a mineralogist, a taxidermist, and a philologist, which is someone who studies written and oral histories.

It is sometimes referred to as the “U. S. Ex. Ex.” or “Wilkes Expedition,” after the commanding officer, Navy Lt. Charles Wilkes.

The Wilkes Expedition departed from Hampton Roads in Virginia for the first stop the Madeira Islands off the coast of Africa on August 18th, 1838. The route of the expedition went something like this – all over the place.

The Peacock, a ship from expedition under the command of Lieutenant William Hudson…

… surveyed and explored Tarawa and the Gilbert Islands in April of 1841.

The Battle of Drummond Island, called Tabiteuea on this map, took place during that time due to what were called conflicts between the expedition and the Gilbert Islanders. From what I am reading about the expedition, this kind of conflict was not an isolated occurrence for the expedition, so there’s that aspect to it as well.

Tarawa was occupied by the Japanese during World War II, and in November of 1943 became the location for the Battle of Tarawa, 76-hours of intense fighting between U. S. Marines and the Japanese forces on the island of Betio, ending with over 6,000 dead on both sides.

This is how Betio looked after the Battle of Tarawa.

I couldn’t find any pictures of what Betio looked like before the battle.

I did find this picture of what is said to be a Japanese gun still sitting there on top of what looks to be an old rock wall embankment on Betio.

On South Tarawa, in Bairiki, where the seat of government for the Republic of Kiribati is located, there are a few things to share with you.

The first is the location of the Parliament building of Kiribati…

…on what looks like a triangular artificial island.

Here is a view of the same location from Google Earth, where I see some very interesting things going on here…

…like the remnants of a canal system…

…and on the left, the holding ponds next to the existing canal look very much in how they were made like the jetties at Eureka, California in the top middle; Port Mansfield, Texas, on the top right; and in the bottom middle, Venice, Florida; and the bottom right the South Inlet of the Grand Lucayan Waterway of the Grand Bahama Island.

I am going to end this post here, and pick up the alignment on Nukuoro Island in the Caroline Islands of Micronesia.

Revealing the Significance of Historic Trolley Parks in the United States

Before I move on to another alignment series in a different part of the world, as I had planned for my next post, the subject of historic trolley parks came back up to the surface for me, leading me back into this subject for a much deeper investigation.

I first learned about trolley parks doing research on Palisades Park for the “Circle Alignments on the Planet Washington, DC – Part 6 The Lower Hudson River in New York City and New Jersey,” and I visited the subject of trolley parks towards the end of “The Incredible Similarity of Electric Tram Systems.”

Trolley parks were said to have started in the United States in the 19th-century as picnic and recreation areas at the ends of street car lines, and were precursors to amusement parks. By 1919, there were estimated to be between 1,500 and 2,000 such parks. For example, Luna Park at Coney Island in Brooklyn was a trolley park.

The other day, one of my YouTube subscribers shared with me about the historic Exposition Park, and the current amusement park there, Conneaut Lake Park, in her hometown of Conneaut Lake, in northwestern Pennsylvania not far from Lake Erie.

The town was founded in 1799 as Evansburg, and was renamed Conneaut Lake in 1892, the same year that the Exposition Park there opened.

The Exposition Park was founded by Colonel Frank Mantor, owner of the Conneaut Lake Exposition Company, with a stated purpose of being a permanent fairground and exposition for livestock, machinery, and industrial products.

There are two definitions of the word exposition. One is a device used to give background information to the audience about the setting and characters of the story. Exposition is used in television programs, movies, literature, plays and even music. What better way to tell your audience the story you want them to believe than the other definition of exposition, a large exhibition of art or trade goods.

There was a dance hall there…

…a bowling alley…

…and docks and boat pavilion.

Ownership of the park transferred to the railroad in 1901, and in 1907 trolley service was said to have been extended to the park.

This picture depicts the trolley station at Exposition Park at Conneaut Lake.

Many of the park’s original building were lost in a fire in 1908. This photo was said to have been taken the day after the fire. The Hotel Conneaut remained standing in the background…

…but nothing remained of the Park’s Midway.

While arson was suspected as a cause of the fire at the time, it was never proven.

One more thing. When I was researching the town of Conneaut Lake I found out that the Beaver & Erie Canal was there, along with the railroad.

Construction of the Beaver & Erie Canal was said to have started in 1831, completed in 1844, and closed in 1872.  So they are telling us it took 13-years to build, and then only used for 28-years. Right.

They don’t give us a construction date for the Pittsburgh & Lake Erie Railroad – just that it was formed in 1875.

There is also an Exposition Park in the south part of Los Angeles that was started, we are told, in 1872 as an agricultural fairground.

By 1879, the original owner was foreclosed on because it wasn’t making enough money.

New owners of Agricultural Park were said to have brought in a racetrack…

…and the trolley line arrived in 1875.

In 1908, the State of California acquired Agricultural Park, and worked on transforming the park. It reopened as Exposition Park in 1913. This is a 1942 postcard.

The Los Angeles Memorial Coliseum is in Exposition Park, with its construction said to have been commissioned in 1921 as a memorial to Los Angeles veterans of World War I.

It seems very strange to me to find two headless bodies greeting the people who come to this stadium. What’s up with that?

It is right across the street from the University of Southern California.

USC was established in 1880.

This is the Midland Bank Building on Ludgate Hill in London for comparison in architectural style with the building on the USC campus.

This is the Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County in Exposition Park.

This huge classical domed building was said to have been established in 1913, the same year the former Agricultural Park became known as Exposition Park.

There is much more here, including the Metro Expo Line Light Rail, but this gives you the idea.

This is incredibly sophisticated architecture and infrastructure for it to have been built during the time frame to which it is attributed in our historical narrative.

The oldest continually operating amusement park in the United States is Lake Compounce, in Bristol, Connecticut, said to have been open every summer since 1846.

The history of Lake Compounce is traced back to 1846. This is the year when Gad Norton opened the area to the public. He tried a publicity stunt of hiring a scientist to perform experiments, including with explosives. The large crowd he attracted was said to motivate him to develop the area into a small park, including picnic tables. This is the only picture I could find associated with his name, his grave marker in Bristol, Connecticut.

He was said to have joined forces in 1851 with Isaac Pierce, who had fared well in the California Gold Rush of 1849, and over the next few decades the park was said to meet with mild success.

In 1895, we are told a trolley line connected Lake Compounce to an emerging network of inexpensive, public transportation.

Amusement Parks like Lake Compounce created an escape from reality, with early competitive opportunities like “Baby Shows” – entertainment for the masses…

…and thrilling rides, like the “Green Dragon, the park’s first electric roller coaster.

In Kansas City, Electric Park was the name of two amusement parks said to have been built by the Heim Brothers Joseph, Ferdinand Jr. and Michael.

As brewers, they followed in the footsteps of their father, Ferdinand Sr. He was said to have come to the United States from Austria in 1854, and he started brewery operations in Manchester, Missouri between 1857 and 1862, and in East St. Louis, Illinois in from 1870 to 1879.

Father and sons jointly purchased the Star Ale Brewery of the East Bottoms in Kansas City in 1884.

The first Electric Park was said to have been built right next to the brewery in the East Bottoms after the Heim Brothers built a streetcar line to it, and they wanted a way to attract visitors to the streetcar line and to the brewery.

Open from 1899 to 1906, the first Electric Park was an immediate success as one of the world’s first full-time amusement parks.

Among other things, Beer was piped directly from the brewery to the beer garden to the park. So here you have escape from reality, plus strong German lager. Hmmmm.

Soon the success of Kansas City’s Electric Park, we are told, necessitated a larger location.

So, the second electric park opened in 1907. Also on a trolley line, it was said to be the largest to be called Electric Park in the United States. It opened in 1907.

Souvenirs from the park, like this one from 1913, touted it as Kansas City’s Coney Island.

Most of this grand park, which was said to have inspired young Walt Disney to build his own version of it, burned to the ground in 1925.

The Electric Park in Detroit, Michigan was in operation between 1906 and 1928.

It was located on East Jefferson Drive in Detroit, adjacent to the bridge to Belle Isle.

Originally a trolley park, the Electric Park in Detroit was at the end of three trolley lines, but we are told public transportation shifted to buses by the 1920s as trolleys were already becoming obsolete.

The 1920s saw legal battles not only over the ownership of the park, but also challenging its existence.

In 1927, the city of Detroit condemned many of the park’s structures as a blight, closing the park permanently. Detroit’s Electric Park was levelled the following year, and became a new public park.

At one time, there was an Electric Park in the Hudson River Valley on Kinderhook Lake at the town of Niverville, New York.

It was described by some as the largest amusement park on the east coast between Manhattan and Montreal during its run from 1901 to 1917.

We are told this Electric Park was created by the Albany & Hudson Railroad Company in order to increase ridership on weekends.

A round-trip trolley ride, admission to the park, and a seat to the vaudeville show at Rustic Theater cost forty-cents.

One of the rides at the park was “Shooting the Chutes.” While it is called a precursor to today’s water flume rides…

…it looks a lot like an inclined plane gravity railroad to me, like the Granite Railway in Quincy, Massachusetts, said to have been built in 1826…

…and reminds me of the inclined planes found on sections of the Morris Canal in New Jersey.

The reasons given for the closing of the Electric Park of Niverville in 1917 was that the popularity of automobiles no longer restricted people to rails and river steamer transportation; World War I; and high insurance premiums due to the number of trolley parks that had burned down.

I found this list of over 30 more Electric Parks alone all over the United States. They were constructed as trolley parks and were owned primarily by electric companies and streetcar companies. This does not come even close to listing all of the trolley parks in the United States at one time.

There are many more examples along the same lines to which I will give you just a simple introduction. First are some examples of parks that got their start as trolley parks and are still operating today:

Camden Park in Huntington, West Virginia, originally a picnic spot turned into an amusement park by the Camden Interstate Railway Company in 1903…

…Canobie Lake Park in Salem, New Hampshire, since 1902…

…Lakeside Amusement Park in Denver, Colorado, operating since 1908…

…Waldameer Park in Erie, Pennsylvania, since 1896…

…and Conneaut Lake Park still operates as an amusement park where the Exposition Park that I started this post with was located.

Next are trolley parks that are no more:

Luna Park at Coney Island, opened in 1903, mostly destroyed by fire in 1944 and demolished in 1946…

…Luna Park in Arlington, Virginia, opened in 1906 and closed in 1915 due to a fire…

…Luna Park in Seattle, Washington, which operated from 1907 to 1913, closing we are told due to problems arising from things like lawsuits from injuries on rides, and management disputes…

…Luna Park in Charleston, West Virginia, open to the public between 1912 and 1923…

…and closed after a fire destroyed the roller coaster there.

…Luna Park in Cleveland, Ohio, in operation between 1905 and 1929, closing due to problems with fires and financial solvency with the advent of the Great Depression…

…Luna Park in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, operated from 1905 to 1909, closing due to high costs and competition from a second park in Pittsburgh…

…called Kennywood Park, which is still in existence today, and founded in 1898 as a trolley park…

…Luna Park in Scranton, Pennsylvania, operating from 1906 to 1916…

…Council Crest Amusement Park, in Portland, Oregon, operating as a trolley park from 1907 to 1929, also said to have closed due to financial insolvency with the beginning of the Great Depression…

…Dixieland Amusement Park in Jacksonville, Florida, operating from 1907 to 1917 with the entry of the United States into World War I…

…Big Island Amusement Park on Lake Minnetonka’s Big Island in Minneapolis, Minnesota, operating between 1906 and 1911, closing due to excessive operating costs and lack of revenue in the off-season…