Cities in Linear Alignment in the U. S. – Part 3 Clovis, New Mexico to Kansas City, Kansas

This is the third-part of a four-part series on cities that I found in linear alignment in the United States.

When I was living in Oklahoma City several years ago, during the time I was waking up to all of this, I identified several linear alignments while looking at a map on the internet of the region.

I am showcasing these linear alignments in this series.

For the purpose of this series, each part of this series will be a snapshot of whatever longer alignment this represents, and complete in itself.

Also, let’s see how many county seats we encounter on this alignment.

Clovis is the County seat of Curry county in eastern New Mexico.

I lived in Clovis for 5 years, between 1989 and 1994, moving there literally right after I got married – I graduated from college on June 3rd, 1989, got married on June 10th, and left Maryland for New Mexico on June 11th.

My in-laws lived in Hereford, Texas (which is also on this alignment) and, since my husband was a military retiree, we ended up in Clovis because of Cannon Air Force Base.

This is interesting to me because I am looking at Clovis with very different eyes now than I did when I lived there 30 years ago.

I didn’t really like living there.

It was flat, stark and boring to me.

It was really hard to make new friends.

People were friendly, but it was hard to get into social circles there.

So now, like everywhere else I look, when I see historic photos of the grand architecture that was there, like the Quivera New Santa Fe Hotel Clovis, one of the Harvey House hotels, a chain that was founded by Fred Harvey in 1876 to cater to the growing number of train passengers…

…I see the architecture of the original advanced civilization of North America, instead of the depressing impression I have in my memory of the flat, dusty landscape and the run-down-looking buildings that I remember from when I lived there.

Oasis State Park is located south of Cannon Air Force Base, and southwest of the City of Clovis.

While it is described as a true oasis set among cottonwood trees and shifting sand dunes, what gets my attention are the cut-and-shaped megalithic stone blocks around the edge of the water.

Blackwater Draw is located between Clovis and Portales on Highway 467, one-mile north of Oasis State Park.

It is described as an intermittant stream channel…

…and an important archeological site that was first recognized in 1929 by a local man named Ridgely Whiteman, with Blackwater Locality No. 1 being the type-site of the Clovis Culture.

The Clovis Culture is called a prehistoric Paleoamerican culture of the first cultures that inhabited the Americas, dating back 13,000 to 11,000 years BP, or Before Present…

…and characterized by the manufacture of bone-and-ivory Clovis Points, which were characteristically-fluted projectile points.

We are told the Blackwater Draw location was a place where generations of the continent’s earliest inhabitants camped and hunted for mammoth, camel, horse, bison, saber-toothed cat, Sloths and dire wolf.

There are also what are called sand dunes, or sand hills around Oasis State Park and Blackwater Draw.

I have long suspected there is enduring infrastructure underneath places in the world with sand dunes, like these in Saudi Arabia’s Empty Quarter, which I found out about by tracking an alignment.

While we are here, let’s see what else is in Portales before going back to Clovis.

Portales is located 17-miles, or 27-kilometers from Clovis.

Portales is the county seat of Roosevelt County.

This is the Roosevelt County Courthouse and Jail, said to have been built by the Works Progress Administration, and completed in 1938….

…and said to have been designed by Clovis architect Robert E. Merrell and built in Art Deco Style 1938…

Robert E. Merrell was also given the credit for the Curry County Courthouse in Clovis, said to have been built in 1936…

…over the site of the preceding Curry County Courthouse, said to have been built in 1910 by the J. Sterling Marsh Manufacturing Company.

The main campus of Eastern New Mexico University (ENMU) is located in Portales, with construction said to have started in 1931 and completed in 1934.

Apparently, on March 11th of 1978, downtown Portales was said to have caught on fire from an electrical short at the sweet potato warehouse, the sparks from which blew into the original Tower Theater’s air conditioning ducts, and by the time the fire was put out, six buildings were destroyed or damaged, and caused $2-million to $3-million in damage.

Nothing suspicious about the explanation for that start of that fire, right?!

Now, back to Clovis.

The history of Clovis began 1906, we are told, when the Atchison, Topeka, and Santa Fe Railroad was being constructed through the area, and the railway engineers were ordered to select a town site.

The story is the city was named by the station master’s daughter, who was studying at the time about Clovis, the King of the Franks, and believed to be the founder of the French Merovingian Dynasty in the 5th-century AD.

The City of Clovis was incorporated in 1909.

The Marshall Junior High School building is still in use today, and was said to have been constructed in 1936 as part of Franklin Roosevelt’s New Deal Public Works Administration.

This is an historic post card of the old Clovis High School building, for which I can’t find any information about.

Robert E. Merrell, the local courthouse architect, was also given credit for designing the Hotel Clovis, an art-deco building said to have opened in 1931.

The hotel has been closed since 1983, and renovation plans to turn the building into apartments and commercial space has not come to fruition.

The story and appearance of the Hotel Clovis on the left is a lot like that of the Hotel McCartney on the right in Texarkana, which was said to have been built in 1929, and abandoned in the mid-1970s.

The main street of Clovis is paved with bricks.

We are told the first patent for paving brick roads was obtained in 1889 by Mr. Mordecai Levi, from Charleston, West Virginia…

…after which time we are told 1,000s of brick-making companies sprang up in the late 1800s and early 1900s to meet the demands of the millions of bricks needed to pave 1,000s of miles of streets throughout the United States.

I did some research about the U. S. Patent Office on the subject of prism pavement lights awhile back.

Information about things being patented that were actually already there led me into wondering if, for example, the historical U. S. Patent Office played the same role as the Smithsonian Institution in covering up True History.

This is the old U. S. Patent Office, said to have been built between 1836 and 1867, with this image of it said to be circa 1846.

Today the Old Patent building houses two Smithsonian Institution Museums:  the National Portrait Gallery and the Smithsonian American Art Museum.

We are told that the original designer of the building in the Greek Revival Design, Robert Mills, was removed for incompetence in 1851, and that the building was eventually completed under the direction of the Dean of American Architecture during that time, Thomas U. Walter, in 1867.…and the year the American Civil War ended. 

Then in 1877, a fire in the buildings west wing destroyed some 87,000 patent models and 600,000 copy drawings.

This is said to be a picture of one of the Old Patent Office’s model rooms between 1861 – 1865 (all of the years of the Civil War)…

Food for thought.

Hillcrest Park in Clovis is a 140-acre complex that has…

…a sunken garden used for things like weddings…

…and has a zoo that is the second-largest in New Mexico.

We are told the stone features of Hillcrest Park were the result of a Works Project Administration effort in 1935.

One more thing to share before I leave Clovis.

Clovis was planned to be the centerpoint of a national Super-Grid and become a renewable energy hub.

The project, called Tres Amigas, was planned to link three discrete North American electrical grids, the western, eastern, and Texas Interconnections, on state-owned land slightly north of Clovis.

Clovis was the planned location for it because it is where all three grid systems meet.

To my knowledge this project has never came into being.

The next city on the alignment is Hereford, the county seat of Deaf Smith county in Texas.

Hereford was founded in 1899, we are told, after the Pecos and Northern Texas Railroad was incorporated in 1898 to construct the railway between Amarillo, Texas, to Farwell, Texas, at the Texas – New Mexico state lines.

Residents named the town “Hereford” in honor of the local Hereford cattle ranchers, which originate from Herefordshire in England.

Hereford is known as the “Beef Capital of the World” because of the large number of cattle fed in feedlots in the area.

It sure smells like it. The memory of that pervasive manure smell is permanent!

This is the Deaf Smith County Courthouse, said to have been built in 1910 by Chamberlin & Company in Classical Revival Style, and the second marble courthouse built in the United States.

Notice there are red brick streets in Hereford as well in the photo on the right.

The county was named for Erastus “Deaf” Smith, a partially-deaf frontiersman who played a part in the Texas Revolution of 1835 – 1836.

This building served as the Hereford High School from 1926 to the new one was built in in 1954, and is still in use today as the Stanton Learning Center.

…and this is a photo of Hereford’s Old Central School, which was said to have been built in 1910.

This was a picture of St. Anthony’s Catholic Church in Hereford in 1927…

…and St. Anthony’s since 1951.

How about this photo of Hereford Christian College sometime between the time it opened in 1902 and closed as a college in 1912.

Before I leave Hereford for the next place on the alignment, I want to share where my in-laws were laid to rest in Hereford – father-in-law, mother-in-law, aunt-in-law, and some others.

Whether or not I liked living in this part of the world, I do have family memories and connections here.

The next place I want to make a stop at on the way to Amarillo is Canyon, the county seat of Randall County.

This the Old Randall County Courthouse in Canyon…

…was said to have been built in the Texas Renaissance Style between 1908 and 1909.

Canyon is the location of West Texas A & M University, established in 1910…

…and Palo Duro Canyon, the second largest canyon in the United States.

Here you can see the TEXAS Musical in the summer with the history of Texas we have been taught…

…in the park’s outdoor amphitheater.

I noticed the stonemasonry all around the amphitheater stage.

The feature in the canyon known as the Lighthouse, on the left, has a twin in Big Bend National Park in south Texas, on the right.

The next place on the alignment is Amarillo, the largest city in the Texas Panhandle, and the seat of Potter County.

There are two places that immediately come to mind when I think of Amarillo.

One is the Cadillac Ranch, located just west of Amarillo on I-40.

The Cadillac Ranch is described as a public art installation and sculpture by an art group known as Ant Farm.

It was installed in the landscape in 1974.

There are ten cadillacs, spanning the generations of the evolution of the car model’s tail-fin between the years 1949 and 1963.

Over the years, the appearance of the Cadillacs has changed dramatically!

The other place that I immediately associate with Amarillo is the massive signage next to I-40 advertising the Big Texan Steak Ranch.

I don’t remember ever eating there, but I sure remember the sign…

…and they advertise a free 72 oz steak dinner…

…for anyone who can consume it completely in one-hour.

If you can’t complete the contest, you owe the Big Texan 72-bucks for your 72-oz steak dinner.

There are large ranches in the Amarillo area.

The oldest, and still-functioning today, is the JA Ranch.

It was founded in Palo Duro Canyon on the outskirts of Amarillo in 1877 by Charles Goodnight, sometimes called the “Father of the Texas Panhandle,” and John Adair, an Irish businessman.

The Fort Worth and Denver City Railroad provided the needed freight service to contribute to Amarillo’s growth as a cattle-marketing center in the 19th-century.

The railroad was chartered by the Texas Legislature in 1873, and operated from 1881 to 1982.

The location for Amarillo was established in 1887, when we are told that the location was chosen for being on a well-watered section of Fort Worth and Denver City Railroad, which had begun building across the Texas Panhandle.

Originally named Oneida, the city that later became known as Amarillo was immediately chosen as the seat of Potter County in 1887.

This drawing on the left was of the 1896 Potter County Courthouse.

The building, located at 5th Avenue and Bowie, had the tower and third-floor removed.

It was used by the Texas DMV for awhile, and it looks like the building is still standing according to Google Earth, pictured on the right.

This postcard depicts the 1906 Potter County Courthouse.

The 1932 Potter County Courthouse was said to have been designed by an Amarillo architectural firm in Art Deco style, and built between 1930 and 1932 with a crew of more than 500 local laborers.

Then, after only 54-years of use, the 1932 Potter County Courthouse was replaced yet again in by the current courthouse which was said to have been built between 1984 and 1986.

By the late 1890s, Amarillo was one of the busiest cattle-shipping points in the world, and its population was growing significantly.

This illustration was said to depict Amarillo’s downtown business district in 1912.

This photo was of Amarillo’s Grand Opera House in 1910.

We are told it was destroyed by fire in 1919.

The natural gas and oil industries started to come to Amarillo when natural gas was discovered here in 1918.

The U. S. government purchased the Cliffside Gas Field, which had a high helium content, in 1927, and was the sole producer of commercial helium for a number of years.

The U. S. National Helium Reserve is stored in the Cliffside Gas Field’s Bush Dome Reservoir.

The oldest private school in Amarillo is St. Mary’s Cathedral School.

The current building originaly looked like this, and became the location in 1913 of what was then called the St. Mary’s Academy.

Polk Street is the downtown historic district of Amarillo.

The former Herring Hotel is on Polk Street.

It was said to have been one of three oil-boom-era hotels built in the 1920s.

Though it is the only one of those three hotels that is still standing, it was abandoned in the 1970s.

Moving northeast out of Amarillo along the alignment, just 17-miles, or 27-kilometers away, we find Pantex, the primary nuclear weapons assembly and disassembly facility of the United States.

It is a major national security site, and its grounds and air-space are strictly controlled.

The country’s largest, federally-owned wind farm is at the Pantex plant…

…and the construction of which was part of an effort to reduce carbon emissions by federal agencies.

It is significant to note that there are so-called wind turbines all across the landscape of the Texas Panhandle along I-40.

I have serious doubts as to these turbines being powered by wind, and suspect some other kind of energy technology powering them.

I have watched them and the turbines seem to turn at the same speed regardless of whether or not the wind is blowing.

Just my opinion, but I wonder about what is really going on here.

As well, I have encountered their presence on alignments I have tracked all over the Earth.

The next city on this alignment is Pampa, the seat of Gray County in Texas.

Pampa was founded in 1888 on the Santa Fe Railroad line…

…and we are told that in 1892, received its current name for the location’s resemblance of the surrounding prairie lands to the Pampas in Argentina.

We are told the Texas Panhandle Oil Boom spread to Pampa, and that the city showcased its newfound wealth with elaborate downtown construction with Beaux Arts architecture.

Still functioning as the city’s main fire station, the Central Fire Station was said to have been built in 1919.

What is interesting to me is that I have found basically the same architectural idea in the design of fire houses in very different places around the world, like Honolulu’s Palama Fire Station on the Hawaiian Island of Oahu…

…the fire station in the small down of Jerome, in Arizona’s Verde Valley near Cottonwood and Sedona…

…this one in the country of New Zealand, in the South Pacific Ocean…

…and this one in the city of Birmingham in England.

The Pampa City Hall was said to have been constructed in 1930 at the center of the “Million Dollar Row.”

The Gray County Courthouse, also on the Pampa’s “Million Dollar Row,” was said to have been completed in 1929, and designed by Amarillo architect W. R. Kaufman.

It’s telling that they painted the year on the building.  Frequently, they at least engrave it when they are falsely taking credit for building the architecture.

Downtown Pampa has red brick streets as well.

The next place we come to on this alignment is Woodward, the seat of Woodward County in Oklahoma.

Woodward was on the last linear alignment, from Monroe, Louisiana, to Lamar, Colorado…

…and I also know it to be on a grid major alignment with Edmonton, Denver, Dallas – Ft. Worth, and Houston.

Woodward was on the Great Western Cattle Trail, and the town was established in 1887 after the railroad was constructed there, we are told, to ship cattle to eastern markets.

Woodward lies in an oil and natural-gas area on the shelf of Oklahoma’s Anadarko Basin, the largest producer of natural-gas in the United States…

…and within which the huge Panhandle-Hugoton gas field is contained, one of the world’s largest known natural gas fields in Kansas, Oklahoma and Texas.

One of the largest deposits of iodine in the world underlies many portions of Woodward County, and is the only commercial source of iodine in the United States.

Woodward is a commercial hub in northwestern Oklahoma.

Agriculture, oil and gas, and manufacturing all contribute to Woodward’s economy.

The original Woodward County Courthouse was said to have been designed by architect J. W. McNeal and J. R. Cottingham and built in 1901 by J. C. Blair Construction Company…

…only to be replaced in 1937 by a new courthouse, said to have been designed by architects Tonini and Bramblett, and constructed by Bass and Sons Construction Company, as part of a New Deal Public Works Administration Project.

There are three black granite cornerstones at the southeast corner of the building, with information supporting those claims, as well as freemasonic involvement.

It is important to note that the Scottish Rite Temple in Guthrie is one of the largest in the world, said to have been built in 1919 in Classical Revival style, and recognized as the center of state-level Masonic activities and functions since 1923.

What might some of those activities and functions have been, I wonder, and how might it relate to the cover-up of the original, ancient, advanced Moorish civilization?

Just for point-of-reference, Guthrie is located 116-miles, or 187-kilometers, southeast of Woodward.

The next city I am going to look at on this alignment is Wichita, the largest city in Kansas, and the county seat of Sedgwick County.

We are told the city of Wichita started out life as a trading post on the Chisholm Trail in the 1860s, which was established to drive cattle from ranches in Texas to Kansas railheads…

…and was incorporated as a city in 1870.

The Old Cowtown Museum is located next to the Arkansas River in central Wichita.

Established in 1952, it is one of the oldest open-air history museums in the central United States, with 54 historic and re-created buildings on 23-acres of land on the original Chisholm Trail.

I am going to call this the John Wayne version of history, the false historical narrative that we have been indoctrinated in from cradle-to-grave.

Among many other examples from Hollywood the entertainment industry, famous western movie actors John Wayne and Roy Rogers were Shriners.

For that matter, so were Franklin Delano Roosevelt and Harry S. Truman, as well as other U. S. Presidents.

Shriners are comprised of 32nd- and 33rd-degree freemasons, the highest degrees of western freemasonry, also known as the Ancient Arabic Order of the Nobles of the Mystic Shrine.

These are Prince Hall Shriners of the Ancient Egyptian Arabic Order of the Nobles of the Mystic Shrine.

Ancient Moorish Masonry has 360-degrees of initiation…327 more than freemasonry.

Fort Independence in Boston Harbor was the location where Prince Hall, and fourteen other Moorish men were initiated into the British Army Lodge 441 of the Irish Registry, after having been declined admittance into the Boston St. John’s Lodge.

He was the founder of Prince Hall Freemasonry on September 29th of 1784, and the African Grand Lodge of North America.

Until Prince Hall found a way in, Moorish Americans were denied admittance into Freemasonry.

Moorish Masonry is based on Moorish Science, which also includes the study of natural and spiritual laws, natal and judicial astrology, and zodiac masonry.

This is where the perfect alignments of infrastructure on earth with the sky comes from – the consummate alignment of earth with heaven that is seen around the world – like the lunar roll along the top of this recumbant stone in Crowthie Muir in Scotland.

Monument Rocks, also referred to as the Chalk Pyramids, are located northwest of Wichita in Gove County, towards the western part of the state…

…and are designated a National Natural Landmark.

The interesting thing here are the solar and lunar alignments found here.

Mushroom Rock at Mushroom Rock State Park, northwest of Wichita…

…looks a lot like the rock formations on the Moors of Great Britain, like this one in the North York Moors National Park in northern England.

Same thing with Rock City at Minneapolis, Kansas, slightly northwest of Wichita…

…which also looks like rock formations that you find at North York Moors Park in England.

Was the memory of the Moors in Britain retained in the name of what is otherwise defined as “a tract of open, peaty, wasteland, often overgrown with heath, common in high latitudes and altitudes where drainage is poor.”

So to get back to the cover-up of the Earth’s True History by the John Wayne version of history, I am going to take a look at the “Keeper of the Plains,” a 44-foot, or 13 1/2 meter, high statue…

…situated where the Big and Little Arkansas Rivers join together in downtown Wichita, where we see more of the snaky, s-shaped river bends I talked about in the last part of this series, which I believe is signature infrastructure of the ancient advanced Moorish civilization.

It strikes me that the statue is erected on top of what looks like ancient megalithic masonry to me!

This is a riverwalk along the Arkansas River in downtown Wichita, with megalithic masonry that people walk on by every day without even noticing it for what it is.

I know I didn’t notice it until I tuned it to it, and that was just 5-years ago in my early 50s.

Then I started seeing it everywhere!

I still do!

The Scottish Rite Temple in Wichita was said to have been originally constructed in the Romanesque architectural style for the YMCA in 1887 – 1888, and that it was sold to Scottish Rite Freemasons in 1889.

Wichita’s Orpheum Theater, which is still in use today, opened on September 4th of 1922, and was part of the Vaudevillian “Orpheum Circuit,” with well-known vaudeville stars performing there, like Harry Houdini, Eddie Cantor and Fannie Brice.

A Kilgen Theater Pipe Organ used to be there.

There are Orpheum Theaters still in existence all across the United States, and I even found one on the island Republic of Malta in the town of Gzira near the capital of Valletta.

Orpheus was a musician and poet in Ancient Greek legend, said to have had the ability to charm all living things, and even stones, with his music.

What, exactly, caused us to go to sleep, and forget who we are, and what we were? How has the false information we have been taught all our lives been reinforced?

Why would this be important to whoever was responsible for removing the ancient advanced civilization from our collective awareness to begin with?

We are told that the Wichita lived here historically.

At what point did they, and other indigenous people, go from being highly advanced to the hunter-gatherers we are taught lived in North America?

Was the memory of Ancient Washitaw Mu’urs in North America retained in the naming of this place as Wichita, like that of the Moors in Great Britain?

I believe so.

The last place I am going to look at on this alignment is Kansas City, the third-largest city in Kansas and otherwise known as KCK.

It is the seat of Wyandotte County.

Kansas City in Kansas is situated at Kaw Point, a junction of the Missouri and Kansas Rivers, and a place where Lewis and Clark stopped and camped in 1804.

It was here that Clark reported encountering a great number of “parrot queets.”

The now-extinct Carolina parakeet inhabited much of what became the United States at that time.

The last-known Carolina parakeet died in captivity at the Cincinnati Zoo in 1918, and the species was declared extinct in 1939.

KCK was first incorporated in 1872, and then again 1886 when the “New” KCK was formed through the consolidation of five municipalities.

KCK was said to have seen explosive growth as a streetcar suburb of Kansas, Missouri, located right across the Missouri River, and the largest city in Missouri.

Kansas City, Missouri, we are told once had one of the most extensive streetcar systems in North America.

We are told that horse-powered streetcars were introduced in 1870, and that some early routes were powered by underground cables, like those of San Francisco.

By 1908, all of Kansas City’s streetcar lines except for one was powered by electricity.

The last of its 25 streetcar routes was shut-down in 1957, to be replaced by buses.

The current Wyandotte County Courthouse in KCK was said to have been built in Neoclassical style between 1925 and 1927 by the Kansas City architectural firm of Wight and Wight…

…to replace the county courthouse that was said to have been built in 1882.

We are told the Rosedale Arch, dedicated in 1924, and said to have been inspired by the Arc de Triomphe in Paris, was erected as a memorial to honor the men of the Rosedale neighborhood of Kansas City who had served in World War I.

The Wyandotte High School, still in use today, was said to have been built in the 1936 – 1937 time-frame by the New Deal Works Progress Administration and the KCK Board of Education.

Across the river-system, Kansas City, Missouri, was incorporated as a town on June 1st of 1850, and as a city on March 28th of 1853.

The territory around the confluence of the Missouri and Kansas Rivers was deemed by the founders as a “good place to build settlements.”

Noteworthy architecture on the Missouri of Kansas City side includes:

The Liberty Memorial, the National World War I Memorial and Museum, said to have been built in 1926, after a group of 40 prominent Kansas businessmen decided to form an association to create a memorial to those who had served in the war.

Construction on the Union Station in Kansas City Missouri was said to have started in the early 1900s, and that it opened in 1914, operating as a train station until 1985.

Today it features exhibits, movies, restaurants, and a science center.

Like the current Wyandotte County Courthouse, the Nelson-Atkins Museum of Art was said to have been designed by the architectural firm of Wight and Wight, with groundbreaking for the building occurring in July of 1930, and the museum opening to the public in December of 1933.

The United States Courthouse and post office, still standing today, that was said to have been built in the late 1930s as one of the last of Franklin Roosevelt’s New Deal programs.

The new courthouse replaced the Old Post Office and Customhouse, on the top left, that once stood at 8th and Grand Boulevard on the bottom right in Kansas City, Missouri.

I am going to end this part of the series here.

Every city that I have looked at on this alignment is a county seat, with the exception of Kansas City, Missouri.

And in all three parts of this series, there were only two places of all the cities in linear alignment that I have looked at that were not county seats – Ponca City, Oklahoma and Texarkana, Texas, though Texarkana, Arkansas was, and those two cities share a huge federal building which straddles the state line that runs between the two cities.

Is the finding the result of coincidence…or the result of intentional planning of the original civilization?

I land hard on the side this was all the result of intentional and precise planning, and not the random, haphazard process our historical narrative would lead us to believe.

In the next and last part of the series, I am going to switch-over to looking at alinear alignment of major cities between San Antonio, Texas and Buffalo, New York.

Cities in Linear Alignment in the U. S. – Part 2 Monroe, Louisiana to Lamar, Colorado

This is the second-part of a four-part series on cities that I found in linear alignment in the United States.

I am showcasing linear alignments I identified while looking at a map on the internet of the region where I was living in Oklahoma City several years ago during the time I was waking up to all of this.

I am sure there are more cities…and alignments…. that could be added, but each part of this series will be a snapshot of whatever longer alignment this represents, and complete in itself for the purpose of this series.

My starting point is Monroe, the parish seat of Louisiana’s Ouachita (pronounced Washitaw) Parish.

Monroe and West Monroe, which together are called the Twin Cities of northeast Louisiana, are situated on either side of the snaky, S-shaped Ouachita River, on the top left, which looks like the snaky, s-shapes of the Wichita River in Wichita Falls, Texas, on the top right; the Thames River in London on the bottom left; and the Rio Platano in Honduras on the bottom right.

These are just a few examples of the countless rivers and creeks all over the world that have the same S-shaped river bends.

I do not believe this is a random or natural occurrence.

I believe these S-shaped waterways are signatures of the ancient civilization, and artificially-made canal systems.

We are taught these are natural so we don’t see and understand the truth.

Here are the earthwork-banks of the Ouachita River in downtown Monroe next to the city’s Riverwalk…

…and the masonry banks of the River Thames in downtown London.

Fort Miro was located on the site of present-day Monroe, described as a late-18th-century Spanish outpost that served the Ouachita River valley, said to have been named after Esteban Miro, the governor of the Spanish provinces of Louisiana and Florida from 1785 to 1791.

The settlement became known as Monroe in 1819, we are told, with the arrival of the steam-powered paddle-wheeler “James Monroe,” named for the 5th President of the United States.

Apparently, the arrival of the paddle-wheeler had such a profound effect on the settlers that the name of the settlement was changed to Monroe.

Now a retirement community, the Frances Tower in downtown Monroe, the city’s tallest building at a height of 179-feet, or 55-meters, was said to have been built between 1931 and 1932 (which would have been during the Great Depression) because the city needed more hotel rooms, and the owner wanted to compete wth the top meeting location of the time in Monroe…

…The Virginia, which was said to have been built in 1925, and had three ballrooms.

The hotel was closed in the 1960s, and it became a state office building.

The building was restored in 2016, and became the Vantage State Building.

Joseph Biedenharn was a German-American businessman who was born in Vicksburg, Mississippi, to parents who had immigrated to the United States following the Revolutions of 1848, a series of revolts against European monarchies that affected over 50 countries, including Germany, and one of the factors of a huge wave of immigration to America that took place during the mid-1800s.

The German immigrants were said to typically have come to America with money and greater ability to be mobile than immigrants from other countries.

Joseph was a candy-maker, the first bottler of coca-cola, and the first to develop an independent network of franchise bottlers to distribute the drink.

He moved his manufacturing and bottling operations to Monroe, Louisiana, from Vicksburg, Mississippi in 1913.

Along with his son, Malcolm and other investors, Joseph bought a crop-dusting business in 1925, along with his son and other investors, and added eighteen planes to the fleet, moving the company headquarters from Macon, Georgia, to Monroe.

This was the origin of Delta Airlines, which was incorporated in December of 1928.

Delta’s headquarters moved from Monroe to Atlanta in 1941.

The First Baptist Church in downtown Monroe was said to have been built in Neo-Palladian style, with an octagonal dome, columns, and pediments, which is the triangular upper-part of a building in classical style, typically surmounting columns.

The church congregation was founded in 1854, and the present church was said to have been built in 1911.

Palladian architecture was a European architecture was said to have been derived from Venetian architect Andrea Palladio, who lived between 1508 and 1580, whose work was based on the formal classical temple architecture of the ancient Greeks and Romans.

In downtown Monroe?

Similarly, St. Matthew’s Catholic Church was founded in 1851, and this building was said to have been built starting in 1897 with a large frontal tower that also echoes European architecture.

The old Monroe City High School was said to have been built between 1900 and 1901 as the first school in the Monroe City school system…

…and was located where the Anna Grey Noe Park is today, named after a former first lady of Louisiana.

Why destroy beautiful architecture like this in the heart of downtown Monroe, only to create a building-less public park?

Here is a comparison of the old Monroe City High School on the left, and Parliament Hill pre-1916 in Ottawa, the national capital of Canada on the right.

This was the original Ouachita National Bank, which opened in Monroe in 1906.

Before closing in 1933, the Ouachita National Bank printed six different types of national currency, and moved twice, during that 27-year-period.

It is important to note that Monroe was the ancient Imperial Seat of the Washitaw Empire, in an area known as Washitaw Proper.

This is a picture of the relatively recently deceased Empress of the Washitaw, Verdiacee Washitaw Turner Goston El Bey, who passed away in 2014.

Empress Verdiacee passed away in 2014, and her granddaughter Wendy Farica Washitaw succeeded her as the Washitaw Empress.

You are not going to find the memory of the Washitaw anywhere in our history books, but they are found everywhere in place-names – Wichita, Ouachita, Hatchita, Washa, Wabash, Washoe, Waxhaw, to name a few off the top of my head.

In 1993 Empress Verdiacee published the book “The Return of the Ancient Ones,”on the true history of the Washitaw Empire.

The Washitaw Mu’urs were formally recognized by the United Nations in 1993 as the “Oldest Indigenous Civilization on Earth.”

The Watson Brake Mounds are in the vicinity, and are located south of Monroe in Richwood, Louisiana.

Watson Brake is an archeological site in Ouachita Parish, Louisiana, dated to 5,400 years ago, and is the oldest earthwork mound complex in North America, acknowledged to be older than the Egyptian Pyramids and Stonehenge in England. It is located on private land, so is not available for public viewing.

Stonehenge, which has an earthwork very similar to Watson Brake around its perimeter, according to what we are told, dates from starting at 3,100 BC, about 5,100 years ago.

Thirty-eight miles northeast of Monroe, near the town of Epps, Louisiana, is Poverty Point.

It is said to have become known as Poverty Point because the farming was terrible here.

Its name was actually Awulmeka, and was an ancient sacred city of the Washitaw Mu’urs.

The story that we are told about all the mound sites is that indians wearing loincloths were responsible for building the perfectly geometrically- and astronomically-aligned mounds and earthworks, one basketful of dirt at a time. This is not the truth, and does not hold up with any scrutiny whatsoever.

These are the kinds of artifacts on display at Poverty Point as being representative of what was found here. While perhaps they were found here, I don’t think these were representative of the highly advanced and sophisticated ancient civilization that lived here.

The artifacts on display at Spiro Mounds in Oklahoma, like this one here, would be more representative of what was found at Poverty Point.

According to George G. M. James, in his book “Stolen Legacy,” the Moors were the custodians of the Ancient Egyptian mysteries…

…and in the present-day, Muurish-American Master Adepts and Teachers are wisdom-keepers of ancient sacred Kemetic Mysteries and Knowledge about all Creation.

They are living practitioners of Egyptian Yoga…

…and Medju Neter, or Meroitic, the language of the Egyptian Hieroglyphs..

The Meroitic language and script are named after Meroe, the royal capital of the Kingdom of Kush, and located on the Nile River where it flows through in northeast Sudan in northeastern Africa.

We are told that Fort Miro was the original name of the settlement that became Monroe.

Is it just a coincidence that these two place-names, one in Sudan and one in Louisiana, sound phonetically identical, or is there something else going on here that we are not being told about?

The next stop on this linear alignment is the Texarkana Metropolitan Area, a region anchored by the Twin cities of Texarkana, Texas and Texarkana, Arkansas, and which also shares a state line with Louisiana.

The story goes that the Cairo and Fulton Railroad, reached present-day Texarkana from St. Louis in the early 1870s, and that the Texas and Pacific Railroad had reached across Texas to the Arkansas state line, where it had been decided the border was the logical place for the different railways to connect.

On December 8, 1873, the Texas and Pacific sold the first town lots for the future city. The first to buy was J. W. Davis, who purchased the land where the Hotel McCartney, said to have been built in 1929, now stands, opposite Union Station.

The Hotel McCartney has been abandoned since the mid-1970s.

Why build a massive building like this, to use it for only 50-years?

Similar idea with the Union Station across the street from it.

It is described as a grand Renaissance station built in 1928 across the Arkansas – Texas state line and placed on the U. S. National Register of Historic Places in 1978.

Amtrak still uses a small portion of the station for its Texas Eagle Line, but otherwise the station has been abandoned.

State Line Avenue follows the Texas-Arkansas state line throughout much of Texarkana.

Thousands of locals actually live in one state and work in the other.

In the distance in the center of this post card is the Texarkana U. S. Post Office and Courthouse.

The Texarkana twin cities are home to the only federal building in the U. S. that straddles a state line and houses federal courts in two jurisdictions.

The two sides of Texarkana share a federal building, courthouse, jail, post office, labor office, chamber of commerce, water utility, and several other offices, however two mayors and two sets of city officials.

The Hotel Grim on the Texas side of the city was said to have been completed in 1925, and in its hey-day was known as the “Crown Jewel” of Texarkana.

While like the Hotel McCartney, the Hotel Grim was closed and also abandoned in the 1970s…

…it is in the process of being restored and redeveloped as commercial space and residential apartments.

So we have an official founding date of Texarkana by the railroad in 1873, and here is an historic map of the city circa 1888.

Here is an 1892 photo of Texarkana showing big masonry buildings, not many people in it, what appear to be dirt-covered streets, and mule-drawn transportation…

…and that in 1902 the first electric street-cars appeared in Texarkana, after having had a mule-drawn streetcar system having been established there in the 1880s…

…only to have the electric street-car system there discontinued in 1934 after only 32-years.

I have circled where the Red River of the South passes through the Texarkana region on its way into Louisiana.

I have also circled the names of the Wichita River in Texas, the Washita River in Oklahoma, and the Ouachita River in Arkansas and Louisiana that are all tributaries of the Red River of the South.

Here is an aerial photo of some of the snaky, s-shapes of the Red River of the South…

…and of the some of the same of the Red River of the North at Grand Forks in North Dakota.

With a straight-line distance roughly of 135-miles northeast of the Texarkana Metropolitan area, just slightly west of the state capital in Little Rock, in Roland, Arkansas, there is a special site known as Pinnacle Mountain that hasn’t been brought forward into public awareness, and represents how sacred ancient sites are deliberately covered-up.

This is a picture of Pinnacle Mountain, which is only viewable like this from the Education Pond at Pinnacle Mountain State Park.

I had first heard of Pinnacle Mountain when I learned about a conference that was held there in 2012.

I didn’t think much of the name Pinnacle Mountain until several years later, in 2015, when finding this image on-line.  This was the beginning of my “looking” and then “finding” out more and more.  It really got my attention!!!    

So I had to go there! It was about a 3 – 4 hour drive from where I was living at the time, and I went twice with friends.

There are two more what appear to be pyramids next to Pinnacle Mountain, and this view is only obtainable from the Visitor Center Observation Deck on a relatively clear day, which I was lucky enough to photograph.

Otherwise, access to all other views is completely cut off by private property and fences, and these are certainly not advertised as pyramids.

Here is a comparison of what is seen from the Pinnacle Mountain Visitor Center Observation deck on the left, and the pyramids on the Giza Plateau in Egypt on the right, in which they all seem to be facing in the same direction.

Here is another connection between America and Egypt.

 I have drawn a red line on this world map to demonstrate that there is a straight, west-to-east, linear relationship between the location of the Mississippi River Delta in Louisiana, and that of the Nile River Delta in Egypt.

Also, this is an aerial view of the Mississippi Delta, which is on the southeastern coast of Louisiana, on the top, showing what appear to be man-made channels, compared with the same type of straight, man-made looking channel is also found in the Nile Delta.

The alignment next crosses over the Ouachita Mountains of eastern Oklahoma and western Arkansas between Texarkana and Oklahoma City.

This is Cameron’s Bluff at Mount Magazine, the highest elevation in Arkansas, in the Ouachita Mountains of western Arkansas and eastern Oklahoma.

I visited Mount Magazine several times, and this is where I started waking up to seeing what was really in the environment around me.

As soon as I took to the turn-off for the road that skirts the bluff, I started seeing a wall.

It is such an ancient wall that there is some element of doubt. 

But there are some places you can really tell it is a built structure. 

The next place in this alignment is Oklahoma City, Oklahoma, the state capital and county seat of Oklahoma County. 

It is a major economic and transportation hub with its central location in the country, and on the nation’s interstate highways, sitting at the convergence of I-35 and I-40 and I-44. 

This is also where I was living when I started to put together what I am sharing with you, where I started to see what was really in the environment around me, and where I first learned about the advanced Ancient Moorish Civilization that has been removed from our awareness.

Oklahoma City was said to have “sprang” into existence on April 22nd of 1889, the day that approximately 50,000 participants of the land run that day claimed their land in the first land run in what was known as the Unassigned Lands.

This lithograph dated from 1890 was said to have been prepared 10-months after the 1889 land run…

…and this postcard of Broadway in Oklahoma City is circa 1910, twenty-years later, with the same big, elegant masonry buildings, dirt-covering the street, mule-drawn buggies, and electric streetcar system that we saw back in Texarkana.

The electric streetcar system in Oklahoma City was ended in 1947.

I am going to focus on unknown canal systems in Oklahoma, because this is where I have studied it the most.

Canal systems were very important to the Ancient Civilization as a transportation system, in addition to a land-based road system, because it was in fact a Maritime Civilization. 

They were as comfortable on the waters as on land.

There is an acknowledged canal in Oklahoma City.

This is the Bricktown Canal, a mile-long canal that links downtown, Bricktown, a lively entertainment district, and the Oklahoma River.

Now to some unrecognized canal systems.

I took these three photos all at the same location at 36th Avenue & Shartel Avenue in Northwest Oklahoma City.

The first photo on the left is very reminiscent of what the river beds look like in Oklahoma –  ugly red clay gashes.   In the top right photo, there is a root system that appears to be growing out over air, and on the bottom right, what remains of masonry is still in place. 

This is as good a place as any to assert my belief that the cement industry is built upon pulverizing ancient masonry.  It’s not supposed to be there in our historical narrative, so we don’t even conceive of it, so certain industries can do whatever they want because it doesn’t exist. 

The Dolese Brothers Company of Oklahoma is a major company providing aggregates, concrete, and products used for building. 

They are not the only example, but the first that I became aware of.

And where exactly do they get their stone material from?

I don’t know if all of the waterways called rivers in Oklahoma look like red clay cuts in the land, but so many of them do!

This is a photo I took of a roundabout, with ancient masonry blocks in the foreground; the road sign saying Cement Plant Road in the middle of the picture; and in the distance in the right of the photo, the Cement Plant in Clarkdale, Arizona, is visible.

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There’s plenty of ancient masonry everywhere in this area, so they will never, ever run out of raw material. 

The advanced Ancient Civilization was so massive that there is an inexhaustible supply of unrecognized masonry for the cement industry all over the world!

This is a picture I took of the Oklahoma River in Oklahoma City, where it flows, very straight…

Oklahoma River

…until it abruptly ends at Martin Luther King Jr. Boulevard, at which point there is only a red clay bed from there on out.

I have marked with arrows the places along the Oklahoma River where there appear to be canal entrances.

At the corner of I-40 and Martin Luther King Jr. Boulevard, right where the river stops flowing, is what I call the “The Thing.”

I noticed it at some point after driving past it a bazillion times, and I remember thinking “What the heck is that thing?”

So, I tried to find out more information. 

I drove the short way up to the entrance. 

Right next to the entrance, there was a billboard that said something to the effect of “Your American Indian Cultural Center and Museum.” 

The entrance, however, had several no unauthorized entry signs.

Well, apparently this project has been in the works for many years, and now they are saying will be completed in several years, but that looks like a very, very sophisticated and very geometric earthwork to me. 

And you can’t get close to it unless you are on an Oklahoma River Cruise ship or are a rowing crew member. 

I drove around the block, and it is all locked up with businesses and an industrial park. 

Here is an old postcard on the left depicting The Baum Building in Oklahoma City.  It was razed in 1973, supposedly as part of an Urban Renewal project. In its day, the Baum Building was compared to the Doge’s Palace in Venice, shown here on the right.

This is Capitol Hill High School in South Oklahoma City…

OKC - Capitol Hill High School

…and the Central High School in Oklahoma City. 

OKC - Central High School

Pretty fancy places to have been built for high school kids!

This is the old Criterion Theater in Oklahoma City, with its ornate styling, which was demolished in 1973 to make way for a shopping mall that was never built.

Criterion Theatre, Oklahoma City, OK.

Moving along the alignment north-westward from Oklahoma City, in Okarche, there is a massive wind-farm spread across the landscape. 

Oklahoma windfarm

These turbines, however, are not just placed anywhere – they are placed in a relatively linear fashion within a defined space. 

So their placement appears to be intentional, and not random. 

Also, all of the wind turbines that are running go at the same speed, regardless of whether the wind is blowing. 

I really question whether they are actually being powered by wind, or by some other technology. 

Wind turbine farms have popped up in different places in Western Oklahoma, and the Texas Panhandle. 

I came to realize that the wind turbine line-up in Okarche approximates with the lines in the star tetrahedron, and as you can see, Oklahoma and Texas are located where two major lines cross.

Roman Nose State Park is located in Watonga, Oklahoma, northwest of Okarche and southeast of Woodward, named for a Cheyenne Warrior known as Roman Nose. 

For part of the year they have a teepee set up on the grounds, and we are told that this location was the winter camping grounds for his Cheyenne tribe.

It was one of the many Depression-era Civilian Conservation Corps, or CCC, projects in Oklahoma… when you go to the part of the park that has springs, this is what you find…This is where you enter the area. 

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Then, as you walk along the path that takes you by the water, you find that the embankment looks like this.

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The further down the path you go, the more intact you find the stonework:

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Until you finally come to this exquisitely peaceful spring:

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The stonework pictured is clearly of the same design, and built out in a purposeful way. 

The CCC operated from 1933 to 1942 in the U.S. for unemployed, unmarried men to help them weather the Great Depression.  Originally for young men ages 18–25, it was eventually expanded to ages 17–28.  Does it make sense that they could have done the original stone work? 

Okarche and Roman Nose in Watonga are on the way to Woodward, Oklahoma.

At some point in 2016, I noticed that Woodward, OK, fell on this alignment:  Houston, Dallas, Woodward, Denver, and Edmonton, Alberta.

This observation got me wondering about what was in Woodward.  It is off the beaten track as far as the National Highway System goes.

Woodward, OK

The town was on the Great Western Cattle Trail, and we are told that Woodward was established in 1887 after a railroad was constructed to that point for shipping cattle to markets.

It was one of the most important depots in the 19th-century for shipping cattle East.

Like Ponca City in my last post, Woodward was in the Cherokee Strip region that was opened up by the United States government for settlement during the Land Run of 1893.

Woodward lies in an oil and natural-gas area on the shelf of Oklahoma’s Anadarko Basin.

In 1956, natural gas was discovered in Woodward County.

Thereafter, Woodward enjoyed significant growth due to the opening and location of oil field service and drilling companies in Woodward.

When I drove to Woodward, I stopped by Boiling Springs State Park, located east of Woodward, between Woodward and Mooreland.

This is just one section of a fairly large area containing masonry at Boiling Springs. 

Boiling Springs State Park near Woodward, OK

The masonry here is very similar to the masonry at the Roman Nose State Park. 

I took these pictures of large, white, pink, and gray cut-stone blocks on the state park grounds when I visited there.

Then, after a trip I took to Cusco in Peru in 2018, I trotted out the photos of Boiling Springs State Park, and saw white, pink, and gray granite stone material there, similar to what I saw in Peru.

Like at Qenko, just outside of Cusco…

Qenko, Peru

…and at the Coricancha in Cusco. 

Coricancha, Cusco, Peru

After I left Boiling Springs, I came to Mooreland, and saw a facility that looked something like this:

Natural Gas Plant

Turns out Mooreland is a hub of the energy industry, including natural gas resources, and connecting energy resources to end-use markets.

I continued driving east on Highway 412 towards Enid, Oklahoma. 

It goes all the way across the top of Oklahoma, and then on into Arkansas.  Lots of ancient infrastructure all through there.

All along the way, I saw features in the landscape that looked like these at Gloss Mountains State Park near Enid, a city which is 84-miles, or 135-kilometers, east of Woodward.

At many places along the way in this drive, I saw what looked like fracking wells in the distance next to these features.

Natural Gas Well South Africa

For many reasons, I have come to firmly believe that there is a direct connection between the modern energy industry, ancient energy technology, and the Earth’s grid system.

Other places you can visit in this part of northern Oklahoma between Woodward and Enid include the Little Sahara State Park in Waynoka…

…and the Alabaster Caverns State Park in Freedom, Oklahoma, in Woodward County.

This is a view inside one of the largest gypsum caves in the world here.

The Alabaster Caverns Bridge apparently collapsed in 1992…

…and when I was doing research on Chimney Rocks, I found out that we are told the one that used to be in Freedom was worn away so much over thousands of years, that one day in 1973, big winds caused it to fall without anyone seeing it happen.

Nothing strange about that statement, right?   Hmmmm.

The next stopping place on this linear alignment is Liberal, the county seat of Seward County in Kansas.

It was incorporated in 1888, we are told, after the railroad came by this small settlement in Kansas near the Oklahoma state line where S. S. Rogers had built the first house in 1872, and where he built general store and post office in 1885.

From the arrival of the railroad, so the story goes, the town’s growth began.

The plot on the townsite of Liberal opened on April 13th of 1888.

The sale of lots in the next twenty-four hours, we are told, totalled $180,000, and within a week, there were 83 constructed wooden houses, and within a year there was a boom, at which time Liberal was incorporated as a city.

This is a picture of Kansas Avenue in Liberal taken sometime in the years between 1928 ad 1938.

In 1920, natural gas was discovered west of Liberal in what became the huge Panhandle-Hugoton gas field, which contains one of the world’s largest known natural gas fields…

…oil was discovered southwest of town in 1951…

…and in 1963, National Helium opened there, the largest helium plant in the world.

The last place on this alignment that I am going to be taking a look at is Lamar, the county seat of Prowers County in Colorado.

Lamar was founded in 1886, and Prowers County was established in 1889.

The Atchison, Topeka, and Santa Railroad railroad was said to have arrived through this part of Colorado in 1873, and the first station was established in 1886. The existing station was built in 1907, and in addition to being an Amtrak stop, houses the local Chamber of Commerce and a Colorado Visitors’ Center.

We are told the railroad allowed Lamar to become an important farming and ranching community.

This is the first county courthouse building in Lamar, with a construction date of 1890, said to have been designed by Bulger & Rapp, an architectural firm that worked together in Colorado for five years before dissolving in 1892.

The present Prowers County Courthouse was said to have been built in 1928 in Classical Revival style by Colorado architect Robert K. Fuller and A.E.Danielson & Sons.

It is easier to carve words into stone than build out of stone.

The Carnegie Library in Lamar was said to have been completed in 1908…and demolished in 1975.

The Carnegie Corporation of New York was said to have provided 27 grants between 1899 and 1917 to build 35 public libraries in Colorado.

As of 2010, 30 of these buildings were still standing, and 18 still operate as libraries.

This is Pike’s Tower in Lamar.

It is 40-feet, or 12-meters, tall, and was designed to commemorate Zebulon Pike’s 1806 expedition across Colorado, during which time they allegedly stayed at Willow Creek, near Lamar, where Pike’s Tower is located.

It was said to have been developed in 1933 as the first project in Colorado of the Works Progress Admininstration, or WPA, another of FDR’s New Deal agencies like the CCC, which I believe served multiple purposes:  1) To create Depression-era jobs; 2) To build park infrastructure; and 3) to cover-up ancient sites/infrastructure. 

I am going to end this post here, and in the next part will be looking at a linear alignment that begins in Clovis, New Mexico, and ends in Kansas City, Kansas.

Cities in Linear Alignment in the U. S. – Part 1 Wichita Falls, Texas to Des Moines, Iowa

This is the first-part of a new four-part series on cities that I found in linear alignment in the United States.

Each part of this series is the complete linear alignment that I am showcasing. I am sure there are more cities…and alignments…. that could be added, but these are based on short alignments I identifed while looking at a map on the internet of the region where I was living in Oklahoma City several years ago.

I found these alignments not long after I found the North American Star Tetrahedron in 2016, when I noticed major cities lining up in lines, and all of my research is based on this original finding.

I believe this is the terminus, or key, of the Earth’s grid system.

Once I found the star tetrahedron, I extended the lines out.   I used a magnifying glass and wrote down the cities that lined up in linear and circular fashion. 

And I got an amazing tour of the world of places I had never heard of with remarkable similarities across countries.  

I have found so much informationjust by literally connecting dots on maps.

The starting point of this part of the series is Wichita Falls, the largest city and county seat of Wichita County in Texas.

It is situated on the Wichita River.

As a matter of fact, we are told is that the Wichita Falls area was settled by Choctaw Native Americans in the 1830s after they were relocated to Indian Territory from their lands in Mississippi as a result of the Treaty of Dancing Rabbit Creek.

This was the first removal treaty carried out after the Indian Removal Act, which was signed into law by President Andrew Jackson on May 28th of 1830, after it was passed by both Houses of Congress, just prior to that.

The new law authorized the President to negotiate with the southern Native American tribes for their removal to federal territory west of the Mississippi River in exchange for settlement of their ancestral lands.

This is a fancy way of saying that the Indian Removal Act was put in place to give to the southern states the land that belonged to the Native Americans. 

The Indian Removal Act was passed only seven years after the United States Supreme Court ruled in 1823, based largely on the Doctrine of Discovery, and under which title to lands lay with the government whose subjects travelled to and occupied a territory whose inhabitants were not subjects of a European Christian monarch. 

In other words, the Supreme Court ruled that Native Americans didn’t own their land.

The Treaty of Dancing Rabbit Creek, signed in September of 1830 and effective at the end of February of 1831, was one of the largest land transfers ever signed between the United States Government and Native Americans in time of peace.

According to what we are told, the Choctaw ceded their remaining traditional homeland to the United States.

Article 14 of the treaty allowed for some Choctaw to remain in the State of Mississippi, if they wanted to become citizens.

The treaty ceded about 11 million acres (45,000 km2) of the Choctaw Nation in what is now Mississippi in exchange for about 15 million acres (61,000 km2) in the Indian Territory, now primarily the state of Oklahoma.

The Choctaw were the first of what were called the “Five Civilized Tribes” to be removed from the southeastern United States, as the federal and state governments desired Native American lands to accommodate a growing agrarian American society.

In 1831, tens of thousands of Choctaw walked the 500-mile, or 800-kilometer, journey to Indian Territory and many died. Like the Creek, Cherokee, Chickasaw, and Seminole who followed them, the Choctaw attempted to resurrect their traditional lifestyle and government in their new homeland.

Then, starting in the 1850s, settlers arrived in the area to form cattle ranches, like the Waggoner Ranch, started by Dan Waggoner sometime around 1852 with 15,000 acres for longhorn cattle, and which today is the United States’ largest cattle ranch behind a single fence.

It stretches from west of Wichita Falls in Wichita County, also covering parts of Archer, Baylor, Foard, Knox, and Wilbarger counties.

The official naming of the city as Wichita Falls occurred on September 27th of 1876, and on the same day, we are told, a sale of town lots occurred at what is now the corner of Seventh and Ohio Streets, a location that is considered the birthplace of the city.

Then six-years later, in 1882, the Fort Worth and Denver City Railway arrived.

The railway’s train depot was located on the northwest corner of Seventh Street.

Said to have been built in 1909, the Kemp and Kell Depot Route Building was called an example of the Renaissance Revival style of architecture.

Industrialists Joseph Kemp and Frank Kell came to prominence as a result of their railroad involvement, and the depot route building housed offices for their expanding interests as well as serving as both a passenger and freight depot.

In the short time period of eight-years from the arrival of the railroad, this is a map showing how much Wichita Falls had grown by 1890.

 The Depot Square Historic District from where the city started is designated as a Texas Historic Landmark.

Buildings in the Depot Square Historic District include the following:

The Newby-McMahon Building…

…said to have been completed in 1919 as the result of a fraudulent investment scheme by a con man, became a source of embarrassment to the city, and was featured in “Ripley’s Believe it or Not” in the 1920s as the “World’s Littlest Skyscraper,” and the name stuck.

The City National Bank Building was located at Ohio Avenue and Seventh Street, which is where I noted earlier that a sale of town lots was held on the day the city was named in 1876, and which was notoriously robbed in 1896.

The Union Passenger Station on the northwest corner of Eighth and Ohio Streets in the Depot Square Historic District was said to have been built in 1910…

…and abandoned and demolished shortly after the last passenger train came through Wichita Falls in 1967.

The former location of the Union Passenger Station is the current Farmers Market.

At the peak of the railroad passenger era during the Burkburnett oil boom of 1918, more than thirty trains boarded and de-boarded daily.

We are told that a flood in 1886 destroyed the original Wichita Falls for which the city was named, and that 100-years later, the city built a 54-foot, or 16-meter, high multi-cascade artificial waterfall to replace the original 5-foot, or 1.5-meter, high waterfall at a bend in the Wichita River where Lucy Park is today.

The falls are visible from I-44.

Lake Wichita is described as a manmade reservoir that was said to have been completed through the efforts of Joseph Kemp, who when unable to finance the construction of it as a bond issue, we are told, found a business partner in Galveston to privately finance the construction of the dam and reservoir with the establishment of the Lake Wichita Irrigation and Water company.

It was completed in 1901 at a cost of $175,000, and nicknamed “The Gem of North Texas.

Lake Wichita had a recreational area that included a three-story colonnaded pavilion, and we are told that by 1909, Lake Wichita was connected by an electric trolley line to the city of Wichita Falls.

The Lakeside Hotel at Lake Wichita was said to have burned down in 1918…

…and the colonnaded pavilion was razed to the ground in 1955, we are told, after visitors were said to have lost interest over time in Lake Wichita as a resort.

The Memorial Auditorium in Wichita Falls, located on 7th Street, just west of Wichita Falls downtown district, was said to have been built in 1927 in the hopes of attracting conventions and major entertainers.

We are told that it was modelled after the Fair Park Music Hall in Dallas, which was said to have opened in 1925 with Spanish Baroque and Moorish architectural influences.

Midwestern State University has its original campus in Wichita Falls.

It was founded in 1922 as Wichita Falls Junior College, and renamed Hardin Junior College in 1937 in honor of Mr. and Mrs. John G. Hardin, local business people who had donated $400,000 to the college.

They got wealthy after oil was discovered on their land in nearby Burkburnett, Texas, which had an oil boom starting in 1918.

This is the Hardin Administrative Building on campus, said to have been completed around 1937, with a bell-tower shown on the right.

Here is a comparison of the front of the Hardin Administrative Building in Wichita Falls, Texas, on the left with the front of the Natural History Museum in Milan Italy on the right.

The Hardin Administration Building pictured here in the middle also shares design features with buildings in diverse places, like on Wrangel Island in the East Siberian Sea on the top left; Trenton, New Jersey on the top right; the Dalian Castle in Dalian, China, on the bottom left; and Neuschwanstein Castle in Bavaria Germany on the bottom right.

One last thing I would like to mention before I move on from Wichita Falls.

I think it is interesting to note it is the home of the United States Air Force’s largest technical training wing and the Euro-NATO Joint-Force Jet Pilot Training Program at Sheppard Air Force Base, and the world’s only multinationally staffed and managed flying training program chartered to produce combat pilots for both USAF and NATO.

The next place I am going to be taking a look at in this particular linear alignment is Ponca City, the largest city in Kay County in north-central Oklahoma close to the state’s border with Kansas.

Ponca City was established in 1893 after the Cherokee Outlet was opened for European-American settlement during the Cherokee Strip land run, which was the largest land run in United States history.

The Cherokee Outlet was part of the lands the Cherokee Nation had acquired after resettlement to lands in present-day Oklahoma…

… as part of the 1835 Treaty of New Echota.

The Treaty of New Echota was signed on December 29th of 1835 by officials of the United States government, and a minority Cherokee political faction known as the Treaty Party.

Although the Treaty of New Echota was not approved by the Cherokee National Council, or signed by the Principal Chief, John Ross, it established the terms under which the entire Cherokee Nation ceded its territory in the southeast…

…and agreed to move west to the Indian Territory.

The Treaty of New Echota became the legal basis for the forcible removal of the Cherokees, which became known as the “Trail of Tears.”

The Cherokees ended up selling their land of the Cherokee Outlet at a price ranging from $1.40 to $2.50 per acre to the United States government following a Proclamation by President Benjamin Harris which forbade all grazing leases in the Cherokee Outlet after October 2nd of 1890, thereby effectively eliminating tribal profits from cattle leases.

There was an agreement included in this land sale that individual Cherokees could still establish claims in the Cherokee Outlet.

The Cherokee Strip land run began at noon on September 16th of 1893, with approximately 100,000 people hoping to stake claim in the free 6-million acres of land and 40,000 homesteads that had been opened up.

The counties of Kay, Grant, Woods, Woodward, Garfield, Noble, and Pawnee were established following the run. These seven counties were initially designated by the letters K thru Q respectively, and Kay County is the only one of the seven to have kept its original “name” as Oklahoma moved from a territory to a state.

This is the present Kay County Courthouse in Newkirk, Oklahoma, said to have been built in 1926 to replace the original 1894 wooden courthouse which was said to have burned down.

Here is an historic 1910 photo of a building in Newkirk on Main Street which housed the National Bank…as well as a drug store.

Back to Ponca City, the largest city in Kay County and named after the Ponca tribe.

The city was created as “New Ponca” in 1893 after the Cherokee Strip land run, said to have been selected for its location near the Arkansas River, a nearby freshwater spring, and access to the railroad.

Ponca City was named after the Ponca Tribe of Oklahoma.

Approximately 700 members of the Ponca Tribe of Nebraska had been made to forcibly relocate to a reservation in this part of northern Oklahoma from their traditional lands in Nebraska between 1877 and 1880, and of that number, 158 died in Oklahoma within a two-year-period.

The credit for the founding of the city goes to Burton S. Barnes, a furniture-manufacturer who sold his plant in Michigan to seek his fortune in the land being opened in the Cherokee Strip.

We are told that he organized the Ponca Townsite Company, through which he sold town-lots that he had surveyed for $2 each, then the new owners of the lots was determined by a drawing, after which Burton Barnes was elected the first mayor of Ponca City.

This signage of him and the city’s history is located in front of the City Hall and Civic Center of Ponca City.

Called one of the most beautiful city halls in the United States, it was said to have been designed by Solomon Andrew Layton and built as an auditorium in 1916 (which would have been during World War I), and then the east and west wings added in 1922.

Solomon Andrew Layton, we are told, was one of the main architects of the Oklahoma State Capitol Building, with construction dates given between 1914 and 1917 (which also would have been during World War I).

Ponca City’s economy and history has been predominantly influenced by the petroleum industry.

E. W. Marland was a lawyer and oil-man who moved to Ponca City in 1908 from Pennsylvania…

…at which time he founded the “101 Ranch Oil Company” when he entered into a leasing arrangement with the Miller Brothers 101 Ranch in Ponca City.

The Miller Brothers 101 Ranch was a 100,000 acre, or 45,000 hectare, cattle ranch founded in 1893 by Colonel George Washington Miller, a Confederate Army veteran.

In addition to being a focal point of the oil rush in northeastern Oklahoma, it was the birthplace of the Miller Brothers 101 Ranch Wild West Show…

…which went national in 1907 at the Ter-Centennial Jamestown Exposition at Hampton Roads in Norfolk, Virginia, which commemorated the 300th-anniversary of the founding of the Jamestown Colony, the first permanent English settlement in what became the United States.

Then in 1917, E. W. Marland founded the Marland Oil Company, which by 1920 controlled 10% of the world’s oil reserves.

The Ponca Nation played a major part in the development of the Marland Oil Company, leasing resource-containing portions of the tribe’s allotted land to the Miller Brothers 101 Ranch and E.W. Marland for oil exploration and development.

Marland Oil Company merged with Continental Oil, also known as Conoco, in 1929, after a successful take-over bid by J. P. Morgan, Jr.

The company maintained its headquarters in Ponca City until 1949, when it moved to Houston, Texas.

Conoco was owned by the DuPont Corporation between 1981 and 1998, and in 2002, Conoco merged with Phillips Petroleum, which had its roots in Bartlesville, Oklahoma, near Ponca City in northern Oklahoma, to become ConocoPhillips.

The wealth of the company of E. W. Marland, who went on to serve Oklahoma as a United States Congressman, and Governor, was said to have built Ponca City from the ground-up, which has a high concentration of buildings described as Spanish Colonial Revival architecture, like the Poncan Theater, said to have been designed by the Boller Brothers of Kansas City, and opened on September 20th of 1927…

…and the Marland Mansion, also known as the “Palace on the Prairie,” said to have been designed by Tulsa architect John Duncan Forsyth in the Mediterranean Revival style and built between 1925 and 1928.

Another noteworthy place is the Wentz Camp and Pool, which was donated to Ponca City by oil-man Lew Wentz, who was one of the ten wealthiest men in the United States when he died in 1949.

He was said to have spent hundreds of thousands of dollars constructing the camp, cabins and pool in Romanesque Revival style for the use of the people of Ponca City.

The next place I am going to look at in this linear alignment is Emporia, KS.

Emporia is the county seat of Lyon County…

…and is located roughly half-way between Topeka and Wichita in the Flint Hills of Kansas.

The Flint Hills are described as a region in eastern Kansas and northcentral Oklahoma named for the abundant residual flint eroded from bedrock that lies near or at the surface…

…and it also has the densest coverage of intact tallgrass prairie in North America.

What I find interesting about the landscape of the Flint Hills is the striking similarity to what is found in the landscape of Neolithic Britain, the beginning of which is dated back to 4,000 BC.

And not only is the landscape between the Flint Hills and Neolithic Britain similar.

On the left is Teter Rock, said to be a monument erected for James Teter the landowner located near the former Teterville and Teter Oil Fields in southeast Kansas, and on the right are four examples of the more than 270 such structures that have been located and documented here, mostly on private property, and of which the Flint Hills region is considered to have the largest concentration of this type of construction in the world.

For comparison is this standing stone and the underground passageway to Maes Howe in the Orkney Islands off the northern coast of Scotland.

The entrance is aligned to the setting sun of the winter solstice, the darkest point of winter.

This is Grime’s Graves in Norfolk in England, a neolithic site that is the only flint mine that is open to the public, where visitors over ten years of age can enter the mine to see the jet-black flint.

We are told it was a large neolithic mining complex dating back to 2,600 BC.

Are the Flint Hills in Kansas an important, yet unacknowledged, neolithic landscape?

Back to Emporia.

Emporia was founded in 1857, and, we are told, took its name from ancient Carthage.

An “emporia” was a place where the traders of one nation had reserved to their business interests within the territory of another nation, and in ancient Greek, it referred to the Phoenician city-states and trade outposts of North Africa, including Carthage and Lepcis Magna, as well as others in Spain, Britain, and Arabia.

By December of 1860, the Missouri-Kansas-Texas Railroad had reached Emporia, setting the stage for it to become a major railroad hub.

Emporia State University was established here in 1863, two years after Kansas became a state in 1861 (and both of these years were during the American Civil War, which took place between 1861 and 1865).

Emporia was chosen as the county seat of Lyon County in 1860, and this courthouse was said to have been built between 1901 and 1903…for a community at that time which was said to have a population of approximately 8,200 people.

Ground-level windows are noted here as possible mud flood evidence.

By the early years of the 20th-century, Emporia had become an important railroad center, as not only the junction of the Missouri-Kansas-Texas Railroad, but also as the main-line of the Atchison, Topeka & Santa Fe Railroad.

By 1910, Emporia was said to have the following:

Waterworks; electricity for lighting and power; police and fire departments; well-paved streets; a public library; woolen and flour mills; foundries; machine shops; carriage and wagon works; an ice plant; broom factories; a planing mill; a creamery; brick-and-tile works; a corrugated culvert factory; and marble works. All, we are told, with a population of approximately 9,058.

The Emporia Public Library has been in operation since 1869, and is the oldest in the State of Kansas to remain in operation.

This photograph of Commercial Street is said to date between 1910 and 1919.

The historic Granada Theater in Emporia is located on Commercial Street, and like the Poncan Theater in Ponca City, was said to have been designed in the Spanish Colonial Revival Style by the Boller Brothers of Kansas City.

It opened in 1929.

It was closed in 1982 due to damage and neglect, but local preservationists saved it from demolition in 1994, and it was reopened for public use.

I am going to look at Atchison next on the alignment, the county seat of Atchison County in Kansas.

The year of its founding was 1854, and named after the United States Senator from Missouri, David Rice Atchison, who had interested some of his friends in forming a city when Kansas was opened for settlement.

This portrait of Senator Atchison was credited to the Civil-War-era photographer Matthew Brady in 1849.

Atchison was the original eastern terminus of the Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe Railway.

The railroad was chartered in February of 1859 to serve the cities of Atchison and Topeka in Kansas, and Santa Fe, New Mexico.

Despite being chartered to serve the city, the railroad was said to have chosen to bypass Santa Fe, because of the engineering challenges of the mountainous terrain, and eventually a branch line from Lamy, New Mexico brought the Santa Fe railroad to its namesake city.

The railroad was the subject of a popular song written by Harry Warren and Johnny Mercer for the 1946 film “The Harvey Girls.”

The Soldiers’ Orphans Home was said to have been founded in Atchison in sometime around 1887 for the nurture, education and maintenance of indigent children of soldiers and sailors who served in the Union during the Civil War, and eventually changed to the State Orphans Home, which was in operation until 1962.

The construction of the current Atchison Post Office was said to have been authorized by the United State Congress in 1890, with construction of the Romanesque-style limestone building starting in 1892.

The Atchison County Courthouse was said to have been built between 1896 and 1897 to replace the first courthouse which had been built in 1859.

Then there is St. Benedict’s Abbey in Atchison, which was established in 1857 in order to provide education for the sons of German settlers in the Kansas Territory.

The German Benedictines were quite active in establishing institutions in America during the 1840s and 1850s, said to have been pursuing their religious calling in peace, as well as providing guidance to the German immigrants to America during that period.

When I saw the view of Atchison, Kansas in the top left photo, I was immediately reminded of the view of the city of Santa Cruz de Tenerife on the island of Tenerife in the Canary islands, which are located off the coast of Morocco, on the bottom left. Then on the right is a picture of the ancient city of Ouarzazate, Morocco, which I had encountered in my research, and its appearance reminded me of Santa Cruz de Tenerife and Atchison, especially with regards to the orientation of the buildings, and the placement of the windows.

The last place I am going to take a look at on this linear alignment is Des Moines, the state capital and largest city of Iowa.

It was incorporated in 1851 as Fort Des Moines, with the Army said to have built the fort in 1843.

The stated reason for having a fort in Des Moines was to control the Sauk, an Algonquin language-speaking people of the Green Bay, Wisconsin area and the Meskwaki. closely related to the Sauk, known as the Fox, and also Algonquin language speakers. Their homelands were in the Great Lakes region. Both the Sauk and Meskwaki had been relocated from their homelands to eastern Iowa.

The Fort was located where the Raccoon River and Des Moines River meet…

…which has the same appearance as where the Mississippi River and Missouri river meet near St. Louis in Missouri…

…and where the Blue Nile and White Nile meet at Khartoum in the Sudan.

Even though there was a flood here in May of 1851, destroying crops, houses, and fences when the Des Moines and Racoon Rivers rose to an unprecedented height…

…it was incorporated on September 22nd of 1851 as Fort des Moines, and the name was shortened to Des Moines in 1857.

This is an 1875 map showing a well-developed city of Des Moines in less than 25-years.

This “Land Ownership” map indicated the original land owner plot number and many times their names.

So, for example, this is an historic photo of the Des Moines Post Office, circa 1850…

…then this building was constructed in 1871 to house the court house and post office, and it was demolished in 1968…

…and then the U. S. Central Post Office in Des Moines was said to have been built between 1909 and 1910, which was the first structure the federal government provided as part of the “City Beautiful Project”…

…a turn-of-the-20th century project the city of Des Moines undertook to construct large Beaux Arts public buildings and fountains along the Des Moines River.

Other architecture attributed to this time included:

The old Des Moines Public Library Building, said to have been constructed in 1903, was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1977.

Since 1973, it has been the Norman E. Borlaug/World Food Prize Hall of Laureates for the World Food Prize, an international award recognizing the achievements of individuals who have advanced human development by improving the quality, quantity, or availability of food in the world.

Like the Central Post Office, the Des Moines City Hall was also said to have been built between 1909 and 1910.

These three buildings are part of the Civic Center Historic District that is located at the confluence of the Des Moines and Raccoon Rivers.

The Iowa State Capitol Building is located near the Civic Center Historic District in Des Moines…

…and was said to have been completed in 1886, and only one of two state capitol buildings in the country with five domes…

…the other one being in Providence, Rhode Island.

I am going to go ahead and end this post here, and in the next part of the series, I will be looking at a linear alignment of cities between Monroe, Louisiana, and Lamar, Colorado.