Circle Alignments on the Planet Washington, DC – Part 21 – San Luis Potosi, Mexico to Brownsville, Texas

In the last post, I followed the alignment from Colima, where it enters Mexico; through ancient ceremonial site of El Chanal, through the volcanic national park of Nevado de Colima; crossing over Lake Chapala, Mexico’s largest freshwater lake; through Guadalajara, the capital of Jalisco State; to Aguascalientes, the capital of Aguascalientes State.

I am picking up the alignment in San Luis Potosi, the capital of the Free and Sovereign State of San Luis Potosi. It was named after King Louis IX of France, and the fabulously rich mines of Potosi in Bolivia.

It was a major gold and silver mining hub on the Camino Royal de Tierra Adentro, or the Royal Road of the Interior Land, with some of the richest silver mines in Mexico. It was a trade route during from the mid-16th to the 19th-centuries, between Mexico City, and San Juan Pueblo in New Mexico.

So, there was a flourishing trade network between Mesoamerica and the Rocky Mountains via this route connecting the people of the Valley of Mexico with those to the north…that took place well before Spanish colonial times.

Interestingly, there are some mighty sturdy stone bridges found along this historic route in Mexico…

…similar in appearance to this bridge in Lexington, Kentucky…

…this bridge in Gondar in Ethiopia…

…the Old Stirling Bridge in Scotland…

…and this bridge in Konjic, Bosnia.

This is the Arts Center of San Luis Potosi…

…compared with Eastern Illinois University in Charleston, Illinois.

These are the El Salto Waterfalls on the El Salto River, which are now dry except for the rainy season because of a hydroelectric dam on the river, in El Naranjo in San Luis Potosi State, northeast of the city.

…compared with Havasupai Falls, in Arizona’s Grand Canyon…

…Luang Prabang falls in Laos…

…waterfalls in the Rummah Valley in Saudi Arabia…

…and in the Valley of the Blue Moon in Lijiang, China, in a lush valley of the Jade Dragon Snow Mountain.

Next on the alignment is the Cascada el Salto, in Palmillas in Tamaulipas State…

…compared with the Ticino Caverns in Switzerland.

Victoria is the capital of the Mexican State of Tamaulipas.

It is in northeast Mexico, at the foot of the Sierra Madre Oriental, running 620 miles, or 1,000-kilometers, from the Rio Grande on the border between Coahuila State and Texas, to North Puebla State…

…where you find large, cut-and-shaped stones…

…and massive rock slopes. We see these as natural formations because we haven’t been taught about any other possibility.

This is the Pinacoteca Tamaulipas, a space now dedicated to preserving the pictorial heritage of Tamaulipas State. It is housed in the former “Casa Filizola,” said to have been built by three Italian brothers in 1884.

Compare the style of stone archways found here with this chapel in Scotland

Next on the alignment is Las Adjuntas…

…the name of one of the largest dams in Mexico, also known as the Vicente Guerrero dam…

…and under which lies the town of old Padilla.

Quite a bit of history has been covered up in this fashion, and not just here in Mexico.

On the way to Matamoros, Mexico, and the border with the United States, the alignment skirts the edge of the natural protected area of Laguna Madre y Delta del Rio Bravo.

It is very shallow, with an average depth of about 3-feet, or 1-meter.

It is one of the most important bird wintering habitats in Mexico.

We come to Matamoros, in the northeastern part of the State of Tamaulipas, on the southern bank of the Rio Grande River, directly across from Brownsville, Texas.

Olmecs are believed to have inhabited this part of Mexico at one time, the earliest known major Mesoamerican civilization. This is a colossal Olmec head.

Matamoros is a major historical site, and was the site of battles during the Mexican War of Independence, the Mexican Revolution, the Texas Revolution, the Mexican-American War, and the American Civil War.

Casa Mata in Matamoros was said to have been constructed in 1845, as one of a defensive line of forts there, and completed in 1875.

The Port of Matamoros, also known as the Port of Bagdad, was one of the leading commercial ports in the world during the American Civil War. It was booming as the only entrance port for mercenaries for the Confederacy, as well as being an international free trade zone as of 1858.

This is an historical photo of what was called the Plaza de Armas in Matamoros back in the day…

…and a more modern photo of the same plaza, only now called the Plaza Principal. I find it noteworthy that there is still an old stone archway standing here.

Next the alignment comes to Brownsville, Texas, on the western gulf coast in south Texas, and part of the Brownsville-Matamoros Conurbation, or continuous urban developed area.

It was said to have been founded in 1848 by American entrepreneur Charles Stillman…

…after he developed a successful riverboat company on the Rio Grande.

He named Brownsville after Major Jacob Brown, who fought and died in the Mexican-American War, which took place between 1846 and 1848.

Brownsville was the site of several key events during the American Civil War. The Battle of Brownsville involved the Union Army successfully disrupting blockade runners along the Gulf Coast in Texas.

The Battle of Palmito Ranch took place east of Brownsville, and is considered the final battle of the Civil War, as it took place on May 12th and May 13th of 1865, and after the Confederacy ceased to exist.

By the way, if you have been following my work, you know I talk about finding snaky, s-shaped river bends, like the Rio Grande depicted here, all over the world. I believe it is a signature of the ancient advanced civilization.

This the old Federal Courthouse in Brownsville, said to have been built in 1931. Not a lot of people or activity in this photo showing such a grand building.

It is now the Brownsville City Hall.

This arched and domed architecture is in downtown Brownsville…

…and this is Brownsville’s Immaculate Conception Cathedral, said to have been built in 1856.

How’d they build something like that in 1856, just a few years before the beginning of the American Civil War, at which time people were killing each other with muskets, bayonets, and cannon?

Definitely not the kinds of technologies that create sophisticated architecture like the Brownsville Cathedral.

I am going to end this post, and pick up the alignment at Port Isabel, on the Texas coast, in the next post.

Circle Alignments on the Planet Washington, DC – Part 20 Colima, Mexico to Aguascalientes, Mexico

In the last post, I tracked the alignment from Trujillo, in northwestern Peru on the coast, and looked at many different aspects of the history of the region that link it to distant times and places; and into the Pacific Ocean where it comes through the Galapagos Islands.

I am picking up the alignment where it enters Mexico at Colima, the capital city of the Mexican State of Colima.

It is the fourth smallest Mexican state, and though it has the smallest population, it has one of the highest standards of living and lowest unemployment rates in Mexico.

This building has very distinctive arches  in the Colima Centro.

The arches are an example of a five-lobed Moorish Arch.

Here is a comparison with another type of Moorish Arch in Alcazar, Seville, Spain.

This is an historic photo of what is described a 6-foot, or 2-meter, high volcanic monolith in Piedra Lisa, or Smooth Stone, Park in Colima.

The legend is that if you climb to the top, you will fall in love with Colima forever.

This bandstand is in the Jardin Libertad in Colima.

It is said to have been imported from Belgium in 1891.

Hmmmm. Check out that stone base!

Compare it with the Moorish Kiosk in Hermosillo, Mexico, only this one is said to have been brought over from Florence, Italy in the early 1900s.

European countries get the credit, with no explanation as to the logistics of how these could have been moved from Europe to the western coast of Mexico in both cases. The Panama Canal we are told wasn’t opened until 1914. The only logical explanation is that these were built by the people who lived here.

This is the Teatro Hidalgo in Colima on the left, with its construction said to have been started in 1871, compared with the Theatro Ribeira dos Icos in Ico, Brazil, said to have been built in the mid-1800s, on the right, seen earlier on this alignment.

Quite similar in style and appearance for two places that are 4,800 miles, or 7,650 kilometers, apart, before modern communication and transportation.

The archeological site of El Chanal is 2.5 miles, or 4 kilometers, north of Colima.

El Chanal has six plazas, or important ceremonial centers.

It is important to note that western archeologists say they are unable to identify who lived here because they find evidence of the influence of several different cultures here, like Aztec, and like Tula, a Toltec site. This is the Temple of the Atlantes in Tula.

Leaving the Colima area, the alignment goes through the Nevado de Colima National Park.

The Nevado de Colima National Park has two volcanos – what is called the extinct volcano Nevado de Colima…

…and one of the most active volcanoes in Mexico, the Volcan de Fuego de Colima.

Lake Chapala is on the alignment, Mexico’s largest freshwater lake.

It is shared between Jalisco and Michoacan State, with its squared off ends…

…compared with Chetumal Bay, located off the Caribbean Sea on Mexico’s eastern coast, with a similar squaring going on.

Next we come to Guadalajara, the capital and largest city of Mexico’s Jalisco State, and the second largest city in Mexico.

This is called the Rotunda of Illustrious Jaliscoans in the Centro Historico of Guadalajara…

…compared with the Tempio della Sibilla in Tivoli, considered one of the oldest sites in Italy.

There is also an ornate bandstand in the Plaza de Armas in the Centro Historico of Guadalajara. This one is said to have been made in France and given to Mexico on the 100th Anniversary of Mexico’s Independence in 1910.

This is the Hospicio Cabanas, one of the oldest and largest hospitals in the Americas, with its chapel in the background. We are told the architect who designed it was engaged in 1796, and it was completed around 1829.

We are told the complex was founded in 1791 by the Bishop of Guadalajara to be a combination workhouse, hospital, almshouse, and orphanage.

This is what it looks like on the inside of the hospital’s chapel.

Pretty fancy for a building designed to house and serve poor people.

And here is the other side of the hospital’s chapel perfectly and proportionally framed through an archway…

…just like what you see in Oxford, England…

…at the Debre Libanos Monastery in Ethiopia…

..at the Sardar Market in Jodhpur, India…

…and the Palace of the Kings of Majorca in Perpignan, France.

This is the old University of Guadalajara, the Santo Tomas de Aquino College, and the current “Octavio Paz” Hispanic Library, another example of classical Greco-Roman architecture in Guadalajara.

It was said to have been founded by the Jesuits in 1591, and then became the University of Guadalajara in 1792.

Next on the alignment is Aguascalientes, the capital of the Free and Sovereign State of Aguascalientes.

It is named for the abundance of hot springs in the area.

This is the Aguascalientes Museum, said to have been built in 1903.

Again, there is so much architecture everywhere, around the world, that looks like what are taught is classical from ancient times, yet no one questions anything because we assume it was built when we are taught, and by the person said to have built it. In this, Refugio Reyes Rivas, a self-taught architect with no formal training.

He is also given credit for the Bank of Mexico…

…the Hotel Paris…

…the Hotel Francia…

…and the Church of the Purismima – all in Aguascalientes.

The San Marco Garden is in the center of Aguascalientes. This is one of the four massive gateways into the park, which was said to have been created in 1842.

There is another ornate, wrought-iron bandstand, or gazebo, in the garden like the ones seen earlier in this post.

There is also a church at the western end of the Garden, the Templo de San Marcos, said to have been completed in 1765 ~ a huge building of heavy masonry.

I am going to end this post here, and pick up the alignment in Victoria, Mexico, in the next post.

Circle Alignments on the Planet Washington, DC – Part 19 Trujillo, Peru to the Galapagos Islands

In the last post, I tracked the alignment from Cachimbo, and the Serra do Cachimbo in Brazil’s Para State; through Porto Velho, the capital of the Brazilian State of Rondonia, on the Madeira River in the Upper Amazon Basin; across the Serra do Divisor National Park in Brazil’s Acre State, on the border with Peru; through to Pucallpa, the capital of the Colonel Portillo Province of Peru.

I am picking up this circle alignment starting, and ending, in Washington, DC, at Trujillo, a coastal city in northwestern Peru, and the capital of the Department de La Libertad.

This is an historic map of Trujillo, Peru from 1786, with its fifteen-pointed city wall.

For comparison, this is Lucca, Italy in the present-day, known for its well-preserved, and what are called Renaissance, walls.

Lucca is also described as a star city by modern researchers of star forts.

This is a view of Trujillo from Google Earth, with an oval shape in the center that looks like the historic map of Trujillo.

There is one intact point of the original fifteen remaining…

…that I found when I looked at a close up of the oval in the city’s center.

Here is a street view of the wall of the intact point. Note the size of it compared to the people next to it…

…and here it is from another side. It has definitely seen better days, but at least it is still standing!

About 9 miles, or 14 kilometers, northwest of Trujillo, is the fishing village of Huanchaco, known for its reed boats, called “Caballitos de Tortora,” said to have been first made by the Moche people 2,500 years ago.

Still in Peru, Lake Titicaca is known as well for not only its reed boats of similar design…

…but also for its communities of people living on reed islands…

…where even more elaborate boats are made from reeds.

Reed boats of similar design are also found in Africa, from Egypt in ancient times…

…to the Blue Nile in Ethiopia in the present day…

…as well as Lake Chad in the country of Chad.

At one time the small fishing village of Huanchaco of the reed boats was the port city for Chan Chan, believed to be the largest city of the pre-Columbian era in South America. It was the capital of the Chimu Kingdom from 900 to 1470 AD, when it was defeated by the Inca Empire.

Then the Spanish came 50-years later and defeated the Inca, at which time the riches and artifacts of Chan Chan were looted and shipped to Spain.

In the last thirty years, Chan Chan has become one of the most restored sites in South America.

The Palacio Tschudi is the most restored.

Chan Chan is considered to be the largest mud-brick (also known as adobe) city in the world.

It is interesting to note there are many other places with similar mud-brick architecture, like Djenne in Mali.

Djenne’s masons use a technique called Djennefere using cylindrical, instead of rectangular, bricks as building materials.

Timbuktu, also in Mali, is known for its mud-brick architecture.

In the region of what was ancient Nubia, there is a mud-brick temple complex in Kerma, Sudan, called Deffufa, that is believed to be an estimated 9,500-years-old.

The Bam Citadel near Kerman, Iran, is considered to be the world’s largest mud-brick building.

This is the mud-brick Itchan Kala, the inner walled town of Khiva in Uzbekhistan…

…and lastly, these are the mud-brick Tombs of Astana in Turpan, China, in the Uighur Autonomous Region.

Now back to Peru.

The Moche Culture is said to have flourished in Peru somewhere between 100 AD and 900 AD, with its capital near present day Moche in Trujillo.

The Moche are particularly noted for their ceramics…

For comparison, this ceramic artifact, called a stone effigy pipe, was found at Spiro Mounds in Eastern Oklahoma.

The Moche are also known for their gold-work…

…their monumental constructions, like the Huaca del Sol, a massive mud-brick pyramid, in the Moche Valley of the northern coast of Peru…

…and the Huaca de Moches, located or 2.5-miles, or 4-kilometers, outside of the modern city of Trujillo.

The Moche are also known for their canal irrigation systems.

Before I leave Peru, I would like to back-track to a place that is not directly on the alignment, but is situated north of it between Pucallpa and Trujillo. That place would be Cajamarca.

The Spanish Conquest of Peru is said to have started in 1532 with the Battle of Cajamarca.

We are told that Pedro Arias D’Avila established a base of conquest in Panama City for Peru in 1519, on the Pacific side of the Isthmus of Panama. The coast of Spain is on the Atlantic Ocean and Mediterranean Sea.

It is quite a distance from Panama City to Cajamarca, by land or sea. It sits at 8,900 feet in elevation, or 2,750 meters.

That’s way up there, about 1.7 miles, or 2.75 kilometers, in elevation!

It is generally agreed that altitude sickness typically tends to start occurring at 8,000 feet. Characterized by headache, nausea, shortness of breath and vomiting.

I went to Cusco, Peru last year, and was hit with altitude sickness on the second full day I was there. I was absolutely miserable and not really functional. I had difficulty breathing, and was nauseous. Money brought to spend on memories instead got spent on portable oxygen bottles and altitude sickness medicine. I didn’t start feeling much better until we went down in altitude several days later.

Yet, somehow Pizarro and his 128 men marched to Cajamarca from Piure, on the coast of modern-day Peru, in unfamiliar terrain at high altitudes, managed to kill thousands of Incas and capture the Inca Emperor Atahualpa? I am having a hard time buying what they are selling….

The circle alignment leaves Peru from the Trujillo area, and crosses into the Pacific Ocean.

The next land it comes to is comprised of the Galapagos Islands, a province of Ecuador that is described as a volcanic archipelago in the Pacific Ocean.

It is considered one of the world’s foremost destinations for wildlife viewing.

Pay attention to the different species, and not the rocks…

…same thing with the rare bird shown here that is called blue-footed booby. Rocks are just rocks, right? No big deal.

These land features are found on Bartelome Island, a small island at the center of the archipelago.

I have seen the same land features in other places.

First, the double-shoreline is seen at World’s End near Hingham, Massachusetts on the top left; on the top right is found at the Alter do Chao in Santarem, Brazil; and on the bottom is a land feature found on Attu Island, the farthest west of the Aleutian Islands.

Second, this land feature in the same location from another on Bartolome Island in the Galapagos Islands…

…looks like this one off the coast of Yalta on the Crimean Peninsula in the Black Sea…

…this one in the Revillagigedo Islands between Hawaii and Mexico in the Pacific Ocean…

…and this one at Cape Litke on the eastern coast of Wrangel Island, in the East Siberian Sea off the northern coast of Russia.

I am going to end this post here, and pick up the alignment in the next post in Colima, Mexico.

Circle Alignments on the Planet Washington, DC – Part 18 Cachimbo, Brazil to Pucallpa, Peru

In the last post, I tracked the alignment from Ico, in the central part of the Ceara State in Brazil; through Crato, in southern Ceara State, on the northeastern edge of the Chapada , or Plateau, do Araripe on what is known as the Crato Formation; to Palmas, the capital of the Tocantins State of Brazil.

Next on the alignment, there is a place marked Cachimbo.

I can’t find much information about it except that there are Brazilian military bases…

…and a military airport here.

However, Cachimbo is surrounded by the Serra do Cachimbo, described as a continuous mass of mountains with a southwest alignment, partly plateau with flat-bottomed valleys, in the southern part of the State of Para.

The Nascentes da Serra do Cachimbo Biological Reserve is supposed to protect an area of transition between the Cerrado and the Amazon Biomes.

The Cerrado is a vast tropical savanna region of Brazil, with core areas in the plateaus of central Brazil, and has been named by the World Wide Fund for Nature as the biologically richest savanna in the world, with 10,000 plant species, and 10,000 endemic, meaning found no where else, bird species.

The Nascentes da Serra do Cachimbo Biological Reserve is among the federal conservation units in the Amazon Legal that has suffered the most from deforestation. Its area was cut by half in 2017, and was opened up to agriculture and logging.

This is a sequence of waterfalls on the Rio Curua in the Serra do Cachimbo region.

It is also interesting to note that the Brazilian Army conducted nuclear testing at a base near Cachimbo from the 1970s to the 1990s.

This is not the first time I have encountered a nuclear test location on a planetary alignment.

Other places include:

Novaya Zemlya, a boomerang shaped island off of the northern coast of Russia. The most powerful nuclear weapon ever, Tsar Bomba, was detonated at Novaya Zemlya in 1961.

There is a history here of nuclear testing by the Russians, including over 224 nuclear detonations at Novaya Zemlya between 1955 and 1990. 

Lop Nur, an ancient salt lake in the Takla Maklan Desert in the Southeastern portion of the Uighur Autonomous Region of Xinjiang in China.

The Chinese Nuclear Weapons Test Base had four nuclear testing zones at Lop Nur, starting in 1959 – with H-Bomb detonation in 1967 – until 1996, with 45 nuclear tests conducted.

Reggane, Algeria. France began its nuclear testing program in Reggane in 1960 – 1961, before Algeria’s independence.

They conducted four atmospheric nuclear tests, which contaminated the Sahara Desert with plutonium, negatively impacting those who live here to this day – not only Reggane, but far beyond.

Between 1960 and 1966, a total of 17 nuclear tests were conducted in the Reggane District of Algeria. It is called Africa’s Hiroshima.

The Christmas and Malden Islands in the Kiribati Islands, where Operation Grapple was conducted. This was the name of four series of British nuclear weapons tests of early atomic bombs and hydrogen bombs carried out in 1957 and 1958.

What is it they say?

Once is chance, twice is coincidence, and the third time is a pattern.

I have provided five examples that I know of regarding nuclear testing on planetary gridlines.

What does this suggest?

Porto Velho is the next place on the alignment, the capital of the Brazilian State of Rondonia, with a population of over 500,000…

…on the Madeira River in the Upper Amazon Basin.

This is the Federal University of Rondonia…

…compared with this building in Jerome, Arizona. Not an exact match, but both have similar design features.

This is the Real Forte Principe da Beira, southwest of Porto Velho, on the Guapore River in Rondonia State.

It was said to have been built between 1776 and 1783 by the Portuguese…

…in the middle of nowhere…

…in the Amazon rainforest.

Hmmmm. Sounds fishy to me….

The alignment goes through the Serra do Divisor National Park in Brazil’s Acre State, on the country’s border with Peru.

It is known for its cone-shaped mountains…

…for its waterfalls, that look like massive walls…

…and look at all the snaky, s-shaped curves in that river in the Serra do Divisor, or Watershed Mountains.

The next place on the alignment is Pucallpa, Peru, and the capital of the Ucayali Region, the Colonel Portillo Province, and the Calleria District.

It is situated on the Ucayali River in the Amazon rainforest of eastern Peru, its main transportation artery.

It is the second most important port on the Amazon, after Iquitos in Peru.

This is the Immaculate Conception Cathedral in the Plaza de Armas, with its arches within arches design.

This is what it looks like on the inside, with its beautiful stained glass, and apparent lack of internal pillar supports for the structure.

The Clocktower in the Plaza del Reloj is also decorated with stained glass. These are said to portray images of mythical creatures.

Before ending this post, I want to bring to your attention a national park that is northwest of Pucallpa, and north on the alignment. It is called the Parque Nacional Cordillera Azul.

The second largest park in Peru, it is part of the high jungle, in the transition area between the Andes and the Amazon in Peru.

It has similar features to what is found in the previously shown Serra do Divisor National Park in Brazil’s Acre State, like this land feature.

Here’s a whole slew of pointed-peaks in the Cordillera Azul.

There are waterfalls here as well, that also look like massive walls.

I will end this post here, and pick up the alignment in Trujillo, Peru.

Circle Alignments on the Planet Washington, DC – Part 17 Ico, Brazil to Palmas, Brazil

In the last post, I tracked the alignment from the Gulf of Guinea, exploring different locations and significant points in the Gulf, across the Equatorial Counter Current and just into the South Equatorial Current of the South Atlantic Ocean, across Fernando de Noronha just off the coast of Brazil, and entering South America at the Brazilian city of Natal.

I am picking up the alignment in this post in Ico, a town located in the central part of the Ceara State of Brazil.

It is situated on the Rio Salgado, on a flat plain, not far from its confluence with the Rio Jaguaribe.

S-shaped, snaky rivers are a signature of the Advanced Ancient Civilization worldwide. For comparison of similarity of appearance, the Rio Salgado in Brazil is on the left, and the River Thames in England on the right.

There are some interesting geometries going on in the landscape of Ico, with places with a lot of squares, rectangles, curves and angles showing up with nothing much going on in them.

This is a close-up of the top middle section shown previously. It looks like a section of earth that has a grid pattern, and to me it has a much older look, like not something done recently. I took a street-view shot of where the red arrow is pointing…

…and this is what it looks like.

We don’t think of infrastructure from an advanced civilization because it is not supposed to exist, so how could it possibly be? If there was, we would know about it, wouldn’t we?

For another example, I had noticed an earthwork embankment on I-40 near the Geronimo Travel Center in northern Arizona as I travelled east. So I stopped on the way back to see what I could see. This was as close as I could get to it.

In my research, I have learned what to look for as signatures of the Advanced Ancient Civilization, and just like snaky, S-shaped rivers, geometric earthworks are key. There also appears to be a salt lake here, which has an energy generative function on the grid, as well as the geometric shapes on the lake shore.

The geometric shapes of the lake in Arizona look like those of Lake Chapala in Mexico near Guadalajara.

I am sure there is no coincidence that there is a power plant directly across from this location in Arizona. One example of many of how ancient energy technology is harvested by the modern energy industry without public awareness.

These are geometric shapes that appeared where the Amazon Rainforest was after deforestation.

This is the Igreja Senhor do Bonfim in Ico, Brazil…

…compared with this building in Xalapa in Mexico…

…and the Chapel de Les Alegries in Lloret de Mar, on the Mediterranean coast near Barcelona, Spain.

I find the recurring spiral patterns displayed on these three buildings in different countries to be of interest. Why were they incorporated in the architecture of the buildings?

Spirals can represent the expansion of consciousness, pathways between the worlds, and sound and frequency.

This is the Igreja Matriz da Expectacao in Ico…

…and the beautiful geometry in the plaza in front of it.

Compare the geometric design in the square with the look of the University of Birmingham in England.

This is a view of the front of the Igreja de Sao Jose from the front from the square in front of the Igreja Matriz da Expectacao that was just shown.

This is what the very large Igreja de Sao Jose looks like from above on Google Earth…

…and what the positioning of the two plazas looks like from above. There’s an interesting city lay-out going on here, with the Igreja de Sao Jose literally built in the middle of the street, perpendicular to the buildings beside it.

This is an historic photo of the Theater Ribeira dos Icos, circa 1900.

This is the same theater today.

Compare the design features of this theater in Brazil with the Temple of Portunus in Rome, noting in particular the use of columns, and the gabled roofing. This classical style of architecture is found worldwide. Was it built in emulation of? Or was the theater built by exactly the same civilization that built the Roman Temple? My belief is that it was the latter, the advanced ancient civilization that is missing from our collective memory.

The next city I am going to look at on the alignment is Crato, in the southern part of the Ceara State of Brazil.

Crato sits on the northeastern edge of the Chapada, or Plateau, do Araripe, on what is called the Crato Formation.

The Crato Formation is particularly known for its limestones containing fossils of plants, vertebrates, and invertebrates.

This is a cement quarry in the Crato Formation region at Caldas.

Here are some photos taken of places at the Chapada do Araripe in Brazil…

…compared with Sedona, Arizona…

…Red Rock Canyon in Hinton, Oklahoma, outside of Oklahoma City…

…and Petra in Jordan.

The Araripa Geopark has one of the most important fossil deposits in Brazil. Declared a UNESCO Global Geopark in 2006, it has nine geological sites in six municipalities of the state of Ceara, including Crato.

Here are some sights in the Araripa Geopark:

The alignment goes directly across the Floresta Nacional Do Araripe-Apodi, a National Forest with its status designated in 1946.

The alignment crosses through Taquarussu, a village in the Tocantins famous for its many waterfalls, natural environment, and as an ecotourism destination, right before you get to Palmas.

Palmas is the capital city and geographic center of the State of Tocantins and the geodesic center of Central Brazil.

It is bordered on the east by the Serra do Lejeado, where we find this in the Parque Estadual do Lajeado, or Lajeado State Park…

…compared to Pilot Mountain in North Carolina.

Palmas is bordered on the west by the Tocantins River, the central river in Brazil, running from south to north for 1,522 miles, or 2,450 kilometers.

The Parque Nacional do Araguaia, on the Araguaia River, is just a short distance southwest of the city of Palmas, largely on Bananal Island, believed to be the largest inland river island in the world.

I am going to end this post here, and pick up the alignment in the next post in Cachimbo, Brazil.

Circle Alignments on the Planet Washington, DC – Part 16 Gulf of Guinea to Natal, Brazil

In the last post, I tracked the circle alignment emanating from Washington, DC, through the Sahara Desert, starting at the ruins of Djado at the southern end of the Djado Plateau in Niger; across the Tenere Desert, the eastern-half of the Air and Tenere National Nature Reserve in Niger; through Bilma, still a modern-day stop in Niger for salt on the Trans-Saharan Caravan route of the Tuareg; across the Great Erg, or Sand Sea, of Bilma; through the towns of N’Guigmi and Diffa in Niger; and into Nigeria the cities through the cities of Abuja, Abeokuta, and ending at Lagos, a major port city of Africa on the coast of Nigeria.

I am picking up the alignment where it enters the Gulf of Guinea, the most northeastern part of the tropical Atlantic Ocean between Cape Lopez in Gabon, north and west to Cape Palmas in Liberia.

The intersection of the Equator and Prime Meridian is in the Gulf of Guinea, otherwise known as 0-degrees longitude and 0-degrees latitude. Eyeballing on this map, after leaving the mainland at Lagos, Nigeria, the circle alignment tracks over this location on its way to Brazil across the Atlantic Ocean.

The alignment enters the Gulf of Guinea through what is called the Bight of Benin, which extends eastward for 400 miles, or 640 kilometers, from Cape St. Paul, to the Nun Outlet of the Niger River.

The Bight of Benin and the Republic of Benin were named after the…

…Kingdom of Benin, which was a pre-colonial Kingdom in southern Nigeria. It was old and highly developed.

The Edo people were the original people of the Kingdom of Benin, which was founded in 1300.

It was one of the major powers in West Africa until the late 19th-century, when it was annexed by the British Empire in 1897.

Compare the headgear of the Edo man, with a traditional Mongolian hat. My take on this similarity is that there was a unified worldwide spiritual practice involving the re-connection of each human individual with Source through the crown chakra.

The Republic of Benin was previously the Kingdom of Dahomey, which existed from about 1600, until it was annexed by the French Colonial Empire in 1894.

This is in Ouidah, or Ajuda in Portuguese, on the coast of what was Dahomey. It was said to have been built by the Portuguese in the 1720s.

Infrastructure like this is falsely attributed all over the world, instead of giving credit to the actual builders. Like, you know, the indigenous people who lived there instead of the colonizers.

The Niger River, the principal river of West Africa, is that main river that empties into the Gulf of Guinea.

The Niger River Delta, extending over 27,000 square miles, or 70,000 kilometers squared, separates the Bight of Benin…

…from the Bight of Biafra, which in the present day is known as the Bight of Bonny. It runs from the Niger Delta to Cape Lopez in Gabon.

Biafra became a part of Nigeria after the Nigerian Civil War of 1967 to 1970.

What is now called the Bight of Bonny hosts the Cameroon Line of Volcanoes, which includes the island Republic of Sao Tome and Principe, a former Portuguese colony.

The capital and largest city is Sao Tome, where Sao Sebastiao Fort is located.

Here is a shot from Google Earth confirming that Sao Sebastiao Fort is in fact a star fort. It was said to have been built by the Portuguese in 1566.

Here are some other things to see on these islands, like what looks like ancient stonework…

…and incredible rock formations, like the Pico Cao Grande, or Great Dog Peak.

Also in the Cameroon Line of Volcanoes, and administered by the country of Equatorial Guinea, are the islands of Bioko…

…Corisco…

…Elobey Grand and Elobey Chico…

…and Annobon.

Leaving the Gulf of Guinea, the alignment crosses over the Equatorial Counter Current and and just into the South Equatorial Current of the South Atlantic Ocean..


The alignment crosses over Fernando de Noronha, the name of the main island and its archipelago. It is a UNESCO World Heritage Site and on at least one other alignment that I know of. The main island has an area of 7.1 square miles, or 18.4 kilometers-squared, and the archipelago’s total area is 10 square miles, or 26 kilometers-squared.

So what I just found out that is really interesting about this place is that in its relatively small area, there were ten, possibly star, forts here.

The largest and best-preserved is the Forteleza Nossa Senhora dos Remedios.

The Forte de Sao Jose do Morro was only fort built on a secondary island.  It still has imposing ruins.

Forte de Santo Antonio construction was an irregular, four-side polygon.

You can see the Morro do Pico framed nicely through this archway at the Forte de Santo Antonio.

The Forte de Sant’ana was situated over the old harbor in the  Vila dos Remedios.

Ruins of the Forte de Nossa Senhora da Conceicao are visible in the vegetation.

The Forte de Santa Cruz do Pico was a small redoubt.

This is an old map of the Forte de Sao Pedro do Boldro.